Santa Ana, California
Santa Ana is the county seat and second most populous city in Orange County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The United States Census Bureau estimated its 2011 population at 329,427, making Santa Ana the 57th most-populous city in the United States. Santa Ana is in Southern California, adjacent to the Santa Ana River, about 10 miles from the coast. Founded in 1869, the city is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, the second largest metropolitan area in the United States, with 18 million residents in 2010. Santa Ana is a densely populated city, ranking fourth nationally in that regard among cities of over 300,000 residents. In 2011, Forbes ranked Santa Ana the fourth-safest city of over 250,000 residents in the United States. Santa Ana lends its name to the Santa Ana Freeway, it shares its name with the nearby Santa Ana Mountains, the Santa Ana winds, which have fueled seasonal wildfires throughout Southern California. The current Office of Management and Budget metropolitan designation for the Orange County Area is Santa Ana–Anaheim–Irvine, California.
Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño are indigenous to the area. The Tongva called the Santa Ana area "Hotuuk."After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolá out of Mexico City capital of New Spain, Friar Junípero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana. On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano was established within this valley; this Santa Ana Valley comprised. In 1810, year of the commencement of the war of Mexican Independence, Jose Antonio Yorba, a sergeant of the Spanish army, was granted land that he called Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. Yorba's rancho included the lands where the cities of Olive, Irvine, Yorba Linda, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Costa Mesa and unincorporated El Modena, Santa Ana Heights, are today; this rancho was the only land grant in Orange County granted under Spanish Rule. Surrounding land grants in Orange County were granted after Mexican Independence by the new government. After the Mexican-American war ended in 1848, Alta California became part of the United States and American settlers arrived in this area.
Santa Ana was listed as a township of Los Angeles County in the 1860 and 1870 census, with an area encompassing most of what is now northern and central Orange County. It had a population of 756 in 1860 and 880 in 1870; the Annaheim district was enumerated separately from Santa Ana in 1870Claimed in 1869 by Kentuckian William H. Spurgeon on land obtained from the descendents of Jose Antonio Yorba, Santa Ana was incorporated as a city in 1886 with a population of 2000 and in 1889 became the seat of the newly formed Orange County. In 1877, the Southern Pacific Railroad built a branch line from Los Angeles to Santa Ana, which offered free right of way, land for a depot, $10,000 in cash to the railroad in exchange for terminating the line in Santa Ana and not neighboring Tustin. In 1887, the California Central Railway broke the Southern Pacific's local monopoly on rail travel, offering service between Los Angeles and San Diego by way of Santa Ana as a major intermediate station. By 1905 the Los Angeles Interurban Railway, a predecessor to the Pacific Electric Railway, extended from Los Angeles to Santa Ana, running along Fourth Street downtown.
Firestone Boulevard, the first direct automobile route between Los Angeles and Santa Ana, opened in 1935. Santa Ana was the home of the original Glenn L. Martin aviation company, founded in 1912 before merging with the Wright Company in 1916. Glenn Luther Martin created a second company of the same name in Cleveland, Ohio which merged with the Lockheed Corporation to form the largest defense contractor in the world, Lockheed Martin. During World War II, the Santa Ana Army Air Base was built as a training center for the United States Army Air Forces; the base was responsible for continued population growth in Santa Ana and the rest of Orange County as many veterans moved to the area to raise families after the end of the war. In 1958, Fashion Square Mall was built, adjoining the existing Bullock's Department Store building, built in 1954, it became a major retail center for the area. In 1987, the mall was renovated and became MainPlace Mall. Having been a charter city since November 11, 1952, the citizens of Santa Ana amended the charter in November 1988 to provide for the direct election of the Mayor who until that point had been appointed from the council membership.
The current mayor of Santa Ana is Miguel A. Pulido, the first mayor of Latino descent in the city's history and the first Mayor directly elected by the voters. Since the 1980s, Santa Ana has been characterized by an effort to revitalize the downtown area which had declined in influence; the Santa Ana Artist's Village was created around Cal State Fullerton's Grand Central Art Center to attract artists and young professionals to live-work lofts and new businesses. The process continued into 2009 with the reopening of the historic Yost Theater. Santa Ana is located at 33°44′27″N 117°52′53″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.5 square miles. 27.3 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. It is the 4th most densely populated place in the United States, with a population of 300,000 or more with 12,471.5 people per sq. mile. Santa Ana is ne
California Department of Transportation
The California Department of Transportation is an executive department of the US state of California. The department is part of the cabinet-level California State Transportation Agency. Caltrans is headquartered in Sacramento. Caltrans manages the state's highway system, which includes the California Freeway and Expressway System, is involved with public transportation systems throughout the state, it supports Amtrak's Capitol Corridor. In 2015, Caltrans released a new mission statement: "Provide a safe, sustainable and efficient transportation system to enhance California’s economy and livability." The earliest predecessor of Caltrans was the Bureau of Highways, created by the California Legislature and signed into law by Governor James Budd in 1895. This agency consisted of three commissioners who were charged with analyzing the state road system and making recommendations. At the time, there was no state highway system. California's roads consisted of crude dirt roads maintained by county governments, as well as some paved roads within city boundaries, this ad hoc system was no longer adequate for the needs of the state's growing population.
After the commissioners submitted their report to the governor on November 25, 1896, the legislature replaced the Bureau with the Department of Highways. Due to the state's weak fiscal condition and corrupt politics, little progress was made until 1907, when the legislature replaced the Department of Highways with the Department of Engineering, within which there was a Division of Highways. California voters approved an US$18 million bond issue for the construction of a state highway system in 1910, the first California Highway Commission was convened in 1911. On August 7, 1912, the department broke ground on its first construction project, the section of El Camino Real between South San Francisco and Burlingame, which became part of California State Route 82; the year 1912 saw the founding of the Transportation Laboratory and the creation of seven administrative divisions, which are the predecessors of the 12 district offices in use as of 2018. The original seven division headquarters were located in: Willits Mercantile Building for Del Norte, Humboldt and Mendocino counties Redding C.
R. Briggs Building for Lassen, Shasta, Siskiyou and Trinity counties Sacramento Forum Building for Alpine, Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Nevada, Plumas, San Joaquin, Solano, Sutter, Tuolumne and Yuba counties San Francisco Rialto Building for Alameda, Contra Costa, Napa, San Francisco, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, Sonoma counties San Luis Obispo Union National Bank Building for Monterey, San Benito, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo counties Fresno Forsythe Building for Fresno, Kern, Madera, Merced and Tulare counties Los Angeles Union Oil Building for Imperial, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura countiesIn 1913, the California State Legislature began requiring vehicle registration and allocated the resulting funds to support regular highway maintenance. In 1921, the state legislature turned the Department of Engineering into the Department of Public Works; the history of Caltrans and its predecessor agencies during the 20th century was marked by many firsts. It was one of the first agencies in the United States to paint centerlines on highways statewide.
In late 1972, the legislature approved a reorganization, suggested by a study initiated by then-Governor Ronald Reagan, in which the Department of Public Works was merged with the Department of Aeronautics to become the modern California Department of Transportation. For administrative purposes, Caltrans divides the State of California into 12 districts, supervised by district offices. Most districts cover multiple counties; the largest districts by population are District 4 and District 7. Like most state agencies, Caltrans maintains its headquarters in Sacramento, covered by District 3. Transportation in California State highways in California United States Department of Transportation List of roads and highways Official website Named Highways, Freeways and Other Appurtenances in California
Interstate 5 in California
Interstate 5 is a major north–south route of the Interstate Highway System in the U. S. state of California. It begins at the Mexican border at the San Ysidro crossing, goes north across the length of California, crosses into Oregon south of the Medford-Ashland metropolitan area, it is the more important and most-used of the two major north–south routes on the Pacific Coast, the other being U. S. Route 101, coastal; this highway links the major California cities of San Diego, Santa Ana, Los Angeles, Stockton and Redding. Among the major cities not directly linked by I-5, but which are connected by local highways to it, are San Francisco and San Jose, all of which are about 80 miles west of the highway. I-5 is referred to as "5" in Northern California, is called "the 5" in the Southern California area. I-5 has several named portions: the Montgomery Freeway, San Diego Freeway, Santa Ana Freeway, Golden State Freeway, West Side Freeway. I-5 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration.
It is eligible to be included in the State Scenic Highway System. I-5 begins at the San Ysidro Port of Entry from Mexico in the San Ysidro neighborhood of San Diego. After the border, I-805 splits off to the northeast and serves as a bypass of I-5 that avoids the downtown San Diego area. I-5 itself continues northwest and meets the western end of SR 905, a route that connects with the Otay Mesa border crossing. I-5 continues northward and joins the southern end of SR 75, a highway connecting to Coronado via the Silver Strand. I-5 enters Chula Vista leaving the San Diego city limits, it continues along the east side of San Diego Bay where it intersects with SR 54 and enters National City. From there, I-5 reenters the city limits of San Diego. I-5 subsequently intersects with four state routes: the southern end of SR 15, SR 75 and the Coronado Bay Bridge, the western end of SR 94, SR 163. In addition to serving downtown San Diego, I-5 provides access to Balboa Park from the Pershing Drive exit; the portion of I-5 from the Mexican border to downtown San Diego is named the Montgomery Freeway in honor of John J. Montgomery, a pioneer aviator who flew a glider from a location near Chula Vista in 1884.
I-5 continues northwest from downtown as the San Diego Freeway until it reaches its junction with I-8 turns to the north while passing SeaWorld and Mission Bay. Thereafter, I-5 intersections the western end of SR 52 near La Jolla before entering University City. At Nobel Drive, the San Diego LDS Temple towers over I-5. Shortly afterward, I-5 passes through the UC San Diego campus and intersects the northern terminus of I-805 before continuing north and intersecting the western end of SR 56. At this interchange, there is a local bypass that provides the only access to Carmel Mountain Road from both directions and provides the only direct access to SR 56 going northbound. North of the San Diego city limits, I-5 enters the city limits of Solana Beach, three incorporated cities to the north: Encinitas and Oceanside. In Oceanside, I-5 intersects the SR 78 freeway and the SR 76 expressway and continues through Camp Pendleton, it follows the Pacific Ocean coastline for the next 18 miles. Toward the northern end of its routing through Camp Pendleton, I-5 passes through San Onofre State Beach and near the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station.
This is near the site of the once-proposed interchange with the SR 241 toll road near Trestles, a result of the planned Foothill Toll Road extension. I-5 enters Orange County at the Christianitos Road exit. Upon entering Orange County, I-5 goes through San Clemente. At Dana Point, I-5 turns inland. I-5 heads due north through San Juan Capistrano and Mission Viejo, intersecting the SR 73 toll road heading northwest. I-5 continues to the El Toro Y interchange in southeastern Irvine, splitting into lanes for regular traffic as well as for truck traffic. From that point, I-405 takes over the San Diego Freeway designation, while I-5 becomes the Santa Ana Freeway as it runs southeast to northwest. After the El Toro Y junction, I-5 intersects SR 133, a toll road that connects to SR 241. Just before the Tustin city limits, I-5 passes over SR 261, the final toll road of the Eastern Transportation Corridor, but traffic must use Jamboree Road to access the latter. I-5 intersects SR 55 and enters Santa Ana, the county seat of Orange County.
Towards the northern side of Santa Ana, I-5 intersects both SR 57 and SR 22 in what is known as the Orange Crush interchange. Following this, I-5 enters the city of Orange and traverses Anaheim, passing along the north side of Disneyland. I-5 intersects SR 91, passes through Buena Park and crosses into Los Angeles County. After crossing the county line, I-5 goes through several cities southeast of Los Angeles, including La Mirada, Santa Fe Springs, Norwalk. In Downey, I-5 intersects I-605, which serves as a north-south connector route between the cities east of Los Angeles, including those in the San Gabriel Valley. I-5 passes through Commerce and intersects I-710 before entering the large unincorporated community of East Los Angeles and the city proper of Los Angeles; when the freeway reaches the East Los Angeles Interchange one mile east
U.S. Route 101
U. S. Route 101, or U. S. Highway 101 is a north–south United States Numbered Highway that runs through the states of California and Washington, on the West Coast of the United States, it is known as El Camino Real where its route along the southern and central California coast approximates the old trail which linked the Spanish missions and presidios. It merges at some points with California State Route 1. Though US 101 remains a major coastal north–south link along the Pacific coast north of San Francisco, it has been replaced in overall importance for transport through the West Coast states by Interstate 5, more modern in its physical design, goes through more major cities, has more direct routing due to easier geography over much of the route. US 101 is a major parallel route between Los Angeles and San Francisco, is an alternative to the Interstate for most of its length. In 1964, California truncated US 101's southern terminus in Los Angeles; the old road is known as County Route Historic Route 101 in northern San Diego County.
The nearly 1,550-mile-long highway's northern terminus is in Tumwater, Washington: the route remains along the Olympic Peninsula's coastal perimeter west and east. The southern terminus of US 101 is in Los Angeles at the East Los Angeles Interchange, the world's busiest freeway interchange. According to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials's numbering scheme for United States Numbered Highways, three-digit route numbers are subsidiaries of two-digit routes. However, the principal north–south routes were assigned numbers ending in 1. Rather than number the west coast highway US 91, lose four available north–south numbers which, under the numbering plan, are supposed to be west of US 91, or assign the primary west coast highway a "lesser" number, AASHTO made an exception to its two-digit rule. Thus, US 101 is treated as a primary, two-digit route with a "first digit" of 10, rather than a spur of US 1, located along the east coast, on the opposite side of the U.
S. Thus, US 101, not US 99, is the westernmost north-south route in the U. S. Highway System. US 101 is called the Oregon Coast Highway in Oregon, the Pacific Highway in parts of California, it is called "The 101" by Southern Californians or "101" by residents of Northern California and Washington. From north of San Francisco and continuing to Oregon it is signed as the Redwood Highway though not spoken of as such outside organizations responsible for tourism marketing. Urban portions of the route in Southern California are named the Santa Ana Freeway, Hollywood Freeway, Ventura Freeway at various points between East Los Angeles and Carpinteria, California. In 2008, the portion of US 101 that runs from the Conejo Grade to the Old Town district of Camarillo was dedicated as the Adolfo Camarillo Memorial Highway to honor the city's namesake and extends through the boundaries of the original Camarillo family ranch. In 2003, the portion of US 101 in Ventura County was named Screaming Eagles Highway in honor of the US Army 101st Airborne Division.
Urban portions of the route in the Bay Area are called the James Lick Freeway, Bayshore Freeway, Central Freeway. A portion of the route between Cochrane Road in Morgan Hill and SR 85 in San Jose is named the Sig Sanchez Freeway; the section of highway between SR-85 in Mountain View and Embarcadero Road in Palo Alto is known as the Frederick E. Terman Highway. Street routings in San Francisco are more referred to by their street names rather than the route number. Portions of the route between Southern California and the Bay Area are named El Camino Real or El Camino Real Freeway, but such names are used colloquially. In Northern California the section of US 101 between Sonoma and Marin counties is referred to as the Novato Narrows because of the reduction from six lanes to four. In Southern California, the highway is a traveled commuter route serving the Northwest portion of the Greater Los Angeles area; the route is the Santa Ana Freeway from East Los Angeles to Downtown Los Angeles. It becomes the Hollywood Freeway north of Downtown Los Angeles through the Cahuenga Pass, before turning west and becoming the Ventura Freeway.
Communities along the alignment include Hollywood and the southern edge of the San Fernando Valley, the cities of Hidden Hills, Agoura Hills, Westlake Village, Thousand Oaks, Oxnard, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria, San Luis Obispo and Atascadero. In Northern California, US 101 is the primary coastal route providing motorists access in and out of the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the primary commuter route between San Francisco and the North Bay, it is one of two major freeway routes connecting San Jose and Silicon Valley with San Francisco and the North Bay. It serves as a more urban alternative to the rural I-280, as US 101 runs through Peninsula cities closer to the Bay, while I-280 runs closer to the Santa Cruz Mountains and Skyline Boulevard. Through northern San Francisco, US 101 remains routed on congested city streets due to freeway revolts, leaving the city on the iconic Golden Gate Bridge, it departs the immediate coast and continues through wine country and Redwood forests until it re-emerges coast-side at Eureka.
The route prov
U.S. Route 101 in California
U. S. Route 101 in the state of California is one of the last remaining and longest U. S. Routes still active in the state, the longest highway of any kind in California. US 101 was one of the original national routes established in 1926. Significant portions of US 101 between the Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area follow El Camino Real, the historic road connecting the former Alta California's 21 missions. Although the highway has been superseded in overall importance for transportation through the state by Interstate 5, US 101 continues to be the major coastal north–south route that links the Greater Los Angeles Area, the Central Coast, the San Francisco Bay Area, the North Coast. Referred to as "101" by residents of Northern California, in Southern California it is called "The 101"; the highway has portions designated as the Santa Ana Freeway, the Hollywood Freeway, the Ventura Freeway, South Valley Freeway, Bayshore Freeway. The Redwood Highway, the 350-mile-long northernmost segment of the highway, begins at the Golden Gate and passes through the world's tallest and only extensive preserves of virgin, old-growth coast redwood trees.
US 101 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. The south terminus of US 101 is in Los Angeles, about one mile east of downtown Los Angeles at the East Los Angeles Interchange known as the "Commuters' Complex"; this southernmost portion is named the Santa Ana Freeway, inheriting that title as the northerly extension of the roadway now known as I-5. After merging with westbound traffic from the San Bernardino Freeway, US 101 proceeds northwest via the Downtown Slot under the northern edge of Los Angeles' Civic Center to State Route 110 at the Four Level Interchange. From here, US 101 becomes the Hollywood Freeway, it heads to Hollywood and up through the Cahuenga Pass before reaching the San Fernando Valley. US 101 intersects with SR 134 and SR 170 at the interchange known as the Hollywood Split. Here, the alignment of US 101 shifts to the alignment of SR 134 and thereafter is referred to as the Ventura Freeway until it reaches Ventura.
Though confusing, the "Hollywood Freeway" name continues northward from this interchange on SR 170, the "Ventura Freeway" name continues eastward to SR 134. From the Hollywood Split, US 101 is an east–west highway, it meets with I-405 in Sherman Oaks, an interchange which holds claim to the most traveled intersection in the nation. The east–west geographical alignment of the Ventura Freeway and the north–south designation which appears on the freeway signs can be confusing to visitors. After the Conejo Grade, a 7% grade incline, the freeway enters the Oxnard Plain and runs concurrent with SR 1 for the first time. Upon reaching Ventura, there is an interchange with SR 126. North of Santa Barbara, US 101 switches intermittently between freeway and expressway status, but there are no traffic signals until San Francisco; the last traffic signals along this stretch of the route were removed in 1991 when the section through downtown Santa Barbara was constructed to freeway standards after years of disagreement over the impact that the original elevated design would have on the community.
From Ventura and through Santa Barbara, US 101 follows the Pacific coastline until Gaviota State Park, about 23 miles west of Goleta. At Gaviota State Park, the highway shifts back from an east–west highway to a north–south alignment. About one mile north of this point, US 101 passes through the Gaviota Tunnel. A few miles north of the Gaviota Tunnel, SR 1 splits from US 101 and heads northwest, running along the Pacific coastline parallel and to the west of US 101. US 101 passes through Buellton, Los Alamos, Santa Maria, Nipomo. South of Santa Maria, US 101 widens from a four-lane highway to a six-lane freeway. SR 166 joins US 101 for about 3 miles before splitting just north of the city limits, while US 101 continues as a four-lane freeway before reverting to expressway status north of Nipomo. Farther north, SR 1 rejoins US 101 between San Luis Obispo. US 101 takes an inland route through the Salinas Valley, while Highway 1 heads northwest, running along the Pacific coastline in California, parallel and to the west of US 101.
A steep segment between San Luis Obispo and Atascadero is known as the Cuesta Grade. North of Atascadero, the highway joins SR 46 for about three miles through Paso Robles. From Paso Robles to Salinas, US 101 is an expressway known as the Salinas River Valley Highway, since the Salinas River Valley extends from Santa Margarita to the SR 156 junction in Prunedale. US 101 resumes freeway status between San Miguel and King City, passing through the smaller towns of Camp Roberts and San Ardo, as well as the San Ardo Oil Field about five miles south of San Ardo. Near this point, the wide agricultural bottomlands of the Salinas Valley begins. North of King City, US 101 once again switches intermittently between freeway and
KNX is an Entercom-owned all-news radio station broadcasting on 1070 kHz in Los Angeles, California. It is one of the oldest stations in the United States, having received its first broadcasting license, as KGC, in December 1921, in addition to tracing its history to the September 1920 operations of an earlier amateur station; the station's studios, shared with sister stations KCBS-FM, KTWV and KAMP-FM, are located on Los Angeles' Miracle Mile. KNX holds a Class A license as one of the original clear-channel stations allocated under the 1928 General Order 40 band plan, its fulltime 50,000-watt non-directional signal is heard during the day around Southern California, at night throughout much of the western United States and parts of Mexico and Canada. The transmitter and antenna array site are located at Columbia Park in Torrance. KNX is authorized to broadcast a digital HD Radio signal, maintains an online stream, is carried on the FM band by KRTH-FM HD2's digital subcarrier. Although KNX received its first formal broadcasting station license on December 8, 1921, the station has traditionally dated its founding to September 10, 1920, starting with broadcasts conducted by Fred Christian over his amateur station, 6ADZ.
Christian was a former shipboard radio operator, who lived at 5118½ Harold Way in Hollywood and was the manager of the Electric Lighting Supply Company at 216 West Third Street, Los Angeles. He explained that he began the broadcasts in order to provide something to listen to by customers who had constructed receivers from parts purchased at the store. Christian began making broadcasts with a five-watt vacuum-tube transmitter, operating on the standard amateur wavelength of 200 meters. There were no specific standards in the United States for radio stations making transmissions intended for the general public, numerous stations under various classifications made entertainment broadcasts. However, effective December 1, 1921, the Department of Commerce, regulators of radio at this time, adopted a regulation that formally created a broadcasting station category, stations were now required to hold a Limited Commercial license authorizing operation on wavelengths of 360 meters for "entertainment" broadcasts or 485 meters for "market and weather reports".
By the end of 1922 over 500 stations would be authorized nationwide. On December 8, 1921, the Electric Lighting Supply Company was issued a broadcasting station license with the randomly assigned call letters KGC, authorizing operation on the 360 meter entertainment wavelength; the station's location was listed as Fred Christian's Harold Way home. The shared 360 meter wavelength required timesharing agreements between an increasing number of stations needing exclusive time periods. On May 4th the Los Angeles Times reported that a total of seven local stations were slated to make broadcasts that day, comprising a schedule that ran from noon to 9:00 p.m. with KGC assigned 2:00-2:30 and 7:30-8:00 p.m. On May 4, 1922, the Electric Lighting Supply Company was issued a broadcasting license for a station with the randomly assigned call letters of KNX on 360 meters, located at the company's Los Angeles store on West Third Street; this was technically considered to be a second station in addition to KGC, after KGC was formally deleted on June 20, 1922, the Department of Commerce concluded that KGC and KNX were functionally the same station, Federal Communications Commission records list December 8, 1921 as KNX's "date first licensed".
The new authorization coincided with preparations for a move to the California Theater, with Fred Christian continuing as station manager. On June 12, 1922 the Los Angeles Times reported that "After more than two months of preparation, the new broadcast station at the California Theater had its opening program Saturday evening at 9:15, sending out a wavelength of 510 meters; the station is said to be one of the best in the land, the call letters of which are KNX." KNX's regular broadcast schedule on 360 meters was 9:00 to 10:00 a.m. A week after it commenced operations from the theater, the Times reported that "Numerous reports have come into The Times radio department commending the quality and audibility of material broadcast from KNX, the California Theater radiophone; this station differs from other stations in that it gives its listeners-in the music of the complete orchestra of the California Theater."KNX's power was raised to 100 watts in early August 1922. In the fall of 1924, Guy Earl, Jr. owner of the Los Angeles Evening Express, arranged for the newspaper's purchase of KNX.
The Express made significant upgrades, including increasing the power to 500 watts, began broadcasting from the Paul G. Hoffman Studebaker building in Hollywood. KNX was one of the last stations to have stayed on the original 360 meter wavelength, the newspaper engineered a move to 890 kHz, it remained on this frequency until November 11, 1928, when the station was reassigned to 1050 kHz, under the provisions of a major reallocation resulting from the Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40. In early 1928 KNX changed owners and was operated by the Western Broadcast Company. In 1929 the station's transmitter power was upgraded from 500 to 5,000 watts, followed by an increase to 10,000 watts in 1932. In 1933, the station moved its studios to another part of Hollywood, after being granted permission by the FRC on June 7, 1932, to raise its output to 25,000 watts; the following year, KNX's transmitting power was raised to the nationwide maximum of 50,000 watts, which the station continues presently.
CBS purchased KNX in 1936 and began operating it as its West Coast flagship, which ended CBS's eight-year affiliation
California State Route 60
State Route 60 is an east-west state highway in the U. S. state of California. It runs from the East Los Angeles Interchange near downtown Los Angeles to an interchange with Interstate 10 in Beaumont; the highway serves the cities and communities on the eastern side of the Los Angeles metropolitan area and runs along the south side of the San Gabriel Valley. The highway provides a route across several spurs of the Peninsular Ranges, linking the Los Angeles Basin with the Pomona Valley and San Gabriel Valley, it runs from the East Los Angeles Interchange near the Los Angeles River in Los Angeles with Interstate 5, Interstate 10 and U. S. Route 101 east to I-10 in Riverside County, with overlaps at State Route 57 and Interstate 215; the highway runs parallel to Interstate 10, functioning as a bypass alternate east-west route through the area. SR 60 begins at the East Los Angeles Interchange near downtown Los Angeles, designated as the Pomona Freeway; the freeway heads east from the junction after splitting off from the Santa Monica Freeway and passes through East Los Angeles, intersecting the Long Beach Freeway.
Continuing east through the southern San Gabriel Valley, SR 60 passes through many cities and communities, intersecting the San Gabriel River Freeway in the City of Industry. It proceeds to an overlap with the Orange Freeway in Diamond Bar, right on the edge of the San Gabriel Valley. A short overlap carries SR 60 traffic on the same roadway as SR 57; the two routes head northeast through an arm of the San Gabriel Valley. Continuing east, SR 60 intersects the Chino Valley Freeway in Pomona, the Ontario Freeway in Jurupa Valley, the Riverside Freeway in Riverside, California. A short overlap carries SR 60 traffic on the same roadway as I-215; the two routes head southeast. The freeway runs through communities further east in the Inland Empire. After passing through Moreno Valley, SR 60 runs through the rugged hill country to the east. After that, SR 60 downgrades to an expressway, has with several at-grade interchanges with local roads. In Beaumont, SR 60 ends and merges into the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway.
SR 60 traverses Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Riverside Counties. As it passes through many of Los Angeles' east side suburbs in southern San Gabriel and Pomona Valleys, it is a major transportation corridor. For the majority of its length it is parallel to, south of, the San Bernardino Freeway, Interstate 10, parallel to, north of, the Riverside Freeway, California State Route 91. Traffic congestion is exacerbated by the rapid population growth and, residential and industrial development in the inland communities known informally as the Inland Empire. In particular, it has become clogged of late with shipping container-laden trucks travelling from the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach to rail yards and warehouses in the Inland Empire; as a result of the rapid development of the Inland Empire since the 1980s, the Moreno Valley Freeway now suffers from severe traffic congestion. In the mid-2000s, the northwestern section, concurrently signed with Interstate 215 underwent significant construction to improve traffic flow, but it still suffers from heavy congestion.
The freeway is known as the Pomona Freeway from its western terminus to its junction with State Route 91 and Interstate 215 in Riverside, the Moreno Valley Freeway east of this interchange until its eastern terminus at its junction with Interstate 10. The route is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration; the route takes its number from former US 60, which now begins near Brenda and terminates on the east coast at Virginia Beach, Virginia. Before 1964, US 60 ran from Los Angeles to the Arizona state line, where it continued its nationwide trek overlapping US 99 and US 70 along the way; the advent of I-10 created a situation where, at one point, four different signed routes would run along the state-maintained highway. In 1964, California implemented a plan to simplify its highway-numbering system, where one state highway had only one route number and concurrencies were sternly discouraged.
As a result, the US 60 designation was removed. I-10 superseded US 60's alignment from Beaumont and towards the Arizona state line though the routing was only a freeway; this left the designated Route 60 from Beaumont to Los Angeles orphaned from its original U. S. Highway; this new Route 60 was provisionally signed as a U. S. Highway since the designation would guide motorists from Los Angeles to Arizona in the absence of a completed freeway for I-10. S. Highway designation disappeared. At least one California highway sign managed to be overlooked for many years afterward. A sign on Hess Boulevard at SR 62 in the unincorporated town of Morongo Valley pointed not to I-10 but to US 60 stood through the early 2000s; the stretch of SR 60 along the Moreno Valley Freeway made national headlines in April 2004, when five-year-old Ruby Bustamante of Indio and her 26-year-old mother, were reported mi