The Ed Sullivan Theater is a theater located at 1697–1699 Broadway, between West 53rd and West 54th, in the Theater District in Manhattan, New York City. The theater has been used as a venue for live and taped CBS broadcasts since 1936, it is known as the home of The Ed Sullivan Show and the site of both Elvis Presley's second and third appearances on it as well as The Beatles' debut performance in the United States. Since 1993, it has been home to The Late Show. CBS began using the theater during David Letterman's tenure as host, Stephen Colbert retained it when he took over the show in 2015, it is on the National Register of Historic Places, the interior has been designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. The 13-story, brown brick and terra cotta office building with a ground-floor theater was designed by architect Herbert J. Krapp, it was built by Arthur Hammerstein between 1925 and 1927, was named Hammerstein's Theatre after his father, Oscar Hammerstein I.
The neo-Gothic interior contains pointed-arch stained-glass windows with scenes from the elder Hammerstein's opera productions. The first production at the theater was the three-hour musical Golden Dawn, the second male lead of, Cary Grant still using his birth name, Archie Leach. Arthur Hammerstein went bankrupt in 1931, lost ownership of the building, it went by the name Manhattan Theatre, Billy Rose's Music Hall, the Manhattan once again. In the 1930s, it became a nightclub. After CBS obtained a long-term lease on the property, the radio network began broadcasting from there in 1936, moving in broadcast facilities it had leased at NBC Studios in Radio City. Architect William Lescaze renovated the interior, keeping nearly all of the Krapp design but covering many walls with smooth white panels, his work earning praise from the magazine Architectural Forum; the debut broadcast was the Major Bowes Amateur Hour. The theater had various names during the network's tenancy, including Radio Theater #3 and the CBS Radio Playhouse.
It was converted for television in 1950, when it became CBS-TV Studio 50. In the early and mid-Fifties, the theater played host to many of the live telecasts of The Jackie Gleason Show. Newspaper columnist and impresario Ed Sullivan, who had started hosting his variety show Toast of the Town, soon renamed The Ed Sullivan Show, from the Maxine Elliott Theatre on West 39th Street in 1948, moved to Studio 50 a few years later; the theater was renamed for Sullivan at the end of his "20th Anniversary Celebration" telecast on December 10, 1967. In the 1960s, Studio 50 was one of CBS' busiest stages, used not only for Sullivan's program but for The Merv Griffin Show, as well as several game shows. In 1965, Studio 50 was converted to color, the first color episode of The Ed Sullivan Show debuted from the theater on October 31, 1965. What's My Line?, To Tell the Truth and Password called the studio home after CBS began broadcasting in color. The first episode of regular color telecasts of What's My Line? was broadcast live on September 11, 1966.
Line and Truth remained at Studio 50 after they moved from CBS to first-run syndication in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The Ed Sullivan Theater was the first home for The $10,000 Pyramid, with its huge end-game board set at the rear of the stage, in 1973. Other short-lived game shows produced at the Ed included Musical Chairs with singer Adam Wade, Shoot For The Stars with Geoff Edwards, Pass the Buck with Bill Cullen; the CBS lease on the building expired in 1981 and it became a Reeves Entertainment teletape facility. As such it hosted the sitcom Kate & Allie, which ran from 1984 to 1989, as well as the early Nickelodeon talk show Livewire. In 1990, David Niles/1125 Productions signed onto the lease, with the theater to house his HDTV studio and new Broadway show Dreamtime. On October 17, 1992, an NBC special celebrating Phil Donahue's 25 years on television taped in the theater; the following month, NBC News used the theater for its November 1992 election night coverage. When David Letterman switched networks from NBC to CBS, CBS bought the theater in February 1993 from Winthrop Financial Associates of Boston for $4.5 million, as the broadcast location for his new show, Late Show with David Letterman.
The existing tenant, Niles' Dreamtime, was given four weeks to vacate. Due to the economics of moving the show and the lack of a comparable available Broadway theater, Dreamtime closed; the quick sale and vacancy of the building earned the realtor the Henry Hart Rice Achievement Award for the Most Ingenious Deal of the Year for 1993. The theater was reconfigured with lighting and sound adjustments. During the renovation the stained glass windows were removed and stored by CBS in an arrangement with the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; the architectural firm that did the work, Polshek Partnership, notes on its web site that "to preserve the architectural integrity of the landmark, all interventions are reversible."In 2005, it took nearly four months to retrofit the theater with the cabling and equipment necessary to broadcast high definition television. Letterman's production compan
The Iran Broadcasting University known as the Iran Broadcasting College is a public University in Tehran, Iran. It is affiliated to I. R. I. B and has campuses in Qom and Dubai; the first name of the institution was the Technical Training Center, changed to IRIB University. In 1982 diploma's in production were promoted to bachelor's degrees and in 1995 and 1996 degree's in technical engineering and film production were added. In 1997 a communications degree was created to join together academic disciplines. IRIB established a broadcasting school in Qom in 1997 which teaches up to degree level. Faculty of TV & Radio ProductionsMajors: TV Directing, Radio, Playing international InstrumentFaculty of Broadcast EngineeringMajors: Electrical Technician, Electrical Engineering, Sound EngineeringFaculty of CommunicationMajors: Communication, Research in the Communication and Marketing, Radio and TV JournalismFaculty of Digital ArtsMajors: TV and Digital ArtsFaculty of Philosophy and MediaMajors: Media Management and Media, Dramatic LiteratureFaculty of Media Applied Science and TechnologyMajors: Media, Sound, IT, Media Relations, Animation, Film Production, Financial Accounting, Cultural Affairs, Media Engineering, IT in Media Engineering 1st Conference on Broadcast Engineering 2005 2nd Conference on Broadcast Engineering 2007 3rd Conference on Broadcast Engineering 2009 4th Conference on Broadcast Engineering 2011 Iran Broadcasting University website
Arne RSPB reserve is a 563.4-hectare nature reserve and Site of Special Scientific Interest maintained by the RSPB and located in Dorset. It was notified as an SSSI in 1986; the reserve occupies the Arne Peninsula. Adjacent to the site is the village of Arne, although the nearest major settlement is the town of Wareham; the reserve opened in 1966 and is chiefly lowland heath, noted for the rare heather known as Dorset heath, for its breeding Dartford warblers. It has acid grassland, salt marsh and woodland, with reedbeds adjoining the mudflats of the harbour. Other important species include woodlark and, on the mudflats, spoonbill. Over 500 species of vascular plant have been recorded on the reserve since 1966; the reserve has a substantial herd of sika deer. Originating in East Asia, these animals escaped from deer parks during the 1860s and have now become naturalised, living on the heath and oak woodland of the site. Arne is renowned for its natural environment, has been featured on the BBC's Countryfile and Winterwatch programmes.
RSPB Interpretation boards - viewed 29 April 2007 Media related to Arne RSPB reserve at Wikimedia Commons RSPB pages about Arne grid reference SY972877