East Sussex is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent to the north and east, West Sussex to the west, Surrey to the north-west, as well as the English Channel to the south. East Sussex is part of the historic county of Sussex, which has its roots in the ancient kingdom of the South Saxons, who established themselves there in the 5th century AD, after the departure of the Romans. Archaeological remains are plentiful in the upland areas; the area's position on the coast has meant that there were many invaders, including the Romans and the Normans. Earlier industries have included fishing, iron-making, the wool trade, all of which have declined, or been lost completely. Sussex is traditionally sub-divided into six rapes. From the 12th century the three eastern rapes together and the three western rapes together had separate quarter sessions, with the county town of the three eastern rapes being Lewes; this situation was formalised by Parliament in 1865, the two parts were made into administrative counties, each with distinct elected county councils in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888.
In East Sussex there were three self-administered county boroughs: Brighton and Hastings. In 1974 East Sussex was made a non-metropolitan and ceremonial county, the three county boroughs became districts within the county. At the same time the western boundary was altered, so that the Mid Sussex region was transferred to the county of West Sussex. In 1997, Brighton and Hove became a self-administered unitary authority. East Sussex is divided into five local government districts. Three are larger, districts: Lewes. Eastbourne and Hastings are urban areas; the rural districts are further subdivided into civil parishes. From a geological point of view East Sussex is part of southern anticline of the Weald: the South Downs, a range of moderate chalk hills which run across the southern part of the county from west to east and mirrored in Kent by the North Downs. To the north lie parallel valleys and ridges, the highest of, the Weald itself; the sandstones and clays meet the sea at Hastings. The area contains significant reserves of shale oil, totalling 4.4 billion barrels of oil in the Wealden basin according to a 2014 study, which Business and Energy Minister Michael Fallon said "will bring jobs and business opportunities" and help with UK energy self-sufficiency.
Fracking in the area is required to achieve these objectives, opposed by environmental groups. East Sussex, like most counties by the south coast, has an annual average total of around 1,750 hours of sunshine per year; this is much higher than the UK's average of about 1,340 hours of sunshine a year. The relief of the county reflects the geology; the chalk uplands of the South Downs occupies the coastal strip between Eastbourne. There are two river gaps: Cuckmere; the Seven Sisters, where the Downs meet the sea, are the remnants of dry valleys cut into the chalk. To the east of Beachy Head lie the marshlands of the Pevensey Levels flooded by the sea but now enclosed within a deposited beach. At Bexhill the land begins to rise again where the clays of the Weald meet the sea. Further east are the Pett Levels, more marshland, beyond, the estuary of the River Rother. On the far side of the estuary are the dunes of Camber Sands; the highest point of the Downs within the county is Ditchling Beacon, at 814 feet: it is termed a Marilyn.
The Weald occupies the northern borderlands of the county. Between the Downs and Weald is a narrow stretch of lower lying land; the High Weald is wooded in contrast to the South Downs. Part of the Weald is the Ashdown Forest; the location of settlements in East Sussex has been determined both by its history and its geography. The original towns and villages tended to be where its economy lay: fishing along the coast and agriculture and iron mining on the Weald. Industry today tends to be geared towards tourism, along the coastal strip. Here towns such as Bexhill-on-Sea and Hastings lie. Newhaven and Rye are ports, although the latter is of historical importance. Peacehaven and Seaford are more dormitory towns than anything else. Away from the coast lie former market towns such as Hailsham and Uckfield. Lewes, the County town of East Sussex; this is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
The Seven Sisters Park is part of the South Downs National Park. Beachy Head is one of the most famed local attractions, along with the flats along Normans Bay. Apart from the physical landmarks such as the Downs and the Weald, East Sussex has a great many landmarks of historical interest. There are castles at Bodiam, Herstmonceux and Pevensey. Battle Abbey, built to commemorate the Battle of Hastings.
The Institute of Jugglology is an American performance art juggling team from Fayetteville, consisting of Galen Harp and Ellen Winters. They started performing together in 2005 and specialize in theatrical routines, original tricks, mixed object juggling. "Winters and Harp founded the Institute of Jugglology, a Fayetteville, Arkansas–based business that encompasses both performing and teaching. The duo is the top-ranked American juggling team, they won the silver medal at this year’s International Jugglers’ Association Team Championships in Winston-Salem, North Carolina." Their work focuses on using object manipulation to create temporary works of art in the form of sand paintings and kinetic sculptures. In 2011 they began work on a four- part series of performances called “Circuit”. "Circuits I-III" debuted at the International Juggling Championships with “Circuit II” placing second. The silver medalists, Galen Harp and Ellen Winters, performing as the Institute of Jugglology since 2005, explore the frontiers of technical eccentricity...
Their mixed-object trade-offs and passing seemed to rate on the difficulty scale and the audience was always intrigued to see what would happen next. In 2014 their performance of “Circuit IV:Mandala” won the world championship awarded by the International Jugglers' Association. A blue juggling ball and a vial of sand from the performance are on display at the Museum of Juggling History. Carlton Voice Magazine KFSM 5 News El Paso Times Northwest Arkansas Democrat Gazette Juggle Magazine July 2011, August 2012 Jugglology.com Jugglology on Facebook
Raynor Winn is a long-distance walker and writer. Winn and her husband Moth, diagnosed with a terminal illness called corticobasal degeneration, became homeless after a bad investment and decided to walk the 630-mile South West Coast Path; the Salt Path was shortlisted for the 2018 Wainwright Prize and the 2018 Costa Book Awards in the "Biography" category. The judges described it as "An brilliant story that needs to be told about the human capacity to endure and keep putting one foot in front of another." In May 2019 The Salt Path won the inaugural RSL Christopher Bland Prize. In September 2019 it was the number one bestselling book in UK independent bookstores. Winn writes about nature and wild camping and her second book Wild Silence will be published by Michael Joseph in spring 2020. Winn, Raynor; the Salt Path. Michael Joseph. ISBN 978-0241349649. Winn, Raynor. Wild Silence. Michael Joseph. ISBN 978-0241401460. Raynor Winn interviewed on the BBC's Woman's Hour radio programme 34:43 - 42:00