The economy of Bangladesh is a developing market economy. It's the 39th largest in the world in nominal terms, 29th largest by purchasing power parity. In the first quarter of 2019, Bangladesh's was the world's seventh fastest growing economy with a rate of 7.3% real GDP annual growth. Dhaka and Chittagong are the principal financial centers of the country, being home to the Dhaka Stock Exchange and the Chittagong Stock Exchange; the financial sector of Bangladesh is the second largest in the subcontinent. Bangladesh is one of the world's fastest growing economy. In the decade since 2004, Bangladesh averaged a GDP growth of 6.5%, driven by its exports of ready made garments and the domestic agricultural sector. The country has pursued export-oriented industrialisation, with its key export sectors include textiles, shipbuilding and seafood, jute and leather goods, it has developed self-sufficient industries in pharmaceuticals and food processing. Bangladesh's telecommunication industry has witnessed rapid growth over the years, receiving high investment from foreign companies.
Bangladesh has substantial reserves of natural gas and is Asia's seventh largest gas producer. Offshore exploration activities are increasing in its maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal, it has large deposits of limestone. The government promotes the Digital Bangladesh scheme as part of its efforts to develop the country's growing information technology sector. Bangladesh is strategically important for the economies of Northeast India and Bhutan, as Bangladeshi seaports provide maritime access for these landlocked regions and countries. China views Bangladesh as a potential gateway for its landlocked southwest, including Tibet and Yunnan; as of 2019, Bangladesh's GDP per capita income is estimated as per IMF data at US$5,028 and US$1,906. Bangladesh is a member of the D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank; the economy faces challenges of infrastructure bottlenecks, insufficient power and gas supplies, bureaucratic corruption, political instability, natural calamities and a lack of skilled workers.
East Bengal—the eastern segment of Bengal—was a prosperous region. The Ganges Delta provided advantages of a mild tropical climate, fertile soil, ample water, an abundance of fish and fruit; the standard of living is believed to have been higher compared with other parts of South Asia. As early as the thirteenth century, the region was developing as an agrarian economy. Bengal was the junction of trade routes on the Southeastern Silk Road. Under Mughal rule, Bengal operated as a centre of the worldwide muslin and pearl trades. Domestically, much of India depended on Bengali products such as rice and cotton textiles. Overseas, Europeans depended on Bengali products such as cotton textiles and opium. Bengal shipped saltpeter to Europe, sold opium in Indonesia, exported raw silk to Japan and the Netherlands, produced cotton and silk textiles for export to Europe and Japan. Real wages and living standards in 18th-century Bengal were comparable to Britain, which in turn had the highest living standards in Europe.
During the Mughal era, the most important centre of cotton production was Bengal around its capital city of Dhaka, leading to muslin being called "daka" in distant markets such as Central Asia. Bengali agriculturalists learned techniques of mulberry cultivation and sericulture, establishing Bengal as a major silk-producing region of the world. Bengal accounted for more than 50% of textiles and around 80% of silks imported by the Dutch from Asia, for example. Bengal had a large shipbuilding industry. Indrajit Ray estimates shipbuilding output of Bengal during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries at 223,250 tons annually, compared with 23,061 tons produced in nineteen colonies in North America from 1769 to 1771, he assesses ship repairing as advanced in Bengal. Bengali shipbuilding was advanced compared to European shipbuilding at the time. An important innovation in shipbuilding was the introduction of a flushed deck design in Bengal rice ships, resulting in hulls that were stronger and less prone to leak than the structurally weak hulls of traditional European ships built with a stepped deck design.
The British East India Company duplicated the flushed-deck and hull designs of Bengal rice ships in the 1760s, leading to significant improvements in seaworthiness and navigation for European ships during the Industrial Revolution. The British East India Company, that took complete control of Bengal in 1793 by abolishing Nizamat, chose to develop Calcutta, now the capital city of West Bengal, as their commercial and administrative center for the Company-held territories in South Asia; the development of East Bengal was thereafter limited to agriculture. The administrative infrastructure of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries reinforced East Bengal's function as the primary agricultural producer—chiefly of rice, teak, sugar cane and jute — for processors and traders from around Asia and beyond. After its independence from Pakistan, Bangladesh followed a socialist economy by nationalising all industries, proving to be a critical blunder undertaken by the Awami League government; some of the same factors that had made East Bengal a prosperous region became disadvantages during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
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Scriptorium Fonts is an Austin, Texas based type foundry founded in 1992 by game designer and historian Dave Nalle. It specializes in adaptations of antique fonts and fonts based on artistic hand lettering drawn from the work of famous artists and calligraphers like Alphonse Mucha, William Morris, Willy Pogany, Arthur Rackham and Howard Pyle, their catalog includes over 600 fonts and they have four type designers on staff: Dave Nalle, Michael Scarpitti, Peter Nevins and Kevin Andrew Murphy. Fonts include Abaddon, Buccaneer, True Golden, Kelmscott and Hendrix, they specialize in thematic packages of historic fonts based on specific artistic periods or design movements packaged together with licensed borders and art in the same style. In 2003 their fonts and clip art were used as part of a radical redesign of Whole Earth magazine under the guest editorship of Viridian guru Bruce Sterling. In 2005 they raised money for disaster relief after hurricane Katrina by donating the proceeds of the sales of three New Orleans themed fonts to three different Louisiana charities.
Their fonts have been prominently featured in the Spiderwick books and film and the Windlass font was used on the covers of the Percy Jackson book series by Rick Riordan as well as the Percy Jackson and the Olympians film. The Folkard font is used for the main heading font in World of Warcraft and in the Disney Fairies game series; the Valdemar font is featured on the covers of all of Mark Chadbourn's fantasy novel series including Age of Misrule. Scriptorium Fonts website Biography of Scriptorium's Dave Nalle at IdentiFont Foundry review from Fontacle.com Early review from the newsletter of the William Morris Society in 1993 Foundry Section on MyFonts Foundry Section on Fonts.com
Spyder is a 2017 Indian action thriller film written and directed by A. R. Murugadoss and produced by N. V. Prasad. Filmed in Telugu and Tamil, it stars Mahesh Babu, S. J. Surya and Rakul Preet Singh in lead roles; the music is composed by Harris Jayaraj, while Santosh Sivan handled the cinematography and A. Sreekar Prasad took care of editing the film; this film marks the Tamil debut of Mahesh Babu. The film follows Shiva, an Intelligence Bureau officer, who sets out to save the people of Hyderabad when he realises that a serial killer is on the loose; the production of the film and the film's principal photography commenced in July 2016. The film's title was revealed on 18 March 2017, while the first look of the film was released on 12 April 2017. Spyder was theatrically released worldwide in Telugu and Malayalam on 27 September 2017. Shiva, an officer in the Intelligence Bureau office, spies on people's calls and messages to help them if needed, he developed a software to listen to the needing ones by tracking their phones.
On the night of 16 March, he listens to Charlie/Shalini talking about her wish on getting 98% in her exams from 96% to get a USA scholarship with her friend. In order to do that, she decides to get concentration by dating with a guy. Shiva follows her, she starts to fall in love, but he does not. On the night of 28 April, Shiva listens in on a young girl asking her friend for help as she is alone in her house and scared because there is no electricity in her house, whilst everyone else on her street has it. Shiva sends new police constable Renuka, to help the girl; however the next day, a news channel declares. They were undressed, chopped into different pieces, were mixed together. Shiva finds it has been a brutal murder, he resigned from his job stating, "I didn't help them, I should've never sent out Renuka," but his father encourages him to find the murderer. To find out who murdered them, he sets out to "spy" whereabouts. Shiva finds. Through technology, he finds someone, he travels to the village where the guy grew up, through the person who knew the guy.
From an elderly villager, he learns the past about Bhairavudu/Sudalai. He suffers from sadistic personality disorder and has an unusual desire to kill people and see the victims' families grieving. One day, a village kid tells the other villagers, they decide to burn Bhairavudu/Sudalai's house. Angry, he left the village to continue his killing spree with his younger brother. Shiva manages to catch him. Bhairavudu/Sudalai reveals he killed 23 people and hid their bodies in 23 pillars of a bridge and threatens the citizens to leave his brother unscathed, he reveals that he plans to destroy a hospital. Shiva kills Bharaivadu’s/Sudalai’s brother in front of the 40 people's families, including an angry Bhairavudu/Sudalai. Bhairavudu/Sudalai plans to kill Shiva's family. Shiva finds out when his mother calls him and tells him she is scared because there is no current in their house whilst everyone else on the street does the same as what the girl had said earlier. Shiva manages to save his family through his workmates.
After failing to kill the family, Bhairavudu/Sudalai tries to kill Shiva on his way home, Shiva gets impaled on a truck. He recovers and gets back on getting Bhairavadu/Sudalai; because Shiva had shot him before he fell unconscious, he thinks Bhairavudu/Sudalai has hidden himself in a house where he can heal, but he has imprisoned the owners. Through the use of technology and local ladies, he finds Bhairavudu/Sudalai and arrests him, but Bhairavudu/Sudalai tells him that he had planned a big rock fall in the city. Shiva manages to stop the big rock whilst Bhairavudu/Sudalai escapes from police and continues with his plan on destroying a hospital. Charlie/Shalini refuses to tell Shiva due to misunderstanding. Shiva tracks down her taxi and she tells him which hospital it is, he starts evacuating everyone. He saved as many as he could not save some patients, which he feels heartbroken over. Bhairavudu/Sudalai sees Shiva's grief and gets happy. Shiva kills Bhairavudu/Sudalai and tells the media, "We have only killed the patient but not the disease.
Helping people you don’t know is the greatest happiness in the world. We shouldn’t use technology all the time because we don’t have time to spend with others." He tells them that there are other people who may have the same exact disease. The movie ends with Shiva walking with Charlie/Shalini out of the crowd; the film's principal photography commenced in 29 July 2016, without announcing the title of the film. S. J. Surya was cast as antagonist for the film; this film marks second collaboration between S. J. Surya, who directed Naani starring Mahesh Babu as the lead actor, marks his second collaboration. AR Murugadoss was a former assistant of S. J. Surya in the films Kushi. Parineeti Chopra was approached for the film; the role went to Rakul Preet Singh. Bharath was signed on to play a negative role. On 18 March 2017, the film's title was revealed to be Spyder, it is revealed that 98% of the film was shot in Chennai itself, with the backdrop being changed as Hyderabad through computer graphics for the Telugu version.
Mahesh has done the film's stunts by himself. The second schedule was kickstarted on 20 April 2017 and final stage of filming started in Chennai on 16 May 2017
White Bermudians or Bermudians of European descent, are Bermudians whose ancestry lies within the continent of Europe, most notably the British Isles and Portugal. Around 31% of the population of Bermuda is white; the White population of Bermuda made up the entirety of the Bermuda's population, other than a black and an Indian slave brought in for a short-lived pearl fishery in 1616, from settlement'til the middle of the 17th Century, the majority until some point in the 18th Century. The majority of the white settlers arrived from England as indentured servants or tenant farmers, as most of Bermuda's land was owned by absentee landlords who remained in England as shareholders in the Virginia Company and its offshoot the Somers Isles Company. White Irish Gaels were sent to Bermuda after the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland that followed the English Civil War. Described as'prisoners-of-war', these Irish men and women were removed from Ireland involuntarily, sold into indentured servitude on arrival in Bermuda.
Small numbers of Scots were sent to Bermuda in the same way after Cromwell's invasion of Scotland. The Irish were ostracised by the English whites, were found so troublesome that their further import was banned. By the middle of the 18th century and the Native American slaves sent to Bermuda after the conquest of their homelands, had merged, with the free and enslaved blacks, with Bermuda's population boiled down to two demographic groups: White and Coloured; the population of Bermuda on 17 April 1721, was listed as 8,364, composed of: "Totals:—Men on the Muster roll, 1,078. Blacks; the Population of Bermuda in 1727 included 3,877 coloured. By 1871 the permanent population included 7,376 coloured; the term coloured was used in preference to black as anyone, of wholly European ancestry was defined as white, leaving everyone else as coloured. This included the multi-racial descendants of the previous minority demographic groups, as well as the occasional Jew, South-Asian, East Asian or other non-White and non-Black Bermudian.
It was by this method that coloured Bermudians came to outnumber white Bermudians, despite starting off at a numerical disadvantage, despite low Black immigration prior to the latter 19th century (other contributing factors included the scale of white relative to black emigration in the 17th and 18th centuries, the greater mortality of whites from disease in the late 17th century, large-scale West Indian immigration, which began, like Portuguese immigration, in the 19th century to provide labourers for the new export agriculture industry and expansion of the Royal Naval Dockyard. The Black West Indians, unlike the Portuguese, were British citizens and not obliged to leave Bermuda, as many Portuguese were, at the end of a contracted period. At some point after the Second World War, the practice became for those with any degree of sub-Saharan African ancestry to be defined as black, with Asian and other non-white Bermudians defined as separate racial groups. On Census returns, only in recent years have Bermudians been given the option to define themselves by more than one race, although there was considerable opposition to this from many Black leaders who discouraged Black Bermudians from doing so.
The majority of Bermuda's overall ancestry remains European, as most black Bermudians are of European ancestry, but as only those of European ancestry are considered white, the largest demographic group is black, despite those of sub-Saharan African ancestry being only a negligible part of the population. This history has been well understood from the written record, was confirmed in 2009 by the only genetic survey of Bermuda, which looked at the black population of St. David's Island showed that the African ancestry of black Bermudians is from a band across southern Africa, from Angola to Mozambique, similar to what is revealed in Latin America, but distinctly different from the blacks of the British West Indies and the United States.68% of the mtDNA lineages of the black islanders were found to be African, with the two most common being L0a and L3e, which are sourced from populations spread from Central-West to South-East Africa. These lineages represent less than 5% of the mtDNA lineages of blacks in the United States and the English-speaking West Indies.
They are, common in Brazil and the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America. L3e, by example, is typical of! Kung speaking populations of the Kalahari, as well as of parts of Mozambique and Nigeria; the modern nation where it represents the highe
A by-election was held in the UK Parliament constituency of West Tyrone on 3 May 2018, following the resignation of Barry McElduff, the Member of Parliament since 2017. McElduff had become embroiled in a social media controversy which had resulted in his suspension from Sinn Féin on 8 January, he announced his resignation on 15 January 2018. This was the first by-election held during the 57th UK Parliament, elected in the 2017 general election, it was the first Parliamentary by-election held in Northern Ireland since the Mid Ulster by-election in 2013. Sinn Féin candidate Órfhlaith Begley held the seat with a reduced majority, compared to the June 2017 snap election. On 5 January 2018, sitting MP Barry McElduff tweeted a video of himself in a shop with a loaf of Kingsmill bread on his head, asking where the shop kept its bread; as it coincided with the 42nd anniversary of the Kingsmill massacre—where republicans murdered ten Protestant civilians—unionists accused him of mocking the massacre and the video was criticised, including by nationalists.
Democratic Unionist Party leader Arlene Foster said "mocking is depraved" and called the video "inhuman". McElduff deleted it and apologised, saying he was not alluding to the massacre and offering to meet the victims' families. On 8 January, Sinn Féin apologised for McElduff's actions, condemned the video, suspended him from Sinn Féin for three months. McElduff announced on 15 January, he was appointed the Steward and Bailiff of the Three Hundreds of Chiltern on 16 January 2018, a mechanism by which an MP's resignation is formalised. The constituency of West Tyrone was created for the 1997 election and has been held by Sinn Féin since 2001; the seat is overwhelmingly nationalist, with nationalist parties winning over 50% of the vote since the seat was created. Despite this, the nationalist vote has traditionally been split between the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, whilst the unionist parties have been more willing to make pacts to increase their chances of victory. Ordinarily, the writ of election for a vacant seat is moved by the party of the outgoing MP, but as Sinn Féin do not take their seats in the House of Commons they were unable to do so.
In their absence, the writ was instead moved by Julian Smith. On 28 March, the writ of election was passed by the House of Commons; the election was scheduled for 3 May. After the election was called, these was discussion about the possibility of a non-partisan victims' candidate standing against Sinn Féin; as Sinn Féin won a majority of the vote at the last election, a unity candidate would be unlikely to win without support across both the nationalist and unionist communities. Potential candidates included Kevin Skelton and Sharon Gault, both of whom lost relatives in terrorist attacks during the Troubles. Ulster Unionist Party leader Robin Swann endorsed the proposal, calling for a “non-partisan candidate who will be a voice for victims to contest this seat against Sinn Féin”. Local Democratic Unionist Party MLA Tom Buchanan suggested that a cross-community candidate was unlikely, given that his party had not been approached about standing down. Further criticism of the idea was levelled by Alan McBride – a relative of two Shankill Road bombing victims – describing the idea of an agreed victims' candidate as "potentially toxic".
By late March the chances of a unity candidate being nominated were described as'remote'. Kevin Skelton – who had earlier expressed his willingness to stand as a unity candidate – noted that he had not been approached by any party to stand; the Ulster Unionists, who had called for a non-partisan candidate, were understood to have unsuccessfully approached a different person to ask them to be a'victims candidate'. Omagh bomb campaigner Michael Gallagher voiced his disappointment, acknowledged that there had not been a positive response to the idea. No unity candidate was nominated and each of Northern Ireland's major parties fielded a candidate instead. Nominations to stand in the by-election closed on 10 April 2018. 26-year-old local solicitor Órfhlaith Begley was selected as the Sinn Féin candidate at a party convention on 25 February. She is the daughter of a long-serving Sinn Féin councillor on Omagh District Council; the DUP announced. He had contested the seat in the 2017 general election.
The SDLP were understood to be preparing to contest the by-election. Former candidate and local MLA Daniel McCrossan released a statement in March condemning the fact that two months had passed from McElduff's resignation without a by-election date being fixed. McCrossan stated in early April, he was announced as the SDLP candidate on 9 April. Ulster Unionist Party leader Robin Swann expressed a preference for a unity candidate instead of a candidate from his own party. Despite this, it was acknowledged that the party would have to explore "other options" in the event that such a candidate was not agreed upon, they nominated Omagh councillor Chris Smyth as their candidate. He accepted the nomination with "mixed emotions", expressing disappointment at the lack of a non-partisan and cross-community candidate; the Alliance Party declined to support a'victims candidate', with party leader Naomi Long giving her reasons to victims campaigner Kevin Skelton in a letter. Stephen Donnelly was subsequently announced as the Alliance candidate at the party conference on 24 March.
Brian Jordan Alvarez is an American actor and filmmaker. He is the creator of many comedic web videos, including the series The Gay and Wondrous Life of Caleb Gallo and "Divorce". Alvarez grew up in the city of Winchester, Tennessee. Alvarez has South American roots from the country of Colombia through one side of his family, roots from the American South from the other side of his family. In Middle School, he bullied a lot for his sexuality. While at the school, he was involved in its theatre program, he continued to study acting at USC School of Dramatic Arts where he received his Bachelor of Fine Arts. For years, Alvarez formed part of numerous theatre productions growing up in Winchester. Since his days in the south, he has been part of several projects small. While at USC, he continued to be a part of plays and cinematic projects collaborating with many of the film students, he was involved in short films, music videos, several other acting projects. He collaborated with College Humor on an episode titled, "Gay Men Will Marry Your Girlfriends".