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East Devon

East Devon is a local government district in Devon, England. Its council has been based in Honiton since February 2019, the largest town is Exmouth; the district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the borough of Honiton with the urban districts of Budleigh Salterton, Ottery St. Mary, Sidmouth along with Axminster Rural District, Honiton Rural District and part of St Thomas Rural District. East Devon is covered by East Devon and Tiverton and Honiton. Both were retained in the 2010 general election by the Conservative Party, are represented by Sir Hugo Swire and Neil Parish respectively. In the 2001 census it was found that a third of East Devon's population were over 60; the average for England was 24%. East Devon had a higher number of people living in "Medical and Care Establishments" at 1.6% compared to the England average of 0.9%. The council area covers the area of Devon furthest to east, stretching all the way from Exeter to the county border with Dorset and Somerset. A large amount of East Devon is made up of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, East Devon AONB and the Blackdown Hills.

AONBs have the same level of protection as National parks of England and Wales which restricts new developments, which protects the natural beauty of this district. The entire East Devon coastline from Exmouth to the border with Dorset is part of the designated World Heritage Site called the Jurassic Coast. From May 2019, East Devon District Council contains 60 Councillors representing 30 wards. Since the 2019 election, the majority of the councillors do not belong to a national political party. Exeter International Airport is located in East Devon. A small stretch of the M5 passes through the district. Grade I listed buildings in East Devon Grade II* listed buildings in East Devon List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Devon East Devon Otter Valley Weather

Larry Eyler

Larry William Eyler was an American serial killer, believed to have murdered a minimum of twenty-one teenage boys and young men in a series of killings committed between 1982 and 1984 in the Midwestern States. Convicted and sentenced to death by lethal injection for the 1984 kidnapping and murder of 16-year-old Daniel Bridges, Eyler voluntarily confessed to the 1982 murder of 23-year-old Steven Ray Agan, offering to confess to his culpability in twenty further unsolved homicides if the state of Illinois would commute his sentence to one of life imprisonment without parole. Eyler died of AIDS-related complications in 1994. Shortly before his death, he confessed to the murders of twenty further young men and boys to his defense attorney, Kathleen Zellner, although he denied being physically responsible for the actual murder of Daniel Bridges, which he insisted had been committed by an alleged accomplice in five of his homicides, Robert David Little. With her client's consent, Zellner posthumously released Eyler's confession following the formal announcement of his death.

Eyler was known as the "Interstate Killer" and the "Highway Killer" due to the fact many of his confirmed and alleged victims were discovered across several Midwestern States in locations close to or accessible via the Interstate Highway System. Larry William Eyler was born on December 21, 1952, in Crawfordsville, the youngest of four children born to George Howard Eyler and Shirley Phyllis Kennedy, his father was an alcoholic, known to have physically and mentally abused his wife and children. Eyler's parents separated when he was two years old, he and his sister were placed in the care of babysitters, foster families, or left in the care of their two older siblings as their mother struggled to both financially support and provide adequate care for four children as she worked two jobs as a waitress and in a factory on weekdays and in a bar at weekends. Nonetheless, when Eyler and his sister were in the care of foster families, their mother would visit her two youngest children, Eyler would claim these separations and reunions brought the family closer.

Eyler attended St. Joseph School in Indiana. Although tall for his age and active in sporting activities, he was targeted by bullies due to his being from a poor family and his mother a divorcée leading to his sister, Theresa, to confront her brother's tormentors. Eyler was viewed with few friends. In 1957, Eyler's mother remarried; this marriage lasted one year. His mother married for a third time in 1960, she married for the fourth time in 1972. Eyler's father and his first two stepfathers drank and he and his siblings were subjected to frequent physical and emotional abuse, with one of his stepfathers holding Eyler's head beneath scalding water as a form of discipline. Due to his increasing stubbornness and erratic behavior, at the age of ten, Eyler's mother placed him in a home for unruly boys, he found this experience devastating, within weeks had tearfully persuaded his mother to allow him to return home, promising to improve his behavior. Shortly thereafter, Eyler underwent a psychological evaluation at a child guidance clinic.

These psychological tests revealed Eyler to be of average intelligence, although suffering from severe insecurity and holding an extreme fear of separation and abandonment. Deducing these fears sourced from his home life, staff recommended Eyler be temporarily placed in a Catholic boys' home in Fort Wayne. Eyler remained at this residence for six months; when he reached puberty, Eyler discovered. He was open about his sexuality only to his family, although he struggled with deep-seated feelings of self-hatred regarding his sexual preference. Throughout high school, he dated girls, although none of these relationships became physical. Having been somewhat religious since childhood, Eyler did confide to some close acquaintances how he struggled to accept his sexuality. In part due to his lackadaisical attitude towards schooling, Eyler failed to graduate from high school, although he did obtain a General Educational Development certificate. Shortly after leaving college, Eyler obtained employment as a private security guard in the Marion County General Hospital.

He worked in this employment for six months before losing this position and finding alternate work within a shoe store. While in this employment, Eyler began familiarizing himself with Indianapolis's gay community. Several of these individuals noted Eyler averted his eyes from his partner during intercourse while shouting profanities such as "bitch" and "whore", leading many to believe Eyler was fantasizing his partner was female. By the mid-1970s, Eyler was well known within the gay community of Indianapolis—particularly among those with a leather fetish. Several acquaintances within this community described Eyler as a good-looking, "laid-back guy" and avid bodybuilder, close to his mother and sister, although others who had engaged in sexual activity with him described him as an individual with a sadistic streak and violent temper which would only surface within their sexual encounters involving Eyler extensively bludgeoning inflicting light knife wounds upon unwilling partners—particularly to their torsos.

Eyler worked as a house painter, although never

Century egg

Century eggs known as preserved egg, hundred-year egg, thousand-year egg, thousand-year-old egg, millennium egg, skin egg and black egg, are a Chinese preserved food product and delicacy made by preserving duck, chicken or quail eggs in a mixture of clay, salt and rice hulls for several weeks to several months, depending on the method of processing. Through the process, the yolk becomes a dark green to grey color, with a creamy consistency and strong flavor due to the hydrogen sulfide and ammonia present, while the white becomes a dark brown, translucent jelly with a salty flavor; the transforming agent in the century egg is an alkaline salt, which raises the pH of the egg to around 9–12, during the curing process. This chemical process breaks down some of the complex, flavorless proteins and fats, which produces a variety of smaller flavorful compounds; some eggs have patterns near the surface of the egg white which are likened to pine branches, giving rise to one of its Chinese names, the pine-patterned egg.

The method for creating century eggs came about through the need to preserve eggs in times of plenty by coating them in alkaline clay, similar to methods of egg preservation in some Western cultures. The clay hardens around the egg and results in the curing and creation of century eggs instead of spoiled eggs; the century egg has at least four centuries of history behind its production. Its discovery, though not verifiable, was said to have occurred around 600 years ago in Hunan during the Ming Dynasty, when a homeowner discovered duck eggs in a shallow pool of slaked lime, used for mortar during construction of his home two months before. Upon tasting the eggs, he set out to produce more – this time with the addition of salt to improve their flavor – resulting in the present recipe of the century egg. An alternate story involves a young duck farmer by the name of shuige from Hunan, leaving duck eggs in the garden of a woman by the name of songmei as a courting gesture; the eggs were not discovered until the woman cleaned out the ash pit half a month where they had turned into century eggs.

In her honour, the farmer named the transformed eggs with their delicate crystalline patterns on their surfaces "pine-patterned eggs". The traditional method for producing century eggs developed through improvement of the aforementioned primitive process. Instead of using just clay, a mixture of wood ash, calcium oxide, salt is included in the plastering mixture, thereby increasing its pH and sodium content; the addition of calcium oxide and wood ash to the mixture lowers the risk of spoilage and increases the speed of the process. A recipe for creating century eggs starts with the infusion of three pounds of tea in boiling water. To the tea, three pounds of calcium oxide, nine pounds of sea salt, seven pounds of ash from burned oak is mixed into a smooth paste; each egg is individually covered with gloves worn to protect the skin from chemical burns. It is rolled in a mass of rice chaff, to keep the eggs from adhering to one another, before the eggs are placed in cloth-covered jars or woven baskets.

The mud dries and hardens into a crust over several months. The eggs are ready for consumption. Though the traditional method is still practiced, modern understanding of the chemistry behind the formation of century eggs has led to many simplifications in the recipe. Today, soaking raw eggs in a solution of table salt, calcium hydroxide and sodium carbonate for 10 days, followed by several weeks of aging while wrapped in plastic, is said to achieve the same effect as the traditional method; this is because the chemical reaction needed to produce century eggs is accomplished by introducing hydroxide and sodium ions into the egg, regardless of the method used. The toxic compound lead oxide speeds up the reactions which create century eggs, leading to its use by some unscrupulous producers, whereas zinc oxide is now the recommended alternative. Although zinc is essential for life, excessive zinc consumption can lead to copper deficiency, the finished product should have its zinc level assessed for safety.

Century eggs can be eaten without further preparation other than peeling and rinsing them – on their own, or as a side dish. As an hors d'œuvre, the Cantonese wrap chunks of this egg with slices of pickled ginger root. A Shanghainese recipe mixes chopped century eggs with chilled tofu. In Taiwan, it is popular to eat sliced century eggs placed on top of cold tofu with katsuobushi, soy sauce, sesame oil, in a style similar to Japanese hiyayakko. A variation of this recipe common in northern China is to slice century eggs over chilled silken tofu, adding liberal quantities of shredded young ginger and chopped spring onions as a topping, drizzling light soy sauce and sesame oil over the dish, to taste, they are used in a dish called old-and-fresh eggs, where chopped century eggs are combined with an omelet made with fresh eggs. The century eggs may be cut into chunks and stir fried with vegetables, most found in Taiwanese cuisine; some Chinese households cut them up into small chunks and cook them with rice porridge to create "century egg and lean pork congee".

This is sometimes served in dim sum restaurants. Rice congee, lean pork, century egg are the main ingredients. Peeled century eggs are cut into quarters or eighths and simmered with the seasoned marinated lean slivers of pork until both ingredients are cooked into the rice congee. Fried dough sticks known as youtiao are eaten wit

John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough

John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, was a British peer. He was the elder son of The 10th Duke of Marlborough and his wife, The Hon. Alexandra Mary Hilda Cadogan, he was known as "Sunny" after his courtesy title of Earl of Sunderland. He was a relative of the Duke of Devonshire and a first cousin, twice removed, of the wartime Conservative Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill, he was a relative of the Vanderbilt family through his paternal grandmother, Consuelo Vanderbilt. His principal seat was Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, he was ranked 224th with an estimated wealth of £ 185 million. His death was announced on 16 October 2014 by Blenheim Palace, he was educated at Eton College and served seven years in the Life Guards, in which he achieved the rank of Captain. In 1972, on inheriting the Dukedom of Marlborough, he took over the management of Blenheim Palace and the Blenheim estate. To fund the maintenance of the house, he opened it to visitors and as a film set, established a number of businesses, including a garden furniture company and a water bottling plant.

He was active in a range of organisations, including the Thames and Chilterns Tourist Board and Oxford United Football Club. He served as vice-president of the Witney Conservative Association, the local party of David Cameron. Marlborough had a total of six children, two of whom died in infancy. Firstly, he married Susan Mary Hornby, daughter of Michael Charles St John Hornby and Nicolette Joan Ward, on 19 October 1951, they divorced in 1961 after having three children: John David Ivor Spencer-Churchill, Earl of Sunderland, a god-son of Princess Margaret Charles James Spencer-Churchill, 12th Duke of Marlborough he married Rebecca Few-Brown on 24 February 1990 and they were divorced in 1998. They have one son, he remarried Edla Griffiths in 2002. They have two children. Lady Henrietta Mary Spencer-Churchill she married Nathan Gelber in 1980 and they were divorced in 1989, they have two sons. Secondly, on 23 October 1961, he married Athina Onassis, former wife of Aristotle Onassis, daughter of Stavros Livanos.

They had no children. Thirdly, on 20 May 1972, he married Countess Rosita Douglas-Stjernorp, daughter of ambassador Count Carl Douglas-Stjernorp and Ottora Haas-Heye, they had three children and were divorced on 15 May 2008: Lord Richard Spencer-Churchill Lord Edward Albert Charles Spencer-Churchill Married to Kimberly Hammerstroem Lady Alexandra Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill Finally, at the age of 82, Marlborough married Lily Mahtani November/3 December 2008 in the Private Chapel at Blenheim. She was the wife of Ratan Mahtani, a wealthy Indian expatriate businessman, by whom she had three children. There were no children from this marriage. Earl of Sunderland Marquess of Blandford His Grace The Duke of Marlborough Justice of the Peace Deputy Lieutenant of Oxfordshire Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough Duke of Marlborough on IMDb Cast of Branagh's Hamlet Elizabeth Sanderson. "How a Persian beauty reunited the grumpy Duke with black sheep son he disinherited" Daily Mail 17 August 2008.

The article online includes photographs of Jamie Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford, his second wife Edla, his elder son George. James Reginato. "Magnificent Obsession" Vanity Fair June 2011

Inyo Mountains

The Inyo Mountains are a short mountain range east of the Sierra Nevada in eastern California in the United States. The range separates the Owens Valley to the west from Saline Valley to the east, extending for 70 miles south-southeast from the southern end of the White Mountains, from which they are separated by Westgard Pass, to the east of Owens Lake. Geologically, the mountains are a fault block range in the Basin and Range Province, at the western end of the Great Basin, they are considered to be among the most important and best-known Late Proterozoic to Cambrian sections in the United States. 205,000 acres of the range are designated as the Inyo Mountain Wilderness managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Much of the northern part of the range is within Inyo National Forest. Wildlife in the area includes the Desert Bighorn Sheep. Plant communities include creosote and sagebrush at lower altitudes, bristlecone pine forests at higher. A number of rare and endemic plants are adapted to the unique limestone soils of the mountains, including the cliffdweller, bristlecone cryptantha, Inyo rock daisy.

High Inyo Mountains Fossils, California Ammonoids At Union Wash, California Virtual field trip to a classic fossil locality along the western flanks of the Inyo Mountains Inyo Mountain Wilderness at BLM

Catherine Anderson (scientist)

Catherine Anderson is a Canadian scientist. She researched pre-eclampsia, a fatal disease that can impact pregnant women, at BC Children's and Women's Hospital and the University of Nottingham, she serves as Clinical Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Medicine at University of British Columbia and runs the Future Science Leaders program at Science World. Maclean's described her as a "nationally renowned science educator." As a child, Anderson dreamed of becoming a firefighter or a hockey referee, despite being unable to skate. Growing up, she was uninterested in science as her classes at school focused on memorization. Anderson attended the University of British Columbia, she worked with youth with disabilities and played the piano, spent a year travelling internationally. After seven years, she began studying Medical Genetics, receiving a Ph. D in 2002. After graduation, she accepted a postdoctoral position, researching pre-eclampsia at BC Children's and Women's Hospital and the University of Nottingham.

However, while studying pre-eclampsia, she "was forced to take long term disability leave." She began working at the medical department at UBC, tutoring students, began working on outreach and writing articles for Genome BC. This work led to her current positions at UBC and Science World. In 2015, along with Judy Illes, a neurology professor at UBC, Anderson resigned from the Canadian Science and Engineering Hall of Fame's selection committee to protest the lack of female nominees for the induction and she worried about the message being sent to female students by this, she stated, "It's important for young people to see people. The Hall of Fame is supposed to represent the best and the brightest in Canada and it's just not doing that."In 2016, Anderson was a nominee for the YWCA Women of Distinction Awards in the Education, Training & Development category. Anderson is married and resides in Vancouver