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Edinburgh Waverley railway station

Edinburgh Waverley railway station is the principal station serving Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland. It is the second busiest station in Scotland, after Glasgow Central, it is the northern terminus of the East Coast Main Line, 393 miles 13 chains from London King's Cross, although some trains operated by London North Eastern Railway continue to other Scottish destinations beyond Edinburgh. Services to and from Edinburgh Waverley are operated by Abellio ScotRail, including five routes to Glasgow, the Fife Circle, the reopened Borders Railway and services to Stirling/Dunblane/Alloa/North Berwick/Dunbar; the station is the terminus of the Edinburgh leg of the West Coast Main Line served by Avanti West Coast and TransPennine Express. Long distance inter-city trains are operated by CrossCountry to destinations such as York, Sheffield, Birmingham New Street, Bristol Temple Meads, Exeter St Davids and Plymouth. Waverley station is situated in a steep, narrow valley between the medieval Old Town and the 18th century New Town.

Princes Street, the premier shopping street, runs close to its north side. The valley is bridged by the North Bridge, rebuilt in 1897 as a three-span iron and steel bridge, on huge sandstone piers; this passes high above the station's central section, directly over the central booking hall. Waverley Bridge lies to the west side of the station and it is this road which, by means of ramps afforded vehicular access to the station and still provides two of the six pedestrian entrances to the station; the valley to the west the site of the Nor Loch, is the public parkland of Princes Street Gardens. Edinburgh's Old Town, perched on a steep-sided sloping ridge, was bounded on the north by a valley in which the Nor Loch had been formed. In the 1750s overcrowding led to proposals to link across this valley to allow development to the north; the "noxious lake" was to be narrowed into "a canal of running water", with a bridge formed across the east end of the loch adjacent to the physic garden. This link was built from 1766 as the North Bridge and at the same time plans for the New Town began development to the north, with Princes Street to get unobstructed views south over sloping gardens and the proposed canal.

The loch was drained. In 1770 a coachbuilder began work on properties feued at the corner between the bridge and Princes Street, feuers on the other side of the street objected to this construction blocking their views to the south. A series of court cases ended with the decision that the buildings nearing completion could stay to the west of that some workshops would be allowed below the level of Princes Street, further west a park would be "kept and preserved in perpetuity as pleasure ground" in what became Princes Street Gardens. In the mid 1830s proposals for a railway from Glasgow running along the gardens to a station at the North Bridge were set out in a prospectus with assurances that the trains would be concealed from view, smoke from them "would scarcely be seen". An association of "Princes Street Proprietors" who had feued houses in the street, had spent large sums turning the "filthy and offensive bog" of the Nor Loch into quiet gardens opposed the railway and in late 1836 put forward their case against the Act of Parliament for the railway.

The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway opened in 1842 with its terminus at Haymarket railway station, stopping short of Princes Street. In the Railway Mania of the 1840s, the railway sought another Act of Parliament allowing access along the gardens, at the same time two other railways proposed terminus stations at the North Bridge site. By several of the Princes Street properties were shops or hotels with an interest in development, agreement was reached in 1844 on walls and embankments to conceal the Edinburgh and Glasgow railway line in a cutting, with compensation of £2,000 for the proprietors; the North Bridge station was opened on 22 June 1846 by the North British Railway as the terminus for its line from Berwick-upon-Tweed. The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway's General station opened on 17 May 1847, on the same day as the Canal Street station of the Edinburgh and Newhaven Railway, serving Leith and Granton via a long rope-hauled tunnel under the New Town; the collective name "Waverley", after the Waverley Novels by Sir Walter Scott, was used for the three from around 1854 when the through'Waverley' route to Carlisle opened.

Canal Street station was known as Edinburgh Princes Street, not to be confused with the Caledonian Railway railway station built at the West End, named Princes Street station from 1870. In 1868 the North British Railway acquired the stations of its rivals, demolished all three, closed the Scotland Street tunnel to Canal Street; the present Victorian station was built on the site, extended in the late 19th century. Waverley has been in continual use since, under the auspices of the North British, the LNER, British Railways and latterly Network Rail. From its opening in its current form by the eastward tunnelled extension from Haymarket, Waverley has been the principal railway station in Edinburgh. From 1870 to 1965 the city had a second major station, Princes Street, operated by the rival Caledonian Railway, but this was never as important as Waverley; as at other large railway stations of the Victorian and Edwardian eras, the railway company constructed a grand station hotel beside their station.

The North British Hotel, adjacent to the station at the corner between Princes Street and North Bridge (on the site of the coachwor

CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier

CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier is a Martha L. Black-class light icebreaker and major navaids tender of the Canadian Coast Guard. Built in 1986 by Canadian Shipbuilding at Collingwood, Canada, she was the last ship constructed there; the ship has been based out of Victoria, British Columbia. Designed as a light icebreaker and buoy tender, Sir Wilfrid Laurier displaces 4,662 long tons loaded with a 3,812.1 gross tonnage and a 1,533.6 net tonnage. The ship is 83.0 metres long overall with a beam of a draught of 5.8 metres. The vessel is propelled by two fixed-pitch propellers and bow thrusters powered by three Alco 251F diesel-electric engines creating 8,847 horsepower and three Canadian GE generators producing 6 megawatts of AC power driving two Canadian GE motors creating 7,040 horsepower; the ship is equipped with one Caterpillar 3306 emergency generator. This gives the ship a maximum speed of 15.5 knots. Capable of carrying 1,096.0 long tons of diesel fuel, Sir Wilfrid Laurier has a maximum range of 6,500 nautical miles at a cruising speed of 11 knots and can stay at sea for up to 120 days.

The ship is certified as Arctic Class 2. The icebreaker is equipped with one Racal Decca Bridgemaster navigational radar operating on the I band; the vessel has a 980 m3 cargo hold. Sir Wilfrid Laurier is equipped with a flight deck and a hangar that can house two light helicopters of the MBB Bo 105 or Bell 206L types. However, the vessel is only allotted one helicopter; the ship has a complement of 27, with 17 crew. Sir Wilfrid Laurier has 26 additional berths. Sir Wilfrid Laurier's workboat/lifeboat No. 1 was re-purposed as a training boat/work boat, operated by the Maritime Affairs Committee Navy League of CanadaOutaouais Branch since 1995. The boat was named Fred Gordon, in honour of WO1 Fred Gordon, EM, CD former Regimental Sergeant-Major for Le Régiment de Hull 1967–1971. Fred Gordon was a member of the Hull Legion who supported the Royal Canadian Navy Sea Cadet Corps la Hulloise sponsored by the Outaouais Branch of the Navy League of Canada; the ship was constructed by Canadian Shipbuilding at their yard in Collingwood, Ontario with the yard number 230.

Named for a former prime minister of Canada, Sir Wilfrid Laurier was launched on 6 December 1985 and entered service on 15 November 1986. The ship is registered in Ottawa and homeported at Victoria, British Columbia; the ship was assigned to the Laurentian Region, but transferred to the Western Region. Sir Wilfrid Laurier is a multi-tasked vessel which carries out a wide variety of Coast Guard programs including buoy tending and rescue, science work, lightstation re-supply, beacon maintenance, radio repeater site maintenance, icebreaking/escorting, aids to navigation and science work during summer patrols in the Arctic; the vessel has been employed on research voyages and the rescue of survivors of the car ferry Queen of the North. In 2014 the ship was part of the search for John Franklin's ships and Terror, during the Victoria Strait Expedition. Erebus was found on that expedition. In 2016, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, accompanied by the Royal Canadian Navy vessel Shawinigan, carried archaeologists to the site for further research.

The two vessels continued the search for Terror. Maginley, Charles D.. The Ships of Canada's Marine Services. St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-55125-070-0. Saunders, Stephen, ed.. Jane's Fighting Ships 2004–2005. Alexandria, Virginia: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2623-3

Vranica case

The Vranica Case was the massacre of Army of RBiH POWs' in Mostar and Herzegovina, perpetrated by Croatian Defence Council, during Croat–Bosniak war, a part of larger Bosnian War. It was committed on 10 May 1993 by HVO, during the Bosnian War, when HVO shot dead 13 Bosnian POWs' in Mostar. Two journalists/reporters from Zagreb-based national broadcasting company Croatian Radiotelevision, Dijana Čuljak and Smiljko Šagolj, made a TV report about captured men in which both of them claimed that men were arrested terrorists who victimized Croat civilians, while recording them on tape as they were standing line-upped at gun point in front of the building of former "Vranica" state company; these two controversial journalists are still blamed by the families of victims in Vranica Case, for inciting massacre of Bosnian POWs' after broadcasting a false report. The bodies of Bosnian POWs' were found in Goranci Mass Grave. List of massacres in Bosnia and Herzegovina "Vranica Case" on YouTube - TV reportage by Dijana Čuljak-Šelebaj for Croatian Radiotelevision

Hopscotch (film)

Hopscotch is a 1980 American spy comedy thriller film, produced by Edie Landau and Ely A. Landau, directed by Ronald Neame, that stars Walter Matthau, Glenda Jackson, Sam Waterston, Ned Beatty, Herbert Lom; the screenplay was written by Bryan Forbes and Brian Garfield, based on Garfield's novel of the same name. Former CIA field officer Miles Kendig is intent on publishing an explosive memoir that will expose the dirty tricks of Myerson, his obnoxious and profane former boss. Myerson and Kendig's protégé Joe Cutter are foiled in their attempts to capture the former agent and stop the publication of his memoir, he cleverly stays one step ahead of his pursuers as the chase hopscotches around America and western Europe. Matthau received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actor -- Comedy; the Criterion Collection released the film on DVD in 2002 and in a 2K restoration on Blu-ray in 2017. At Munich's Oktoberfest, veteran CIA field agent Miles Kendig and his team foil a microfilm transfer. Upon Kendig's return to Washington, his boss, reassigns him to a desk job because Kendig did not arrest Yaskov, the head of the KGB in Europe.

Kendig explains to Myerson that he knows how Yaskov thinks, it would take time and resources to identify and learn about a new replacement. Kendig's good friend and protege, Joe Cutter, is assigned to take over his mentor's old job. Instead of accepting this situation, Kendig takes action, he shreds his personnel file and flies to Salzburg, Austria, to visit former lover Isobel Von Schoenenberg, whom he has not seen in a while. Yaskov, guessing what has happened, meets Kendig and invites him to defect to the KGB. On the spot, Kendig decides to do that: to write and publish a memoir exposing the dirty tricks and general incompetence of Myerson's CIA. Isobel is horrified, she helps by mailing copies of Kendig's first chapter to spy chiefs in the U. S. Russia, France and Great Britain. Myerson assigns Cutter to stop Kendig, Yaskov, not wanting his own agency's follies exposed pursues his old adversary. Kendig baits his pursuers by sending them explosive chapters and by periodically informing them of his location.

Leaving Europe, he returns to the U. S. cheerfully renting Myerson's own unoccupied Georgia family home. After purposely leaking his address, Kendig maneuvers the FBI into shooting up Myerson's home with both bullets and tear gas. Kendig flies to Bermuda by chartered seaplane on to London to present his publisher with the final chapter. Yaskov informs Cutter. Kendig purchases a vintage biplane—a Stampe version of the Tiger Moth—and hires an engineer to custom-modify it for a specific task. Myerson meets Kendig's publisher, who rebuffs his threatening bluster and tells them where Kendig's hotel room is. At the vacated room, all the pursuers read copies of the final chapter. Kendig ambushes Cutter in his hotel room, ties him up and gags him, informs Cutter that he will be flying across the English Channel from a small airfield near Beachy Head. Meanwhile, Isobel gives her CIA minders the slip, crosses the Channel by hovercraft to rendezvous early the next morning with Kendig. While everyone converges on the airfield, Kendig suffers a flat tire on his way and is taken by the local police to their station.

When a policeman recognizes him from a posted fugitive bulletin, Kendig escapes by short-circuiting an electrical socket and stealing a police car. He reaches the airfield, the Americans and Yaskov arrive by helicopter soon after. Kendig's biplane is pursued by Myerson in the helicopter, he evades Myerson's gunfire for a while, but the plane is hit and explodes over the English Channel. Myerson assumes that Kendig is dead. Cutter, remarks wryly that he "better stay dead". Kendig sneaks away from a deteriorating building on the edge of the airfield, using a barrel of rainwater to dispose of the remote control he had used to fly and destroy the biplane, he and Isobel set out for a few weeks in the south of France. Months Kendig's explosive memoir has become an international bestseller. Disguised as a Sikh and speaking with a British accent, Kendig buys a copy of his own book in a local bookstore, much to Isobel's complete exasperation with his disguises; the film features many pieces by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Notable examples include the aria "Non Più Andrai" from the opera The Marriage of Figaro, the andante movement from Eine kleine Nachtmusik, the first movement of Mozart's Piano Sonata No.11, K331, the Posthorn Serenade, K320 and a Rondo in D, K382. In the Hopscotch - Criterion Collection DVD special feature "Introduction by Neame & Garfield", director Neame stated that Matthau's agent made the suggestion that they put in some Mozart because this would please Matthau; as they looked into this, they realized. Ian Fraser was the arranger and found many sections of Mozart that fit the movie, but they could not find anything to go with Kendig typing, they asked Matthau. Hermann Prey's singing of "Non Più Andrai" highlights the antics of the old biplane as Myerson is shooting at it; the song tells how Cherubino, going into the army, will no longer be a dainty favorite, just as 5-foot-7 Myerson is going to lose his p

Leonard Manole

Leonard Andrei Manole is a Romanian footballer who plays for CSM Alexandria. He made his Liga I debut in a match against Poli Timişoara. Manole began his professional career with his home club Argeş Piteşti, he made his debut for Argeş Piteşti on 9 October 2010 as a second-half substitute for Ionuţ Murineanu against Arieşul Turda. Although he was supposed to sign a four–year contract with Astra Giurgiu following Argeş Piteşti's disaffiliation, he ended up signing with Vaslui, he made his debut in a 1–0 home victory against Poli Timişoara, coming in as a substitute for Vaslui captain Lucian Sânmărtean. He was handed the number 10 jersey, left vacant following the departure of Nicolae Stanciu. Statistics accurate as of match played 24 September 2013 Leonard Manole at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Leonard Manole at Soccerway

Ralph Dutton, 8th Baron Sherborne

Ralph Stawell Dutton, 8th Baron Sherborne, was the 8th and last Baron Sherborne. He created the gardens at Hinton Ampner near Alresford in Hampshire, on his death left the house and garden to the National Trust, it is now open to the public. Ralph Dutton was the only son of Henry John Dutton and Eleanor Cave, the last of four children, with three elder sisters, he started to create the garden at Hinton Ampner in the 1930s, with funding from his father. The parkland came directly up to the house, designed to be a hunting lodge; the house built in 1793, was remodelled extensively in 1867, but was restored to its original state in 1935 by Ralph Dutton, on the death of his father. It was badly damaged by fire in 1960. Dutton authored the book A Hampshire Manor that chronicles the history of the manor at Hinton Ampner and its gardens. Dutton collected paintings, hung in the house, including a set of paintings of the four seasons by Jacob de Wit, depicting cherubs painted in a three-dimensional monochrome style.

He had a well-stocked library in the house, damaged in the fire. Other non-fiction books authored by the 8th Baron Sherborne: The English Country House The English Garden The Land of France The English Interior Wessex The Age of Wren London Homes Normandy and Brittany The Victorian Home The Châteaux of France English Court Life Dutton was appointed High Sheriff of Hampshire for 1944, he was Trustee of the Wallace Collection. A great-grandson of John Dutton, 2nd Baron Sherborne, Ralph Dutton became the 8th Baron Sherborne on the death of Charles Dutton, 7th Baron Sherborne, in 1982. With no direct heirs and unmarried, he gave his estate, including Hinton Ampner, to the National Trust on his death in 1985. 28 August 1898 – 24 December 1982: Ralph Stawell Dutton 25 December 1982 – 20 April 1985: The Right Honourable Lord Sherborne