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Pattini

Pattini, is considered a guardian deity of Sri Lanka in Sri Lankan Buddhism and Sinhalese folklore. She is worshipped by Sri Lankan Tamil Hindus by the name of Kannaki Amman, she is considered the patron goddess of fertility and health protection against smallpox, referred to as deviyange ledé in the Sinhala language. Goddess Pattini is the deification of Kannagi, the central character of the Tamil epic Silapadhikaram of Ilango Adigal, written in India after the 2nd Century CE. After a short time, it was absorbed earlier deities such as Kiri Amma. Historians attribute the introduction of goddess Pattini to the island to Gajabahu I, a Sinhalese king who ruled Sri Lanka from 113 - 135 CE; as per some historians, the Silapathikaram mentions Gajabahu's presence at the consecration of a temple to Kannagi by the Chera king Senguttuvan. Pattini is honoured in annually fertility rites such as Gammaduwa festivals, during which her myth is enacted. Ankeliya in which, as in the British game of Uppies and Downies and lower teams compete.

Porakeliya during which two teams hurl coconuts at each other. Sinhalese people believe that diseases like chickenpox and measles are punishments by God for frailty. In such events as the goddess of healing they pray to Pattini Devi; when a family member is infected, they hold Dānas for her, called Kiri-amma dāna. Kannaki Amman Upulvan Kannagi Kataragama deviyo Bastin, Rohan; the Domain of Constant Excess: Plural Worship at the Munnesvaram Temples in Sri Lanka. Berghahn Books. ISBN 1-57181-252-0. Obeyesekera, Gananath; the Cult of the Goddess Pattini. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-61602-9. Website of Kubulumulla Pattini Devalaya Nawagamuwa Pattini Devalaya

Angelo Maria Bandini

Angelo Maria Bandini was an Italian author and librarian born in Florence. Having been left an orphan in his infancy, he was supported by his uncle, Giuseppe Bandini, a lawyer of some note, he received his education among the Jesuits, showed a special inclination for the study of antiquities. In 1747 he undertook a journey to Vienna, in company with the bishop of Volterra, for whom he acted in the capacity of secretary, he was introduced to the emperor and took the opportunity of dedicating to that monarch his Specimen Litteraturae Florentinae, printed at Florence. On his return he took holy orders, settled in Rome, passing the whole of his time in the library of the Vatican, in those of the cardinals Passionei and Corsini; the famous obelisk of Augustus, at that time removed from the ruins of Campus Martius, was described by Bandini in a learned folio volume entitled De Obelisco Augusti. Shortly after, he was compelled to leave Rome on account of his health and returned to Florence, where he was appointed librarian to the valuable Biblioteca Marucelliana bequeathed to the public by the abbott Marucelli.

In 1756 he was assigned by the emperor to a prebend at Florence, appointed principal librarian to the Laurentian Library. Over forty-four years he continued to discharge the duties of this appointment, died in 1803 esteemed and missed. On his deathbed he founded a public school and bequeathed the remainder of his fortune to other charitable purposes. Bandini described some biblical manuscripts: 181, 186, 187, 190, 191, 197, 198, 363, 832, 833, 834, 835, ℓ 117, ℓ 118; the most important of his numerous works are the Catalogus Codd. MSS. Graec. Lat. Ital. Bib. Laurent. 8 vols, the Vita e Lettere d'Amerigo Vespucci, 1745. Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum graecorum, italicorum etc, Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae Catalogus codicum bibliothecae Laurentianae 3. Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum latinorum Bibliothecae Mediceae Laurentianae Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Bandini, Angelo Maria". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Online biography

Pagan religions of Azerbaijan

Little is known about pre-Christian and pre-Islamic mythology in Eastern Transcaucasia. Barhail was one of two major gods, he keeps sun on his right moon on left hand. His right hand shows left hand shows West. If he drops his right hand for a while, world will fall under darkness forever, he decides if days should be shorter. Sabail was one of two major gods, he was protector of wind. He stands perpendicular to Barhail, his left hand prevents floods. His right hand keeps weather calm, if he droppes that hand and storms can occur. Strabo names the gods of the sun, the sky, above of all, the moon, equates them to the Greek gods Helios and Selene respectively: According to Strabo, human sacrifice was used in pre-Christian Albania: And any one of those who, becoming violently possessed, wanders alone in the forests, is by the priest arrested, bound with sacred fetters, sumptuously maintained during that year, led forth to the sacrifice, performed in honour of the goddess, being anointed, is sacrificed along with other victims.

The sacrifice is performed as follows: Some person holding a sacred lance, with which it is the custom to sacrifice human victims, comes forward out of the crowd and strikes the victim through the side into the heart, he being not without experience in such a task. Unlike many pagan nations, Caucasian Albanians did not practice worship of ancestors; as Strabo states: The Albanians are surpassingly respectful to old age, not to their parents, but to all other old people. And when people die it is impious to be concerned about them or to mention them. Indeed, they bury their money with them, therefore live in poverty, having no patrimony. In East Albania, sacred lands existed in islands of Caspian Sea. Pomponius Mela wrote: Talge, on the Caspian Sea, is fertile without being cultivated and is abundant in every root crop and fruit, but the local peoples consider it an abomination and a sacrilege to touch what grows there, they must be saved for the gods. Alongside those coasts that we have called deserted lie a number of deserted islands, being without names of their own, are called the Scythian Islands Like Greek and Tengrist practices, local inhabitants considered several mountains as sacred.

List of sacred mountains according to local legends: Babadağ is the fourth highest peak in the Caucasus in Azerbaijan at 3,629 meters. It is located north of İsmayıllı. At the top is a pir dedicated to Hasrat Baba—a person revered as a holy man—who is believed to have lived during the period when the area was known as Caucasian Albania. Babadağ means "Grandfather Mountain". Mount Avey is one of the peaks and a whitish-gray ridge in the Small Caucasus Mountains located between Georgia and the Gazakh district, it is 12 km away from the village of Dash Salahli. Avey means "House of the Moon". Mount Goyazan is a mountain in northwestern Qazakh Rayon of Azerbaijan. Goyazan means "Skycrusher". According to ancient local beliefs, it was named because of its loneliness and being directed to the sky. Khinalug is a mountain. Before Islam they were pagan, worshiping "their own fire god"; every pagan temple was replaced by churches. Notable temples: Kilsedagh church - was a temple dedicated to Mithra, paintings of Mithra can still be seen inside Anahit church - was a temple dedicated to Armenian goddess Anahit.

Chaparly church - archeologic excavations proved that there were pagan temple. In burial site, a human skeleton discovered which buried with his/her own customs, unusual to Christian practice. Kurmuk church - Church built on old pagan temple during Russian invasion of İlisu. Lakit church - Church built on old pagan temple. Mamrukh church - Church built on temples belong to Sun. Mingachevir Church Complex - Church complex built on Fire temple. Ruined, but still have pagan symbols. One of them is World tree between two peafowl gravings. Huns migrated to Caucasus in 6th century AD, they established a polity here. Bishop Israel wrote about the customs of their deities: Kuara - god of thunder. Aspandiat - old Hun hero, deified. Fire, Water, an unnamed goddess of roads. According to a legend, Bartholomeus came to a place, on the shore of Caspian Sea, to be Baku, cured the daughter of the local king, Polymius, of her madness, was subsequently granted by the king the right to preach in his territory; the Apostolic Acts of Abdias tell.

In a competition with the local priesthood, Bartholomew assembled a large crowd in front of an image of the goddess and challenged the deity to show itself. Instead, the statue shattered and an angel appeared; the angel revealed the exorcised demon-deity to the crowd. The goddess black, "sharp faced", breathing fire and brimstone, was bound in chains by the angel and sent away; the king, amazed at what he had just seen, was baptised along with many of his subjects. The king's brother, heard of the baptisms and declared war on the Christian community. Bartolomew was beaten with clubs, skinned alive and finally beheaded in front of Maiden Tower. According to Movses Kaghanvatsi, Vachagan III the Pious of Albania persecuted pagan priests and forcibly converted them to Christianism, he established a Church Schoo

List of Kämpfer episodes

Kämpfer is a 14-episode Japanese anime series by Nomad, based on the series of light novels written by Toshihiko Tsukiji. The series follows a boy named Natsuru Senō, chosen to participate in the Kämpfer battles, giving him the ability to transform into a girl; the anime series aired on TBS between October 2 and December 17, 2009. The opening theme was "Unreal Paradise" by Minami Kuribayashi, while the ending theme is "One Way Ryō Omoi" by Marina Inoue and Megumi Nakajima; the series has been licensed for release in North America by Sentai Filmworks and will be released in a complete collection by Section23 Films on January 18, 2011. Two additional episodes, titled Kämpfer für die Liebe, were released on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on May 25, 2011, with one of the episodes airing on April 8, 2011; the opening theme is "Choose my love!" by Minami Kuribayashi while the ending theme is "Battle Girl A" by Yui Horie and Yukari Tamura

Liberty 1784: The Second War for Independence

Liberty 1784: The Second War for Independence is an alternate history novel written by Robert Conroy. The Point of Divergence occurs in 1781, when General George Washington's attempt to trap the British forces under General Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown ends catastrophically for the Continental Army when the French fleet is destroyed in the Battle of the Chesapeake; the American Revolutionary War soon collapses, the British regain control over the colonies and begin a new bloody reign of terror. Washington is executed for treason. A group of rebels flee westward and set up a colony in the sparsely populated Northwest Territory near what is now Chicago, they call it Liberty. The British, looking to finish off the rebels, send a large force under John Burgoyne to destroy them. Burgoyne is desperate for redemption and the Americans are desperate to survive. Http://www.uchronia.net/bib.cgi/label/conrlibert.html http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865603853/Book-review-Liberty-1784-marred-by-unnecessary-elements.html https://forbiddenplanet.com/117000-liberty-1784-the-second-war-for-independence-hardcover/