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Edith Wharton

Edith Wharton was an American novelist, short story writer and designer. Wharton drew upon her insider's knowledge of the upper class New York "aristocracy" to realistically portray the lives and morals of the Gilded Age. In 1921, she was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Literature, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1996. Edith Wharton was born Edith Newbold Jones on January 24, 1862 to George Frederic Jones and Lucretia Stevens Rhinelander at their brownstone at 14 West Twenty-third Street in New York City. To her friends and family she was known as "Pussy Jones." She had two older brothers, Frederic Rhinelander, 16, Henry Edward, 12. She was baptized Easter Sunday, at Grace Church. Wharton's paternal family, the Joneses, were a wealthy and prominent family having made their money in real estate; the saying "keeping up with the Joneses" is said to refer to her father's family. She was related to the Rensselaers, the most prestigious of the old patroon families, who had received land grants from the former Dutch government of New York and New Jersey.

Her father's first cousin was Caroline Schermerhorn Astor. She had a lifelong friendship with her niece, the landscape architect Beatrix Farrand of Reef Point in Bar Harbor, Maine. Fort Stevens in New York was named for Wharton's maternal great-grandfather, Ebenezer Stevens, a Revolutionary War hero and General. Wharton was born during the Civil War. From 1866 to 1872, the Jones family visited France, Italy and Spain. During her travels, the young Edith became fluent in French and Italian. At the age of nine, she suffered from typhoid fever, which nearly killed her, while the family was at a spa in the Black Forest. After the family returned to the United States in 1872, they spent their winters in New York City and their summers in Newport, Rhode Island. While in Europe, she was educated by governesses, she rejected the standards of fashion and etiquette that were expected of young girls at the time, which were intended to allow women to marry well and to be put on display at balls and parties.

She considered these fashions oppressive. Edith wanted more education than she received, so she read from her father's library and from the libraries of her father's friends, her mother forbade her to read novels until she was married, Edith obeyed this command. Wharton told stories from an early age; when her family moved to Europe and she was just four or five she started what she called "making up." She invented stories for her family and walked with an open book, turning the pages as if reading while improvising a story. Wharton began writing poetry and fiction as a young girl, attempted to write her first novel at age eleven, her mother's criticism quashed her ambition and she turned to poetry. At age 15, her first published work appeared, a translation of a German poem "Was die Steine Erzählen" by Heinrich Karl Brugsch, for which she was paid $50, her family did not want her name to appear in print, since writing was not considered a proper occupation for a society woman of her time. The poem was published under the name of a friend's father, E. A. Washburn, a cousin of Ralph Waldo Emerson who supported women's education.

In 1877, at the age of 15, she secretly wrote a 30,000 word novella Loose. In 1878 her father arranged for a collection of two dozen original poems and five translations, Verses, to be published. Wharton published a poem under a pseudonym in the New York World in 1879. In 1880 she had five poems published anonymously in the Atlantic Monthly, an important literary magazine. Despite these early successes, she was not encouraged by her family or her social circle, though she continued to write, she did not publish anything more until her poem "The Last Giustiniani" was published in Scribner's Magazine in October 1889. Between 1880 and 1890 Wharton put her writing aside to perform as socialite. Wharton keenly observed the social changes happening around her which appeared in her writing. Wharton came out as a debutante to society in 1879. Wharton was allowed to bare her shoulders and wear her hair up for the first time at a December dance given by a wealthy socialite, Anna Morton. Wharton began a courtship with the son of a wealthy businessman.

Henry's father was a hotelier and real estate investor from rural New Hampshire. His sister Minnie Stevens Paget married Arthur Paget. Wharton's family did not approve of Stevens. In the middle of Wharton's debutante season, the Jones family returned to Europe in 1881 for Wharton's father's health. Wharton's father, George Frederic Jones, died in Cannes in 1882 of a stroke. Stevens was with the Wharton family in Europe during this time. Wharton and her mother returned to the United States and Wharton continued her courtship with Stevens, announcing their engagement in August 1882; the month the two were to marry, the engagement abruptly ended. Wharton's mother, Lucretia Stevens Rhinelander, moved back to Paris in 1883 and lived there until her death in 1901. Wharton married in 1885 and began to build upon three interests—American houses and Italy. On April 29, 1885, at age 23, Wharton married Edward Robbins Wharton, 12 years her senior, at the Trinity Chapel Complex. From a well-established Boston family, he was a sportsman and a gentleman of the same social class and shared her love of travel.

The Whartons set up house at

MAN 24.3x0

The MAN 24.3x0 HOCLNR-NL was a series of low-floor 3-axle double-decker bus chassis built for right-hand drive markets, hence the R in the model designation. Unlike other low-entry double-decker buses in Hong Kong, there are steps in the lower deck aisle after the rear exit; the 24.3x0 was available as both the 24.310 and 24.350, with internal codes MAN A59 and MAN A57 respectively. For the type designation 24.310, 24 means that the bus has the maximum gross weight of 24 tonnes, whilst 310 means that the maximum power of the engine is 310 hp. In December 1997, Citybus introduced a solitary Australian-built MAN 24.350 bus with Volgren CR221LD bodywork. This bus remained unique in Citybus fleet and was withdrawn in 2015 due to engine failure and lack of spare parts. In 1998, Citybus ordered a number of MAN 24.310 buses with Berkhof/Volgren CR223LD bodywork after the trial of its MAN 24.350. However, in early 1999, Transport Department of Hong Kong set quota on the number of buses owned by Citybus, therefore the order was cancelled involuntarily.

At that time, construction of 32 Berkhof-bodied buses and 2 Volgren CR223LD-bodied buses had been completed, so MAN had to find buyers for these buses. One Berkhof-bodied bus was retained by MAN for testing, the others were sold for operations in Hong Kong. In 1999, Kwoon Chung Motors, a coach and rental bus operator in Hong Kong, took one of the Berkhof-bodied MAN 24.310, built for Citybus and the bus entered service in 2000. The bus was used on worker services, but during rush hours, it could be seen allocated to routes in Tung Chung. This bus was retired and stored in July 2015. Kowloon Motor Bus took delivery of the other 32 MAN 24.310 buses from the Citybus order. The 30 buses with Berkhof bodywork entered service in 2000; the 2 buses with Volgren CR223LD bodywork, stored in Volgren's facility at Perth, entered service in 2002. KMB ordered 15 MAN 24.310 buses with Volgren CR223LD bodywork. They had the staircase moved forward, had yellow instead of red handrails and no seats were fitted above the front wheels.

They entered service in 2002. All of these 47 buses are allocated to Tuen Mun Depot and run on express routes serving Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan, Kwai Tsing Districts and Kowloon; the buses has reached 16 to 18 years of age in 2018, KMB has withdrawn all of the buses from service. Stagecoach Group introduced 28 MAN 24.350 intercity coaches with Jonckheere Monaco bodywork in 1999/2000 for its Oxford Tube service. They were superseded by new Neoplan Skyliner intercity coaches in 2004. Competitors: Dennis Trident 3 Neoplan Centroliner Scania K94UB Volvo Super OlympianList of buses

New Hampton Town House

The New Hampton Town House is a historic meeting house at the junction of Town House Road and Dana Hill Road in New Hampton, New Hampshire. Since 1799, it has served as the community's town hall, is one of three surviving 18th-century town halls in Belknap County still used for that purpose, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. The New Hampton Town House stands in what is now a rural context, on the north side of Town House Road at its junction with Dana Hill Road, it is a vernacular single-story wood frame structure, with clapboarded exterior. It is covered with brick chimneys at either end; the main facade is five bays wide, with a center entrance sheltered by a gabled portico supported by square posts. The entry is flanked by paired Greek Revival pilasters, with simpler pilasters found at the building corners. A series of small ells extend to the rear of the main block; the interior of the main block is principally occupied by a large chamber, with the additions providing space for a stage and other facilities.

The stage curtain has been painted with a depiction of the building. New Hampton was incorporated in 1777, its early town meetings were held in local homes or barns; the town voted in 1798 to appropriate funds for the construction of a meeting house, to be funded by the sale of pews. By 1799 the building was sufficiently complete to house town meetings; as built, it was a typical late-18th century meeting house, with a second story gallery space and outside stairs. Because the building's religious function was dedicated to the Congregationalists, the local Free Will Baptists in the town built their own meeting house nearby, the Dana Meeting House; the building was used for religious services by a declining Congregationalist group that disbanded in 1842. There is some evidence that a Baptist congregation used the building for a time, but there was repeated discussion within the town over the need to update the building beginning in the 1840s; these discussions were acted upon in 1872, when the gallery level was removed along with the outside stairs, the roof was lowered to its present height.

The building was electrified in the 1930s, the stage and kitchen were added in 1940. National Register of Historic Places listings in Belknap County, New Hampshire