Philadelphia, sometimes known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U. S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth-most populous U. S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U. S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis; the Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, served as temporary U. S. capital while Washington, D. C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a railroad hub; the city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration after the Civil War, as well as Puerto Ricans; the city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia area had a gross domestic product of US$445 billion in 2017, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.
Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of 81,900 commercial properties in 2016, including several nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has more outdoor murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States; the city is known for its arts, culture and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent US$6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has emerged as a biotechnology hub. Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps, is the home of many U. S. firsts, including the first library, medical school, national capital, stock exchange and business school. Philadelphia contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site of Independence Hall.
The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015, as the first World Heritage City in the United States. Although Philadelphia is undergoing gentrification, the city maintains mitigation strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods. Before Europeans arrived, the Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape Indians in the village of Shackamaxon; the Lenape are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government. They are called Delaware Indians, their historical territory was along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley. Most Lenape were pushed out of their Delaware homeland during the 18th century by expanding European colonies, exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases smallpox, violent conflict with Europeans. Iroquois people fought the Lenape. Surviving Lenape moved west into the upper Ohio River basin; the American Revolutionary War and United States' independence pushed them further west.
In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory under the Indian removal policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living in Wisconsin, in their traditional homelands. Europeans came to the Delaware Valley in the early 17th century, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, who in 1623 built Fort Nassau on the Delaware River opposite the Schuylkill River in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey; the Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony. In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina and spread out in the valley. In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English colony of Maryland. In 1648, the Dutch built Fort Beversreede on the west bank of the Delaware, south of the Schuylkill near the present-day Eastwick neighborhood, to reassert their dominion over the area.
The Swedes responded by building Fort Nya Korsholm, or New Korsholm, named after a town in Finland with a Swedish majority. In 1655, a
Lauren Elizabeth Jackson is an Australian former professional basketball player. The daughter of two national basketball team players, Jackson was awarded a scholarship to the Australian Institute of Sport in 1997, when she was 16. In 1998, she led the AIS team. Jackson joined the Canberra Capitals for the 1999 season when she turned 18 and played with the team off and on until 2006, winning four more WNBL championships. From 2010 to 2016, Jackson played with the Canberra Capitals, which she did during the Women's National Basketball Association offseason during the time she continued WNBA play. Jackson made the Australian under-20 team when she was only 14 years old and was first called up to the Australian Women's National Basketball Team when she was 16 years old, she was a member the 2000 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics teams and captain of the 2008 Summer Olympics team, winning three silver medals. She was part of the Australian team that won the bronze at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Jackson was a member of the Australian Senior Women's Team that won a silver medal at the 2002 FIBA World Championship for Women in China, co-captain of the team that won a gold medal at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, captain of the team that won a gold medal at the 2006 FIBA World Championship for Women in Brazil. In 2001, Jackson entered the Women's National Basketball Association draft and was selected by the Seattle Storm, which viewed Jackson as a franchise player, she won two WNBA titles with the Storm, in 2004 and 2011, the latter earning Jackson the WNBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award. Jackson ranks among the top WNBA players in played games, minutes played, field goals, three-point shots, turnover percentage. Jackson played club basketball in Europe with WBC Spartak Moscow in Russia and Ros Casares Valencia in Spain, she played in the Women's Korean Basketball League, where she was named the league's Most Valuable Player and set a league record scoring 56 points, in the Women's Chinese Basketball Association.
Jackson announced her retirement from basketball on 31 March 2016, citing a persistent knee injury as the reason for her decision. Besides her basketball career, Jackson is in the process of attaining her university degree at the Macquarie University, majoring in gender studies. Lauren Elizabeth Jackson, whose nicknames include "Loz", "Jacko" and "LJ", was born in Albury, New South Wales, on 11 May 1981, the oldest of two children of Gary Jackson and his wife Maree Bennie. Both her parents played for Australia's national basketball teams. Jackson inherited her height from her father, who played for the Boomers in 1975, while her mother, played for the Opals from 1974 to 1982, she played in two World Championships, for the women's basketball team at Louisiana State in the late 1980s, wearing the number 15, the number Jackson wears in her mother's honour. She was one of the first Australians to play in the American collegiate system, where she was known for her aggressive style of play and was nicknamed "the assassin".
Her parents continued to play basketball locally on the social level when Lauren and her brother were young, her family had a basketball court in their backyard when Jackson was growing up. Her grandfather played for the Western Suburbs Magpies. Jackson grew up in Albury, she earned her Higher School Certificate in Canberra while she was training with the Australian Institute of Sport. Jackson studied for a psychology degree at Lomonosov Moscow State University and continued via correspondence from America. In 2007, she was working on a university course in business management. In 2010, she was taking classes at Macquarie University in Sydney, her course work included topics like women's rights and racism. Injuries have prevented her from studying around 2010, but in 2012, she was back working on her degree, her aspirations have included becoming a United Nations diplomat, she has considered becoming an advocate for women. Her interests regarding gender studies were inspired by a book regarding the rape during the Rwandan Genocide, Jackson is an ambassador of a foundation that seeks to empower the abused women of that war.
By 2015, Jackson was trying to get a Bachelor of Gender and Diversity at the University of Canberra through distance education. As a youngster, Jackson was active in other sports, she was involved in athletics at school and played tennis, which she gave up because competitions conflicted with her ability to play basketball. She played on her school netball team, until the age of 14, giving it up because of basketball commitments. In the off season, Jackson trains by pumping weights. Jackson is 195 centimetres tall, she was this tall by the time she turned 16, after she gained 15 centimetres in height when she was 15 years old. Jackson is believed to have married basketballer Paul Byrne in 2014. Jackson's first child was born in 2017. Lauren is the most famous basketball player in Australia, a position she reached by 2003. Prior to this, Australia's most famous player was Michelle Timms, Australia's first player of either gender to play internationally, she was recognised as one of the world's best basketball players by the time she was 21.
She has been described as Australia's answer to Michael Jordan or Shaquille O'Neal, the best female basketball player in the world. She has said regarding being the best female basketball player in the world: "I don't think about it. Nobody talks to me like that. It's not something. My family and people who have known me all my life, they see me for who I am, and
The Seattle Storm are a professional basketball team based in Seattle, playing in the Western Conference in the Women's National Basketball Association. The team was founded by her husband Barry ahead of the 2000 season; the team is owned by Force 10 Hoops LLC, composed of three Seattle businesswomen: Dawn Trudeau, Lisa Brummel, Ginny Gilder. The Storm has qualified for the WNBA Playoffs in twelve of its seventeen years in Seattle; the franchise has been home to many high-quality players such as former UConn stars Sue Bird, Swin Cash, Breanna Stewart. In 2004, 2010, 2018, the Storm went to the WNBA Finals. Of the teams that have been to the Finals, they are one of two; the team cultivates a fan-friendly, family environment at home games by having an all-kid dance squad, which leads young fans in a conga line on the court during time-outs, to the music of "C'mon N' Ride It" by the Quad City DJ's. Named for the rainy weather of Seattle, the team uses many weather-related icons: the team mascot is Doppler, a maroon-furred creature with a cup anemometer on its head.
The Storm was the sister team of the Seattle SuperSonics of the NBA prior to February 28, 2008, when the team was sold to Force 10 Hoops LLC. The Storm's predecessor was the Seattle Reign, a charter member of the American Basketball League, operating from 1996 through December 1998, when the league folded. Luckier than most localities that had an ABL team, Seattle was awarded a WNBA franchise and began play less than two years later; the Seattle Storm would tip off their first season in typical expansion fashion. Coached by Lin Dunn and led by guard Edna Campbell and Czech center Kamila Vodichkova, the team finished with a 6–26 record; the low record, allowed the Storm to draft 19-year-old Australian standout Lauren Jackson. Though Seattle did not make the playoffs in the 2001 season, Jackson's impressive rookie performance provided a solid foundation for the franchise to build on. In the 2002 draft, the Storm drafted UConn star Sue Bird, filling the Storm's gap at the point guard position. With Bird's playmaking ability and Jackson's scoring and rebounding, the team made the playoffs for the first time in 2002, but were swept by the Los Angeles Sparks.
Coach Anne Donovan was hired for the 2003 campaign. In Donovan's first year, Jackson would win the WNBA Most Valuable Player Award, but the team had a disappointing season, the Storm missed the playoffs; the 2004 Storm posted a franchise-best 20–14 record. In the playoffs, the Storm made quick work of the Minnesota Lynx; the Storm squared off against an up-and-coming Sacramento Monarchs team in the West Finals. The Storm would emerge victorious, winning the series 2–1. In the WNBA Finals, the Storm would finish off the season as champions, defeating the Connecticut Sun 2 games to 1. Betty Lennox was named MVP of the Finals; the win made Anne Donovan the first female head coach in WNBA history to win the WNBA Championship. Key players from the Storm's championship season were not on the team in 2005. Vodichkova, Tully Bevilaqua, Sheri Sam moved on to other teams. In addition, the pre-season injury of Australian star and new acquisition Jessica Bibby hampered the team's 2005 season. While they matched their 2004 record and made the playoffs, the Storm's title defense was stopped in the first round by the Houston Comets, 2 games to 1.
In 2006, the Storm would finish 18–16, good enough to make the playoffs. The Storm put up a good fight in the first round against the Sparks, but would fall short 2–1. In 2007, the Storm would finish.500, good enough to make the playoffs in a weak Western Conference. The Storm would be swept out of the playoffs by the Phoenix Mercury. On November 30, 2007, Anne Donovan resigned as head coach, was replaced by Brian Agler on January 9, 2008. Although most of Seattle's major sports teams endured poor seasons during 2008, the Storm would be the only standout team in Seattle that year, posting a franchise-best 22–12 record and finishing with a 16–1 record at home a franchise-best, but the No. 2 seeded Storm lost to the #3 Los Angeles Sparks in the first round of the playoffs in three games, ended Seattle's season at 23–14 overall. In 2009, the Storm were 20–14 and finished second in the Western Conference for the second straight year. In the playoffs, the Storm again lost to the #3 Los Angeles Sparks in 3 games, which ended their season in the first round for the fifth consecutive season.
In the 2010 season, the Storm were unstoppable with a record-tying 28 wins and 6 losses in the regular season, including a perfect 17–0 at KeyArena. This was the most home wins in the history of the WNBA. Along the way, Lauren Jackson was named WNBA Western Conference Player of the Week five times, Western Conference Player of the Month three times, on her way to being named WNBA MVP for the third time. Agler was named Coach of the Year. In the playoffs, the Storm reversed their fortunes from the previous five seasons, they started with a sweep of the Sparks, the team that knocked them out of the playoffs every time they met. They swept Diana Taurasi and the Phoenix Mercury in the conference finals, the Atlanta Dream in the WNBA Finals. With two league championships, the Storm became Seattle's most successful p
Susan Joy Wicks is a former basketball player in the Women's National Basketball Association. She played with the New York Liberty from 1997 to 2002, she serves as a collegiate basketball coach. Born in Center Moriches, New York, Wicks played for Rutgers University from 1984 to 1988. While at Rutgers, she was named a Kodak All-American in 1986, 1987 and 1988, in 1988 she won the Naismith, U. S. Basketball Writers Association, Women’s Basketball News Service and Street & Smith’s National Player of the Year awards, she was Player of the Year in the Atlantic 10 Conference in 1986, 1987 and 1988, winning the Atlantic 10 Tournament MVP award in 1986 and 1988, sharing it in 1987. She was named to All-Regional Teams in the NCAA tournament in 1986 and 1987, she holds the Rutgers records for points scored, scoring average, rebounding average, field goals made and attempted, free throws made and attempted, blocked shots. The scoring and rebounding totals are records for a male or female player at Rutgers.
She was a gold medalist in the 1987 Pan-American Games. Following her college career, she played professionally in Italy, Japan and Israel before the WNBA was founded. In 1997, she was signed for the inaugural WNBA season by the New York Liberty, to fill the role of back-up center; the Liberty played at the WNBA championship game, losing to the Houston Comets, 65 to 51. Source Wicks spent more than 15 years playing professionally overseas and played in the WNBA for the New York Liberty for six years. Wicks came off the bench for the Liberty but did start 45 of 182 regular season games, including 30 starts in 1999. Wicks starting in 1999 was due in part to her defensive skills, she developed into a fan favorite and was voted by the fans as a starter in the 2000 WNBA all-star game. In 2000, she received the WNBA's top award for the Kim Perrot Sportsmanship Award. In 1999 and in 2000, Wicks and the Liberty reached the WNBA Finals, only to be beaten by Houston again both times. In 2002, Wicks and the Liberty returned to the Finals again, but this time, they lost to Lisa Leslie and the Los Angeles Sparks.
In 182 WNBA games played, Wicks scored 823 points, for a total of 4.5 points per game, had 182 assists for one assist per game, recovered 788 rebounds, for a total of 4.3 per game, had 158 blocks, for a total of 0.90 blocks per game. She finished her WNBA career as the number eight leader of all times in shots blocked. Wicks is a lesbian and was one of the few players willing to discuss sexual orientation in the WNBA during her career, she has said "I can't say how many players are gay... but it would be easier to count the straight ones." She finds it "annoying" that the league exclusively promotes those who are mothers. "I like it when they give insight into athletes, I think it's great when they say,'Here's a player and her husband and baby.' But I'd love to see a couple of women profiled, too if they had a great, solid relationship, just to show that in a positive light." Since retiring from professional basketball, Wicks formed an all-girls basketball camp in New York City. In 2004, she completed her bachelor's degree at Rutgers and was hired as the Coordinator of Operations for the Rutgers women's basketball team.
In 2005, she was named an assistant coach of the team. Wicks was inducted into the Rutgers Basketball Hall of Fame in 1994 and was inducted into the university's Hall of Distinguished Alumni in 2005, she is one of only two Rutgers women's basketball players to have her jersey retired. In July 2006, she became the Assistant Coach for the women's basketball team at Saint Francis College in Brooklyn, New York. After leaving her assistant coaching position at Saint Francis College, Wicks said that she felt that being an out lesbian was an overwhelming liability in getting a job as a women's basketball coach. Wicks was inducted in the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame in June 2013, she did not have a prepared speech, but spoke extemporaneously, thanking Pat Summitt for her leadership in the formation of the Hall of Fame. Her credentials included selection as a Kodak All-American three times, the record-holder of career points and rebounds at Rutgers, records which had not been surpassed by any male or female players at Rutgers at the time of the induction.
She played professionally in the WNBA and was on the gold medal winning USA Basketball Pan-American Games team in 1987 Official Site WNBA Player File page for Sue Wicks 2003 WNBA Press Release on Sue Wicks' retirement St. Francis Hires Sue Wicks
Women's History Month
Women's History Month is an annual declared month that highlights the contributions of women to events in history and contemporary society. It is celebrated during March in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, corresponding with International Women's Day on March 8, during October in Canada, corresponding with the celebration of Persons Day on October 18. In the United States, Women's History Month traces its beginnings back to the first International Women's Day in 1911. In 1978, the school district of Sonoma, California participated in Women's History Week, an event designed around the week of March 8. In 1979 a fifteen-day conference about women's history was held at Sarah Lawrence College from July 13 until July 29, chaired by historian Gerda Lerner, it was co-sponsored by Sarah Lawrence College, the Women's Action Alliance, the Smithsonian Institution. When its participants learned about the success of the Sonoma County's Women's History Week celebration, they decided to initiate similar celebrations within their own organizations and school districts.
They agreed to support an effort to secure a National Women's History Week. In February 1980, President Jimmy Carter issued a presidential proclamation declaring the week of March 8, 1980, as National Women's History Week; the proclamation stated, "From the first settlers who came to our shores, from the first American Indian families who befriended them and women have worked together to build this nation. Too the women were unsung and sometimes their contributions went unnoticed, but the achievements, courage and love of the women who built America was as vital as that of the men whose names we know so well. As Dr. Gerda Lerner has noted,'Women’s History is Women’s Right.' It is an essential and indispensable heritage from which we can draw pride, comfort and long-range vision. I ask my fellow Americans to recognize this heritage with appropriate activities during National Women’s History Week, March 2–8, 1980. I urge libraries and community organizations to focus their observances on the leaders who struggled for equality –Susan B.
Anthony, Sojourner Truth, Lucy Stone, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Harriet Tubman, Alice Paul. Understanding the true history of our country will help us to comprehend the need for full equality under the law for all our people; this goal can be achieved by ratifying the 27th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which states that'Equality of Rights under the Law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.'" Carter was referring to the Equal Rights Amendment, never ratified, not to the amendment which did become the 27th Amendment to the United States Constitution after his presidency. In 1981, responding to the growing popularity of Women's History Week, Sen. Orrin Hatch and Rep Barbara Mikulski co-sponsored the first Joint Congressional Resolution proclaiming a Women's History Week. Congress passed their resolution as Pub. L. 97-28, which authorized and requested the President to proclaim the week beginning March 7, 1982 as “Women’s History Week."
Throughout the next several years, Congress continued to pass joint resolutions designating a week in March as Women's History Week. Schools across the country began to have their own local celebrations of Women's History Week and Women's History Month. By 1986, fourteen states had declared March as Women's History Month. In 1987, after being petitioned by the National Women's History Project, Congress passed Pub. L. 100-9 which designated the month of March 1987 as Women's History Month. Between 1988 and 1994, Congress passed additional resolutions requesting and authorizing the President to proclaim March of each year as Women's History Month. Since 1988, U. S. presidents have issued annual proclamations designating the month of March as Women's History Month. State departments of education began to encourage celebrations of Women's History Month as a way to promote equality among the sexes in the classroom. Maryland, Alaska, New York and other states developed and distributed curriculum materials in all of their public schools, which prompted educational events such as essay contests.
Within a few years, thousands of schools and communities began to celebrate of Women's History Month. They planned engaging and stimulating programs about women's roles in history and society, with support and encouragement from governors, city councils, school boards, the U. S. Congress. In March 2011, the Obama administration released a report, Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-Being, showing women's status in the U. S. in 2011 and how it had changed over time. This report was the first comprehensive federal report on women since the report produced by the Commission on the Status of Women in 1963; some organizations have issued statements marking Women's History Month, for example the Republican National Committee and the Democratic National Committee. A President's Commission on the Celebration of Women in History in America sponsored hearings in many parts of the country; the Women's Progress Commission will soon conduct hearings to promote interest in preserving areas that are relevant in American women's history.
Some of the groups promoting this interest are state historical societies, women's organizations, groups such as the Girl Scouts of the USA. 1980 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987: "Generations of Courage and Conviction" 1988: "Reclaiming the Past, Rewriting the Future" 1989: "Heritage of Strength and Vision" 1990: "Courageous Voices – Echoing in Our Lives" 1991: "Nurturing Tradition, Fostering Change" 1992: "A Patchwork of Many Lives" 1993: "Dis
Chasity Melvin is an American professional basketball player from Roseboro, North Carolina. A 6'3" forward, Melvin entered the WNBA in 1999, played for the Cleveland Rockers, the Washington Mystics, the Chicago Sky over twelve seasons in the league, she recorded WNBA career averages of 5.4 rebounds per game. Melvin has played professionally in Italy, Spain, Russia the ABL, China. During a game at the UIC Pavilion on August 15, 2007, Melvin's left eye was dislodged from its socket after Shameka Christon of the New York Liberty accidentally struck Melvin's face as the two were battling for a rebound. Melvin was treated at the University of Illinois-Chicago Medical Center, where her eye went back into its socket by itself, she was able to return to the arena to participate in Fan Appreciation Night activities after the game. Melvin suffered scratches but no skull fractures or vision loss. Melvin played for Asia Aluminum Basketball Club in China during the 2008–09 WNBA off-season, she returned to the Mystics for the 2009 season.
Melvin attended and played basketball for North Carolina State University from 1994 to 1998. In 1996-7, she was named a Kodak All-American, she led the Wolfpack to a Final Four appearance in her senior season and set an NCAA semifinal record by scoring 37 points in the Wolfpack's loss to Louisiana Tech on March 27, 1998. Source Chas44, Melvin's blog
The Texas Longhorns are the athletic teams that represent The University of Texas at Austin. The teams are sometimes referred to as the'Horns and take their name from Longhorn cattle that were an important part of the development of Texas, are now the official "large animal" of the U. S. state of Texas. The women's teams are sometimes called the Lady Longhorns, but both the men's and women's teams are referred to as the Longhorns, the mascot is a Texas Longhorn steer named Bevo; the Longhorn nickname appeared in Texas newspapers by 1900. The University of Texas at Austin is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System, it offers a wide variety of varsity and intramural sports programs, was selected as "America's Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis by Sports Illustrated. Texas was listed as the number one Collegiate Licensing Company client from 2005–2013 in regards to the amount of annual trademark royalties received from the sales of its fan merchandise. Texas is the only remaining NCAA Division I school to operate separate men's and women's athletic departments, after the other remaining holdout, the University of Tennessee, merged its men's and women's athletic departments at the end of the 2011–12 academic year.
A charter member of the Southwest Conference until its dissolution in 1996, the Texas Longhorns now compete in the Big 12 Conference, as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The school's colors are Orange and White, with Burnt Orange — known as Texas Orange – being the specific shade of orange used; the University of Texas Longhorn Band performs the alma mater as well as the university fight song at various sporting events. Over the years, Longhorn sports teams have won 52 total national championships, 44 of which are NCAA National Championships; the University of Texas fields a varsity team in nine men's sports and eleven women's sports. Two Texas Longhorn running backs have won college football's most prestigious individual award, the Heisman Trophy: Earl Campbell and Ricky Williams. Seventeen Longhorn players and two Longhorn coaches have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame, while four are enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Other Longhorn players have received recognition for their performance.
In terms of total wins, Texas is the 2nd-ranked NCAA Division I FBS program in college football history with 891 wins, after passing Nebraska during the 2016 season. As of the end of the 2016 season, the Longhorns' all-time record is 891–359–33. Only the University of Michigan has won more games and a greater percentage of games played than Texas, which recorded its 800th victory with the Longhorns' 41–38 win over the USC Trojans in the 2006 BCS National Championship Game at the Rose Bowl. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the program was somewhat less successful, but the Longhorns have since returned to prominence in college football, finishing in the top six of the AP and coaches' polls in 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2008 and 2009; the University of Texas team plays home games in Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium which has a seating capacity of 100,119. Renovations began on the stadium November 14, 2005, two days following the last home football game of the 2005 season; the improvements were completed before the 2008 football season, included additional seating and the nation's first high definition video display in a collegiate facility nicknamed "Godzillatron."
The University completed a $27 million expansion and renovation to the south end zone facilities in August 2009 which added 4,525 permanent bleacher seats and changed the playing surface to FieldTurf. With the new permanent bleacher seating section added behind the south end zone and the total remodeling of the north end zone completed in 2008, the stadium's official capacity now stands at 100,119; this was surpassed when 101,357 saw #3-ranked Texas beat Kansas 51–20 on November 21, 2009. The Longhorns are coached by Tom Herman, who came to Texas in November 2016 after being head coach at Houston. Mack Brown became the head football coach for Texas in 1998. From 1998 through the 2008–2009 season, the Longhorns had a 124–27 win-loss record. In his first six years at Texas, Brown had a winning record but he had not won the Big 12 conference or to lead the Longhorns into a Bowl Championship Series game, he was lauded for his recruiting while being criticized for failing to win championships. That changed with the 2004 Texas Longhorns football team who played in the 2005 Rose Bowl against the Wolverines of the University of Michigan.
The game was the first meeting between the two storied teams and the Longhorns' first trip to the Rose Bowl. In a classic game that featured five lead changes and three tie scores during the course of play, the Longhorns defeated the Wolverines 38–37 on a successful 38-yard field goal by place kicker Dusty Mangum as time expired, it was the first time the Rose Bowl had been decided on the closing play, it earned the Longhorns a top 5 finish in the polls. Three ex-Longhorns from the 2005 Rose Bowl team — Cedric Benson, Derrick Johnson, Bo Scaife — were selected in the 2005 NFL Draft. Brown followed up the strong 2004 season on the field with an successful 2005 recruiting season by securing the top-ranked recruiting class. With the exception of Cedric Benson, Derrick Johnson, Bo Scaife, Texas returned most of their key players from 2004–2005, including red-shirt Junior Quarterback Vince Young; the 2005 Texas Longhorns football team was given a pre-season No. 2 ranking by Sports Illustrated magazine, w