The economy of Colombia is the fourth largest in Latin America as measured by gross domestic product. Colombia has experienced a historic economic boom over the last decade. In 1990, Colombia was Latin America's 5th largest economy and had a GDP per capita of only US$1,500, by 2018 it became the 4th largest in Latin America, the world's 37th largest; as of 2018 the GDP per capita has increased to over US$14,000, GDP increased from US$120 billion in 1990 to nearly US$750 billion. Poverty levels were as high as 65% in 1990, but decreased to under 30% by 2014. Petroleum is Colombia's main export, making over 45% of Colombia's exports. Manufacturing makes up nearly 12% of Colombia's exports, grows at a rate of over 10% a year. Colombia has the fastest growing information technology industry in the world and has the longest fibre optic network in Latin America. Colombia has one of the largest shipbuilding industries in the world outside Asia. Modern industries like shipbuilding, automobile, tourism and mining, grew during the 2000s and 2010s, most of Colombia's exports are still commodity-based.
Colombia is Latin America's 2nd-largest producer of domestically-made electronics and appliances only behind Mexico. Colombia had the fastest growing major economy in the western world in 2014, behind only China worldwide. Since the early 2010s, the Colombian government has shown interest in exporting modern Colombian pop culture to the world as a way of diversifying the economy and changing the image of Colombia. In the Hispanic world, Colombia is only behind Mexico in cultural exports and is a regional leader in cosmetic and beauty exports; the number of tourists in Colombia grows by over 12% every year. Colombia is projected to have over 15 million tourists by 2023; the economic history of Colombia goes back to its exploration and first settlements made by Spanish conquerors in the 17th century. During 16th century European explorers reached what is now Colombian territory as early as 1510 in Santa María Antigua del Darién. For the next couple of decades Colombia, South America in general, remained unexplored.
From 1533 to 1600, Europeans began expeditions into the interior of current Colombia. The intent of these expeditions was to conquer new lands and exploit village resources. Legends of El Dorado that reached Spaniard explorers continued to fuel exploration and raiding of Indian villages. Major conquistadors from this period were Pedro de Heredia, Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada, Sebastián de Belalcazar, Nikolaus Federmann. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the colonial settlements in Colombia served purposes of extraction of precious metals and other natural resources, slavery trade; this economic arrangement left the Colony with little room for building solid institutionality for economic development. The main non-extractive institutions emerging in this centuries were the fortified port of Cartagena and the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Cartagena developed military defenses out of necessity from having to deal with pirate attacks. A primitive form of colonial administration was organized in Santa fé de Bogotá with the Viceroyalty of New Granada under the tenure of José Solís y Folch de Cardona, who conducted a census and built roads and aqueducts.
Following the War of the Thousand Days, Colombia experienced a coffee boom that catapulted the country into the modern period, bringing the attendant benefits of transportation railroads, communications infrastructure, the first major attempts at manufacturing. However, Colombia's sound economic policies and aggressive promotion of free trade agreements in recent years have bolstered its ability to weather external shocks. Real GDP has grown more than 4% per year for the past three years, continuing a decade of strong economic performance. In 1990, the administration of President César Gaviria Trujillo initiated economic liberalism policies or "apertura economica" and this has continued since with tariff reductions, financial deregulation, privatization of state-owned enterprises, adoption of a more liberal foreign exchange rate. All sectors became open to foreign investment although agricultural products remained protected; the original idea of his Minister of Finance, Rudolf Homes, was that the country should import agricultural products in which it was not competitive, like maize, wheat and soybeans and export the ones in which it had an advantage, like fruits and flowers.
In ten years, the sector lost 7,000 km² to imports, represented in subsidized agricultural products from the United States, as a result of this policy, with a critical impact on employment in rural areas. Still, this policy makes food cheaper for the average Colombian than it would be if agricultural trade were more restricted; until 1997, Colombia had enjoyed a stable economy. The first five years of liberalization were characterized by high economic growth rates of between 4% and 5%; the Ernesto Samper administration emphasized social welfare policies which targeted Colombia's lower income population. These reforms led to higher government spending which increased the fiscal deficit and public sector debt, the financing of which required higher interest rates. An over-valued peso inherited from the previous administration was maintained; the economy slowed, by 1998 GDP growth was only 0.6%. In 1999, the country fell into its first recession since the Great Depression; the economy shrank by 4.5% with unemployment at
The Meredith Music Festival is a three-day outdoor music festival held every December at the "Supernatural Amphitheatre", a natural amphitheatre located on private farmland near the town of Meredith in Victoria, Australia. A self-funded, non-commercial event, first held in 1991, the festival spawned Golden Plains, a music festival that takes place over the Labour Day long weekend in March; the festival is held on a private property owned by the family of one of the organisers, Chris Nolan near the town of Meredith. Since the Nolans own the site, permanent infrastructure has been built including showers, compost toilets, recycled water with the surrounding areas setup for usage of tents, caravans or motorhomes; the culture and music of the festival reflects the strength, diversity of the Melbourne and surrounding music scene. Warren Ellis referred to it as "the world's best festival" in a recent interview; the Meredith Gift is a nude running race, with the chance to win The Golden Jocks trophy.
The Pink Flamingo Bar, an ever-popular cocktail bar Eric's Terrace, another popular cocktail bar with a large selection of delicious foods and drinks, everything your heart desires. If you are lucky you may see Sanch and Oli slinging tangs to the happy punters A sportsfield which includes the Meredith Eye Ferris wheel; the Ecoplex Cinema displays both short and feature-length films, including outdated informational films and television shows intended to humour the audience. The event is "sold out" before the date. Ticketing is implemented via a system which sees the first allocation distributed through a'Subscriber Ticket Ballot' - allowing half of the total allocation of tickets randomly distributed to'subscribers' on MMF's email list. Subscribers need to purchase their tickets within a set period of time; the second allocation is sold in record stores in Melbourne, Geelong and the Surf Coast as has been the case in previous years. These go on sale; the third allocation is distributed online.
Then...finally...despite all our best efforts, we assume there will still be some disappointed people out there. So...in an effort to mend some potential broken hearts...there will be a finite quantity of tickets issued by Aunty at her complete personal discretion. These will be allocated to some of those that she considers to be, for example, most passionate, or deserving, or unlucky, or having traveled the farthest, or been there the most times, etcetera; these can only be applied for. List of Meredith Music Festival lineups by year Golden Plains Festival Meredith Music Festival
"Two Days and Two Nights" is the twenty-fifth episode of the television series Star Trek: Enterprise. The episode won the 2002 Emmy Award for Outstanding Hairstyling For A Series; the television show episode first aired on UPN on May 15, 2002. This episode was directed by Michael Dorn, with the story by Rick Berman and Brannon Braga, the teleplay by Chris Black. Captain Archer and the crew of Enterprise take shore leave on Risa, during which they each experience separate conflicts. Back on their spacecraft Enterprise, the alien Phlox needed to enter a period of hibernation, while T'Pol keeps an eye on the starship; the episode features numerous guest stars playing the roles of those that the crew of the NX-01 encounters on during their visit to the pleasure planet. Dey Young had appeared in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Masterpiece Society" and the DS9 episode "A Simple Investigation"; this was Kellie Waymire's final appearance before her death. On the visit to Risa the crew encounters several characters played by guest stars, this includes: Kellie Waymire as Elizabeth Cutler Rudolf Martin as Ravis Joseph Will as Rostov Dennis Cockrum as Freebus Donna Marie Recco as Dee'Ahn James Ingersol as Alien Man Jennifer Williams as Alien Woman Geoff Meed as Dee'Ahn Stephen Wozniak as Latia Dey Young as Keyla After arriving at planet Risa, half of the Enterprise's crew prepare for shore leave, Captain Archer organizes lots.
Winning a vacation himself, Archer boards a shuttle pod along with Commander Tucker, Lieutenant Reed, Ensigns Mayweather and Sato. Once the shuttle pod lands on Risa, the crew all go their separate ways. Archer notices her dog on the balcony just below his, he strikes up a conversation, learning her name is Keyla, that the Suliban massacred her entire family. He learns that she is Tandaran, when he confronts her with the truth, she renders him unconscious and leaves. Meanwhile, Sato is approached by a handsome alien called Ravis, the two hit it off, she asks him to teach her his complex native language, he invites her to the exotic steam pools. The next morning, she awakens happy with Ravis in bed beside her. Elsewhere and Reed are in a noisy nightclub filled with exotic female aliens. Two women join them for a drink and invite them to view some nearby subterranean gardens, but when they reach the basement underneath the bar, the "females" morph into male aliens. Tucker and Reed are helpless. Waking up they escape and make their way back to their hotel room.
Meanwhile, in Sickbay, Doctor Phlox prepares to take his annual six-day hibernation, but he informs Sub-Commander T'Pol that two days should be sufficient. Some time Mayweather contacts Enterprise after a rock-climbing accident, is unnerved by Phlox's absence, but Crewman Cutler reassures him that she can handle his broken leg, he has some trouble breathing, forcing Cutler and T'Pol to awaken Phlox. Though disoriented and incoherent, he still manages to formulate a suitable antidote, collapses back into hibernation. On Risa the next morning, the Enterprise crew travel together in the shuttle pod back to their ship, each with an interesting story to tell, but with none willing to divulge any details; as of 2019, Two Days and Two Nights has a rating of 7.8 on 177 votes at TV.com. The 2002 Emmy Award for Outstanding Hairstyling For A Series was won by the following team: Laura Connolly Roma Goddard Michael Moore Gloria Pasqua Casny Cheri Ruff Captain's Holiday Let He Who Is Without Sin... The Mind's Eye Two Days and Two Nights on IMDb "Two Days and Two Nights" at TV.com Two Days and Two Nights at Memory Alpha Two Days and Two Nights at StarTrek.com
North County was a county of the extralegal United States Territory of Jefferson that existed from November 28, 1859, until February 28, 1861. In July 1858, gold was discovered along the South Platte River in Kansas Territory; this discovery precipitated the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. Many residents of the mining region felt disconnected from the remote territorial governments of Kansas and Nebraska, so they voted to form their own Territory of Jefferson on October 24, 1859. On November 28, the General Assembly of the Territory of Jefferson organized 12 counties: Arrappahoe County, Cheyenne County, El Paso County, Fountain County, Heele County, Jackson County, Jefferson County, Mountain County, North County, Park County, Saratoga County, St. Vrain's County; the legislation that created North County declared: That the territory comprised within the limits of what is known as the North Park, be erected into a county to be called North county. North County encompassed what is today Jackson County, Colorado.
The Jefferson Territory never received federal sanction, but on February 28, 1861, U. S. President James Buchanan signed an act organizing the Territory of Colorado. On November 1, 1861, the Colorado General Assembly organized 17 counties for the new Colorado Territory. Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Historic Colorado counties History of Colorado Jackson County, Colorado Pike's Peak Gold Rush State of Colorado Territory of Colorado Territory of Jefferson Colorado State Historical Society website
The Sechura language known as Sek, is an extinct language spoken in the Piura Region of Peru, near the port of Sechura. It appears to have become extinct by the beginning of the 20th century; the only documentation is that of an 1863 wordlist by Richard Spruce. Sechura is too poorly known to be definitively classified. Kaufman notes that a connection between Sechura and the Catacaoan languages is and is supported by lexical evidence. Rivet groups Sechura and Tallán together under the same Sek when he compares them to the Catacaoan languages. In comparing wordlists from Sechura and Tallán, Torero finds six cognates between the two: However, Glottolog says the data is not compelling
Joseph V. Cavanagh Jr. is an American attorney and former ice hockey player. Cavanagh was a three-time all-state selection as a high schooler in Rhode Island, he went on to play hockey at Harvard University where he earned multiple awards including being named an All-American for three straight years. He left Harvard as the school's all-time assist leader. However, he remains the Beanpot's all-time leading scorer. An injury lead him to stop pursuing a career in hockey, he was inducted into the United States Hockey Hall of Fame in 1994 and named one of the top 50 players in ECAC history in 2010. Following his hockey career Cavanagh began practicing law becoming a successful attorney, he is the Board of Bar Examiners. Cavanagh grew up as part of a large family having eight siblings in the town of Cranston, Rhode Island; as a high school student Cavanagh was a three-time all-state selection, renowned for his on ice work ethic. He led the state in scoring for three years from 1964 to 1966 and was named Rhode Island's most valuable high school player in 1965 and 1966.
He spent one year in a post-graduate program at Phillips Academy in Massachusetts. Following his post-graduate year he began playing at Harvard University. In his first season, he helped. By the end of the season, he compiled a team leading 62 points, he earned multiple post season honors for his play including: first team All-American, first team All-East, first team All-Ivy, first team All-New England, Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference Hockey Rookie of the Year and the Walter Brown Award. The following season after he tied a teammate as the team's leading scorer, he was again named first team All-American, All-East, All-Ivy and All-New England. In addition he was awarded the John Tudor Memorial Cup Award as Harvard's most valuable player. In his senor year Cavanagh registered 72 points and led the team in scoring for the third consecutive year, he duplicated the awards he earned during his junior year and added the Bingham Award as the top male athlete at Harvard and the Walter Brown Award as the top U.
S.-born player in New England. He finished his career at Harvard as the teams all-time leader in assists, second all-time in points and third all-time in goals, his assist total now ranks third all-time. While he remains fifth in points, he has fallen to fourteenth in goals, he is the Beanpot tournament's all-time leading scorer. He was named to the ECAC's All Decade first team. Following his collegiate career, Cavanagh played one season with the Braintree Hawks in the New England Hockey League scoring 13 goals and registering 39 points. In 1971 he took a deferment from law school in an attempt to make the 1972 Olympic hockey team and was invited to Boston Bruins training camp. Cavanagh broke his wrist during a practice with the Olympic team and decided to not to pursue a career in hockey. In 1994 he was elected to the United States Hockey Hall of Fame. Sixteen years he was announced as one of the top 50 players in ECAC history. After his playing career Cavanagh earned a law degree from Boston College Law School.
He has earned multiple honors as an attorney. From 2005 to 2010 he was recognized as an outstanding general litigator by Chambers USA, he was named a Rhode Island and New England Super Lawyer from 2007 to 2010. He has served on the Rhode Island Board of Bar Examiners and is a member of the Rhode Island Bar Association as well as serving on its Superior Court Bench/Bar Committee. Cavanagh has served as Chairman of the Rhode Island chapter of the American College of Trial Lawyers which he has been a member of since 1990. Cavanagh along with his wife, live in Warwick Rhode Island; the couple had nine children together. In 1982 he coached youth hockey and served on the board of directors for the Warwick Junior Hockey Association, he is a founding director of ACCESS/R. I. An organization dedicated to improving public access to government information, he serves as a director and vice president of the St. Thomas More Law Society and is an officer and director of the Rhode Island Special Olympics, his son, former San Jose Sharks player, Tom died on January 6, 2011 at the age of 28.
His death was believed to be a suicide. Tom had battled mental illness for some time. Joe Cavanagh career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database