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East Gippsland

East Gippsland is the eastern region of Gippsland, Australia covering 31,740 square kilometres of Victoria. It has a population of 80,114; the Shire of East Gippsland called Far East Gippsland, covers two-thirds of East Gippsland's area and holds half of its population. The Shire of East Gippsland is confusingly referred to as East Gippsland, it excludes the Shire of Wellington. This article refers to "Far East Gippsland". East Gippsland's major towns include, from west to east, Paynesville, Lakes Entrance and Mallacoota. Smaller, but significant, towns in the more mountainous northern areas include Ensay, Swifts Creek and Buchan. East Gippsland extends from the western watershed of the Mitchell and Thomson River catchments east and north to the New South Wales border. Rugged terrain makes farming difficult with fertilisers; the major industry is considered to be forestry, which provides less than 1 percent of employment for the region. The East Gippsland Regional Forest Agreement was signed by Commonwealth and Victorian governments on 3 February 1997, is Australia's first RFA.

It covers a region not identical to the East Gippsland Shire. It sets aside 5,811 km ² from an increase of 1.3 % over pre-RFA reserves. Central Gippsland is covered by the Gippsland RFA, which covers an area similar to the Shire of Wellington, places 7,805 km² in reserves. Logging of native forests has caused sustained controversy in East Gippsland due to the unique species found in areas east of the Snowy River, the contentious public debate surrounding native forest old-growth, harvesting; this is despite managed forest having a mitigation effect in climate change. The major river basins of the Mitchell and Nicholson drain into the Gippsland Lakes, which in turn empty into the sea through an artificially maintained opening at Lakes Entrance; the area is a major tourist destination for watersports, is noted for its mild climate. The Great Alpine Road leads north from Bairnsdale into the Australian Alps via Swifts Creek and Omeo, onto the major ski resorts of Dinner Plain and Mount Hotham; this area is very popular for bushwalking in the summer.

The Buchan district is popular with tourists for its limestone caves. Further east, the Snowy River and several smaller stream catchments, including the Thurra, Genoa, Bemm River and Cann River, enter the Tasman Sea. More than 17,000 km² of East Gippsland is public land with 2,680 km² being national parks, two of the largest being Snowy River National Park and Errinundra National Park. Both are remote and inaccessible, but they are otherwise different. Snowy River National Park features dramatic gorges and powerful rapids formed by the descent of the Snowy River. Apart from gorges and southern slopes, this park is in a rain-shadow area forming the southern border of the Monaro Tableland. Many species more typical of inland New South Wales and Victoria are found here. Errinundra National Park is much wetter - inaccessible from June to October in most years - and features some of the most ancient forests in Australia, a matter of controversy as employment in the remote areas east of the Snowy is dependent upon timber milling.

Croajingolong National Park between Marlo and Mallacoota features extensive coastal heathlands and tea tree scrub, as well as the only major area of warm temperate rainforest in Victoria. The 4,193 km² of owned land is red gum plains, coastal plains, mountain plateaux and fertile river valleys. East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority Electoral district of Gippsland East Shire of East Gippsland Forests of Australia Official East Gippsland tourism website


K-1 is a martial arts organisation and martial arts brand established in 1993, well-known worldwide for its heavyweight division fights. In January 2012, K-1 Global Holdings Limited, a company registered in Hong Kong, acquired the rights to K-1, is the current organizer of K-1 events worldwide; the letter K in K-1 is designated as a representation of words karate and kung fu. Some reports suggest that it represents the initial K found in competing disciplines such as karate, kung fu, kempo and kwon do, yet another theory claims that the K comes from kakutougi and the "1" component pertains to the single weight division and the champion's unique position. The promotion held several tournaments under K-2 and K-3 banners from 1993 to 1995. K-1's predecessor Seidokaikan Karate was formed in 1980 by Kazuyoshi Ishii, a former Kyokushin karate practitioner who had formed his own organization to help promote the best stand-up martial artists. Seidokaikan arranged several successful challenge events against other martial arts organizations using rules based on the Kyokushin Knockdown karate rules, but adapting and changing closer to kickboxing rules.

In 1993, Mr. Ishii founded the K-1 organization as a kickboxing organization cooperating with, but independent from Seidokaikan. Starting in 2010, multiple stories began to surface regarding the financial troubles of K-1 and their parent company FEG. Simon Rutz, the owner of the Dutch-based kickboxing promotion It's Showtime, claimed in January 2011 that some fighters from It's Showtime had not been paid for fights in K-1. In early 2011, FEG publicly announced that they were facing financial problems and that the organization would take some months off to restructure. Many fighters and managers spoke out against FEG due to unpaid fight purses and objections to the direction that its owner was taking K-1, it appeared that financial problems were severe, that FEG could lose ownership of K-1. The entire K-1 brand, along with most of its trademarks, with the exception of,'K-1 Koshien','K-1 MAX' and'Dream', were sold to Japanese real estate firm, Barbizon Corporation Limited, on July 28, 2011. On February 1, 2012 EMCOM Entertainment Inc. purchased K-1 from Barbizon.

In March 2012, It's Showtime announced that EMCOM Entertainment established a new company K-1 Global Holdings Ltd. in Hong Kong. K-1 Global Holdings, Ltd. became the new official owner of the K-1 brand. K-1 Global's agreement with promotion required that certain fighters signed under It's Showtime appear in upcoming K-1 Global events. A number of events were planned and scheduled for the 2012 calendar before new K-1 ownership took complete control of the company. It's Showtime was the promoter of the first event presented by K-1 Global Holdings Ltd. the K-1 World MAX Final 16. It took place on May 2012 at the Palacio Vistalegre in Madrid, Spain. After the event and rumors circulated over the fact that once again, fighters were not paid for their performances. Problems were compounded due to unpaid financial obligations of FEG, the complete transfer of ownership of the K-1 name was not yet complete; as a result, the K-1 World Grand Prix scheduled for 2012 would be cancelled if these issues were not resolved.

K-1 Global Holdings, Ltd. was blamed for the failure of an event they did not promote. They were accused of not paying fighters when in fact, the promoter and FEG shared responsibilities in ensuring fighters were paid; the Chairman of the new K-1 resolved the matter by paying fighters what was owed and including a 50% bonus. It was announced in June 2012 that It's Showtime was purchased by Glory Sports International to be merged in their new promotion GLORY. On August 10, 2012 K-1's co-promotion agreement with Romanian-based kickboxing promotion SUPERKOMBAT was announced, it was ended. Early 2013 SK president Eduard Irimia stated that its company will be independent in 2013 but will still continue to have cooperation with any interested promotion including K-1 by offering fighters. In the past every year there were dozens of other K-1 qualifying tournaments and preliminaries held around the world. K-1 has held events in many countries around the world; the following is a list of countries that K-1 has held events in chronological order: Japan Netherlands France Switzerland United States Australia England Italy Germany Belarus Croatia South Africa New Zealand Czech Republic Denmark Ukraine Spain Brazil Sweden Russia Bosnia and Herzegovina Scotland Portugal Poland South Korea Slovenia Hungary Lithuania Latvia Turkey Belgium Estonia Romania Hong Kong Austria Taiwan Moldova China Greece Canada Ireland Azerbaijan Thailand Serbia Original K-1 Grand Prix was a single event tournament held in Japan where competitors participated on invitation.

By 1998, K-1 introduced the K-1 World Grand Prix format composed of K-1 Regional Elimination Tournaments (theoretically

Dan Stewart (politician)

Dan Stewart is a Democrat who served in the Ohio House of Representatives. Stewart was raised on Columbus's west side; the 1974 West High School graduate resides in the Hilltop area of Columbus. A lifelong resident of Columbus, Stewart ran for the Ohio House of Representatives in 2002, after Republican Amy Salerno was term limited from running for another term. Stewart won handily and was seated in 2003. A voracious ], Stewart advocated for civil rights, workers rights, the environment as a state representative. While a swing area, Stewart again won election to a second term in 2004. Stewart again won reelection in 2006, in a year where Democrats regained the majority in the House, they did so in 2008. As a result of their new majority and Stewart's seniority, he was named as Chairman of the House Elections and Ethics Committee. Term limited from running again in 2010, Stewart ran for the Ohio Senate, faced a crowded primary for the Democratic nomination. Against Charleta Tavares and newcomer Oyango Snell, Stewart placed second.

He was unsuccessful. He has since returned to the private sector


Tinnsjå called Tinnsjø and Tinnsjøen, is one of the largest lakes in Norway, one of the deepest in Europe. It is located between the municipalities of Notodden in Telemark county. At its source in the west, the Måna river flows out of Møsvatn and past Rjukan into Tinnsjå. From the north, the river Mår flows from the Mår, Gøystavatn, Kalhovdfjorden lakes into Tinnsjå. Tinnsjå is part of the Skiensvassdrag, drains via the Tinnelva river in the south, down to Heddalsvatn. In 1944, during the German occupation of Norway, the ferry SF Hydro was sunk in Tinnsjå by the Norwegian resistance; the Germans were using the ferry to transport a large quantity of heavy water to Germany, where it was to be used for nuclear weapon research. The heavy water had been produced at a factory located in Rjukan; the wreck of the ferry was discovered in 1993. In 2004, it was investigated and filmed for an episode of NOVA. In 2004 a film crew shooting footage for a new documentary on the heavy water sabotage became aware of an unusual fish, swimming near the lake bottom at a depth of 430 m.

Two specimens of the unknown fish were captured in April 2005. Analysis revealed the fish to be related to Arctic char; the light-colored, translucent fish is up to 15 cm long and lacks a swim bladder

Herbert Jackson (architect)

Herbert Jackson, known as "Jacko", was a British architect and town planner, active in Birmingham and the Black Country, England and after World War II. He worked in the practice of Jackson & Edmonds, sometimes partnership with Thomas Alwyn Lloyd. Jackson was born in the son of John Herbert Jackson, he was educated at Handsworth Grammar Birmingham School of Architecture. He was awarded the Saxon Snell Prize in the same year he went into private practise. With Patrick Abercrombie, in 1948 he authored The West Midlands Plan and the North Staffordshire Plan, each commissioned by the Minister for Town and Country Planning, he was President of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists from 1960–1962. In 1955, his address was given as 25, Augustus Road, Birmingham, his portrait was sketched in 1947 by the artist Bernard Fleetwood-Walker, an earlier RBSA President, whose son, worked for Jackson & Edmonds. Lloyd, Thomas Alwyn. Brierley Hill: Town planning and post-war reconstruction. Brierley Hill Urban District Council.

8pp Lloyd, Thomas Alwyn. Town planning and post-war reconstruction: report. Dudley County Borough Council. Lloyd, Thomas Alwyn. Town planning and post-war development, a report prepared by the Council's town planning consultants in collaboration with the Borough Engineer and Surveyor. 12pp, 1s. Report accepted by Thomas Alwyn. South Wales Outline Plan: for the South Wales & Monmouthshire development area. HMSO. Prepared in 1947 for the Minister of Town & Country Planning. Fleetwood-Walker portrait

Natural-rights libertarianism

Natural-rights libertarianism known as deontological liberalism, deontological libertarianism, libertarian moralism, natural rights-based libertarianism, philosophical libertarianism or rights-theorist libertarianism, is the theory that all individuals possess certain natural or moral rights a right of individual sovereignty and that therefore acts of initiation of force and fraud are rights-violations and, sufficient reason to oppose those acts. This is one of the two ethical view points within right-libertarianism, the other being consequentialist libertarianism which only takes into account the consequences of actions and rules when judging them and holds that free markets and strong private property rights have good consequences. Deontological libertarianism is based on the non-aggression principle which states that no human being holds the right to initiate force or fraud against the person or property of another human being under any circumstances. Deontological libertarians consider this principle to be the basis of all morality and therefore believe that any violation of the principle is immoral, no matter what other arguments may be invoked to justify that violation.

Some deontological libertarians such as Ayn Rand advocate a minimal government to protect individuals from any violation of their rights and to prosecute those who initiate force against others. Others such as Murray Rothbard advocate the abolition of the state as they see the state as being an institutionalized initiation of force due to taxation, their view of natural rights is derived, directly or indirectly, from the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas and John Locke. Hans-Hermann Hoppe advocates the abolition of the state on the basis of argumentation ethics. Deontological libertarianism is the form of libertarianism supported by the Libertarian Party in the United States. In order to become a card-carrying member, one must sign an oath opposing the initiation of force to achieve political or social goals; some libertarians argue that a relaxation of the non-aggression principle can bring the greatest liberty to the greatest number. Murray Rothbard responded to this criticism by asserting that the means ought never to contradict the ends.

Consequentialist libertarians ask "What authoritative force endowed me, every other human being alive, with the right and responsibility of self-ownership? How does one prove, substantiate, or justify its existence?", at which Rothbard responded by appealing to a process of elimination which concluded in his asserting that self-ownership is the only defensible ethical position. Philosopher Jonathan Wolff criticizes deontological libertarianism as incoherent, writing that it is incapable of explaining why harm suffered by the losers in economic competition does not violate the principle of self-ownership and that its advocates must "dishonestly smuggle" consequentialist arguments into their reasoning to justify the institution of the free market