Leroy David "Lee" Baca is a former sheriff of Los Angeles County, a convicted felon. Baca was elected Los Angeles County's 30th sheriff against his mentor Sherman Block, who had died in office days prior to the election but remained on the ballot, he was sworn in on December 7, 1998. He was re-elected to a fourth term in 2010, he was criticized for proposing a half-percent sales tax increase in 2004 to hire more deputy sheriffs, placing friends on the payroll, taking of gifts, for releasing inmates from the Los Angeles County Jail. On May 12, 2017, Baca was sentenced to three years in federal prison for his role in a scheme to obstruct an FBI investigation of abuses in county jails. Baca is free on appeal. On May 27, 1942, Baca was born in California. Baca's mother was a seamstress born in Michoacán and brought to the U. S. when she was a year old. Baca lived with his grandparents Thomas Baca. Thomas Baca came from New Mexico. In 1960, Baca graduated from Benjamin Franklin High School, located in the Highland Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.
In high school, Baca was the student senior class president. Baca graduated from East Los Angeles College. In 1971, Baca received a bachelor's degree from Los Angeles. In 1974, Baca earned a Masters of Public Administration degree from USC. In 1993, Baca received a Doctorate of Public Administration degree from USC School of Policy and Development. In 1964, Baca joined the United States Marine Corps Reserve. On August 23, 1965, Baca was sworn in as a deputy sheriff trainee of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department. Baca began his career in street patrol and recruitment, was a staff instructor at the Sheriff's Academy. In 1981, Baca became captain of the Norwalk, sheriff station. On January 23, 1992, Sheriff Sherman Block promoted Baca to the rank of chief deputy. On December 7, 1998, Baca was sworn in as Los Angeles County Sheriff, he opposed the California ban on shark finning and is a Republican who opposed California Proposition 8. Baca supported Secure Communities, a program by the Department of Homeland Security in which the federal government collaborates with local law enforcement to detain and deport undocumented immigrants.
On November 9, 2006, Baca and Los Angeles District Attorney Steve Cooley issued a press release regarding their joint policy on early release, which requires all jail inmates to serve at least 25% of their sentence before becoming eligible for early release. In the press release, Baca said, "I want to thank District Attorney Steve Cooley for his most valuable input on this matter; this new policy will move us forward to where one day all inmates will serve the entire time required." In the press release, Cooley said, "I commend Sheriff Baca for implementing this new policy". "This will assure that sentences imposed by the court will be carried out in a predictable and even-handed manner. The policy was applauded by Redondo Beach City Attorney Michael W. Webb, who said, "Defendants will no longer be able to turn down offers that involve alternative sentences such as Cal Trans or other forms of community service." The ACLU has compiled an extensive report documenting the unprecedented levels of prisoner abuse and concluding "The long-standing and pervasive culture of deputy hyper-violence in Los Angeles County jails — a culture condoned at the highest levels — cries out for swift and thorough investigation and intervention by the federal government."
The abuse includes rape of inmates by police officers. In early 2012, the ACLU filed suit to prevent Baca from continuing in his position. On February 10, 2016, Baca pled guilty to a single count of lying during a federal investigation into civil rights violations at the county jail; the investigation into brutality and corruption by sheriff's deputies resulted in convictions and guilty pleas by a number of lower-ranking officers, including a retired sheriff's captain. Baca pleaded guilty to "lying twice about his involvement in hiding a jail inmate from FBI investigators" and to knowing that his subordinates had threatened an FBI special agent investigating Baca's department. Shortly after Lee Baca pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice, the attorney general decided to reopen and investigate another inmate abuse case involving Mitrice Richardson, a young black woman, released in middle of the night without any means of returning home safely, found months deceased not far from Malibu Sheriff station.
On April 6, 2016, his former undersheriff, Paul Tanaka, was convicted on conspiracy and obstruction of justice charges by a federal jury related to the same prison abuses. Below is a summary of the Lee Baca case from the U. S. Attorney's office: During the course of the investigation, being conducted by the FBI, the U. S. Attorney's Office and a federal grand jury, a sheriff's deputy assigned to the Men's Central Jail accepted a bribe to smuggle a cellphone into the facility; the phone was delivered to an inmate, working as an FBI informant. Jail officials discovered the phone, linked it to the FBI and determined that the inmate was an informant; this led to a monthlong scheme to obstruct the investigation, which included members of the conspiracy concealing the informant from the FBI, the United States Marshals Service and the grand jury. Members of the conspiracy engaged in witness tampering and harassing the FBI agent. On June 20, 2016, Baca's diagnosis of Alzheimer's was made available publicly in a court filing, released by the U.
S. attorney's office. This diagnosis could play into the cause sympathy if he ends up before a jury. In July, a plea deal for ex-Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca was rejected in
Sylvia Mosqueda is an American long distance runner notable for hard front running over an extended career at an elite level. First as a high school athlete at San Gabriel High School she excelled in both Cross Country and Track, she went to East Los Angeles College where she not only won the 800, 1500 and 5000, but set Community College records that have lasted over 20 years, and won the California Community College Cross Country Championships in record time. She first found national attention by accident, using the 1986 Los Angeles Marathon as a training run; the televised race focused on this unknown runner leading the way, far ahead of favorite Nancy Ditz suddenly dropping out 20 miles into the race. She had won the Run Across Los Angeles 10 mile race in similar fashion, just because it fell between her college seasons. Due to the notoriety from the previous year, Mosqueda again ran the 1987 L. A. Marathon, this time finishing the race in 2:37:46, good for 2nd place overall; that same year she won the Philadelphia Distance Run Half-Marathon in 1:10:47.
She was named California College Athletic Association "Female Athlete of the Year" for 1987-1988. Next, Mosqueda went to Cal State Los Angeles, where she won the 1987 NCAA Cross Country Championship and at the 1988 NCAA Women's Outdoor Track and Field Championships won the 10,000 metres title, setting the NCAA national record of 32:28.57 in the process, a mark that stood for 30 years. As of 2015, she still holds the CSULA school records in all races from 800 meters to 10,000 meters, she was named the 1987 "Billie Jean King Woman of the Year. In 2007, she was selected into the Cal State L. A. Hall of Fame Qualified by her L. A. Marathon run, she ran in the 1988 Olympic Marathon trials, darting to a minute and a half lead in the early stages, she paid the price for the early pace, being swallowed by the pack and dropping out exhausted at 18 miles. Her NCAA victory a few weeks qualified her for the 10000 metres at the US Olympic Trials where she did not run at the same level, finishing 12th in the heats.
In 1992, she again made the Olympic Trials in the 10000 metres, just missing the team by finishing in the deadly fourth place. 1996 looked to be her year. She qualified for the 10000 metres in her personal record of 31:54.03, set in the cool evening at the Mt. SAC Relays and was leading the Olympic Trials 10000 metres deep into the race before succumbing to the Atlanta heat and humidity, not finishing. In 2000, she made the Olympic Trials in the 10000 meters. At age 38, she again qualified for the 10000 metres at her fifth in a row. Earlier she ran in the Marathon Olympic trials, she was the cover girl on the July 1991 issue of Running Times. Sylvia has found her best success at the Half Marathon distance, where she won the 2001 National Championships, she was runner up in 2000. Those results put her on the US National team at the 2001 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships, she had further Half Marathon victories in the Austin Half Marathon and the America's Finest City Half Marathon. She set her personal record of 2:33:47 in the Marathon at the New York City Marathon in 2002.
Along with a 2:36:38 at the Los Angeles Marathon, that brought her to number 4 on the US rankings that year. She holds the course record at the 3M Half Marathon. 2003 New York Marathon 2:33.10 First American 10th, 3M Half Marathon 2004 P. R. 1:09.51 First overall She was on the US squad for the 1992 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, finishing 42nd in the "Long Race" and taking a team silver medal. In 1997 she set the still standing course record on the difficult Twilight's Last Gleaming Cross Country Challenge. In 2006, she joined the all female See Jane Run team, which has won numerous open national championships with a senior group of elite women. In 2007, she was named head coach of the Los Angeles City College Track and Cross Country teams That same year she was named "W40 Masters Age Division Runner of the Year" following Masters wins at the Cooper River Bridge Run and the Gate River Run and a second place showing at the Peachtree Road Race. In 2009, she won the Masters Division of the prestigious Carlsbad 5000According to a USATF press release, in her spare time, she enjoys salsa dancing.
She is of Mexican American descent. Took time away from running Masters: 2016 Jim Bush Invite June 10 American Record 1500m 4:49.91 All results regarding marathon, unless stated otherwise2003 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships Vilamoura, Portugal October 4 11th overall 1:11.22, First American 2001 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships Bristol London 1:14.04 36th overall team 8th overall for men's team, 1992 Cross Country World Championships Boston USA Team 2nd Overall Team Silver Medal Sylvia Mosqueda at IAAF USATF Bio
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Los Angeles Mission College
Los Angeles Mission College is a public community college in the Sylmar district of Los Angeles, California. It is part of the Los Angeles Community College District and it is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. Los Angeles Mission College is the ninth and youngest college established in the Los Angeles Community College District, it was first located in high schools, office buildings, shopping centers, other locations scattered throughout the city of San Fernando and the Sylmar neighborhood of Los Angeles, opened its doors to the public in February 1975 with twelve hundred students. The graduating class of 1975 consisted of a single student, who had transferred to the college that semester. Within two years, over 3,000 students were taking classes in fifty different disciplines, including Administration of Justice, Chemistry, Chicano Studies, English and Consumer Studies, Journalism, Real Estate, Zoology; the college outgrew its locations and decided to find a permanent location for the campus.
One option for the permanent campus was an empty piece of land on the SE corner of Polk and Laurel Canyon on hilly terrain across from the Interstate 5 freeway, but none took interest in it. Not the LACCD took interest. So they decided for a location on Hubbard and Eldridge on the northeast part of the Sylmar neighborhood instead. Sixteen years in the summer of 1991, the college moved to its permanent campus, built on 22 acres of land in the northeast part of the Sylmar neighborhood of Los Angeles on the intersection of Hubbard St and Eldridge Ave. Before the LACCD and Mission College purchased the 22 acres of land, it was slated for an LAUSD public middle school on Hubbbard and Eldridge; the permanent campus had only a campus center with a library and the main instructional building with a culinary arts department & classes, a cafeteria, administrative offices. Seven years after the permanent campus opened in 1991, a new Library and Learning Rescource Center opened in 1997 and relieved the old library in the Campus Center of LA Mission College.
After the new library opened and built in 1997, the large indoor area in the Campus Center where the old library was turned into an event space with meeting rooms, much like a convention center has. In 2002, Mission College constructed a collaborative studies building to house more classes on the campus. By 2004, the Center for Child Development Studies building was built and opened on the permanent campus. By 2008, the campus opened a new parking structure on the south end of the main campus, accommodating the influx of students commuting to the campus. In 2008, The college had broken ground on construction of a new cafeteria, student store, culinary arts institute building at LA Mission College. In 2009, LAMC opened the Heath and Fitness building on its new east campus property, relieving the physical education classes that once housed in the storefronts of shopping centers in Sylmar. In 2009, Mission College began shuttle service between the east campus; the old sheriff's building at LAMC was moved into temporary bungalow buildings.
By Fall 2009, ground had broken on the new Media Arts building at Mission College and construction began on the new building. By spring 2011, construction began on the new Center for Math and Science building at the LAMC East Campus. In that same year, the anime club at LA Mission College began by ASO, the LAMC anime club was at the height of its popularity in fall 2011. In fall 2011, the LACCD purchased an abandonded residential property on Hubbard across from the main campus and built a parking lot and asphalt areas for bungalows; the new Culinary Arts Institute building with a new cafeteria and student store was built and opened in spring 2011, relieving the old cafeteria in the Instructional Building. During 2011, the construction of the Media Arts building was delayed for one year until April 2012, due to a lack of funding the college has. In 2012, the Center for Math and Science building opened in the east campus in fall 2012. In spring 2012, the first main walkway on the campus was repaved in concrete due to a new storm drain placed under.
The LA Mission College shuttle service was cancelled in fall 2012, due to a lack of funding. During summer 2012, construction on the Media Arts building had resumed. Over the years from 2014 to 2016, The ASO's anime club has declined in popularity and lack of interest and was cancelled in fall 2015. By spring 2017, the new Media Arts building has built and opened after many delays and budget issues. By December 2017, a new transit center for the Metro Local bus routes 234 and 230 was built and began service on the main campus next to the Media Arts building, changing the bus routes and serving the east campus. In January 2018, Mission College expanded their campus and added a Sunland/ Tujunga campus location at a shopping center on Foothill Blvd. In addition to its academic degrees, Mission College provides vocational education and training in which students may receive certificates in Child Development and Consumer Studies and Computer Applications. Miguel González Ivan Becerra Jhonny Bravo Gerardo Bravo Official website
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Dennis R. Sanchez was born in 1956 in Los Angeles. A graduate of the University of Southern California and San Francisco State University, he is a critically acclaimed author. In addition, he is a professor of English at East Los Angeles College and founded the organization, East Side Spirit and Pride, serves as its current advisor, he was born and raised in East Los Angeles and now resides in Woodland Hills, CA. Dennis Sanchez is closely connected with Father Greg Boyle and is a sponsor and long-time supporter of Father Boyle's non-profit organization, Homeboy Industries in Downtown Los Angeles. Professor Sanchez is in charge of operating a program at Homeboy Industries called Bridge to College, where he hopes to make it feasible for the homeboys to attend community colleges in the local vicinity such as East Los Angeles College in order to receive a preliminary education. In order to achieve this objective, he in conjunction with East Side Spirit and Pride has organized several fundraising events to raise sufficient funds.
On March 29, 2012, East Side Spirit and Pride hosted a special dinner at Steven's Steakhouse in Commerce, where local celebrities such as Chase Masterson, actress in film Yesterday Was a Lie and author Luis J. Rodriguez, author of Always Running spoke. Other honorees include L. A. mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, Hilda Solis, Father Greg Boyle and Sheriff Lee Baca. All the profits made by this event proceed directly to the establishing of grants and scholarships for selected individuals from Homeboy Industries and East Side Spirit and Pride. In March 2015, Santa Monica Chief of Police Jacqueline Seabrooks will receive recognition at the East Side Spirit and Pride annual fundraising dinner, as well as Father Greg Boyle. In addition, Professor Sanchez is responsible for the incorporation of renowned Michigan born artist Kent Twitchell into the East Side Spirit and Pride Club. Dennis Sanchez founded the East Side Spirit and Pride Club in 1995 because he realized that students at East Los Angeles College are determined and motivated to succeed, though because of external pressure and circumstantial adversity, they are not always able to satisfy their desire for self-actualization.
He has said that ELAC students must overcome more than other college students just to come to class. The club boasts of many accomplishments, including being one of the largest clubs in the college, with five divisions, dozens of faculty and staff members, hundreds of students; the club has made invaluable contributions to the school and surrounding community. Under his leadership, the East Side Spirit and Pride Club established a marching band in the college. Sanchez was featured on KNBC as Unsung Hero in 2000 for his efforts to bring pride to a college, in desperate need of it and his efforts to start a marching band at the college. In addition to founding the ELAC Marching Band, Sanchez was responsible for the restoration of the collegiate football team in 1993. Today he is working to keep football as an active aspect of the core curriculum at the college despite severe budget cuts to the college. Today these two facets in ELAC are active and play an integral role in the social and academic atmosphere of the college.
In addition, Sanchez holds a black belt in Tang Soo Doo karate. As an author, Professor Sanchez has published six books, which are widely used. Grammar Perfect: 19 Steps, 1999 Reflections from a Looking Glass, 2000 Grammar Perfect: a Brief Handbook, 2001 Grammar Perfect Workbook, 2002 Literature Made Easy, 2004 Bridge to Success, 2013With fellow professor Nancy Ramirez, Sanchez has published a developmental Bridge to Success with essays written for the unrepresented student; the book features the art work of Fabian Debora, whose art relates the story of many underrepresented people. East Side Spirit and Pride Website