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Eastside Los Angeles

The Eastside is an urban region in eastern Los Angeles County, California. East Los Angeles was founded in 1870 by John Strother Griffin, called "the father of East Los Angeles", he was said to have created the first suburb of the city of Los Angeles in Lincoln Heights after he purchased 2,000 acres of ranch land for $1,000 and in 1870, with his nephew, Hancock Johnson, erected houses on the site. That land was a rancho called La Rosa de Castilla, on the east side of the Los Angeles River, taking in the deserted hills between Los Angeles and Pasadena. In late 1874 the two men offered an additional thirty-five acres, divided into 65x165-foot lots, for $150 each, they planned the laying out of streets of the present community of East Los Angeles and gifted East Side Park to the city of Los Angeles. The official East Area Planning Commission area of the City of Los Angeles is divided into the following communities: Boyle Heights Northeast Los AngelesAtwater Village Cypress Park Eagle Rock El Sereno Garvanza Glassell Park Hermon Highland Park Lincoln Heights Montecito Heights Mount Washington Rose Hills Silver Lake–Echo Park–Elysian Valley The Mapping L.

A. project by the Los Angeles Times includes the following neighborhoods in its definition of the Eastside: Boyle Heights East Los Angeles El Sereno Lincoln Heights University Hills The following data applies to the boundaries of the Eastside established by Mapping L. A.: In 2000, 286,222 people lived in the 20.66 square miles of the Eastside region, amounting to 13,852 people per square mile. The neighborhood was "not diverse" ethnically, with a high percentage of Latinos; the ethnic breakdown was Latino, 91.2%. Just 5.1% of residents aged 25 and older had a four-year college degree. More than two-thirds of the inhabitants lived in shared housing, 33.2% were homeowners. Latino Walk of Fame - East Los Angeles Mariachi Plaza - Boyle Heights El Mercado de Los Angeles - Boyle Heights Calvary Cemetery - East Los Angeles Home of Peace Cemetery - East Los Angeles Evergreen Cemetery - Boyle Heights Estrada Courts Murals - Boyle Heights El Pino - East Los Angeles The Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times defines the Eastside as comprising Boyle Heights, El Sereno, Lincoln Heights, East Los Angeles.

However, the boundaries are a matter of perennial discussion and debate among the residents of Los Angeles. The Mapping L. A. definition corresponds to the traditional boundaries, beginning in the early 21st century, residents of some of the gentrifying neighborhoods west of Downtown Los Angeles but on the eastern side of Central Los Angeles, such as Echo Park and Silver Lake, began to refer to their neighborhoods as part of the Eastside. This debate has generated some friction, according to Ali Modarres, an expert on the geography of Los Angeles from the University of Washington Tacoma, is to be expected because neighborhood names are "full of meaning, history and political relationships". Eric Garcetti, the mayor of Los Angeles and a fourth generation resident, is a traditionalist, stating that "true east is east of downtown"; the trend led the Silver Lake Neighborhood Council to declare in February 2014 that Silver Lake is not part of the Eastside. The Sixth Street Viaduct known as the Sixth Street Bridge was demolished.

Prior to the demolition, Los Angeles mayor Eric Garcetti recorded the rap song "101SlowJam", backed by musicians from Roosevelt High School, issued it via a video on his own YouTube channel. The public service announcement video advertised the closure of parts of the 101 Freeway to accommodate the demolition of the viaduct. My Family/Mi Familia, Motion Picture of life in East Los Angeles Born in East L. A. motion picture Chicano, ethnic term East LA Classic, football game Blood In Blood Out, motion picture City Times in Los Angeles Times suburban sections Zoot Suit Riots, 1943 Ten Latino neighborhoods in Los Angeles County Romo, Ricardo. East Los Angeles: History of a Barrio. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-72041-6; the Eastsider LA East Los Angeles travel guide from Wikivoyage East LA Guide

Marilyn Shrude

Marilyn Shrude is an American composer of contemporary classical music and pianist, Distinguished Artist Professor of composition at Bowling Green State University, since 1977. She graduated from Northwestern University, her composition instructors include M. William Karlins, she is the founder and former director of the Mid-American Center for Contemporary Music and co-directs the Annual New Music & Art Festival. She served as visiting professor of music at Indiana University in the fall of 1998, Heidelberg College, Oberlin College, has taught at the Interlochen Arts Camp, her scores are published by American Composers Alliance, Éditions Henry Lemoine, Neue Musik Verlag Berlin, Southern Music, Thomas House. Her music has been recorded by the New World, Albany, EROL, FoxGlove, MMC, Orion, Neuma and Ohio Brassworks labels, her husband is the classical saxophonist John Sampen, her daughter the classical/contemporary violinist Maria Sampen, both of whom have performed many of her works. She is the winner of a Kennedy Center Friedheim Award and a recipient of an American Academy of Arts and Letters Lifetime Achievement Award.

She won a 1998 Cleveland Arts Prize for Music. She is a 2011 Guggenheim Fellow. Marilyn Shrude official site MARILYN SHRUDE: "A Virtual Reality" for Orchestra on YouTube

Pitch (film)

Pitch is a 1997 Canadian documentary created by Kenny Hotz and Spencer Rice, featuring themselves as two young filmmakers attending the Toronto International Film Festival to pitch a film concept to various celebrities. Their film idea, titled "The Dawn", concerns a Mafia don who goes for a hernia operation but gets a sex change instead. During the 1996 Toronto fest, they approach Roger Ebert, Norman Jewison, Eric Stoltz, Al Pacino, others without much success. On a roll, they leave Toronto for Hollywood, getting advice from Arthur Hiller and Neil Simon and finding an agent who expresses interest in their pitch; the film was shown at the 1997 Toronto Film Festival. The film features songs by the Toronto band Phono-Comb. In the Kenny vs. Spenny DVD commentary of the episode ""Who Can Stay Handcuffed the Longest?", Spenny revealed that the film did not make the money they expected it to make. During the episode, Kenny flew in an old friend of Spenny's named David Wolfish who Spenny owed money to.

Wolfish was one of the investors in the film, seeing no return. Pitch on IMDb Pitch on Kenny Hotz's official YouTube channel Official website of film on producer's website The shorter, TV version of Pitch on Kenny Hotz's Official channel


Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. It includes the former goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae and contains about 165 genera and 2,040 species, making it the most species-rich lineage within its parent order, Caryophyllales. Most species subshrubs; some species are succulent. Many species have stems with thickened nodes; the wood of the perennial stem has a typical "anomalous" secondary growth. The leaves are simple and alternate, sometimes opposite, they never possess stipules. They are flat or terete, their shape is variable, with entire or toothed margins. In some species, the leaves are reduced to minute scales. In most cases, neither basal nor terminal aggregations of leaves occur; the flowers are solitary or aggregated in cymes, spikes, or panicles and perfect and actinomorphic. Some species have unisexual flowers. Bracts and bracteoles scarious. Flowers are regular with an herbaceous or scarious perianth of five tepals joined.

One to five stamens are opposite to tepals or alternating, inserting from a hypogynous disc, which may have appendages in some species. The anthers have four pollen sacs. In tribe Caroxyloneae, anthers have vesicular appendages; the pollen grains are spherical with many pores, with pore numbers from a few to 250. One to three carpels are fused to a superior ovary with one basal ovule. Idioblasts are found in the tissues; the diaspores are seeds or fruits, more the perianth persists and is modified in fruit for means of dispersal. Sometimes bracts and bracteoles may belong to the diaspore. More the fruit is a circumscissile capsule or a berry; the horizontal or vertical seed has a thickened or woody seed coat. The green or white embryo is either annular; the basic chromosome number is 8–9. Widespread in the Amaranthaceae is the occurrence of betalain pigments; the former Chenopodiaceae contain isoflavonoids. In phytochemical research, several methylenedioxyflavonols, triterpenoids and specific root-located carbohydrates have been found in these plants.

Although most of the family use the more common C3 photosynthesis pathway, around 800 species are C4 plants. Within the family, several types of C4 photosynthesis occur, about 17 different types of leaf anatomy are realized. Therefore, this photosynthesis pathway seems to have developed about 15 times independently during the evolution of the family. About two-thirds of the C4 species belong to the former Chenopodiaceae; the first occurrence of C4 photosynthesis dates from the early Miocene, about 24 million years ago, but in some groups, this pathway evolved much about 6 million years ago. The multiple origin of C4 photosynthesis in the Amaranthaceae is regarded as an evolutionary response to inexorably decreasing atmospheric CO2 levels, coupled with a more recent permanent shortage in water supply as well as high temperatures. Species with higher water-use efficiency had a selective advantage and were able to spread out into arid habitats. Amaranthaceae is a cosmopolitan family from the tropics to cool temperate regions.

The Amaranthaceae are predominantly tropical, whereas the former Chenopodiaceae have their centers of diversity in dry temperate and warm temperate areas. Many of the species are halophytes, grow in dry steppes or semi-deserts; some species, such as spinach or forms of beet, are used as vegetables. Forms of Beta vulgaris include sugar beet; the seeds of Amaranthus, lamb's quarters, quinoa and kañiwa are edible and are used as pseudocereals. Dysphania ambrosioides and Dysphania anthelmintica are used as medicinal herbs. Several amaranth species are used indirectly as a source of soda ash, such as members of the genus Salicornia. A number of species are popular garden ornamental plants species from the genera Alternanthera, Amaranthus and Iresine. Other species are considered weeds, e.g. redroot pigweed and alligatorweed, several are problematic invasive species in North America, including Kali tragus and Bassia scoparia. Many species are known to cause pollen allergies. In the APG IV system of 2016, as in the previous Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classifications, the family is placed in the order Caryophyllales and includes the plants treated as the family Chenopodiaceae.

The monophyly of this broadly defined Amaranthaceae has been supported by both morphological and phylogenetic analyses. The family Amaranthaceae was first published in 1789 by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in Genera Plantarum, p. 87–88. The first publication of family Chenopodiaceae was in 1799 by Étienne Pierre Ventenat in Tableau du Regne Vegetal, 2, p. 253. The older name is now the valid scientific name of the extended Amaranthaceae; some publications still continued to use the family name Chenopodiaceae. Phylogenetic research revealed the important impact of the subfamil

Fred Cooper (cricketer, born 1921)

Fred Cooper was an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Lancashire and Worcestershire shortly after the Second World War. Cooper had played for Lancashire's Second XI as a teenager before the war, but his first-class debut came for that county against Oxford University in May 1946; that season he made his County Championship bow against Leicestershire, playing three Championship games in total, all in July. However, he left the county for Worcestershire at the end of the season. 1947 saw Cooper score 380 runs in his 26 innings at an average of 18.09. The following summer he had his best season in county cricket, hitting 618 runs at 22.88 including his only first-class century: 113 not out in the second innings against Nottinghamshire. 1948 saw Cooper selected for West of England against East of England, the last such first-class match. He made 53 and 16. In the 1949 and 1950 seasons, Cooper played only intermittently for the Worcestershire first team, spending a considerable amount of time turning out for the Second XI in the Minor Counties Championship.

He made one first-class half-century in each season, but he was dismissed for single-figure scores in 13 of his 20 innings, after the 1950 season his time in first-class cricket came to an end. Cooper was born in Lancashire, his brother Edwin had a much longer career with Worcestershire. Fred Cooper at ESPNcricinfo Statistical summary from CricketArchive

Leo Cullen (soccer)

Leo Cullen is a retired American soccer defender who spent seven seasons in Major League Soccer and earned three caps with the United States men's national soccer team. Cullen played college soccer at the University of Maryland from 1994 to 1997, he was the 1997 ACC Player of a 1997 First-Team All-American. On February 2, 1998, the Miami Fusion made Cullen the first draft pick in team history, taking him first overall in the 1998 MLS College Draft. Cullen spent the next three and a half seasons in Miami. On August 15, 2001, the Fusion traded Cullen and a 2002 first-round draft pick to the New England Revolution in exchange for Johnny Torres, Shaker Asad and a 2003 second-round draft pick. Cullen remained with the Revolution through the 2003 season. After taking 2004 off to pursue his college degree, Cullen came back to MLS in 2005, his rights traded to the Colorado Rapids, he retired from soccer after playing one season with the Rapids. Cullen played a few times with DC United reserves in 2006 as a defender in an emergency capacity.

Cullen earned three caps for the United States men's national soccer team, his first coming February 21, 1999 against Chile. He came on for Richie Williams in the 86th minute of a 2–1 victory, his second game was a 2–2 tie with Jamaica on September 8, 1999. Cullen played the entire game, his last game was a 2–0 victory over El Salvador on November 17, 2002. In this game, Cullen came on for Pablo Mastroeni at halftime. At the MLS Superdraft, Maurice Edu announced. On March 13, 2006, the University of Maryland hired Cullen as an assistant with the women's soccer team. On January 7, 2010, Cullen was named the men's assistant coach at the United States Military Academy at West Point, NY. Cullen and new Army head coach, Russell Payne, were teammates at the University of Maryland. Leo Cullen at Major League Soccer Maryland Terrapins coaching bio