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Economy of Singapore

The economy of Singapore is a developed free-market economy. Singapore's economy has been ranked as the most open in the world, 3rd least corrupt, most pro-business, with low tax rates and has the third highest per-capita GDP in the world in terms of purchasing power parity. APEC is headquartered in Singapore. State-owned enterprises play a substantial role in Singapore's economy. Sovereign wealth fund Temasek Holdings holds majority stakes in several of the nation's largest companies, such as Singapore Airlines, SingTel, ST Engineering and MediaCorp; the Singaporean economy is a major foreign direct investment outflow financier in the world. Singapore has benefited from the inward flow of FDI from global investors and institutions due to its attractive investment climate and a stable political environment. Exports in electronics and services including Singapore's position as the regional hub for wealth management provide the main source of revenue for the economy, which allows it to purchase natural resources and raw goods which it lacks.

Moreover, water is scarce in Singapore therefore. There is a scarcity of land, in part being addressed by the expansion of Pulau Semakau with land fill. Singapore has limited arable land, meaning that Singapore has to rely on the agrotechnology park for agricultural production and consumption. Human resources is another vital issue for the health of the Singaporean economy; the economy of Singapore ranks 2nd overall in the Scientific American Biotechnology ranking in 2014, with the featuring of Biopolis. Singapore could thus be said to rely on an extended concept of intermediary trade to entrepôt trade, by purchasing raw goods and refining them for re-export, such as in the wafer fabrication industry and oil refining. Singapore has a strategic port which makes it more competitive than many of its neighbours in carrying out such entrepot activities. Singapore's trade to GDP ratio is among the highest in the world, averaging around 400% during 2008–11; the Port of Singapore is the second-busiest in the world by cargo tonnage.

To preserve its international standing and further its economic prosperity in the twenty-first century, Singapore has taken measures to promote innovation, encourage entrepreneurship and re-train its workforce. The Ministry of Manpower is responsible for setting and enforcing foreign worker immigration rules. There are 243,000 foreign domestic workers in Singapore. Singapore's economy was a major beneficiary of colonialism establishing financial and commercial hubs. 1819: Sir Stamford Rafflles a Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen, established a post on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. Colonization provided the foundation for capitalism in the region. Colonization led Singapore to be the "second richest place in Asia after Japan". Much of the wealth accumulated early within the region was to be accredited to it hosting one of the major seaport hubs. 1826: Singapore was deemed the capital of the straits settlements, which were territories ruled by the British East India Company New traveling route brings economic opportunity 1869: On 17 November 1869, the Suez Canal opens, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.

This allowed for an increase speed of travel time. The nation saw a $32 million rise just a year after its opening.1879: Trade volume reaches $105 million Straits dollars. 1950: The region saw social unrest which resulted in colonial powers deciding to relinquish some decision making. With spurs of race riots the colonial powers sought to empower and establish a formidable local government. With most of the unrest resulting from high unemployment, the local government was directed to solve this issue; the economic development board was the official name of the organization designed to create jobs. 1955: A Singapore local legislative Assembly with 25 out of 35 members elected was formed.1965: Upon independence from Malaysia, Singapore faced a small domestic market, high levels of unemployment and poverty. 70 percent of Singapore's households lived in badly overcrowded conditions, a third of its people squatted in slums on the city fringes. Unemployment averaged 14 percent, GDP per capita was US$516, half of the population was illiterate.

Structural change and machinery propels the economy 1965-1973: Annual growth of real GDP was 12.7%.1973-1979: Oil crises raised government awareness of economic issues. It slated the government to create a new forum of economic change; the government highlighted a focus in education to be the new wave of economic gain. It managed to provide workers with the proper machinery to sustain growth; the Singapore government established the Economic Development Board to spearhead an investment drive, make Singapore an attractive destination for foreign investment. FDI inflows increased over the following decades, by 2001 foreign companies accounted for 75% of manufactured output and 85% of manufactured exports. Meanwhile, Singapore's savings and investment rates rose among the highest levels in the world, while household consumption and wage shares of GDP fell among the lowest. With Diminishing growth rates, the country again needed to diversify its economy As a result of this investment drive, Singapore's capital stock increased 33 times by 1992, achieved a tenfold increase in the capital-labour ratio.

Living standards rose, with more families moving from a lower-income status to middle-income security with increased household incomes. 1987: Lee Kuan-Yew claimed that 80% of Singaporeans could now be considered

Agiaon (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Agiaon Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of 243 legislative assembly of legislative assembly of Bihar. It is part of Arrah lok sabha constituency along with other assembly constituencies viz Barhara, Tarari, Jagdishpur and Sandesh. Agiaon comprises community development blocks Garhani & Agiaon. List of Assembly constituencies of Bihar Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1951 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1957 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1962 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1967 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1969 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1972 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1977 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1980 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1985 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1990 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 1995 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 2000 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 2005 Bihar Assembly Election Results in 2010

Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Redbridge

The London Borough of Redbridge, one of the northern peripheral London boroughs, has within its boundaries parts of two large open spaces: Epping Forest and Wanstead Flats. Apart from many smaller parks and sports grounds, the following are the main open spaces in Redbridge: Claybury Woods and Park Epping Forest – portions near Woodford Hainault Forest Country Park: 136 hectares Hainault Lodge Nature Reserve: 6.8 hectares Fairlop Waters: an open space with two lakes and a golf course, at Fairlop Goodmayes Park Seven Kings Park Roding Valley Park South Park, Ilford 13.5 hectares Valentines Park, Ilford: 52 hectares Wanstead Flats Wanstead Park and the Wanstead Golf CourseFairlop Waters Country Park is one of 11 parks throughout Greater London chosen to receive money for redevelopment by a public vote, in 2009. The park received £400,000 towards better footpaths, more lighting, refurbished public toilets and new play areas for children; the parks are patrolled by the Redbridge Community Police Team.

Guide to parks and open spaces in Redbridge Nature conservation in Redbridge

Tempus Nova

Tempus Nova is a Denver-based consulting firm that specializes in migrating large scale, on-premises email and messaging systems to cloud-based G Suite. Founded in 2001, Tempus Nova specializes in Google Enterprise Solutions, G Suite Implementations, custom application development, cloud computing; the company provides implementation and deployment services for organizations seeking to move from on-premises solutions to G Suite Basic, Business, or Enterprise. Services include project management, technical support, change management, continuing support post-deployment, custom application development. Tempus Nova works with both public and private enterprises to move their communications and collaboration to cloud-based technology. Tempus Nova works with Google to provide services that reduce IT costs for companies utilizing the cloud. In 2011, the company partnered with the United States federal government to implement a cloud-based email system for the General Services Administration; the company was responsible for migrating the state governments of Wyoming and Colorado.

S. state governments to adopt G Suite. In addition to its partnerships with U. S. federal and state governments, Tempus Nova has worked with several major corporations to transfer legacy data to G Suite including the retail brand Kohl’s, the Comex Group, Avery Dennison, Denny's. Tempus Nova is the sole developer of the proprietary interoperability, coexistence and archiving tools used in migrating Lotus Notes users to G Suite; the company provides several enterprise software products used by government and large organizations. Notable products include: novaConnect—a tool for synchronizing free/buy information between Google and Lotus Notes, which enables Free/Busy lookups between Lotus Notes and GMail. NovaMigrate—a server-side and self-service tool for migrating Lotus Notes email, contacts, mail-in databases, discussion databases, document libraries, team rooms, custom applications natively to Google Apps. novaResourceSync— a tool for synchronizing room and resource schedule information between Lotus Notes and Google which enables users to schedule conference rooms while ensuring that rooms are never double booked.

NovaAnalyzer—a data analysis tool that facilitates the migration process from Lotus Notes Applications to Google. Tempus Nova has developed partnerships with several organizations and solution providers; the company is a certified G Suite Reseller and Google Premier Partner, a Google Partner Advisory Board Member, a Google Cloud Transformation Partner, a Salesforce Reseller. It is an IBM Premier Partner, Microsoft Certified Business Partner, CDW Partner, exclusive GP Strategies partner, among others. Tempus Nova is a GSA IT Schedule 70 Holder and a Statewide Internet Portal Authority Partner and Exclusive G Suite for Government Contract Holder. Official website

Loco (composition)

Loco is an orchestral composition in one movement by the American composer Jennifer Higdon. The work was commissioned by the Ravinia Festival of Highland Park, Illinois to commemorate the Ravinia train as part of the Train Commission Project, it was first performed on July 2004 at the Ravinia Festival by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Loco has a duration of 8 minutes and is composed in a single movement. Higdon described her inspiration for the piece in the score program notes, writing:"Loco" celebrates the Centennial season of Ravinia, the train that accompanies the orchestra; when thinking about what kind of piece to write, I saw in my imagination a locomotive. And in a ironic move for a composer, my brain subtracted the word "motive", leaving "loco", which means crazy. Being a composer, this appealed to me, so this piece is about locomotion as crazy movement! The work is scored for an orchestra comprising two flutes, three oboes, three clarinets, two bassoons, four French horns, three trumpets, three trombones, piano, three percussionists, strings.

Jeremy Eichler of The Boston Globe described Loco as "a gleaming and rambunctious curtain-raiser". Scott Cantrell of The Dallas Morning News called it "seven minutes of high-energy scurries, chatters, jabs and fanfares." Andrew Druckenbrod of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette wrote, "This piece imitates a "fast-moving train," and it roared into the hall. The fanfare-like work filled every nook and cranny with rhythmic pulsing and walls of sound." He added:The work is less technically descriptive than, Arthur Honegger's seminal Pacific 231, but it metaphorically captures the thrill of both being on a powerful train and watching one go by, alternating between both views. It was another intriguing piece by the PSO's composer of the year. List of compositions by Jennifer Higdon

Rainbow Magic

Rainbow Magic is a British children's fiction brand created by Working Partners and now owned by HIT Entertainment and best known for the children's books published by Orchard Books. The books are ghostwritten by a number of authors under the collective pseudonym Daisy Meadows and illustrated by Georgie Ripper in some books and uncredited illustrators in the latest books; the series follows the lives of Kirsty Tate and Rachel Walker and their magical adventures with their fairy friends. Rainbow Magic books by Daisy Meadows were the most-borrowed children's books at libraries in the United Kingdom, the second-most borrowed books overall at those libraries, for 2010 and 2011; the Rainbow Magic books are issued by Scholastic Inc. in the United States. Some series and individual book titles vary in the Scholastic editions. There are colored Rainbow Magic books for younger readers, which are published by Scholastic; the books are six chapters long and are grouped in sets based on a theme, such as'The Sporty Fairies' and'The Jewel Fairies'.

Rachel Walker - friendly and creative. She sometimes feels sorry for Jack Frost. Kirsty Tate - kind and clever, as well as loyal, fun-loving and adventurous, she is light on her feet, quite fast and makes up the plans. Jack Frost - rude and not nice, he is the King of he always orders them to do things for him. The Goblins - They cause tons of mischief and trouble, they have hooked green skin. They used to be small and tiny in the early books, but on they were changed so they are the size of an average child. Mr. Walker - Rachel Walker's father Mrs. Walker - Rachel Walker's mother Mr. Tate - Kirsty Tate's father Mrs. Tate - Kirsty Tate's mother Queen Titania - gentle and kind, wanting only the best for her subjects, she acts as a mentor to the fairies. King Oberon - noble and fair the one dealing with Jack Frost in person, he seems to be the only person. Various fairies - friends of Rachel and Kirsty Magical animals/pets The Rainbow Magic books are written and illustrated by a number of authors and illustrators who are: Linda Chapman.

Rainbow Magic: Return to Rainspell Island is a straight to video anime movie, first released in the United Kingdom on 7 May 2010. It is a Japanese-British co-production, animated by The Answer Studio and produced by Hit Entertainment, it was released in Japan. Rainbow Magic official website Rainbow Magic Series Homepage at Hachette Childrens Rainbow Magic on Hit Entertainment website Rainbow Magic: Return to Rainspell Island on IMDb