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Economy of Croatia

The economy of Croatia is a developing high-income service based economy with the tertiary sector accounting for 60% of total gross domestic product. After the collapse of socialism, Croatia went through a process of transition to a market-based economy in the 1990s, but its economy suffered badly during the Croatian War of Independence. After the war the economy began to improve, before the financial crisis of 2007–08 the Croatian economy grew at 4-5% annually, incomes doubled, economic and social opportunities improved; the Croatian economy is one of the strongest economies in Southeast Europe. Croatia joined the World Trade Organization in 2000, NATO in 2009 and became a member of the European Union on 1 July 2013. Croatian economy was badly affected by the financial crisis which, together with slow progress of economic reforms, resulted in six years of recession and a cumulative decline in GDP of 12.5%. Croatia formally emerged from the recession in the 4th quarter of 2014, had a continuous GDP growth since.

Growth is expected to pick up in 2019 to 2.9 percent, with household consumption making the largest contribution to overall GDP. A significant contribution is expected to come from investment activity in both the public and private sectors reflecting a greater absorption of EU funds; the industrial sector with exports of over €10 billion annually is dominated by shipbuilding which accounts for over 10% of exported goods. Food processing and chemical industry account for significant portions of industrial output and exports. Industrial sector represents 27% of Croatia's total economic output while agriculture represents 6%. Industrial sector is responsible for 25% of Croatia's GDP, with agriculture and fishing accounting for the remaining 5% of Croatian GDP. Tourism is traditionally a notable source of income during the summer months, but more during the winter months as well, due to an increase in popularity of snow sports such as skiing. With over 14 million tourists annually, tourism generates revenue in excess of €8 billion.

Croatia is ranked among the top 20 most popular tourist destinations in the world, was voted world's top tourism destination in 2005 by Lonely Planet. Trade plays a major role in Croatian economic output. In 2007 Croatia's exports were valued at US$12.84 billion. According to Healy Consultants, trade in Croatia is bolstered by its low trade-weighted average tariff of just 1.2%. Croatia's currency is the kuna, implemented in 1994 and has remained stable since. During the 19th century the Kingdom of Croatia had a high ratio of population working in agriculture. Many industrial branches developed like forestry and wood industry; the most profitable one was stave fabrication, the boom of which started in the 1820s with the clearing of the oak forests around Karlovac and Sisak and again in the 1850s with the marshy oak masses along the Sava and Drava rivers. Shipbuilding in Croatia played a huge role in the 1850s Austrian Empire the longe-range sailing boats. Sisak and Vukovar were the centres of river-shipbuilding.

Slavonia was mostly an agricultural land and it was known for its silk production. Agriculture and the breeding of cattle were the most profitable occupations of the inhabitants, it produced corn of all kinds, flax and great quantities of liquorice. The first steps towards industrialization began in the 1830s and in the following decades the construction of big industrial enterprises took place. During the 2nd half of the 19th and early 20th century there was an upsurge of industry in Croatia, strengthened by the construction of railways and the electric-power production. However, the industrial production was still lower than agricultural production. Regional differences were high. Industrialization was faster in inner Croatia than in other regions, while Dalmatia remained one of the poorest provinces of Austria-Hungary; the slow rate of modernization and rural overpopulation caused extensive emigration from Dalmatia. According to estimates 400,000 Croats emigrated from Austria-Hungary between 1880 and 1914.

In 1910 8,5% of the population of Croatia-Slavonia lived in urban settlements. In 1918 Croatia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in the interwar period one of the least developed countries in Europe. Most of its industry was based in Slovenia and Croatia, but further industrial development was modest and centered on textile mills, brick yards and food-processing plants. Economy was still traditionally based on agriculture and raising of livestock, with peasants accounting for more than half of Croatia's population. In 1941 the Independent State of Croatia, a World War II puppet state of Germany and Italy, was established in parts of Axis-occupied Yugoslavia; the economic system of NDH was based on the concept of "Croatian socialism". The main characteristic of the new system was the concept of a planned economy with high levels of state involvement in economic life; the fulfillment of basic economic interests was ensured with measures of repression. All large companies were placed under state control and the property of the regime's national enemies was nationalized.

Its currency was the NDH kuna. The Croatian State Bank was the central bank, responsible for issuing currency; as the war progressed the government kept printing more money and its amount in circulation was increasing, resulting in high inflation rates. After the World War II, the new Communist Party of Yugoslavia resorted to a command economy on the Soviet model of rapid industrial development. By 1948 all domestic and foreign-owned capital had bee

Dian Al-Mahri Mosque

Dian Al-Mahri Mosque known as Golden Dome Mosque, is a mosque built on the edge of Raya street, Depok City in West Java, Indonesia. In addition to being a place of worship for everyday Muslims, this mosque complex is a tourist area for family and attracts many people because of its domes made of gold; because of the vastness of area and accessibility to the public, this place is a holiday destination for family or a place to take a rest. The mosque was built by Hj. Dian Djuriah Maimun Al Rashid, a businesswoman from Banten, who has bought its land in 1996; the construction had begun in 2001 and finished around the end of 2006. The mosque was inaugurated to the public on December 31, 2006, coinciding with the second Eid al-Adha of the year. With an area of 50 hectares, the building occupies an area of 60 x 120 meters or about 8000 square meters; the mosque itself can accommodate around 20,000 worshipers. The area of the mosque with the size of 50,000 m2 is referred as one of the largest in Southeast Asia.

The mosque has one main dome and two small domes. The entire dome is coated with gold as thick as two to three millimeters and decorated with crystal mosaics, making it the most unique feature of the mosque. Shape of the main dome resembles the dome of Taj Mahal in India; the dome has a bottom diameter of 16 meters, a diameter of 20 meters, a height of 25 meters. While other smaller domes have a diameter of under 6 meters, middle 7 meters, height 8 meters; as for the interior, there are chandeliers imported directly from Italy weighing 8 tons inside the mosque. In addition, the ornate relief above the imam's residence is made of 18 carat gold; the fence on the second floor as well as the ceiling of the mosque have decorative calligraphy. As for material of the crown pillars of the mosque, it amounts to 168 pieces of layered gold residue; the prayer hall is painted in monochrome color scheme with the main element of cream, in order to give its mood a quiet and warm feeling. The material is made of marble imported from Italy.

In general, its architectural style follows the design from the Middle East with features like domes, minarets and the use of decorative detail or decoration with geometric patterns, in order to reinforce the Islamic character of its architecture. Another feature is the entrance gateway geometric decoration and obelisk as its ornament; the inner courtyard is able to accommodate 8,000 worshipers. Six minarets are hexagonal, towering as high as 40 meters; the six towers were clad in a gray granite stone imported from Italy with a circular ornament. At its peak is a 24 carat gold-plated mosaic dome. Shape of the domes on the minaret resembles Indian style. Five domes represent the Islamic pillars, all of which are wrapped in 24 karat gold-plated mosaics whose material is imported from Italy. List of largest mosques List of mosques in Indonesia


Platfontein is a community located in an arid region of the Northern Cape Province, 15 kilometers outside the town of Kimberley. The community consists of two San tribes, the! Xun and the Khwe. “The San of Platfontein” is a collective name used for both the! Xun and Khwe; the residents of Platfontein originate from the northern parts of southern Angola. In both Namibia and Angola, the! Xun and the Khwe were militarised first by the Portuguese army during the Angolan War of Independence, they had been a unit of the Portuguese Special Forces. With the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola assuming power in Angola in November 1975, many joined the South African National Defence Force In the South African National Defence Force, these San soldiers were part of 31 Battalion fighting at a base called Omega, located in the Western Caprivi, the Zambezi region of Namibia, on the Namibian border with Angola. “The San of Platfontein” were involved in counter-insurgency operations during the South African Border War.

This war was between the South African Defence Force, in alliance with the South-West Africa Territory Force, against the People’s Liberation Army of Namibia, the active military wing of SWAPO. The conflict spanned a period, from 1966 to 1989; this war service was not always voluntary: in 1998 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission heard several first-hand accounts of forced conscription and brutal treatment of men in the battalion. The San of the battalion were used for their tracking skills. 31 battalion were disbanded on 7 March 1993 and the memorabilia of the battalion When the battalion was disbanded, the SANDF relocated 4000! Xun and Khwe soldiers, men and children from the Omega base to Mangetti Dune in Bushmanland, to Schmidtsdrift in South Africa. In Schmidtsdrift they lived in makeshift army tents; the land on which the San were living at Schmidtsdrift formed part of the ancestral lands of ethnic Tswana, Bathlaping and a group of Griqua people. The claim to the land by these groups was approved in April 2000, the San of Schmidtsdrift had to be relocated.

They were relocated to Platfontein. Before the! Xun and Khwe were relocated to Platfontein, it was abandoned farmland. Under the Land Redistribution Programme, the Department of Land Affairs identified Platfontein as possible land to settle the! Xun and the Khwe people. In May 1999, former South African President Nelson Mandela presented the community with the title deed for this land; the residents of Platfontein number about 7 000 people. They live in low-income, government-built Development Programme housing. Since being handed over by the Department of Housing, these RDP houses have not all been provided with proper water and electricity by the Sol Plaatje Local Municipality. Despite being relocated and settled together, the! Xun and Khwe have chosen to live in different parts of the settlement due to differences in the community. Xun and Khwe share The San community of Platfontein are former hunting and pastoral people; the community has been subject to complex political changes. Traditionally the San, lived a mobile life associated with the seasonal availability of water supplies.

The San of Platfontein are traditionally nomadic, moving around in search of food and making temporary dwellings. Being in permanent homes has disrupted this traditional way of life. Many of the Khwe traditions such as folklore and storytelling, traditional music and healing dances are being lost and giving way to the modern practices and ways of living preferred by the younger generation The South African Broadcasting Corporation, has a radio station called X-K FM located in Platfontein; the station and the community are involved in making of radio programs in! Xun and the Khwedam languages. 56 per cent of the population speak! Xun and 35 per cent of the population speaks Khwedam; these efforts are aimed at preserving culture and languages.! Xun and the Khwedam languages are disappearing because Afrikaans and English are the main languages used at schools and public services. Inequality in post-apartheid South Africa San people Khwe language! Kung "Bushmen Soldiers: The History of 31, 201 & 203 Battalions During the Border War 1974-90" "The militarisation of the Platfontein San: The initial years 1966–1974"

Greenwich Y.M.C.A.

Greenwich YMCA is a historic building at 50 East Putnam Avenue in Greenwich, Connecticut. Built in 1916 as a gift from Mrs. Nathaniel Witherill, it is a distinctive example of Colonial Revival / Georgian Revival style with Beaux Arts flourishes; the building was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1996. Greenwich YMCA is located at the northern end of the Greenwich's business district, it occupies the southeast corner of East Putnam and Mason Streets; the building is centered on the corner, where there is a central rotunda from which four-story rectangular wings extend, with a large gymnasium/swimming pool complex set in the area between the wings. The rotunda rises above the hip roofs of the wings, topped by octagonal cupola; the rounded central section has a porch area supported by Doric columns, whose ceiling is finished with Guastavino tile. Separate entrances for men and boys are set near the rotunda on each wing, framed by paired Doric columns and topped by pedimented gables.

The building was designed by M. L. and H. G. Emory, two unknown architects from New York City, built in 1916, it was a gift to the community of Mrs. Rebecca Witherell, given in memory of her late husband Nathaniel, a major local real estate magnate. Typical of YMCAs of the time, the facility offered athletic facilities, as well as short-term housing, seen as a more wholesome alternative to seedier boarding houses of the time. National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwich, Connecticut Greenwich YMCA website

Agitprop! Records

For Chumbawamba's UK-based record label, see Agit-Prop RecordsAgitprop! Records is a'revolutionary hardcore and hip hop' independent record label based in Boston, US, founded by Angela Tavares. One of the label's notable releases is the compilation Stand Up & Fucking Fight For It, its first full-length CD, released in 2002; the recording features queercore bands such as Fagatron, Best Revenge, The Rotten Fruits, Kids like Us and others, is one of a handful of queercore compilations to be released. Tavares said in the Fanorama zine, "I was 17 or 18 when I came out, much into hardcore and punk, it was weird being involved in these two different'communities' - one that, at times, could be overrun with homophobia and heterosexism, the other which I could find little in common with other than that we fucked the same." She said that the compilation was inspired by the Outpunk label and its early-1990s Outpunk Dance Party, though she added that despite its reputation, Agitprop! is not a "queer" label.

Other early releases included albums and vinyl singles by Ninja Death Squad and Fagatron, Agitprop! began issuing records by hip hop artists like Juha and Deep Dickollective. Agitprop! was established as a distro, continued to distribute other labels' recordings after it began releasing its own. The label is referenced in a somewhat definitive guidebook to queercore history. Tavares put Agitprop! on hiatus to focus on fiction writing. In 2007, Agitprop! returned, first by making much of its back-catalogue available through CDBaby. In December 2007, Juha's album The Grooms of God became the first new Agitprop! Release since the label was revived. List of record labels Agitprop! Records web site Old Agitprop Records Webpage by way of the Internet Archive Wayback Machine

Alex Lilley

Alex Lilley is an English first-class cricketer. A left arm medium pace bowler and right-handed batsman, Lilley was contracted to Yorkshire County Cricket Club, for whom he played one first-class match in 2011. Lilley attended St. Aidan's C of E High School in Harrogate, he has been with Yorkshire since 2007, has played for the Yorkshire Academy in the Yorkshire ECB County Premier League, the Yorkshire Second XI in the Second XI Championship, as well as appearing in one first-class match for Yorkshire against Durham UCCE in April 2011, when he was dismissed without scoring, took no wickets for 34 runs when bowling. In September 2011, Yorkshire County Cricket Club announced that Lilley had been awarded a'summer contract', he has played first-class cricket for Leeds/Bradford MCCU. Lilley played club cricket in Melbourne, Australia in 2011 for the Mont Albert Cricket Club, where he took a competition leading 37 wickets for the season, he was released by Yorkshire County Cricket Club midway through the 2013 season