Kate Cooper

Kate Cooper is a Professor of History and Head of the History Department at Royal Holloway, University of London, a role to which she was appointed in September 2017. She was Professor of Ancient History and Head of the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Manchester, where she taught from 1995. Cooper was born in 1960 in Washington, D. C, she gained a BA in English Literature from Wesleyan University in 1982, an M. T. S. in Scripture and Interpretation from Harvard University in 1986. She was awarded her doctorate for the thesis'Concord and Martyrdom: Gender and the Uses of Christian Perfection in Late Antiquity' from the Department of the Study of Religion, Princeton University, in 1992, her supervisor was Peter Brown. She publishes under the name Kate Cooper. Cooper held a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship for a project on'The Early Christian Martyr Acts: A New Approach to Ancient Heroes of Resistance', her research interests are the cultural and religious history of late Roman society, focusing on the Christianization of Roman elites, on daily life and the Roman family and gender, social identity, the fall of the Roman Empire.

Other major fellowships and prizes she has held include a Research Councils UK Fellowship to investigate the role of violence in early Christianity during the century before and after the reign of Constantine the Great, asking what was distinctive about the Christian approach to violence, the role of violence in establishing identities and boundaries between communities. She is a regular contributor to print and broadcast media in the US and UK, blogs about her work, her work has been described as'ambitious','valuable', and'noteworthy'. Band of Angels was reviewed in the New Statesman, which said: "Her book is characterised by a scholarly seriousness and the disarmingly unapologetic way she links the personal, the political and the institutional. Avoiding clichés, she excavates the experiences of a wide range of women, letting them speak for themselves. Strikingly, she refers to her own experiences." The work was described as'‘the best kind of popular history.’A more mixed view was taken in a review in The Daily Telegraph, which found "Cooper has written a readable and important work of the history of religion.

She wears her evident scholarship but the text is suffused with personal and emotional perspectives. From the prologue, with its memories of her childhood and her mother, to the epilogue's fictitious portrayal of a virgin mother at the Council of Chalcedon in the fifth century, she abandons the detachment of the professional historian. While this can work well in the realms of human history, it seems to me problematic in the domain of religious history; this fine book, in other words, left me wondering whether Prof Cooper wasn’t having her faith claims and eating them."A The Guardian review said the book was "as much an exercise in historical detective work as anything else, an act of reading between and behind the lines, rescuing these lost women from ancient sources, assessing their influence, placing their lives in a broader social and historical context."'Christianity, Private Power, the Law from Decius to Constantine: The Minimalist View', Journal of Early Christian Studies 19, 327-43'The Long Shadow of Constantine', Journal of Roman Studies'Martyrdom and the "Media Event": Visionary Writing and Christian Apology in Second-Century Christianity', in Dominic Janes and Alex Houen and Terrorism: Pre-Modern to Contemporary Perspectives, 23-39'Religion, "The Secular": The View From Early Christianity', in John Wolffe and Gavin Moorhead, Religion and Global Uncertainties,13-15'Relationships and Religious Change in the Early Christian Household', in John Doran, Charlotte Methuen, Alexandra Walsham, eds.

Religion and the Household, 5-22 The Heroine and the Historian: Procopius of Caesarea on the Troubled Reign of Queen Amalasuentha, From Jonathan J. Arnold, M. Shane Bjornlie, Kristina Sessa, eds, A COMPANION TO OSTROGOTHIC ITALY, 296-315'The Bride of Christ, the'Male Woman,' and the Female Reader in Late Antiquity', in Judith Bennett and Ruth Mazo Karas, eds; the Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe, 529-44'A Father, a Daughter, a Procurator: Authority and Resistance in the Prison Memoir of Perpetua of Carthage', Gender and History 23, 686-703'Gender and the Fall of Rome', in Philip Rousseau, ed. A Companion to Late Antiquity'Insinuations of Womanly Influence: An Aspect of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy,' Journal of Roman Studies 82, 113-27'The Voice of the Victim: Gender and Early Christian Martyrdom,' Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 80:3, 147-57'All You Need is Love', The Literary Review, November 2015, p. 21'Closely Watched Households: Visibility and private power in the Roman domus', Past and Present 197, 3-33'Conversion and the Drama of Social Reproduction: Narratives of Filial Resistance in Early Christianity and Modern Britain', in Brigitte Secher Bøgh, ed. Conversion and Initiation in Antiquity: Shifting Identities - Creating Change, 169-83'Ventriloquism and the Miraculous: Conversion and the Martyr Exemplum in Late Antiquity,' in Kate Cooper and Jeremy Gregory, eds.

Signs, W

Piscidia piscipula

Piscidia piscipula also called Piscidia erythrina and named Florida fishpoison tree, Jamaican dogwood, or fishfuddle, is a medium-sized, tropical tree endemic to the wider Caribbean region including extreme southern Florida and the Bahamas, many of the Antillean islands and the coastal region from Panama northward to the vicinity of Ocampo, Mexico. Native Americans of the West Indies discovered extracts from the tree could sedate fish, allowing them to be caught by hand; this practice led to the tree's common names -- fishfuddle. The tree has medicinal value as an sedative; the generic name is Latin for "fish killer", the specific epithet is Latin for "little fish". The Florida fishpoison tree grows in coastal zones, it prefers sandy soils, with a top layer of humus. The tree has some tolerance to short-term storm surges of brackish seawater. Although it grows in coastal conditions, the tree is protected from direct salt spray by adjoining vegetation. Established trees are tolerant of drought, its sensitivity to the cold limits Florida fishpoison tree to areas no colder than plant hardiness zone 11.

The Florida fishpoison tree attains medium size with heights of 12 to 15 m and bole diameters of 46 to 118 cm. An irregular, open crown develops with erect branches, its deciduous leaves are alternate and pinnately compound. Five to 11 leaflets are present in an opposite arrangement. Leaflets are dark distinctly paler grayish-green below with pubescence, its white flowers are tinged with pink. They are attractive to bees. Trees bloom when about 4 m tall and 4 years old. Flowers develop into a light bean-like pod with four papery wings. Ripening in July and August, the pods contain red-brown seeds with oval shapes. Stem bark is olive gray in color with irregular dark patches and many smaller scales; the bark has an unpleasant odor and a distinctly acrid and bitter taste, causing a burning sensation in the mouth. After removal from the ripe pod, seeds germinate in 8 to 10 days when sown about 6 mm deep in moist soil; until seedlings become well established, they watered. Cuttings placed in moist soil sprout roots.

In fact, rooting has been observed to occur so posts made from fresh timber take root unintentionally. The Florida fishpoison tree is a larval host plant for several butterfly species, including: the native cassius blue butterfly and hammock skipper and the introduced fulvous hairstreak. In areas with a suitable climate and soils, Florida fishpoison tree makes a hardy, medium-sized shade tree with attractive seasonal flowers, it is ideal for yards and along fence rows. The species is shade intolerant; the yellow-brown wood of fishpoison tree is resistant to decay, making its timber suitable for outdoor usage, such as boat building, fence posts, poles. The dense, tight-grained wood is used as a fuel, to make charcoal, as a good carving material. Indigenous peoples all over the world used local poisonous plants to aid in catching fish, because of this many plants bear common names descriptive of this use. Within its natural range, Native Americans used an extract from the bark, roots and leaves of Florida fishpoison tree to sedate fish, making them easier to catch.

A number of chemicals present in the tree's tissues are toxic to fish, the principal one being the well-known rotenone. P. piscipula should only be used under direction of a doctor. Dosage must be individually determined It has been used in herbal medicine for treating nervous conditions and pain. Recent scientific studies in animals suggest that bark extracts may have potential for their anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects. Bahamian dry forests Cuevas-Glory, Luis. "Floral classification of Yucatan Peninsula honeys by PCA & HS-SPME/GC-MS of volatile compounds". International Journal of Food Science & Technology. 47: 1378–1383. Doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2012.02983.x. Estrada-Medina, Hector. "Source water and growth of two tropical dry forest tree species growing on shallow karst soils". Trees. 27: 1297–1305. Doi:10.1007/s00468-013-0878-9. Tamayo-Chim, Manuela. "A combination of forage species with different responses to drought can increase year-round productivity in seasonally dry silvopastoral systems".

Agroforestry Systems. 84: 287–297. Doi:10.1007/s10457-011-9470-8. Raintree Nutrition: Piscidia piscipula Pictures. Institute of Systematic Botany: Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Piscidia piscipula. Interactive Distribution Map of Piscidia piscipula