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Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association

The Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association was a men's amateur – professional – ice hockey league in Canada that played four seasons. It was founded on December 11, 1905 with the top clubs from two other leagues: four from the Canadian Amateur Hockey League and two from the Federal Amateur Hockey League, it was formed to maximize the revenues of a now popular spectator sport and help these amateur teams cope with professionalism in the sport. The league would shed its amateur status for the 1908 season, leading to the split between Canadian amateur ice hockey teams playing for the Allan Cup, the professionals playing for the Stanley Cup; the league would itself dissolve in 1909 over a dispute between team owners over business issues. FoundingThe CAHL held its regular meeting on December 9, 1905. At that meeting it was decided. On December 11, it was announced that the amalgamation would form a new league, the ECAHA; the CAHL was discontinued. The first executive was elected: Howard Wilson, Montreal G. P. Murphy, Ottawa Dr. Cameron, Montreal James Strachan, Wanderers However, on December 20, the vice-president titles were abolished and the Secretary-treasurer position was given to William Northey of the Montreal Arena Company.

From the start, the league allowed teams to use professional players. The players who were professionals had to be printed publicly. In 1908, the amateur-only Montreal Victorias and Montreal Hockey Club teams left the league; the league became a professional-only league. In significance of the change the league was renamed the Eastern Canada Hockey Association. In November 1909, the league dissolved over the plans of the Wanderers to move to an arena with fewer spectator seats; the three other teams announced that they were leaving the ECHA, creating the Canadian Hockey Association. The Wanderers helped form the National Hockey Association; the CHA played for less than two weeks, merging with the NHA in January 1910. A silver championship trophy, designated the'Arena Cup', was donated by the Montreal Arena Company, it was designed by Birk's of Montreal. After the Wanderers won it in 1906 through 1908, they were given the trophy permanently, a condition engraved in the silver of the trophy; the trophy is now on permanent display in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.

Stanley Cup Champions. A - Ottawa and Wanderers are both considered 1906 Stanley Cup Champions. List of Stanley Cup champions List of pre-NHL seasons List of ice hockey leagues Coleman, Charles; the Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc

Paris Theodore

Paris Theodore was an American inventor of gun holsters and firearms and shooting techniques used by government agents and police departments in the U. S. and abroad, as well as by the fictional James Bond. Theodore was born in New York City on January 9, 1943, his father, was a sculptor and art professor at The Horace Mann School, his mother, Nenette Charisse was a renowned ballet instructor and member of a Vaudeville dancing company. Charisse’s second husband was Robert Tucker, a Tony-nominated choreographer, the couple raised Theodore from early childhood; as a child, Theodore appeared as “Nibs” in NBC’s 1955 broadcast of Peter Pan starring Mary Martin. He graduated from The Browning School on Manhattan’s Upper East Side. In 1962, Theodore married Lee Becker, the Tony-nominated dancer and choreographer and founder of The American DanceMachine. According to his own accounts, Theodore supplemented his work as an abstract painter by serving as an independent contractor for the Central Intelligence Agency while still a teenager in the early 1960s.

For several years, he performed a number of dangerous covert missions for the CIA, many of which, if true, required him to carry and use handguns. His supposed experience sparked an interest in creating special holsters for the concealment of weapons. “I was working for Uncle Sam as a freedom fighter until Communism imploded on itself,” Theodore said. In 1966, at the age of 23, Theodore founded Seventrees Ltd. a company that designed and produced gun holsters for professionals who had the need to conceal weapons yet access them quickly. Demand among undercover investigators and intelligence agents grew for his innovative designs and Seventrees was soon awarded several contracts from a variety of U. S. agencies. The growing popularity of the holsters inspired many imitations by other manufacturers; the company’s slogan “Unseen in the Best Places” was copied by at least one competitor. By day and his team were manufacturing customized gun holsters, while by night, Seventrees’ West 39th Street offices were transformed into a clandestine weapons manufacturing operation, designing special classified concealment weapons for government agencies through a sister company, Armament Systems Procedures Corporation.

One of ASP’s first products was a Theodore-designed handgun bearing the name of the company. The ASP, based on the Smith & Wesson Model 39 semi-automatic pistol, featured many innovations: “clear grips”—which enabled the user to see the number of unfired rounds remaining. Theodore’s ASP was the first successful service caliber handgun in pocket pistol size, its arrival inspired a cottage industry of gunsmiths producing unauthorized versions of the weapon, in addition to the authorized factory version from Theodore's ASP Inc. In 1970, the ASP was featured by Glaswegian gun expert Geoffrey Boothroyd. Boothroyd, the inspiration for “Q,” the technologically inventive character who outfitted James Bond with his lifesaving gadgets, would, in turn inspire Ian Fleming’s successor, John Gardner, to replace Bond’s renowned Walther PPK as 007’s weapon of choice. Beginning with 1984’s Role of Honor, the ASP would go on to be featured in 11 James Bond novels. James Bond expert James McMahon would write: “If Bond were a gun, he'd be the ASP.

Dark, deadly suited to his mission.” In 1980, Theodore formed Techpak, a company created to market a combat handgun shooting technique he had developed called “Quell.” The Quell system included a realistic depiction of close quarter combat, a shooting stance, as well as a target designed to enhance the shooter’s understanding of the Quell Zone, the area, that when struck, caused the instant cessation of movement by a hostile opponent. Quell drew upon Theodore’s real-life experience in close quarter combat and the concept of a "Quell stop" became standard training for many police departments and special agencies throughout the world. Through Quell, he sought to educate weapons professionals about the stark reality of close combat with handguns. “From the movies we have learned to expect that when someone is shot in the arm, he reacts by grabbing it with his free hand and maybe uttering an ‘Unh!’ When he is shot in the chest, a spot of blood appears and he is thrown backwards with arms flailing, to land motionless and silent.”

Theodore wrote in 1985, “The truth is that no bullet from a sidearm, no matter what the caliber, will bowl a man over.” He described this “knock-down power” as “the figment of the collective imagination of Hollywood screenwriters.” Theodore's wife Lee died in 1987. Theodore died November 2006 at St. Luke's hospital in Manhattan; the cause of death was complications resulting from a longstanding and debilitating bout with multiple sclerosis. He is survived by his sons and Said Theodore and Paris Kain. Kain, a filmmaker, is producing a documentary based on the life of his late father. Carr and Gardner, George W. Gun People, New York, NY Jones, Rob “Hunting Guns,” American Hunter Magazine Jones, Robert, “Quell—New Concepts in the Kill Zone,” Soldier of Fortune McMahon, James “Q Branch,” HMSS McLoughlin, Chris, “On Target For Special Weapons – The Guttersnipe Sight,” International Law Enforcement Petzal, David, “The Seventrees Story,” Guns And Hunting Paris Theodore's obituary in the New York Sun Modern Firearms – The ASP U.

S. Patent 5,251,799 Holster, filed December 3, 1992, issued October 12, 1993 U. S. Patent 5,251,798 Holster (Weapon holsters h

Jean Laborde

Jean Laborde was an adventurer and early industrialist in Madagascar. He became the chief engineer of the Merina monarchy, supervising the creation of a modern manufacturing center under Queen Ranavalona I, he became the first French consul to Madagascar, when the government of Napoleon III used him to establish French influence on the island. Born to a blacksmith, Laborde emigrated to India, before attempting to recover treasure from ships wrecked along the coast of Madagascar in 1831. After becoming shipwrecked himself, Laborde made his way to Antananarivo where he manufactured muskets and gunpowder for the queen in a factory located in Ilafy. Laborde organized 20,000 forced labourers to build an industrial complex in Mantasoa, closer to water and iron ore. There, 1,200 workmen produced cannon, bricks, pottery, porcelain, soap, sealing-wax, cement, ink, sugar, sulphuric acid, lightning conductors. Laborde constructed Rainiharo's tomb, the Queen's Palace. Laborde got involved in the 1857 coup instigated by Joseph-François Lambert and was banned by the queen.

After the queen was succeeded by Radama II, he was able to return in 1861. Napoleon III named him as the first French consul to the Merina court; the French government became involved in a dispute with the Malagasy over the inheritance of Laborde's property after his death in 1878, some of, a gift from Queen Ranavalona I. These and other French claims formed the pretext for France's armed intervention. A species of chameleon endemic to Madagascar, Furcifer labordi, is named in his honor. Biography