SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Edgware

Edgware is a suburban town in north London in the London borough of Barnet but with a small part falling in Harrow. Edgware has its own commercial centre. Edgware has a suburban character, typical of the rural-urban fringe, it was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex. The community benefits from some elevated woodland on a high ridge marking the Hertfordshire border of gravel and sand. Edgware is identified in the London Plan as one of the capital's 35 major centres, it includes the areas of Burnt Oak, The Hale, Canons Park, parts of Queensbury. Edgware is principally a shopping and residential area and one of the northern termini of the Northern line, it has a bus garage, a shopping centre called the Broadwalk, a library, a hospital—Edgware Community Hospital, two streams—Edgware Brook and Deans Brook, both tributaries of a small brook known as Silk Stream, which in turn merges with the River Brent at Brent Reservoir. As of 2011, the town had a population of 76,506 and is made up of five wards from both Barnet and Harrow boroughs.

Edgware succeeds to the identity of the ancient parish in the county of Middlesex. Edgware is a Saxon name meaning Ecgi's weir. Ecgi was a Saxon and the weir relates to a pond where Ecgi's people caught fish. Edgware parish formed part of Hendon Rural District from 1894, it was abolished in 1931 and formed part of the Municipal Borough of Hendon until 1965. The Romans made pottery at Brockley Hill, thought by some to be the site of Sulloniacis. Canons Park, to the north-west, was developed as an estate by James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos and was the site of his great palace Cannons. Edgware was identified in 2008 as a major centre for preferred development in the London Plan. Edgware is a post town within the HA postcode area, it is partly within the NW postcode area. Until the 20th century there were no major rises in the population of Edgware. In the manor of Edgware in 1277 there were 52 customary tenants. In 1425–26 the manor of Edgware had three free and 29 customary tenants in the parish, in 1525–26 the numbers were two or three free and 26 customary tenants.

In 1547 there were 120 communicants in the parish. In 1597 there were between 60 and 70 houses in the parish, 44 more in the village of Edgware but on the west side of Watling Street and therefore in the parish of Little Stanmore. In 1599 there were six free and 25 customary tenants of the manor within Edgware. In 1642 in the Civil War the protestation oath of 1641 was taken by 103 adult males. In 1664 there were 73 houses in the parish, but the hearth tax of 1672 gives only 66. During the 18th century the average numbers both of baptisms and burials declined but steadily. There were said to be 69 houses in the village in 1766 and 76 houses in 1792. At the first census in 1801 the population was 412. Throughout the 19th century numbers rose except for the years between 1851 and 1871. Ten years the losses had been more than made good, in 1901 the figure of 868 had been reached. By 1921 the population had grown to 1,516, but the great infilling of the southern part of Edgware after 1924 caused the most spectacular increase.

In 1931 the population was 5,352. As well as Christian and subsequent settling of other religious groups, Edgware's development coincided with that of its Jewish community forming the largest single religious group. In the 2001 Census, 36% of Edgware residents give their religion as Jewish, 28% Christian, 9% Hindu and 5% Muslim; the Jewish community in Edgware has constructed its own Eruv. According to the 2011 census: Edgware ward of Barnet was 60% white. 13 % was 7 % Black African. 33 % of the population was Jewish, 11 % Muslim. The most spoken foreign language is Gujarati. Hale ward of Barnet was 10 % Indian. 39% was Christian and 19% Jewish. The most spoken foreign language is Gujarati followed by Romanian; this data does not represent the other wards of Canons and Edgware in Harrow and the Burnt Oak ward in Barnet. Argonaut Games once had its head office in Edgware. London Academy Beit Shvidler Primary School Holland House School Broadfields Primary School Deansbrook Primary School North London Collegiate School Rosh Pinah Primary School Edgware Junior School Canons High School Like most parts of northwest London, Edgware is served well by the London Underground and there are four stations serving the area: Edgware Burnt Oak Canons Park Queensbury 15-day London Buses serve Edgware, along with three night services, three school services, two non-TfL routes operated by Uno.

Edgware Cricket Club, based at Canons Park, play Sunday League cricket during the summer months. Lee Kern – writer and comedian best known for his work on Sacha Baron Cohen series Who Is America? as well as making The Edgware Walker – a documentary about a locally famous eccentric who wandered the streets of Edgware Richard Russell Owner of UK Record Label, XL Recordings Anita Asante footballer Eleanor Bron — actress Max Bygraves

Hinsberg reaction

The Hinsberg reaction is a test for the detection of primary and tertiary amines. In this test, the amine is shaken well with Hinsberg reagent in the presence of aqueous alkali. A reagent containing an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and benzenesulfonyl chloride is added to a substrate. A primary amine will form a soluble sulfonamide salt. Acidification of this salt precipitates the sulfonamide of the primary amine. A secondary amine in the same reaction will directly form an insoluble sulfonamide. A tertiary amine is insoluble. After adding dilute acid this insoluble amine is converted to a soluble Ammonium salt. In this way the reaction can distinguish between the three types of amines. Tertiary amines are able to react with benzenesulfonyl chloride under a variety of conditions; the Hinsberg test for amines is valid only when reaction speed, concentration and solubility are taken into account. The Hinsberg reaction was first described by Oscar Hinsberg in 1890. Amines serve as nucleophiles in attacking the sulfonyl chloride displacing chloride.

The sulfonamides resulting from primary and secondary amines are poorly soluble and precipitate as solids from solution: PhSO2Cl + 2 RR'NH → PhSO2NRR' + Cl−For primary amines, the formed sulfonamide is deprotonated by base to give water-soluble sulfonamide salt: PhSO2NR + NaOH → Na+ + H2OTertiary amines promote hydrolysis of the sulfonyl chloride functional group, which affords water-soluble sulfonate salts. PhSO2Cl + R3N + H2O → R3NH+ Laboratory procedure: science.csustan.edu

4404th Wing (Provisional)

The 4404th Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last was assigned to the Air Combat Command, stationed at Prince Sultan Air Base, Saudi Arabia; the mission of the 4404th Wing was to serve as the front line defense against possible Iraqi aggression after the 1991 Gulf War. It enforced United Nations Security Council Resolutions 687, 688, 949 and protected United States military forces stationed in Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia; the wing was inactivated on 1 October 1998. Established by Tactical Air Command at Prince Sultan Air Base, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia, to replace provisional air divisions established during the 1991 Gulf War; the original assets of the 4404th TFW came from the 4th TFW. In June 1991 the wing relocated to King Abdul Aziz Air Base, where it was activated as the 4404th Wing on 2 August 1991. From the start of Operation Southern Watch, the Wing was structured and manned to carry out a temporary mission, insuring that Iraq complied with the post-Operation Desert Storm United Nations sanctions.

It was engaged in. The 4404th consisted of six provisional groups assigned at nine locations in the Persian Gulf region, including Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait. During the 1990s and early 2000s, more than 5,000 airmen made up the wing, manned by airmen who rotated to Saudi Arabia on temporary duty assignments. During Operation Vigilant Warrior, the number of personnel peaked at about 7000. However, the wing was manned at minimum levels; this policy was intended to reduce the visibility of U. S. forces in Saudi Arabia, limit exposure to risk, reduce the impact on Air Force units worldwide from whom the airmen were assigned, insure that they were committed during their short tours of duty. This manning provided little flexibility to respond to changes in mission requirements. Air Force flying squadrons were assigned as units to the 4404th Operations Group on 15-, 30-, 45-, 60-, 90-day rotations depending on the type unit. Air Expeditionary Force III forces that deployed to Qatar from July through August 1996 were under the operational control of the 4404th Wing, under the tactical control of either the Commander, Joint Task Force-Southwest Asia or the Commander, Joint Task Force-Rugged Nautilus, but for force protection were under U.

S. Liaison Office, Qatar which does not have the command authority to direct force protection actions. After a terrorist truck bomb killed 19 airmen at Dhahran in June 1996, the wing was ordered to move to more secure location within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; as a result, it was moved back to Prince Sultan Air Base. It was inactivated and re-designated as the 363d Air Expeditionary Wing on 1 October 1998 as part of the implementation of the Air Expeditionary Force concept. Activated by Tactical Air Command as 4404th Tactical Fighter Wing on 13 March 1991Assumed equipment and personnel of 4th Tactical Fighter Wing Re-designated: 4404th Composite Wing, 17 June 1991 Re-designated: 4404th Wing, 1 January 1993 Inactivated on: 1 October 1998 Personnel and equipment reassigned to 363d Air Expeditionary Wing United States Central Command Air Forces, 13 March 1991 Air Combat Command, 2 June 1992 – 1 October 1988Attached to: Joint Task Force Southwest Asia, United States Central Command, MacDill AFB, Florida Squadrons were manned and equipped from units in the United States, PACAF, USAFE and Alaskan Air Command on a rotating basis.

King Al Kharj Air Base, Saudi Arabia, 13 March 1991 King Abdul Aziz Air Base, Saudi Arabia, 17 June 1991 Prince Sultan Air Base, Saudi Arabia, 19 June 1996 – 1 October 1998 Fighters F-4G F-15C F-15E F-16Electronic combat E-3 EF-111A EC-130Aerial refueling KC-135 KC-10Reconnaissance RC-135 U-2Cargo/troop transport C-130 C-21Search and rescue HC-130 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Globalsecurity.org, 4404th Wing, accessed February 2018. AFHRA record search, 4404th Wing