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Oh Blue Christmas

Oh Blue Christmas is an EP by the American band A Fine Frenzy, released in November 2009 in the United States by Virgin Records. It was released through Target two months after the release of the band's previous studio album Bomb in a Birdcage; the EP contains cover versions of three popular holiday songs—"Blue Christmas", "Winter Wonderland" and "Christmas Time Is Here" from A Charlie Brown Christmas—as well as three original tracks. According to Alison Sudol, A Fine Frenzy's leader, the collection of songs was recorded in five days at record producer David Bianco's studio in Los Angeles; the EP—and "Christmas Time Is Here" in particular—received positive critical reception overall. In the United States, Oh Blue Christmas peaked at number 87 on the Billboard 200, at number three on Billboard's Top Holiday Albums chart and at number 28 on the Top Rock Albums chart. A Fine Frenzy was touring the United States when Bomb in a Birdcage and Oh Blue Christmas were released. Oh Blue Christmas has a duration of 22 minutes and includes renditions of three popular holiday songs: "Blue Christmas", "Winter Wonderland", "Christmas Time Is Here".

The latter appeared on the 1965 television special A Charlie Brown Christmas and the soundtrack of the same name. The EP includes three original tracks. Of "Redribbon Foxes", Sudol stated:...when I was writing it, I was in a cabin covered with snow and it was quiet outside. This was all of course. Down a hill there's a little town, all lit up. It's a little bit sad, although it's beautiful. There's a little fox creeping through the snow, a fox that's hard to catch. Sudol said "Winter White" was the "first genuinely heart-achy song" she had written and that "Wish You Well" is about a family member. According to Sudol, the group "expand its sound" by incorporating horns and pedal steel guitars; the EP was recorded in five days at record producer David Bianco's studio Dave's Room. in Los Angeles. She said of the recording process: We all holed up in David Bianco's lovely studio, built in the'70s and hasn't changed much since then—and though it was the sticky, hot LA summer outside, inside, it was snowy, delightful Christmastime.

We.. Everything together around an invisible campfire. There was some holiday magic in the air that week. Cory Frye of the Albany Democrat-Herald described Sudol's overall performance as "sultry" and called "Redribbon Foxes" a standout original track. In his review for AllMusic, Andrew Leahey wrote that the cover songs are "perfectly pleasant" and that Sudol's original songs are the highlight of the collection. Leahey complimented Sudol's "lilting, whimsical" performance and said the song "Redribbon Foxes" has a broader appeal. Brian Moore of RedEye, a Chicago Tribune publication, said the EP contained both traditional and indie qualities and described Sudol's voice as "smooth and well-suited for holiday music". OffBeat's Alex Rawls said the EP was more "wintry" than "Christmas-y", more melancholic than celebratory, only "Wish You Well" evoked a warm, joyous tone. One reviewer for Skope Magazine described the collection as "whimsical"."Christmas Time Is Here" in particular received positive critical reception.

Moore and Rawls called the song the best track on the EP. Rawls called it the collection's "finest moment", having "evocative sounds that swell and recede". Frye described the track as "bone-chilling", Brandon Ferguson of OC Weekly called it "nostalgia-inducing". Track listing adapted from AllMusic. Credits adapted from AllMusic. Oh Blue Christmas charted in the United States, peaking at number 87 on the Billboard 200, at number three on Billboard's Top Holiday Albums chart and at number 28 on the Top Rock Albums chart. A Fine Frenzy's official site "L. A. Grapevine, October 2008" by Bud Scoppa – David Bianco, Dave's Room

K. S. Bhavani Shankar

K. S. Bhavani Shankar, is an Indian Mridangam player, music composer and film actor known for his accompanying skills for Indian classical music and Dance, he was chosen Best Accompanying artist in 1983, from Bangalore Gayana Samaj. He was conferred the title "Mridanga Chatura" in 1984 by the Bangalore Gayana Samaj. In 1996, he was awarded an Arts Council of England travel grant, the highest award given to traditional artists and musicians to perform outside UK. Shankar was born in Mangalore, India to the legendary Bharatanatyam artist Karnataka Kalashree Guru K. Shiva Rao and Padmavathi S. Rao, he attended Saraswathi Tutorial Institute in Chicklalbagh, Bangalore, for his primary education. His secondary education was at National High School, Basavanagudi and his Bsc course at National College, Bangalore, his mridangam training began under Sri R. Srivasan and continued under M. Vasudev Rao and legendary Padma Vibhushan Dr. Umayalpuram K Sivaraman. Bhavani was performing by age twelve, he had traveled throughout India and was chosen to travel to Himachal Pradesh and Manipur for an interstate cultural exchange programme organised by the Department of Kannada and Culture, Karnataka in 1986.

He went to Singapore in 1987. In 1990 he toured with Tribhang, a group of six artists including dancers and musicians to Europe and UK, his talent as a mridangam artist was recognised by Mathoor Krishna Murthy, Director of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, London where he was invited to join the faculty of Indian Music and Dance. He carved out a niche for himself as a leading percussionist in the United Kingdom. Bhavani associates himself with experimental works in collaboration with the notables of Western music, he worked with the pop group Massive Attack and the album enjoyed a worldwide audience thanks to MTV and the BBC. Bhavani is a founding member of SAMUDRA, a performing arts company that promotes Indian Music and Dance by collaborating with Western Music; the first South Indian drum album, released in 2003 on the Dream Records label, was named Rhythm Divine and earned Best Album of South Indian percussion. Awarded Mridanga Chatura in 1984, the youngest percussionist to be awarded this title, given to young artists by the Bangalore Gayana Samaja Awarded Best Percussionist in 1983 in recognition of his outstanding ability in playing Ghatam at the festival.

Rhythm Divine was awarded Best-ever South Indian Percussion album Received 1996 Arts Council Grant, UK, the most prestigious honour for a master in the traditional arts to perform outside UK. Shankar was married to a Bharatanatyam dancer and teacher, they have a son Sachin Shankar studying at France. He is now married to Mona Jaiswal and has a son Siddhant Edekar and a daughter Bhairavi Shankar studying in London. "Lively performance by Three Aksha Dance Ensemble – Margazhi". Margazhi.org. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. "Entertainment Bangalore / Dance: A fluid performance". The Hindu. 18 February 2005. Retrieved 9 November 2013

Elections in the United Kingdom

There are five types of elections in the United Kingdom: elections to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elections to devolved parliaments and assemblies, local elections, mayoral elections and Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Within each of those categories, there may be by-elections. Elections are held on Election Day, conventionally a Thursday. Since the passing of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 for general elections, all five types of elections are held after fixed periods, though early elections to parliament and the devolved assemblies and parliaments can occur in certain situations; the five electoral systems used are: the single member plurality system, the multi-member plurality system, the single transferable vote, the additional member system and the supplementary vote. Elections are administered locally: in each lower-tier local authority, the polling procedure is operated by the acting returning officer or returning officer, the compiling and maintenance of the electoral roll by the electoral registration officer.

The Electoral Commission sets standards for and issues guidelines to returning officers and electoral registration officers, is responsible for nationwide electoral administration. The total number of names in the United Kingdom appearing in Electoral Registers published on 1 December 2010 and based on a qualifying date of 15 October 2010 was 45,844,691. In England and Wales, anyone who will be aged 18 or over on polling day and, a national of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, a Commonwealth country or a European Union member state, can apply to the electoral registration officer in the local authority area where they reside with a'considerable degree of permanence' to be listed in that area's Electoral Register. In Scotland, those fulfilling the nationality requirements, or who otherwise hold leave to remain in the UK, who will be aged 16 or over on polling day can register to vote, as the age for voting in Scottish Parliament and local elections is 16. However, voters in Scotland under 18 are not entitled to vote in European Parliament and UK general elections.

A person can still register at their ordinary address if they will be away temporarily. A person who has two homes may be able to register to vote at both addresses as long as they are not in the same electoral area. In addition, to qualify to appear on the Electoral Register, applicants who are Commonwealth citizens must either possess leave to enter or remain in the UK or not require such leave on the date of their application and no applicant may be a convicted person detained in prison or a mental hospital or a person found guilty of certain corrupt or illegal practices. In Northern Ireland, a further criterion has to be fulfilled to qualify for registration: it is possible for a person to apply to be listed on the Electoral Register only if they have been resident in Northern Ireland for at least three months prior to the date of application. Remand prisoners, voluntary patients in mental hospitals and people without a fixed place of residence can register to vote by making a declaration of local connection.

Members of HM Forces and their immediate family members have the option of registering as a service voter, by making a service declaration based on their last UK address. British citizens residing outside the United Kingdom can register as an overseas voter provided that they were on the Electoral Register in the UK within the previous 15 years; the 15-year period begins when they no longer appeared in the electoral register, not the date they moved abroad. British citizens who moved abroad before they turned 18 years old can still qualify for registration, with the 15-years period calculated from the date their parent/guardian ceased to appear in the Electoral Register. Overseas voters can only vote in European Parliament and UK Parliamentary elections in the constituency of their last registered UK address. British citizens who are away overseas temporarily do not need to register as overseas electors and can register to vote in the usual way at their UK address. Crown servants and British Council employees employed in a post outside the UK can register by making a Crown Servant declaration, allowing them to vote in all UK elections.

An individual can register as an anonymous elector if his/her safety would be at risk were his/her name and address to be disclosed publicly on the Electoral Register, but the application needs to be supported by a relevant court order, injunction or an attestation by a chief police officer or a Director of Social Services. The right of Commonwealth and Irish citizens to vote is a legacy of the Representation of the People Act 1918, which limited the vote to British subjects. At that time, "British subjects" included the people of Ireland — part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Jamaluddin Jarjis

Jamaluddin bin Mohd Jarjis was a Malaysian politician and Minister of Science and Innovation. He served as the Chairman of the 1 Malaysia Peoples' Housing and Malaysian special envoy to the U. S. Jamaluddin was a Member of Parliament for Rompin, Pahang from 1990 until his death, he was elected to the UMNO Supreme Council in May 2000. While serving as Science and Innovation Minister, Jamaluddin oversaw the Angkasawan program, which resulted in Dr. Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor becoming the first Malaysian in space on 10 October 2007, when he blasted off to the International Space Station on board Soyuz TMA-11. Jamaluddin held various positions in the Cabinet of Malaysia: Second Minister of Finance Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Minister of Science and Innovation Ambassador of Malaysia to the United States Jamaluddin was married to a dentist, Puan Sri Datin Sri Dr. Kalsom Ismail, a renowned hardliner, they had three children. Jamaluddin died in April 2015. In August 2018, his 83-year-old mother Aminah Abdullah has sought the Syariah Court to issue a faraid certificate to seek her share of her late son's estate said to be worth at least RM2.1 billion.

Jamaluddin Jarjis completed his secondary education in Sultan Abu Bakar School, Kuantan On 4 April 2015, Jamaluddin Jarjis was killed when an AS 3655N2 Dauphin crashed into a jungle at Jalan Sungai Lalang in Kampung Pasir Baru near Semenyih, Selangor. Among those were killed including a businessman, CEO of SP Baiduri Sdn Bhd, Tan Huat Seang and a Private Secretary in the Prime Minister's Office, Azlin Alias, his body was buried at Makam Pahlawan, located inside Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia: Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia - Tan Sri Pahang: Knight Companion of the Order of the Crown of Pahang - Dato' Grand Knight of the Order of the Crown of Pahang - Dato' Indera Grand Knight of the Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang - Dato' Sri Kelantan: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan - Dato' Perlis: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Crown of Perlis - Dato' Seri

Parkfield earthquake

Parkfield earthquake is a name given to various large earthquakes that occurred in the vicinity of the town of Parkfield, United States. The San Andreas fault runs through this town, six successive magnitude 6 earthquakes occurred on the fault at unusually regular intervals, between 12 and 32 years apart, between 1857 and 1966; the most recent significant earthquake to occur here happened on September 28, 2004. Earthquakes may occur here because the location is about midway on a fault segment between a locked segment to the south and a creeping segment to the north where two tectonic plates are continuously moving without major earthquakes. Geologists who hoped to study what happens before a quake, in particular any signs that might enable them to predict future earthquakes, installed an elaborate array of seismometers, creepmeters and other instruments in and around Parkfield starting in 1985. Scientists with the USGS and UC Berkeley had predicted, with a 90 to 95% confidence level, that an earthquake would strike the Parkfield area between 1985 and 1993.

This was known as the Parkfield Earthquake Prediction and the Parkfield Earthquake Experiment, conducted by the USGS. Attempts at predicting the quake continued until January 2001, but an earthquake of 5.5 magnitude or greater did not occur from 1985 until the 2004 quake. In June 2004, the USGS in partnership with the National Science Foundation began drilling a deep hole to house instruments to monitor the fault at depth; this action was a part of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth program. Because of the regularity of large events at the Parkfield location, the fact that the waveforms from many of these events were identical, it was believed that the same segment of fault ruptured each time; this led to the prediction in 1984 of a similar event in 1993. The 6.0 magnitude primary shock in 2004 was the result of a fault movement of about 18 inches. There have been no indications found. Although well overdue, the probability of this quake occurring in 2004 has been estimated at about ten percent.

The magnitude of the event was consistent with previous earthquakes in this region. Substantial aftershocks continued for more than a week after the initial event, moving in a northwesterly progression. In early October, there was a cluster of small earthquakes near Paso Robles near a parallel fault to the west; these may be in response to the transfer of stress to these faults after the release of stress at Parkfield. Past earthquakes have occurred to the east of Parkfield at about the same distance from the San Andreas fault near Coalinga and Avenal. In December 2004, seismologists at the University of California, Berkeley announced the discovery of subtle tremors near Cholame, a hamlet near the San Andreas fault directly south of Coalinga; this is in a region of the locked fault below the Parkfield episodes, last creating an 8.0 magnitude quake at Fort Tejon in 1857. These tremors were discovered using deep borehole seismometers; the spectral signatures of these motions are more similar to those of magma movement near volcanos than of typical earthquakes, but it is believed that the motions are not due to magma or fluid motion.

It is hoped that this new discovery may sometime inform scientists as to the degree of danger presented by known locked faults. It is not expected that this knowledge will be refined into a precise predictive tool. What is the largest earthquake on the San Andreas fault in the last several hundred years is the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake, with a fault rupture from the general vicinity of Parkfield to San Bernardino in Southern California, a distance of about 360 km and an offset of about 9 meters; the epicenter of this earthquake is believed to be somewhere in the region from Cholame to Parkfield, a location at the extreme northern end of the locked portion of the fault and at the southern end of the periodic segment. It is believed that this earthquake was preceded by a magnitude 6.0 foreshock, centered at Parkfield. List of earthquakes in California The Parkfield, Earthquake Experiment – United States Geological Survey San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth – United States Geological Survey Interaction of the San Andreas fault creeping segment with adjacent great rupture zones and earthquake recurrence at Parkfield – Journal of Geophysical Research Essay and map concerning the Fort Tejon earthquake, showing epicenter near Cholame – Southern California Earthquake Data Center