Edgar Lewis Horwood

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Edgar Lewis Horwood
E. L. Horwood October 1913.jpg
E. L. Horwood, October 1913
Born 1868
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Died 1967
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Occupation Architect
Practice E.L. Horwood (1895-1912); Horwood & Taylor (1907-10); Horwood, Taylor & Horwood (1911-1912); E.L. Horwood (1918–1929); Horwood & Horwood (1929-1937)

Edgar Lewis Horwood (1868–1957) was a Canadian architect who served as Chief Dominion Architect from 1915 to 1917.

As chief government architect he was responsible for many of the federal buildings constructed in this period. Drawings for public buildings designed by Horwood and his staff during his tenure as Chief Architect of the Department of Public Works are held at the National Archives of Canada in Ottawa.

He worked as an architect in private practice in Ottawa and the National Capital Region as E.L. Horwood (1895–1912); Horwood & Taylor (1907–10); Horwood, Taylor & Horwood (1911–1912); E.L. Horwood (1918–1929); Horwood & Horwood (1929–1937).

In 1891, Edgar Lewis Horwood designed the Britannia Nautical Club’s first clubhouse; the Club is celebrating is 125th anniversary in 2012.

Works as Dominion Architect[edit]

As Dominion Architect, his most important building was the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory and residence, Victoria, British Columbia, West Saanich Road (1915–16), which is a National Historic Site of Canada.

Other buildings he designed include a drill hall in Calgary, Alberta in 1916–17, two buildings at the Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa, Ontario: the Cereal and Agrostology Building, (1915–16) and the Agricultural Building (1915). He also designed buildings for an Experimental Farm in Brandon, Manitoba, these included a utility building (1917); two large barns (1917). Other designs include an addition to the Royal Canadian Mint refinery on Sussex Drive (1916) and a number of post offices across Canada: Summerside, Prince Edward Island (1915); Hampton, New Brunswick (1914–15); Chester, Nova Scotia (1915); Almonte, Ontario (1914–15); Burford, Ontario, King Street (1914–15); Fort Frances, Ontario (1916); Milverton, Ontario (1914–15); Palmerston, Ontario, William Street at Bell Street, (1915); Shawville, Quebec (1915–16)

Building Year Completed Builder Style Location Image
St. Stephen's Anglican Church (Ottawa) 1893 Edgar Lewis Horwood Britannia, Ottawa now Ottawa, Ontario
1891 Edgar Lewis Horwood Tudorbethian Britannia, Ottawa now Ottawa, Ontario Britannia yacht clubhouse
  • Royal Military College of Canada Workshop, former Riding School, Barriefield Road, Building R3;
  • Recognized - 1984 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings;
1916 Edgar Lewis Horwood Tudorbethian Kingston, Ontario
1916-17 Edgar Lewis Horwood Tudorbethian Calgary
51°02′45″N 114°05′20″W / 51.04583°N 114.08889°W / 51.04583; -114.08889 (Mewata Armouries)
Exterior view of the south side of the Mewata Armoury
Dominion Astrophysical Observatory National Historic Site of Canada. 1915-0906 Edgar Lewis Horwood Victoria, British Columbia Dominion Astrophysical Observatory front.jpg
1903-5 Edgar Lewis Horwood Ottawa, Ontario Ottawa Public Library old.jpg

Works in private practice[edit]

Specimens of Edgar Lewis.Horwood (architect) Colonial Architecture 1904 Ottawa, Ontario

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Mewata Drill Hall / Calgary Drill Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  2. ^ Metawa Drill Hall,
    • Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
Political offices
Preceded by
David Ewart
Chief Dominion Architect, Canada
1915 – 1917
Succeeded by
Richard Cotsman Wright