Eboli

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Eboli
Comune di Eboli
Eboli centro storico.jpg
Coat of arms of Eboli
Coat of arms
Location of Eboli
Eboli is located in Italy
Eboli
Eboli
Location of Eboli in Italy
Eboli is located in Campania
Eboli
Eboli
Eboli (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°36′58.53″N 15°03′17.69″E / 40.6162583°N 15.0549139°E / 40.6162583; 15.0549139
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceSalerno (SA)
FrazioniCampolongo, Cioffi, Corno d'oro, Fiocche, Santa Cecilia, Taverna Nova
Government
 • MayorMassimo Cariello (Brothers of Italy)
Area
 • Total137.58 km2 (53.12 sq mi)
Elevation
145 m (476 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total40,058
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ebolitani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84020, 82025
Dialing code0828
Patron saintSaint Vitus Saint Berniero
Saint dayJune 15
WebsiteOfficial website

Eboli (Ebolitano: Jevula) is a town and comune of Campania, southern Italy, in the province of Salerno.[4]

An agricultural centre, Eboli is known mainly for olive oil and for its dairy products, among which the famous buffalo mozzarella from the area.

History[edit]

The archaeological excavations prove that the area of Eboli has been inhabited since the Copper and Bronze Ages, and also attested (from the 5th century BC) is the presence of the so-called Villanovan civilization.

The ancient Eburum was a Lucanian city, mentioned only by Pliny the Elder and in inscriptions, not far distant from the Campanian border. It lays above the Via Popilia, which followed the line taken by the modern railway;[4] the Romans gave it the status of municipium.

The town was destroyed first by Alaric I in 410 AD, and then by the Saracens in the 9th and 10th centuries. Later it was a stronghold of the Principality of Salerno, with a massive castle built by Robert Guiscard.

During the 1930s Eboli was able to expand into the plain after a project of land reclamation carried out by the Fascist government, it was severely damaged during the 1980 Irpinia earthquake.

Geography[edit]

Eboli is located at the feet of Montedoro, a peripheral spur of the Monte Raione-Monte Ripalta group, its territory, which is 90% plain, is formed by the alluvial plain of the Sele river, which bounds it southwards. The remaining part comprises hills part of the Monti Picentini Regional Park.

Eboli borders with Albanella, Battipaglia, Campagna, Capaccio, Olevano sul Tusciano and Serre, its hamlets (frazioni) are Campolongo, Cioffi, Corno d'oro, Fiocche, Santa Cecilia and Taverna Nova.

Main sights[edit]

Remaining arches of the Roman aqueduct.

The main attraction is the Colonna castle (11th century). Scanty remains of the ancient polygonal walls (4th century BC) can still be seen, as well as of a Roman imperial villa in the locality of Paterno. Eboli is also home to several 15th-16th century palazzi.

The sacristy of St. Francis contains two 14th century pictures, one by Roberto da Oderisio of Naples. Also notable is the Badia (Abbey) of San Pietro alli Marmi (1076).

Culture[edit]

A local saying, Cristo si è fermato a Eboli ('Christ stopped at Eboli'), was used by 20th-century writer Carlo Levi as the title of a book, referring to the enduring poverty in Basilicata. Eboli was the location where the road and railway to Basilicata branched away from the coastal north-south routes.

Secondary schools based in Eboli are:

Twin towns[edit]

In media[edit]

There is a film based on the book (in English, Christ Stopped at Eboli).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Demographic data from Istat
  4. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainAshby, Thomas (1911). "Eboli". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 843.

External links[edit]