Navotas the City of Navotas, or known as Navotas City, is a 1st class urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 249,463 people, it is known as the Commercial Fishing Hub of the Philippines where the city has the third largest fish port in Asia and the largest in Southeast Asia. Although it was established on December 20, 1827, Navotas celebrates its foundation day every January 16. Navotas became a highly-urbanized city on June 24, 2007; the entire region of Navotas was once part of Malabon. According to one legend, the long and narrow delta extended unbroken from north to south along the seashore; the strip of land between the former district of Tondo and this town was eaten away by the sea until an opening was made. Water began to flow through the opening; the geographical change prompted the people to refer to the place as "butas", "nayon ng butas", or "nabutas", a Tagalog word that means breached or pierced through. What began as a natural channel developed into a regular waterway, now known as the Navotas River.
In years, the place came to be known as "Nabotas" "Navotas". It was known as Hacienda de Navotas. San Jose de Navotas was the name given to the locality after Saint Joseph. On June 11, 1859, a "Superior Decreto" established a new parish and municipality under the supervision of Friar Matias Navoa; the populace was divided into the naturales and the mestizos. Mariano Estrellas was the gobernadorcillo of the mestizos. Today, because records are incomplete, recognition is only given to the gobernadorcillos for the mestizos. A school in honor of San Jose was built and known as "San Jose Academy." December 20, 1827 – The movement for separation of Navotas, a part of Malabon. February 16, 1859 – The date when the barrios of San Jose and Bangculasi were separated from Malabon. 1859 – Cavada, the year when Navotas became an independent town. August 6, 1898 – Navotas joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo. June 11, 1901 – Navotas was incorporated into the newly created province of Rizal enacted Act.
No. 137. 1904 - the town was again merged with Malabon. Bernardo Dagala, a native of Navotas, was elected municipal president. January 16, 1906 – Navotas became an independent municipality with the enactment of Act. No. 1442 which separated it from Malabon. January 16, 2006 - Navotas celebrated its centennial June 24, 2007 – Navotas became a urbanized city after a plebiscite was conducted. Origin and Historical Development Years ago, the town of Navotas was not known by its present name for it was only considered as part of Malabon; the place appeared to be a long and narrow delta with a thick line of pandan leaves, which grew abundantly extending from north to south along the seashore. It was believed that long ago, the town was not surrounded by water. Old folks believed that the layer of land between the former district of Tondo and this town was soft and weak, such that the turbulent waters of the bay eroded a portion of the land, until an opening was made. Soon seawater begun to flow through its opening during high tide.
At low tide, the waters from inland flowed out into the sea. This geographical change prompted the people to refer to the place as “nabutas” which means breached or pierced through; this developed into a regular waterway, now known as the Navotas River. In years, the whole place came to be known as Navotas. 4 The movement for a separate Navotas, by that time part of Tambobong, now Malabon started on December 20, 1827 when the “principales” of the three barrios of San Jose and Bangkulasi petitioned the Spanish Government to form a new town citing among others, the difficulty of the people to transact business and attend religious festivities of the mother town. On October 31, 1832, the residents of the three barrios nominated Don Bernabe Francisco to represent them in their fight for separation from Malabon, but the petition of the principales of the three barrios was shelved by the government on September 19, 1855 pending the putting up by the people of Navotas of a church, a town hall that symbolized their sincerity.
In spite of the determined efforts of the principales, their petition was again disapproved on August 19, 1856. Instead of being discouraged, the successive rebuff only served to prod them to work harder. A document dated February 16, 1859 recorded the separation of barrios San Jose and Bangkulasi from Malabon; when the Philippine Revolution broke out in 1896, Navotas formally joined the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo on August 6, 1898. On June 11, 1901, the town of Navotas was incorporated into the newly created province of Rizal by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 137. In 1903, by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act No. 942, the municipalities of Malabon and Navotas were merged into one by which the former was chosen as the seat of government for economic and centralization purposes. Bernardo Dagala of Navotas fought for the separation of Navotas from Malabon Navotas gained full independence as a distinct municipality through the enforcement of the Philippine Commission Act No. 142 lasts January 16, 1906.
On November 1975, in the exercise of emergency power during martial law of President Ferdinand E. Marcos, Presidential Decree No. 824 created the Metropolitan Manila Commission, which placed Navotas together with twelve
Mercury Drug is a pharmacy chain in the Philippines. The company began on March 1945 with a single drugstore owned by Mariano Que, he named it after Mercury, the messenger of the gods in Roman mythology, whose caduceus is sometimes used as a symbol of medicine. The store began selling them individually. During its foundation, it is the second oldest established drugstore chain in the country. Upon the invitation of Ayala Corporation, Mercury Drug opened its second branch in May 1963 at a developing commercial center in Makati now known as the Ayala Center. In 1965, Mercury Drug established its landmark branch by Plaza Miranda, Manila, notable for its large outdoor LED screen. In 2001 Trade secretary Mar Roxas described Mercury drug as a "near monopoly" and said it has 70 percent share of the domestic market; as of 2017, Mercury Drug has over 1000 branches across the country. It opened a new building, MDC100, located in Eastwood City, Quezon City. Official Website Mercury Drug History
Maria Socorro Ledesma, better known as Kuh Ledesma, is a Filipino pop and jazz singer, actress and fashion designer. She is known in the Philippines as the'Pop Diva' and wants herself to be remembered as'The Renaissance Woman' according to her in her interview on Tonight with Boy Abunda. Ledesma has been performing for 35 years in the music industry which encompasses more than 1,000 concerts all over the world, numerous awards in the Philippines, 20 albums in the Philippine recording industry, she was the first Filipino singer to become a recipient of the Salem Music Awards in London in March 1989. In 1997, she released her international debut album Precious in collaboration with American and Filipino songwriters and musicians. Kuh Ledesma was born in Negros Occidental, Philippines with a Lebanese lineage. Ledesma's career in music began when she joined the Lastiko band in Bacolod while she was still a nursing student at Colegio San Agustin-Bacolod. Ledesma finished the course and passed the Philippine National Nursing Board Exam and became a registered nurse.
Ledesma and her bandmates Toto Gentica and Jet Montelibano went to Manila to form the Music & Magic band which became pivotal for her career. She received the lead role in the pop ballet Rama Hari by Alice Reyes, she went solo with "Dito Ba?", Ledesma's first hit song. During the 1980s, Ledesma has performed solo concerts at the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the Araneta Coliseum, PICC and the Philippine Folk Arts Theater. In 1982, Ledesma launched an all-Filipino concert,'Ako ay Pilipino' at the Cultural Center of the Philippines which featured a repertoire of ethnic sounds, classic kundimans and pop songs, tapping into the rich node of indigenous art and contemporary pop music to produce alternative approaches to songs, her show became a television special followed by two albums. This was followed by another production at the CCP,'Inspired Madness' in 1983, created in collaboration with Philippine film director Peque Gallaga and musical director Ryan Cayabyab. During the political ambience of the 1980s, Ledesma paid tribute to Ninoy Aquino at the end of one of her shows at the Cultural Center of the Philippines by singing an a cappella rendition of "Impossible Dream" and "You'll Never Walk Alone".
From 1984 to 1986, Ledesma joined the APO Hiking Society in'Ang Pinoy Nga Naman' at the Folk Arts Theater. On June 3, 1988, Ledesma performed in the musical KUH of the Year at the prestigious Carnegie Hall in New York. In March 1989, Ledesma was chosen as the first Philippine singer to be the recipient of the Salem Music Awards after competing against other top singers from Asia at the Royal Albert Hall in London. In the 1990s, Ledesma had a series of concerts with foreign artists such as Noel Pointer, Jack Jones, Kenny Rankin, The Platters and Michel Legrand followed by other concerts with popular Philippine artists such as Regine Velasquez, Pops Fernandez and Jaya. After Ledesma's four-night concert with the jazz violinist Noel Pointer, she released the album, The Voice, The Violin. Ledesma was one of the judges in the coronation night of Miss Universe 1991. In February 1994, Ledesma had the'Two of Hearts' concert with balladeer Jack Jones. During 1995's Valentine's season, she performed with Kenny Rankin.
Ledesma started the new millennium in a Valentine show with The Platters. In 2002, Ledesma had Valentine presentation with Michel Legrand. Ledesma has her own production company Headline Concepts and built concert venues such as the Music Museum and the Republic of Malate; the Republic of Malate is a facility located along Mabini Street in Manila, which houses a restaurant, a bar, a watering hole, a game room, a tobacco area, a dance club and a theater. However, The Republic of Malate was destroyed by a fire in November 2001. Ledesma has plans of rebuilding the facility. Ledesma had a regular monthly television special called Akuhstic Café, a musical travelogue that presented viewers the urban night life of Metro Manila by visiting clubs and concerts. Akuhstic Café was a grand finalist in the Asian Television Awards in Singapore for best musical program. In April 1997, Ledesma became the featured artist of the'Muling Aawit ang Pasig', a benefit concert of former Philippine First Lady Ming Ramos for the restoration of the Pasig River.
In 1998, the centennial year of Philippine Independence, after producing a Valentine concert at Fort Santiago, Ledesma was commissioned by the National Centennial Commission to stage a three-night centennial concert of the year,'Lahi…Kami ang Pilipino', held at the Expo Center in the former Clark Airforce Base. Ledesma owns Bravo Records, a music recording studio, she is known for building careers of new talented singers. Ledesma celebrated her 25th year in the music industry by holding a series of shows at Captain's Bar of the Mandarin Oriental Manila. Ledesma has a goal of publishing a book of photographs to chronicle her career. Ledesma is a member of the Artista Para Sa Pagbabago, an organization of artists, environmentalists and businessmen, she was the president of the Restaurant Owners Association of Malate. During the 2001 Philippine national elections, Ledesma was chosen by the PINATUBO Party as a first nominee for congress; the PINATUBO Party has the goal of alleviating poverty in the Philippines through grass-roots development.
In 2002, Ledesma teamed up with composer Michel Legrand in a back
Dell is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, United States, that develops, sells and supports computers and related products and services. Named after its founder, Michael Dell, the company is one of the largest technological corporations in the world, employing more than 145,000 people in the U. S. and around the world. Dell sells personal computers, data storage devices, network switches, computer peripherals, HDTVs, printers, MP3 players, electronics built by other manufacturers; the company is well known for its innovations in supply chain management and electronic commerce its direct-sales model and its "build-to-order" or "configure to order" approach to manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications. Dell was a pure hardware vendor for much of its existence, but with the acquisition in 2009 of Perot Systems, Dell entered the market for IT services; the company has since made additional acquisitions in storage and networking systems, with the aim of expanding their portfolio from offering computers only to delivering complete solutions for enterprise customers.
Dell was listed at number 51 in the Fortune 500 list, until 2014. After going private in 2013, the newly confidential nature of its financial information prevents the company from being ranked by Fortune. In 2015, it was the third largest PC vendor in the world after Lenovo and HP. Dell is the largest shipper of PC monitors worldwide. Dell is the sixth largest company in Texas by total revenue, according to Fortune magazine, it is the second largest non-oil company in Texas – behind AT&T – and the largest company in the Greater Austin area. It was a publicly traded company, as well as a component of the NASDAQ-100 and S&P 500, until it was taken private in a leveraged buyout which closed on October 30, 2013. In 2015, Dell acquired the enterprise technology firm EMC Corporation. Dell traces its origins to 1984, when Michael Dell created Dell Computer Corporation, which at the time did business as PC's Limited, while a student of the University of Texas at Austin; the dorm-room headquartered company sold IBM PC-compatible computers built from stock components.
Dell dropped out of school to focus full-time on his fledgling business, after getting $1,000 in expansion-capital from his family. In 1985, the company produced the first computer of its own design, the Turbo PC, which sold for $795. PC's Limited advertised its systems in national computer magazines for sale directly to consumers and custom assembled each ordered unit according to a selection of options; the company grossed more than $73 million in its first year of operation. In 1986, Michael Dell brought in Lee Walker, a 51-year-old venture capitalist, as president and chief operating officer, to serve as Dell's mentor and implement Dell's ideas for growing the company. Walker was instrumental in recruiting members to the board of directors when the company went public in 1988. Walker retired in 1990 due to health, Michael Dell hired Morton Meyerson, former CEO and president of Electronic Data Systems to transform the company from a fast-growing medium-sized firm into a billion-dollar enterprise.
The company dropped the PC's Limited name in 1987 to become Dell Computer Corporation and began expanding globally. In June 1988, Dell's market capitalization grew from $30 million to $80 million from its June 22 initial public offering of 3.5 million shares at $8.50 a share. In 1992, Fortune magazine included Dell Computer Corporation in its list of the world's 500 largest companies, making Michael Dell the youngest CEO of a Fortune 500 company ever. In 1993, to complement its own direct sales channel Dell planned to sell PCs at big-box retail outlets such as Wal-Mart, which would have brought in an additional $125 million in annual revenue. Bain consultant Kevin Rollins persuaded Michael Dell to pull out of these deals, believing they would be money losers in the long run. Margins at retail were thin at best and Dell left the reseller channel in 1994. Rollins would soon join Dell full-time and become the company President and CEO. Dell did not emphasize the consumer market, due to the higher costs and unacceptably low-profit margins in selling to individuals and households.
While the industry's average selling price to individuals was going down, Dell's was going up, as second- and third-time computer buyers who wanted powerful computers with multiple features and did not need much technical support were choosing Dell. Dell found an opportunity among PC-savvy individuals who liked the convenience of buying direct, customizing their PC to their means, having it delivered in days. In early 1997, Dell created an internal sales and marketing group dedicated to serving the home market and introduced a product line designed for individual users. From 1997 to 2004, Dell enjoyed steady growth and it gained market share from competitors during industry slumps. During the same period, rival PC vendors such as Compaq, Gateway, IBM, Packard Bell, AST Research struggled and left the market or were bought out. Dell surpassed Compaq to become the largest PC manufacturer in 1999. Operating costs made up only 10 percent of Dell's $35 billion in revenue in 2002, compared with 21 percent of revenue at Hewlett-Packard, 25 percent at Gateway, 46 percent at Cisco.
In 2002, when Compaq merged with Hewlett Packard, the newly combined Hewlett Packard took the top spot but struggled and Dell soon regained its lead. Dell grew the fastest in the early 2000s. Dell attained an
Atos is a European IT services corporation with its headquarters in Bezons and offices worldwide. It specialises in hi-tech transactional services, unified communications, big data and cybersecurity services. Atos operates worldwide under the brands Atos, Atos Consulting, Atos Healthcare, Atos Worldgrid, Canopy and Worldline; the company was formed in 1997 through a merger of two French IT companies. V. in 2000 to become Atos Origin. It subsequently acquired KPMG Consulting in 2002 and SchlumbergerSema in 2004. In 2010 Atos Origin announced the buyout of Siemens IT Solutions and Services and finalized the acquisition in July 2011. Afterwards, the company name reverted to Atos. In April 2018, Atos partnered with Google Cloud to help offer secure artificial intelligence solutions. In 1996, Origin B. V. was created after a merger of the Dutch company BSO and the Philips C&P division, while a year in 1997, Atos was created following a merger of the French companies Axime and Sligos. In 2001, Atos Origin sold its Nordic operations to WM-data.
In 2002, it made a major acquisition by buying KPMG Consulting in the United Kingdom and in the Netherlands. In 2004, it acquired SchlumbergerSema, the IT service division of Schlumberger and took over the infrastructure division of ITELLIUM, a subsidiary of KarstadtQuelle. At the same time, the company created a new subsidiary, Atos Worldline, the renaming of its consulting activities as Atos Consulting. In 2004, Atos Origin Australia, originating from Philips, was sold to Fujitsu. In 2005, Atos Origin sold its activities in the Nordic region, which had become part of the company with the acquisition of Sema Group, to WM-data while in 2006, Atos Origin sold its operations in the Middle East to local management. In October 2007, Philippe Germond replaced longtime CEO Bernard Bourigeaud. Two shareholders, the hedge funds Centaurus Capital and Pardus Capital, tried to gain control over the company via the supervisory board. In November 2008, the boardroom battle came to an end when Thierry Breton replaced Philippe Germond as chairman and CEO.
In August 2010 Atos Origin acquired Indian payment company Venture Infotek. In December 2010 Atos Origin agreed to acquire the IT Solutions and Services subsidiary of Siemens for €850 million; as part of the transaction, Siemens agreed to take a 15% stake in the enlarged Atos, to be held for a minimum of five years. The company dropped the "Origin" suffix of its name in July 2011 after completing its acquisition of the Siemens unit. In November 2011 Atos and software services provider Ufida International Holdings formed the joint venture Yunano; the two companies invested €5.7 million. Atos has 70 percent and UFIDA has 30 percent; the joint venture has its HQ in a suburb of Paris. In 2012 Atos announced; the CEO is Philippe Llorens. In 2011 Atos introduced a Zero Email initiative, banning email as a form of internal communications, except for use with customers and prospects; as part of the initiative, Atos acquired the French software company blueKiwi in early 2012, rolling out their ZEN social networking software across its organisation.
In August 2014 Atos announced that it had acquired a controlling stake in Bull SA through a tender offer launched in May. Atos announced plans in October 2014 to buy out or squeeze out the remaining share and bondholders of Bull. On 19 December 2014 Atos announced the acquisition of Xerox's IT Outsourcing business for US$1,050,000,000, tripling the size of the North American business; the unit contains 9,800 employees and operates in 45 countries. The transaction closed on 30 June 2015. Atos activities are organized in four divisions: Infrastructure & Data Management: Datacenter management, service desk and unified communications. Positioned as a vendor of holistic digital transformation, Atos builds on four pillars within its Digital Transformation Factory: Cloud_computing: implementation and management of private and hybrid clouds. Digital Workplace: digital end-user support and unified communications services and products derived from the Unify acquisition. In September 2017, Atos has been recognized by Everest Group as a global leader - the only European one - for workplace services, consisting of mobility and security services in as-a-service mode, service desk and unified communications.
SAP HANA: implementation and management of integrated enterprise resource planning software SAP HANA. Atos Codex: end-to-end analytics suite including business analytics and predictive analytics solutions. After the Xerox ITO acquisition, North America has become Atos's largest business unit. According to a National Audit Office report on the government's four biggest suppliers, Atos earned £700 million in revenue from the public sector in the UK in 2012. Atos holds £3 billion worth of UK government contracts providing services to a wide range of organizations including NHS Scotland, Home Office, Welsh Government, the Ministry of Defence, Transport for Greater Manchester, the BBC and a multimillion outsourcing contract to NS&I. In the United Kingdom, from 1998 - 2015 the company was at the centre of a controversy over the management of contracts by their healthcare division of the Work Capability Assessment for the Department for Work and Pensions. In January 2017, Atos secured a five-year contract as key IT partner of the Western Australian state government.
Extendable for an additional five
Pasig the City of Pasig, or known as Pasig City, is a 1st class urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 755,300 people. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, Pasig is bordered on the west by Quezon City and Mandaluyong; the city shares its name with the Pasig River which runs through it and forms its southwestern and southeastern borders with Makati and Taguig while the Marikina River forms its western border with Quezon City. The artificial Manggahan Floodway, built in 1986, begins at its confluence with the Marikina River in its northeast. A rural settlement, Pasig is residential and industrial, but has been becoming commercial in recent years after the construction of the Ortigas Center business district in its west; the city is home to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig, based in Pasig Cathedral, a landmark built around the same time as the town's foundation in 1573. Pasig was part of Rizal province before the formation of Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the country.
The seat of government of Rizal was hosted in Pasig at the old Rizal Provincial Capitol until a new capitol was opened in Antipolo, within Rizal's jurisdiction in 2009. However it remains official capital of the province; the city's name Pasig was believed to have come from the old Sanskrit word "pasega", meaning "sand", which refers to the tribal community beside the sandy edges of the river. Some historians believed that El Pasig came from "Legazpi" (Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the Basque explorer well known for being involved in the "Sanduguan", was the first Governor-General of the Spanish East Indies, it was pronounced "mapaksik" by the Pre-Hispanic Chinese inhabitants of Manila. "Mapaksik" became "Pah-sik", was changed to what is now "Pasig". It may have come from the Tagalog word "dalampasigan", which means "riverbank". According to Jose Villa Panganiban, the former director of the Institute of National Language, "Pasig" is another ancient Sanskrit word meaning "a waterway coming from one body of water to another," which describes the river because its flow starts from Laguna de Bay, leading to Manila Bay.
The dry season runs through the months of November to April, while the wet season starts in May and lasts to November. The wet season reaches its peak in the month of August. Maximum rainfall in Muntinlupa occurs from the month of June to September; the average annual of rainfall is 2,014.8 millimeters with a peak of 420.0 millimeters in July and a low 26.9 millimeters in April. The highest temperature occurs during the month of April and May while the lowest occurs during the months of January & February; the Philippines, due to its geographical location, is one of the Asian countries affected by typhoons. It is located within the so-called “typhoon belt”. Typhoon season starts from June and ends in November. However, the rest of the months are not free of the typhoons since they are unpredictable in nature and might enter the country anytime of the year. There are no surviving firsthand accounts of the history of Pasig before Spanish colonizers arrived in 1573 and established the settlement which they called the Ciudad-Municipal de Pasig.
However, surviving genealogical records and folk histories speak of a thriving indigenous community on the banks of the Bitukang Manok river, which became modern-day Pasig. The greatest rulers of this pre-colonial polity are named Rajah Lontok and Dayang Kalangitan by the legends, which say that they are related to the pre-colonial rulers of Tondo and Maynila; the creek was given the name "Bitukang Manok", due to the serpentine shape of its waterway. Among its early dwellers were Ethnic Malays, the Chinese from Southern China, the Indigenous Tinguian nomads who migrated from the deep jungles of the Sierra Madre Mountain Range; the Bitukang Manok was once a principal tributary of the Marikina River. The Spanish colonizers called the creek "Rio de Pasig"; the first stretch of the Bitukang Manok became known as the "Pariancillo", where its shoreline was once settled by Chinese and Malay merchants to trade their goods with the natives, until it developed up to the 1970s as the city's main public market.
The creek contributed enormously to the economic growth of Pasig during the Spanish Colonial Era, through irrigation of its wide paddy fields, by being the progressive center of barter trade. The Bitukang Manok known as the "Parian Creek", had once linked the Marikina River with the "Antipolo River". Before the Manggahan Floodway was built in 1986, The Parian Creek was connected to the Sapang Bato-Buli Creek, the Kasibulan Creek, the Palanas Creek (leaving Antipolo through