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East Riding of Yorkshire

The East Riding of Yorkshire, or East Riding or East Yorkshire, is an area in Northern England and can refer either to the administrative county of the East Riding of Yorkshire, a unitary authority, to the ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire or to the easternmost of the three subdivisions of the traditional county of Yorkshire. No two of these areas share the same geographical boundaries despite sharing the same name; the traditional East Riding of Yorkshire includes parts of ceremonial North Yorkshire such as Filey but not Goole, whereas both the administrative and ceremonial East Riding of Yorkshire include Goole but not those parts of North Yorkshire. Both the traditional and ceremonial East Riding include Kingston upon Hull, but the administrative East Riding does not as Kingston upon Hull is in its own unitary authority; the traditional East Riding covers a larger area than both the ceremonial and administrative East Riding. The East Riding, North Riding and West Riding were treated as three separate counties for many purposes, such as having separate quarter sessions.

In 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888, administrative counties with a county council were created on the historic boundaries. In 1974 both the Local Government Area and the Lieutenancy of the East Riding of Yorkshire were abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, being succeeded in most of the riding by the newly created Humberside which included parts of the West Riding and parts of Lincolnshire; the modern Local Government Area and the ceremonial East Riding of Yorkshire were formed in 1996 from the northern part of Humberside upon its abolition. At the 2011 Census, the population was 334,179; the landscape consists of a crescent of low chalk hills, the Yorkshire Wolds, surrounded by the low-lying fertile plains of Holderness and the Vale of York. The Humber Estuary and North Sea mark its eastern limits. Archaeological investigations have revealed artefacts and structures from all historical periods since the last ice age. There are no industrial centres; the area is administered from the ancient ecclesiastical town of Beverley.

Christianity is the religion with the largest following in the area and there is a higher than average percentage of retired people. The economy is based on agriculture and tourism, contributing to the rural and seaside character of the Riding with its historic buildings, nature reserves and the Yorkshire Wolds Way long-distance footpath; the open and maritime aspects and lack of major urban development have led to the high levels of energy generation from renewable sources. Major sporting and entertainment venues are concentrated in Kingston upon Hull, while the seaside and market towns support semi-professional and amateur sports clubs and provide seasonal entertainment for visitors. Bishop Burton is the site of an agricultural college, Hull provides the region's only university. On the southern border, close to Hull, the Humber Bridge spans the Humber Estuary to enable the A15 to link Hessle with Barton-upon-Humber in North Lincolnshire; when the last glacial period ended, the hunter gatherers of the Palaeolithic period followed the animal herds across the land between continental Europe and Britain.

As conditions continued to improve and vegetation became more able to support a greater diversity of animals, the annual range of seasonal movement by Mesolithic communities decreased, people became more fixed to particular localities. Until about 6,000 BC, Mesolithic people appear to have exploited their environment; as communities came to rely on a smaller territorial range and as population levels increased, attempts began to be made to modify or control the natural world. In the Great Wold Valley, pollen samples of Mesolithic date indicate that the forest cover in the area was being disturbed and altered by man, that open grasslands were being created; the Yorkshire Wolds became a major focus for human settlement during the Neolithic period as they had a wide range of natural resources. The oldest monuments found on the Wolds are the Neolithic long barrows and round barrows. Two earthen long barrows in the region are found at Fordon, on Willerby Wold, at Kilham, near Driffield, both of which have radiocarbon dates of around 3700 BC.

From around 2000 to 800 BC, the people of the Bronze Age built the 1,400 Bronze Age round barrows that are known to exist on the Yorkshire Wolds. These are grouped together to form cemeteries. Many of these sites can still be seen as prominent features in the present-day landscape. By the Bronze Age, an open, landscape predominated on the Wolds, it was used for grazing and for arable cultivation. The wetlands on either side of the Wolds in the River Hull valley and the Vale of York were being used for animal rearing at this time. In the Iron Age there were further cultural changes in the area. There emerged a distinctive local tradition known as the Arras Culture, named after a site at Arras, near Market Weighton. There are similarities between the chariot burials of the Arras Culture and groups of La Tene burials in northern Europe, where the burial of carts was practised; the area became the kingdom of the tribe known as the Parisi. After invading Britain in AD 43, the Romans crossed the Humber Estuary in AD 71 to invade the Northumbrian territory of the Parisi tribe.

From their bridgehead at Petuaria they travelled northwards and built roads along the Wolds to Derventio, present day Malton, westwards to the River Ouse where they built the fort of Eboracum. There is evidence of extensive use of the light soils of the Wolds for grain farming in the Roman era. Several Roman villas which

Occupational cardiovascular disease

Occupational cardiovascular disease is disease of the heart or blood vessels that are caused by working conditions, making them a form of occupational illness. Little is known about occupational risks for heart disease, but links have been established between cardiovascular disease and certain toxins, extreme heat and cold, exposure to tobacco smoke and occupational stress. Other occupational hazards related to cardiovascular disease include noise exposure at work, shift work, physical activity at work. A 2015 SBU-report including a systematic review of non-chemical risk factors for occupation cardiovascular disease found an association between certain occupational risk factors and developing cardiovascular disease in those: With mentally stressful work with a lack of control of their own working situation — with an effort-reward imbalance Who experience low social support at work. Differences between women and men in risk are small, however men risk suffering and dying of heart attacks or stroke twice as as women during working life.

A 2017 SBU report found evidence that workplace exposure to silica dust, engine exhaust or welding fumes is associated with heart disease. Associations exist for exposure to arsenic, lead, carbon disulphide, carbon monoxide, metalworking fluids and occupational exposure to tobacco smoke. Working with the electrolytic production of aluminium or the production of paper when the sulphate pulping process is used is associated with heart disease. An association was found between heart disease and exposure to compounds which are no longer permitted in certain work environments, such as phenoxy acids containing TCDD or asbestos. Workplace exposure to silica dust or asbestos is associated with pulmonary heart disease. There is evidence that workplace exposure to lead, carbon disulphide, phenoxyacids containing TCDD, as well as working in an environment where aluminium is being electrolytically produced, is associated with stroke. Occupational hazard Chemical hazard Psychosocial hazard

Plasenzuela

Plasenzuela is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the municipality has a population of 612 inhabitants. Geography It is located in the Trujillo Cacereña penillanura, its landscape is characterized by large plains with granitic batoliths. History Plasenzuela has in its contours abundant archaeological remains among, Cerro de la Horca with materials from different eras, the Romazal necropolis with remains from the end of the Iron Age, El Guijo and some mines with the presence of Roman elements. Among them is an inscription three that includes the name Lucio Julio Ibarra, the oldest record of this surname, casts some doubts on the time of the formation of the article in Basque; the Romans called the town Vetonesto after the inhabitants of the area. After the Islamic occupation period, it belonged to the municipality of Trujillo until in the 16th century. Juan de Vargas y Camargo bought the lands to become a manor. In the seventeenth century, the town passes to the noble family of Tapia and in the eighteenth century it became part of the Count of Canilleros lands.

In 1594 it was part of the municipality of Trujillo and of the Province of Trujillo. When the Old Regime fell, the town became a constitutional municipality of the region of Extremadura, since 1834, it was integrated into the Judicial district of Trujillo. In the 1842, the census recorded to have 520 inhabitants. Monuments The Catholic parish church is named in honor of the Assumption of Our Lady, in the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz, Diocese of Plasencia, Archpriesthood de Trujillo; the Church was constructed during the XV to XVII centuries and has a rectangular nave, with the main chapel directly facing to the east. The Humilladero cross consists of a quadrangular four-step base, a shaft about four meters high, an Ionic capital and the cross. On its obverse there is the image of the crucified Christ and on the reverse that of the Virgin Mary, it is located within a small walled enclosure located on the ring road. 15 The source of the lions, located around the parish church, is a reference in the municipality.

In 2017 it has been put into operation. Plasenzuela's dirty secrets at El País