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East Asian Buddhism

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Pavilions of the Tianning Temple of Changzhou, Jiangsu, with its pagoda that is the highest one in the world.

East Asian Buddhism is a collective term for the schools of Mahayana Buddhism that developed in the East Asia and follow the Chinese Buddhist canon. These include the bodies of Chinese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhism, Korean Buddhism, and Vietnamese Buddhism.[1][2] They constitute the numerically largest body of Buddhist traditions in the world, numbering over half of the world's Buddhists.[3][4]

East Asian sangha members generally follow the Dharmaguptaka Vinaya. The major exception is Japan, where monks (now called "priests" in English) received imperial permission to marry during the Meiji Restoration, and thus no longer follow any traditional monastic code.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ The Buddhist World, The Buddhist World: Buddhism in East Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
  2. ^ Charles Orzech (2004), Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia. Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 3-4.
  3. ^ Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  4. ^ Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography (PDF). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 34. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.