Easter eggs called Paschal eggs, are eggs that are sometimes decorated. They are used as gifts on the occasion of Easter; as such, Easter eggs are common during the season of Eastertide. The oldest tradition is to use dyed and painted chicken eggs, but a modern custom is to substitute chocolate eggs wrapped in colored foil, hand-carved wooden eggs, or plastic eggs filled with confectionery such as chocolate. However, real eggs continue to be used in Eastern European tradition. Although eggs, in general, were a traditional symbol of fertility and rebirth, in Christianity, for the celebration of Eastertide, Easter eggs symbolize the empty tomb of Jesus, from which Jesus resurrected. In addition, one ancient tradition was the staining of Easter eggs with the colour red "in memory of the blood of Christ, shed as at that time of his crucifixion." This custom of the Easter egg, according to many sources, can be traced to early Christians of Mesopotamia, from there it spread into Russia and Siberia through the Orthodox Churches, into Europe through the Catholic and Protestant Churches.
Other sources maintain that the custom arose in western Europe during the Middle Ages as a result of the fact that Western Christians were prohibited from eating eggs during Lent, but were allowed to eat them when Easter arrived. The practice of decorating eggshells is quite ancient, with decorated, engraved ostrich eggs found in Africa which are 60,000 years old. In the pre-dynastic period of Egypt and the early cultures of Mesopotamia and Crete, eggs were associated with death and rebirth, as well as with kingship, with decorated ostrich eggs, representations of ostrich eggs in gold and silver, were placed in graves of the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians as early as 5,000 years ago; these cultural relationships may have influenced early Christian and Islamic cultures in those areas, as well as through mercantile and political links from those areas around the Mediterranean. According to many sources, the Christian custom of Easter eggs started among the early Christians of Mesopotamia, who stained eggs with red coloring "in memory of the blood of Christ, shed at His crucifixion".
The Christian Church adopted the custom, regarding the eggs as a symbol of the resurrection of Jesus, with the Roman Ritual, the first edition of, published in 1610 but which has texts of much older date, containing among the Easter Blessings of Food, one for eggs, along with those for lamb and new produce. Lord, let the grace of your blessing + come upon these eggs, that they be healthful food for your faithful who eat them in thanksgiving for the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with you forever and ever. Sociology professor Kenneth Thompson discusses the spread of the Easter egg throughout Christendom, writing that "use of eggs at Easter seems to have come from Persia into the Greek Christian Churches of Mesopotamia, thence to Russia and Siberia through the medium of Orthodox Christianity. From the Greek Church the custom was adopted by either the Roman Catholics or the Protestants and spread through Europe." Both Thompson, as well as British orientalist Thomas Hyde state that in addition to dyeing the eggs red, the early Christians of Mesopotamia stained Easter eggs green and yellow.
Peter Gainsford maintains that the association between eggs and Easter most arose in western Europe during the Middle Ages as a result of the fact that Catholic Christians were prohibited from eating eggs during Lent, but were allowed to eat them when Easter arrived. Influential 19th century folklorist and philologist Jacob Grimm speculates, in the second volume of his Deutsche Mythologie, that the folk custom of Easter eggs among the continental Germanic peoples may have stemmed from springtime festivities of a Germanic goddess known in Old English as Ēostre and known in Old High German as *Ostara. However, despite Grimm's speculation, there is no evidence to connect eggs with Ostara; the use of eggs as favors or treats at Easter originated. A common practice in England in the medieval period was for children to go door-to-door begging for eggs on the Saturday before Lent began. People handed out eggs as special treats for children prior to their fast. Although one of the Christian traditions are to use dyed or painted chicken eggs, a modern custom is to substitute chocolate eggs, or plastic eggs filled with candy such as jelly beans.
These eggs can be hidden for children to find on Easter morning, which may be left by the Easter Bunny. They may be put in a basket filled with real or artificial straw to resemble a bird's nest; the Easter egg tradition may have merged into the celebration of the end of the privations of Lent in the West. It was traditional to use up all of the household's eggs before Lent began. Eggs were forbidden during Lent as well as on other traditional fast days in Western Christianity. In Eastern Christianity, meat and dairy are all prohibited during the Lenten fast; this established the tradition of Pancake Day being celebrated on Shrove Tuesday. This day, the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday when Lent begins, is known as Mardi Gras, a French phrase which translates as "Fat Tuesday" to mark the last consumption of eggs and dairy before Lent begins. In the Orthodox Church, Great Lent begins on Clean Monday, rather than Wednesday, so the household's dairy products would be used up in the preceding week, called Cheesefare Week.
During Lent, since chickens would not stop producing eggs during this time, a larger t
The 2019–20 Birmingham City W. F. C. Season is the club's 52nd season in existence and their ninth in the FA Women's Super League, the highest level of the football pyramid, having been founding members of the league in 2011. Along with competing in the WSL, the club will contest two domestic cup competitions: the FA Cup and the League Cup. On 13 March 2020, in line with the FA's response to the coronavirus pandemic, it was announced the season was temporarily suspended until at least 3 April 2020; as of 10 January 2020. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as a member of the top two tiers, Birmingham entered the FA Cup in the fourth round. The round was played on 26 January 2020 with Birmingham beating Championship side Sheffield United; as of matches played 23 February 2020 As of matches played 23 February 2020
The Mississippi Heritage Trust was established in 1992 as a non-profit preservation organization in the state of Mississippi. Its mission is to save and renew places meaningful to Mississippians and their history, accomplished by education and preservation. MHT is supported by private resources that include special funding events, membership fees and gifts. MHT is governed by a Board of Trustees, with day-to-day operation under the guidance of an Executive Director and staff located in Jackson, Mississippi. Beginning in 1999, a recurring accomplishment of the organization has been its annual list of the Ten Most Endangered Historic Places in Mississippi; the objective of the list is to raise awareness of the most threatened historic places in the state. Through this awareness effort, dozens of historic places have been restored and preserved in Mississippi; as an example, the King Edward Hotel in Jackson was on the Heritage Trust's first endangered list in 1999. Although vacant for more than 30 years, the King Edward was renovated and reopened in 2009 as the Hilton Garden Inn.
Mississippi Heritage Trust, in coordination with preservation partners lobbied the Mississippi Legislature to pass a preservation tax credit to stimulate private investments in restoration of historic properties. Concomitantly, MHT developed a historic preservation curriculum for use in Mississippi public schools to educate children about the value of preserving historic properties. Periodically, the Heritage Trust presents awards to outstanding preservation projects from across Mississippi. In April 2012, Heritage Awards were presented during the Conference on Power of Preservation in Economic Development at Ocean Springs. Awards were given to "…demonstrate excellence in the preservation, rehabilitation and interpretation of architectural and cultural heritage in Mississippi". Completed projects included restoration of railroad depots, rehabilitation of city halls and commercial buildings throughout the state, restoration of a historic county courthouse in Raymond, Mississippi. Official website