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Edgefield County, South Carolina

Edgefield County is a county located on the western border of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 26,985, its county seat is Edgefield. Edgefield County has as part of its western border the Savannah River. Edgefield is part of the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area; the origin of the name Edgefield is unclear. There is a village named Edgefield in England. Edgefield District was created in 1785, it is bordered on the west by the Savannah River, it was formed from the southern section of the former Ninety-Six District when it was divided into smaller districts or counties by an act of the state legislature. Parts of the district were used in the formation of other neighboring counties, specifically: Aiken in 1871. In his study of Edgefield County, South Carolina, Orville Vernon Burton classified white society as comprising the poor, the yeoman middle class, the elite planters. A clear line demarcated the elite, but according to Burton, the line between poor and yeoman was never distinct.

Stephanie McCurry argues that yeomen were distinguished from poor whites by their ownership of land. Edgefield's yeomen farmers were "self-working farmers," distinct from the elite because they worked their land themselves alongside any slaves they owned. By owning large numbers of slaves, planters took on a managerial function and did not work in the fields. During Reconstruction, Edgefield County had a slight black majority, it became a center of political tensions following the postwar amendments that gave freedmen civil rights under the US constitution. Whites conducted an insurgency to maintain white supremacy through paramilitary groups known as the Red Shirts, they used violence and intimidation during election seasons from 1872 on to disrupt and suppress black Republican voting. In May 1876, six black suspects were lynched by a white mob for the alleged murders of a white couple. In the Hamburg Massacre of July 8, 1876, several black militia were killed by whites, part of a large group of more than 100 armed men who attended a court hearing of a complaint of whites against the militia.

Some of the white men came from Augusta. Due to fraud, more Democratic votes were recorded in Edgefield County than there were total residents; the election was decided in Hampton's favor, the Democrats took control of the state legislature. As a result of a national compromise, Federal troops were withdrawn in 1877 from South Carolina and other southern states, ending Reconstruction. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles, of which 500 square miles is land and 6.3 square miles is water. Saluda County - northeast Aiken County - east Richmond County, Georgia - southwest Columbia County, Georgia - southwest McCormick County - west Greenwood County - northwest Sumter National Forest The long decline in population from 1910 to 1980 reflects the decline in agriculture, mechanization reducing labor needs, the effect of many African Americans leaving for Northern and Midwestern cities in the Great Migration out of the rural South; as of the census of 2000, there were 24,595 people, 8,270 households, 6,210 families living in the county.

The population density was 49 people per square mile. There were 9,223 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 56.77% White, 41.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. 2.05 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 8,270 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.90% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.80 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,146, the median income for a family was $41,810. Males had a median income of $32,748 versus $23,331 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,415. About 13.00% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,985 people, 9,348 households, 6,706 families living in the county; the population density was 53.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,559 housing units at an average density of 21.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 58.6% white, 37.2% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.2% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.8% were American, 9.0% were English, 6.7% were Irish, 5.1% were German.

Of the 9,348 households, 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them

Gold Prix de la TNT

The Gold Prix de la TNT, nicknamed as Les Gold, is a French accolade bestowed in a ceremony by various telecom organizations partenant with Télé Star in recognition of excellence in programs and professionals of French and Francophone television. They are models as the Emmy Award equivalent; the ceremony was preconceived to be the successor of the 7 d'Or and become one of greatest in French television. The César Award for cinema, the Victoires de la Musique for music and the Molière Award for theater, can be considered as equivalent; the five nomination categories are voted by a jury of journalists and news editors of television, representing all French media: Europe 1, RTL, Closer and Télé Star. The list of nominees is communicated May 11, at midnight; the official list of nominations for TNT's Gold Award is posted on the site of the ceremony. The first round of voting determines, in each category, emissions and columnists who received enough votes to enter the second round; the nominations are among 5 categories.

The closing of the first round takes place five days before the press conference announces appointments. The second round determines, in each category, or the ones who, having obtained the highest number of votes will be awarded; the announcement of the winners takes place at the ceremony, June 9, in the presence of all named and many personalities of French television. The closing of the second round takes place in online voting two days before the ceremony; the counting of votes in the second round is controlled and enclosed by the bailiff in his study, from 16h on the day of the ceremony. It prepares secure envelopes containing the names of the winners of the 12 categories, affix his seal them. From that moment, he keeps the 12 envelopes with him, he makes it to the place of the ceremony at 20h, settled behind the scenes. The bailiff hands and to each of remitters, as and extent of the advertisement trophies, the sealed envelope, which will be opened on stage, live, by delivering and its contents revealed to the public.

Eric Pavon, Editor of Télé Star and Télé Poche Gianni Lorenzon, Chief Editor of Public Leslie Benaroch, journalist Public Gaelle Placek, Assistant Editor of VSD Roman Ambro Europe 1 Thomas Joubert, Europe 1 Angevert Luc, Deputy Chief Editor of Closer Vatant Kevin, Chief Editor of Nabet Ruth, Journalist The Gold Prix de la TNT is awarded in the following categories: United States Emmy Awards France César Award Victoires de la Musique Molière Award Golden Globe Awards BAFTA Television Awards Screen Actors Guild Awards Writers Guild of America Awards Critics’ Choice Television Awards Directors Guild of America Awards Producers Guild of America Awards Television Critics Association Awards Official website


Ashura known as Yawm Ashura, is the tenth day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. It marks the day that Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. Ashura is a major holiday and occasion for pilgrimage in Shia Islam, as well as a recommended but non-obligatory day of fasting in Sunni Islam. Ashura marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram, the annual commemoration of the death of Husayn and his family and supporters at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram in the year 61 AH. Mourning for the incident began immediately after the battle. Popular elegies were written by poets to commemorate the Battle of Karbala during the Umayyad and Abbasid era, the earliest public mourning rituals occurred in 963 CE during the Buyid dynasty. In Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon and Pakistan Ashura has become a national holiday, many ethnic and religious communities participate in it. For Sunni Muslims, Ashura marks the day that Moses and the Israelites were saved from Pharaoh by God creating a path in the Sea or Noah leaving the Ark.

The root of the word Ashura has the meaning of tenth in Semitic languages. According to the orientalist A. J. Wensinck, the name is derived from the Hebrew ʿāsōr, with the Aramaic determinative ending; the day is indeed the tenth day of the month, although some Islamic scholars offer up different etymologies. In his book Ghuniyatut Talibin, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani writes that Islamic scholars differ as to why this day is known as Ashura, some of them suggesting that it is the tenth most important day with which God has blessed Muslims; the Battle of Karbala took place within the crisis environment resulting from the succession of Yazid I. After succession, Yazid instructed the governor of Medina to compel Husayn and a few other prominent figures to pledge their allegiance. Husayn, refrained from making such a pledge, believing that Yazid was going against the teachings of Islam and changing the sunnah of Muhammad. He, accompanied by his household, his sons and the sons of Hasan left Medina to seek asylum in Mecca.

On the other hand, the people in Kufa, when informed of Muawiyah's death, sent letters urging Husayn to join them and pledging to support him against the Umayyads. Husayn wrote back to them saying that he would send his cousin Muslim ibn Aqeel to report to him on the situation and that if he found them supportive as their letters indicated, he would speedily join them because an Imam should act in accordance with the Quran and uphold justice, proclaim the truth, dedicate himself to the cause of God; the mission of Muslim was successful and according to reports, 18,000 men pledged their allegiance. But the situation changed radically when Yazid appointed Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad as the new governor of Kufa, ordering him to deal with Ibn Aqeel. In Mecca, Husayn learned assassins had been sent by Yazid to kill him in the holy city in the midst of Hajj. Husayn, to preserve the sanctity of the city and that of the Kaaba, abandoned his Hajj and encouraged others around him to follow him to Kufa without knowing the situation there had taken an adverse turn.

On the way, Husayn found that Muslim ibn Aqeel, had been killed in Kufa. Husayn encountered the vanguard of the army of Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad along the route towards Kufa. Husayn addressed the Kufan army, reminding them that they had invited him to come because they were without an Imam, he told them that he intended to proceed to Kufa with their support, but if they were now opposed to his coming, he would return to where he had come from. In response, the army urged him to proceed by another route. Thus, he turned to the left and reached Karbala, where the army forced him not to go further and stop at a location that had limited access to water. Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad, the governor instructed Umar ibn Sa'ad, the head of the Kufan army, to offer Ḥusayn and his supporters the opportunity to swear allegiance to Yazid, he ordered Umar ibn Sa'ad to cut off Husayn and his followers from access to the water of the Euphrates. On the next morning, Umar ibn Sa'ad arranged the Kufan army in battle order; the Battle of Karbala lasted from morning to sunset on October 10, 680.

Husayn's small group of companions and family members fought against a large army under the command of Umar ibn Sa'ad and were killed near the river, from which they were not allowed to get water. The renowned historian Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī states: … hen fire was set to their camp and the bodies were trampled by the hoofs of the horses. Once the Umayyad troops had murdered Husayn and his male followers, they looted the tents, stripped the women of their jewelry, took the skin upon which Zain al-Abidin was prostrate. Husayn's sister Zaynab was taken along with the enslaved women to the caliph in Damascus when she was imprisoned and after a year was allowed to return to Medina. According to Ignác Goldziher, ver since the black day of Karbala, the history of this family … has been a continuous series of sufferings and persecutions; these are narrated in poetry and prose, in a richly cultivated literature of martyrologies …'More touching than the tears of the Shi'is' has become an Arabic proverb.

The first assembly of the Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali is said to have been held by Zaynab in prison. In Damascus, she is reported to have delivered a poignant oration. The

Randy Weston

Randolph Edward "Randy" Weston was an American jazz pianist and composer whose creativity was inspired by his ancestral African connection. Weston's piano style owed much to Duke Ellington and Thelonious Monk, whom he cited in a 2018 video as among pianists he counted as influences, as well as Count Basie, Nat King Cole and Earl Hines. Beginning in the 1950s, Weston worked with trombonist and arranger Melba Liston. Described as "America's African Musical Ambassador", he said: "What I do I do because it's about teaching and informing everyone about our most natural cultural phenomenon. It's about Africa and her music." Randolph Edward Weston was born on April 6, 1926, to Vivian and Frank Weston and was raised in Brooklyn, New York, where his father owned a restaurant. His mother was from Virginia and his father was of Jamaican-Panamanian descent, a staunch Garveyite, who passed self-reliant values to his son. Weston took dance lessons, he graduated from Boys High School in Bedford-Stuyvesant, where he had been sent by his father because of the school's reputation for high standards.

Weston took piano lessons from someone known as Professor Atwell who, unlike his former piano teacher Mrs Lucy Chapman, allowed him to play songs outside the classical music repertoire. Drafted into the U. S. Army during World War II, Weston served three years from 1944, reaching the rank of staff sergeant, was stationed for a year in Okinawa, Japan. On his return to Brooklyn he ran his father's restaurant, frequented by many jazz musicians. Among Weston's piano heroes were Count Basie, Nat King Cole, Art Tatum, Duke Ellington, his cousin Wynton Kelly, but it was Thelonious Monk who made the biggest impact, as Weston described in a 2003 interview: "When I first heard Monk, I heard Monk with Coleman Hawkins; when I heard Monk play, his sound, his direction, I just fell in love with it. I spent about three years just hanging out with Monk. I would pick him up in the car and bring him to Brooklyn and he was a great master because, for me, he put the magic back into the music." In the late 1940s Weston began performing with Bullmoose Jackson, Frank Culley and Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson.

In 1951, retreating from the atmosphere of drug use common on the New York jazz scene, Weston moved to Lenox, Massachusetts, in the Berkshires. There at the Music Inn, a venue where jazz historian Marshall Stearns taught, Weston first learned about the African roots of jazz, he would return in subsequent summers to perform at the Music Inn, where he wrote his composition "Berkshire Blues", interacting with artists and intellectuals such as Geoffrey Holder, Babatunde Olatunji, Langston Hughes and Willis James, about which experience Weston said: "I got a lot of my inspiration for African music by being at Music Inn.... They were all explaining the African-American experience in a global perspective, unusual at the time."Weston worked with Kenny Dorham in 1953 and in 1954 with Cecil Payne, before forming his own trio and quartet and releasing his debut recording as a leader in 1954, Cole Porter in a Modern Mood. He was voted New Star Pianist in DownBeat magazine's International Critics' Poll of 1955.

Several fine albums followed, with the best being Little Niles near the end of that decade, dedicated to his children Niles and Pamela, with all the tunes being written in 3/4 time. Melba Liston, as well as playing trombone on the record, provided excellent arrangements for a sextet playing several of Weston's best compositions: the title track, "Earth Birth", "Babe's Blues", "Pam's Waltz", others. In the 1960s, Weston's music prominently incorporated African elements, as shown on the large-scale suite Uhuru Afrika and Highlife, the latter recorded in 1963, two years after Weston traveled for the first time to Africa, as part of a U. S. cultural exchange programme to Lagos, Nigeria. On both these albums he teamed up with the arranger Melba Liston. Uhuru Afrika, or Freedom Africa, is considered a historic landmark album that celebrates several new African countries obtaining their Independence. In addition, during these years his band featured the tenor saxophonist Booker Ervin. Weston covered the Nigerian Bobby Benson's piece "Niger Mambo", which included Caribbean and jazz elements within a Highlife style, has recorded this number many times throughout his career.

In 1967 Weston traveled throughout Africa with a U. S. cultural delegation. The last stop of the tour was Morocco, where he decided to settle, running his African Rhythms Club in Tangier for five years, from 1967 to 1972, he said in a 2015 interview: "We had everything in there from Chicago blues singers to singers from the Congo.... The whole idea was to trace African people wherever we are and what we do with music."In 1972 he produced Blue Moses for the CTI Records, a best-selling record on which he plays electric keyboard. As he explained in a July 2018 interview, "We were still living in Tangier, so my son and I came from Tangier to do the recording, but when I got there, Creed Taylor said his formula is electric piano. I was not happy with that. People loved it." In the summer of 1975, he played at the Festival of Tabarka in Tunisia, North Africa, accompanied by his son Azzedin Weston on percussion, with other notable acts including Dizzy Gillespie. In 1977 he participated in FESTAC, the African world Festival of Arts and Culture held in Lagos, Nigeria.

Wilson Reiff Stearly

Wilson Reiff Stearly was the fourth bishop of Newark in The Episcopal Church from 1927 to 1935. Stearly was born on May 8, 1869, in Philadelphia, the son of Wilson Stearly and Mary Reiff, he was raised as a Reformed Christian. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from Philadelphia High School in 1886. Afterwards, he spent a year studying in Berlin. In 1887 he enrolled at the Union Theological Seminary and graduated in 1889, he was awarded a Doctor of Divinity from Kenyon College in 1915 and from Case Western Reserve University in 1916. Stearly was ordained a minister in the Reformed Church in 1889 and served as pastor of Hough Avenue Reformed Church in Cleveland, Ohio between 1889 and 1899, he joined the Episcopal Church and was ordained deacon on June 10, 1900, a priest on July 31, 1900, by Bishop William Andrew Leonard of Ohio. He became rector of Emmanuel Church in Cleveland and remained there till 1909 ehwn he became recrtor of the Church of Holy Apostles in Philadelphia. In 1912 he became rector of St Luke's Church in New Jersey.

Stearly was elected Suffragan Bishop of Newark in May 1915 and was consecrated in St Luke's Church on October 21, 1915, by Edwin Stevens Lines, Bishop of Newark. On May 22, 1917, he was elected Coadjutor Bishop of Newark and succeeded as diocesan bishop on October 25, 1927, he resigned as Bishop of Newark due to ill health and was succeeded by the Coadjutor Bishop of Newark Benjamin M. Washburn in November 1935. Stearly died on November 1941, in Millburn, New Jersey. Stearly married Helen B. Neuhauser on February 12, 1895, together had three children

Cyril Docker

Cyril Talbot Docker MBE was an Australian cricketer active from 1909 to 1920 who played for New South Wales and the Australian Imperial Force Touring XI. He was born in Ryde and died in Double Bay, Sydney, he appeared in 24 first-class matches as a right-handed batsman who bowled right arm fast medium pace. He scored 371 runs with a highest score of 52* and took 58 wickets with a best performance of five for 20. Docker served with the First AIF in the First World War. At the Battle of Pozières in 1916 he led a group that charged the German trenches, killing 60 of the enemy and capturing four. Shortly afterwards he was injured in a bomb attack, suffered from shell shock, he was a made a Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in the Military Division for "most valuable services rendered in the War" in the King's Birthday Honours in 1919. Docker played one match for New South Wales in 1909 and the other 23 matches of his first-class career for the AIF team between May 1919 and February 1920.

He had a successful banking career with the English and Australian Bank in Australia and overseas, served as head of the Australian Comforts Fund in the Second World War. In 1951 he married Hazel May Pearse in Sydney. Cyril Docker at ESPNcricinfo Cyril Docker at CricketArchive