EasyJet PLC, styled as easyJet, is a British low-cost airline group headquartered at London Luton Airport. It operates domestic and international scheduled services on over 1,000 routes in more than 30 countries via its affiliate airlines EasyJet UK, EasyJet Switzerland, EasyJet Europe. EasyJet plc is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. EasyGroup Holdings Ltd is the largest shareholder with a 34.62% stake. It employs nearly 15,000 people, based throughout Europe but in the UK. EasyJet has seen expansion since its establishment in 1995, having grown through a combination of acquisitions, base openings fuelled by consumer demand for low-cost air travel; the group, along with associate companies easyJet UK, easyJet Europe and easyJet Switzerland, operate more than 300 aircraft. It has 29 bases across the largest being Gatwick. In 2014, the airline carried more than 65 million passengers, making it the second-largest budget airline in Europe by number of passengers carried, behind Ryanair. EasyJet was featured in the television series Airline broadcast on ITV which followed the airline's operations at London Luton and at other bases.
Its pilot training scheme was the subject of another ITV television series, easyJet: Inside the Cockpit, which premiered in August 2017. EasyJet has its roots in the business activity of Greek-Cypriot Stelios Haji-Ioannou, who gained an interest in the aviation business after being approached as a potential investor in Virgin Atlantic's Greek franchisee. Recognising a vacant niche in the market, Stelios decided to examine the prospects for launching his own airline, having secured a commitment of a £5 million loan from his father. While studying various business models in the industry, Stelios took significant interest in the American operator Southwest Airlines, which had adopted the practice of price elasticity to be competitive with traditionally cheaper buses and attract customers that wouldn't have considered air travel; this principle became a cornerstone of easyJet's operations. In 1995, easyJet was established by Stelios, being the first company in what would become the easyGroup conglomerate.
Upon launch, it employed just 70 people. To encourage the company, Luton Airport chose to give EasyJet free use of a 15,000 square feet building for its headquarters, which it named easyLand. EasyJet operated a pair of wet leased Boeing 737-200 aircraft, capable of seating 148 passengers each. Early on, easyJet operated as a'paper airline', the aircraft themselves being flown and maintained under contract by British World Airlines. Early promotional activity focused on the airline's low pricing in comparison to incumbent operators. Within its first year, easyJet carried 40,000 passengers. In April 1996, the first wholly owned aircraft was delivered to easyJet, enabling the company's first international route, to Amsterdam, operated in direct competition with rival airlines British Airways and Dutch flag carrier KLM. Competitors responded to the emerging easyJet in different ways. Despite commercial pressure from the emergent no-frills sector, traditional airlines have been unable to directly adopt similar practices to easyJet due to vigorous protection of existing employee privileges by unions.
Until October 1997, all of easyJet's aircraft were operated by GB Airways, subsequently by Monarch Airlines and Air Foyle, as easyJet had not yet received its Air Operator's Certificate. On 5 November 2000, EasyJet was floated on the London Stock Exchange. In October 2004, the FL Group, owner of the airlines Icelandair and Sterling, purchased an 8.4% stake in the airline. Over the course of 2005, FL increased its share in the company periodically to 16.9%, fuelling speculation that it would mount a takeover bid for the UK carrier. However, in April 2006, the threat of takeover receded as FL sold its stake for €325 million, securing a profit of €140m on its investment. In March 2013, easyJet was promoted to the FTSE 100. By 2015, the company was flying routes to more than 130 destinations in 31 countries, operated 26 bases centred around Europe, had a total of 10,000 employees. In March 1998, easyJet purchased a 40% stake in Swiss charter airline TEA Basle for three million Swiss francs; the airline was renamed easyJet Switzerland and commenced franchise services on 1 April 1999, having relocated its headquarters to Geneva International Airport.
Geneva was easyJet's first new base outside the United Kingdom. In 2002, rival airline Go Fly was purchased for £374 million. In 2002, the airline opened its base at Gatwick Airport. Between 2003 and 2007, it opened additional bases in Germany, France and Spain, establishing a presence in continental Europe. By 2007, easyJet was claiming to be operating more flights per day than any other European airline. On 25 October 2007, easyJ
Dénes Szécsi de Felsőlendva was a Hungarian prelate and cardinal, who served as Archbishop of Esztergom from 1440 to 1465. He was the first Primate of Hungary since 1452 when donated the title and rights by Pope Nicholas V, he was born into a magnate family as the son Nicholas Szécsi, Jr. son of Palatine Nicholas Szécsi and Helen Garay, daughter of Nicholas I Garay. He studied at the University of Vienna since 1426 and the University of Bologna since 1433 where he became a doctor of the Canon law, he studied in the University of Padua. Szécsi was appointed Bishop of Nyitra on 2 March 1438. Pope Eugene IV confirmed him in that position on 20 April, however Szécsi was elected Bishop of Eger on 5 July 1438. After the death of King Albert, he supported Elizabeth of Luxembourg; as a result, he was promoted to a cardinal on 18 December 1439 at the request of the Queen. His titular church was the San Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane, he became archbishop of Esztergom on 8 January 1440. In this capacity, he crowned the infant Ladislaus the Posthumous with the Holy Crown of Hungary on 15 May 1440.
However, shortly after he joined the league of Vladislaus I, whom he crowned on 17 July 1440 with a crown from Saint Stephen's reliquary. Vladislaus I was killed at the Battle of Varna in 1444, he supported. He vigorously attacked the Hussites in accordance with Hunyadi's policy, he served as chancellor from May 1453 to May 1463. Matthias Corvinus was crowned by him on 25 March 1464; as a cardinal, he did not participate in the papal conclaves which elected Nicholas V, Callixtus III, Pius II and Paul II. He held a provincial synod as archbishop of Esztergom in 1450 where he urged the restoration of monastic discipline and the institution of celibacy. In 1452 he received the title of Primate of Hungary by Pope Nicholas V, he became envoy to the Holy See. He rebuilt the old Esztergom Basilica and donated 8,000 Florins in 1453, his oratorical ability was outstanding. He was buried in the cathedral, renovated by him. Markó, László: A magyar állam főméltóságai Szent Istvántól napjainkig – Életrajzi Lexikon p. 329..
Pizzicato Five was a Japanese pop band formed in Tokyo in 1979 by multi-instrumentalists Yasuharu Konishi and Keitarō Takanami. After some personnel changes in the late 1980s, the band gained international fame as a duo consisting of Konishi and vocalist Maki Nomiya. With their music blending together 1960s pop and synth-pop, the group were a prominent component in the Shibuya-kei movement of the 1990s. Pizzicato Five was a hugely prolific group during its existence releasing at least an album each year in addition to various EPs and remix albums, their music has appeared in numerous movies, television episodes, video games. Pizzicato V had its beginnings in 1979 when Yasuharu Konishi and Keitarō Takanami were attending university, first meeting each other at a local music society conference. Ryō Kamomiya, Mamiko Sasaki, Shigeo Miyata were soon recruited after a few years. Miyata left the group immediately but the four remaining members kept the name Pizzicato V; the band released its first single on Haruomi Hosono's Non-Standard label, a 12-inch EP called Audrey Hepburn Complex, produced by Hosono in 1985.
They followed this with the Pizzicato V in Action EP. In 1986, Pizzicato V signed with CBS/Sony. In 1987, the band released Couples, it was a commercial failure, the record company began pressuring the band to find a new lead singer. Kamomiya and Sasaki decided to quit. Takao Tajima, Original Love's frontman, joined the band soon as the new vocalist, he decided to work at these two bands. With Tajima, the band released its second album, Belissima! in 1988. The next two albums, 1989's On Her Majesty's Request and 1990's Soft Landing on the Moon were commercial failures. In 1990, Maki Nomiya, who had released one solo album, joined as the third lead vocalist. Takao Tajima left to concentrate on his own band Original Love. In 1991, Pizzicato Five signed with Nippon Columbia/Seven Gods. Following three EPs showcasing Nomiya's vocals, Pizzicato Five released This Year's Girl. Inspired by the advent of sampling, the group put together a sound which would help start the burgeoning Shibuya-kei scene; the album would spawn two of their best-known songs: "Twiggy Twiggy" and "Baby Love Child".
1992 saw a change in direction. The band began to get increasing exposure via the theme songs it recorded for television dramas achieving widespread fame with the 1993 single "Sweet Soul Revue", featured in a major spring advertising campaign for Kao Corporation. In December, the single The Night is Still Young became another smash hit after it was used as the opening theme of the children's television programme UgoUgo Rūga Ni-gō; the band's American debut came in 1994 with the release of the EP Five By Five on Matador Records. This was followed by a full-length album, Made in USA, a compilation of tracks from their last three Japanese albums which sold 200,000 copies worldwide. Shortly before the release of the next album Overdose in the same year, Keitarō Takanami quit the band, leaving Konishi and Nomiya as the only remaining members. In February 1995 the two set off on a successful 14-stop tour of America. Another compilation, The Sound of Music was released in October 1995, again featuring various tracks from the Maki-era albums.
After the 1996 release of the album Romantique 96 and several singles including the hit Baby Portable Rock, in 1997 the band formed its own label, Readymade Records, released the commercially successful album Happy End of the World – the only album to be released unchanged in both Japan and the rest of the world. In 1998, the band released The International Playgirl Record in Japan, it would be released a year worldwide with a different track-listing and the shortened title of "Playboy & Playgirl". 1999 came and Pizzicato Five released the "JBL Maxisonic" series of EPs, followed by the album Pizzicato Five™. It included songs from each of the 3 EPs in different forms: "Darlin' of Discothèque" is shorter and instrumental, "A Perfect World" is a lounge-style rearrangement sung by guest vocalist Mieko Hirota and the new song "20th Century Girl" is based on the B-side "Room Service" written by Masumi Arichika of TV Jesus. In 2000, Matador Records released Pizzicato Five™ under the somewhat less confusing name of The Fifth Release From Matador.
The CD version of this left out the first song "Love Again" but added three extra tracks, while the LP version shared the same title but deviated still further from the original track-listing. It would be Pizzicato Five's last American release. 2001 saw the Japanese release of the album Çà et là du Japon and the announcement that the band was to break up, followed by a series of live events featuring guest performances by old members and two further "Big Hits and Jet Lags" albums – Pizzicato Five R. I. P. and Singles. Members Yasuharu Konishi – songwriter, bass guitar, keyboards, vocals, he was the only founding member to stay with the group until the end. He is a music producer now. Maki Nomiya – lead vocalsTheir third vocalist, she is a solo singer, a narrator, a fashion model and a dress designer now. Former membersKeitarō Takanami – guitar and vocals. One of the founding members.