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Edna St. Vincent Millay

Edna St. Vincent Millay was an American lyrical poet and playwright, she received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1923, the third woman to win the award for poetry, was known for her feminist activism. She used the pseudonym Nancy Boyd for her prose work; the poet Richard Wilbur asserted, "She wrote some of the best sonnets of the century." Millay was born in Rockland, Maine, to Cora Lounella Buzelle, a nurse, Henry Tolman Millay, a schoolteacher who would become a superintendent of schools. Her middle name derives from St. Vincent's Hospital in New York, where her uncle's life had been saved just before her birth; the family's house was "between the mountains and the sea where baskets of apples and drying herbs on the porch mingled their scents with those of the neighboring pine woods." In 1904, Cora divorced Millay's father for financial irresponsibility and domestic abuse, but they had been separated for some years. Henry and Millay kept a letter correspondence for many years. Cora and her three daughters, Norma Lounella, Kathleen Kalloch, moved from town to town, living in poverty and surviving various illnesses.

Cora travelled with a trunk full of classic literature, including Shakespeare and Milton, which she read to her children. The family settled in a small house on the property of Cora's aunt in Camden, where Millay would write the first of the poems that would bring her literary fame; the three sisters were independent and spoke their minds, which did not always sit well with the authority figures in their lives. Millay's grade school principal, offended by her frank attitudes, refused to call her Vincent. Instead, he called her by any woman's name that started with a V. At Camden High School, Millay began developing her literary talents, starting at the school's literary magazine, The Megunticook. At 14 she won the St. Nicholas Gold Badge for poetry, by 15, she had published her poetry in the popular children's magazine St. Nicholas, the Camden Herald, the high-profile anthology Current Literature. Millay entered Vassar College in 1913 when she was 21 years old than usual, she had relationships with many fellow students during her time there and kept scrapbooks including drafts of plays written during the period.

While at school, she had several relationships with women, including Edith Wynne Matthison, who would go on to become an actress in silent films. After her graduation from Vassar in 1917, Millay moved to New York City, she lived in a number of places in Greenwich Village, including a house owned by the Cherry Lane Theatre and 75½ Bedford Street, renowned for being the narrowest in New York City. The critic Floyd Dell wrote that the red-haired and beautiful Millay was "a frivolous young woman, with a brand-new pair of dancing slippers and a mouth like a valentine." Millay described her life in New York as "very poor and very merry." While establishing her career as a poet, Millay worked with the Provincetown Players on Macdougal Street and the Theatre Guild. In 1924 Millay and others founded the Cherry Lane Theater "to continue the staging of experimental drama." Magazine articles under a pseudonym helped support her early days in the village. Counted among Millay's close friends were the writers Witter Bynner, Arthur Davison Ficke, Susan Glaspell, as well as Floyd Dell and the critic Edmund Wilson, both of whom proposed marriage to her and were refused.

Millay's fame began in 1912 when, at the age of 20, she entered her poem "Renascence" in a poetry contest in The Lyric Year. The poem was considered the best submission, when it was awarded fourth place, it created a scandal which brought Millay publicity; the first-place winner Orrick Johns was among those who felt that "Renascence" was the best poem, stated that "the award was as much an embarrassment to me as a triumph." A second-prize winner offered Millay his $250 prize money. In the immediate aftermath of the Lyric Year controversy, wealthy arts patron Caroline B. Dow heard Millay reciting her poetry and playing the piano at the Whitehall Inn in Camden and was so impressed that she offered to pay for Millay's education at Vassar College. After graduating from Vassar, Millay moved to Greenwich Village. A friend remembered seeing her red hair flying as she ran down MacDougal Street, “flushed and laughing like a nymph.” She would soon fall out of love, bluntly answering a marriage proposal: "Never ask a girl poet to marry you."

Holed up in a small, unheated apartment, she began to write shorter, pithier poems. Millay’s 1920 collection A Few Figs From Thistles drew controversy for its exploration of female sexuality and feminism. In 1919, she wrote the anti-war play Aria da Capo, which starred her sister Norma Millay at the Provincetown Playhouse in New York City. Millay won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1923 for "The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver". Millay wrote short stories for the magazine Ainslee's - but she was a canny protector of her identity as a poet and an aesthete, insisted on publishing this more mass-appeal work under a pseudonym, Nancy Boyd; as her fame grew and she became a household name, the publisher of Ainslee's offered to double her fees if he could use her real name. She refused. In January 1921, she went to Paris, where she met and befriended the sculptors Thelma Wood and Constantin Brancusi, photographer Man Ray, had affairs with journalists George Slocombe and John Carter, became pregnant by a man named Daubigny and secured a marriage license, but instead returned to England where her mother Cora helped induc

National Safe Place

National Safe Place is a non-profit organization based out of Louisville, Kentucky. It originated in 1983 from an initiative known as "Project Safe Place", established by a short-term residential and counseling center for youth 12 to 17; the organization is intended to provide access to immediate help and support for children and adolescents who are "at risk" or in crisis situations. The purpose is to both defuse a potential crisis situation as well as provide immediate counsel and support so the child in crisis may be directed to an appropriate shelter or accredited care facility. Businesses and community buildings such as fire stations and libraries are designated as "Safe Place" sites. Any youth in crisis can walk into one of the nearly 20,000 Safe Places across the country and ask an employee for help; these locations display the diamond-shaped Safe Place sign on their location. Inside, employees are prepared to assist any young person asking for help. Youth who go to a Safe Place location are connected to the nearby youth shelter.

The shelter provides the counseling and support necessary to reunify family members and develop a plan to address the issues presented by the youth and family. In October 2009, National Safe Place launched the TXT 4 HELP initiative, which provides youth immediate access to help and resources through texting. Youth can text the word "safe" and their current location to 69866 and receive an immediate text response with the location of the closest Safe Place site or youth shelter and the youth shelter phone number. If a site or shelter is not within a 50-mile range, the youth receives the number to the National Runaway Safeline. In 2012, National Safe Place added the option for live, interactive texting with a trained mental health professional. With this addition, youth can connect with Master's-level mental health professionals by text. In 2013, National Safe Place merged with the Youth & Family Services Network to create the National Safe Place Network. NSPN provides training and technical assistance to licensed Safe Place agencies and NSPN member organizations across the country.

More information about NSPN is available at The National Safe Place Network operates the Runaway and Homeless Youth Training and Technical Assistance Center, a national training resource for FYSB-funded Runaway and Homeless Youth grantees, as well as several other federally funded projects focused on human trafficking and other issues critical to youth service providers. Block Parent Program Safety House Program The first Safe Place case was in 1983 in Louisville Ky. At firehouse at 6th and Hill St Facilitated by Sergeant Matthew L Kaelin. Fire Co. Truck 3 Official website

Linda Hasenfratz

Linda Hasenfratz is a Canadian businesswoman, the president, CEO of Linamar since 2002, when she succeeded her father Frank Hasenfratz. Linda Hasenfratz is the daughter of the founder of Linamar, she has an MBA, both from the University of Western Ontario. In 1990, she started her career as a machine operator at her father's car parts factory, she has been CEO of Linamar since 2002. The company faced a few rough years after Hasenfratz took over, but since double-digit growth has increased revenue to $6 billion, $522 million in profit. Additionally, under Hasenfratz's leadership, there are now a total of 58 Linamar plants in 13 countries across Asia, North America and Europe. In May 2017, Hasenfratz spoke of Linamar's 23rd consecutive quarter of double-digit operating earnings growth. Hasenfratz is a member of the Canadian Business Hall of Fame. In 2014, she was the first woman to be named Canada's EY Entrepreneur of the Year, she has been chair of the Business Council of Canada. In 2018 she was named Canada's Outstanding CEO of the year.

In 2018, Hasenfratz was named to the Order of Canada. In May 2019, she was named the University of Western Ontario's 23rd Chancellor, she is married to a general contractor.

Geography of Togo

Togo is a small Sub-Saharan state, comprising a long strip of land in West Africa. Togo's geographic coordinates are a longitude of 1 ° 10 ′ east, it is bordered with 644 km of border. To the south Togo has 56 km of coastline along the Bight of Benin of the Gulf of Guinea in the North Atlantic Ocean. Togo is only 160 km wide at the broadest point. In total, Togo has an area of 56,785 km2, of which 54,385 km2 is land and 2,400 km2 is water. Togo is divided into six geographic regions. In the south are low-lying sandy beaches; the coastal region is narrow and followed by shallow lagoons. There are a number of lakes, the largest of, Lake Togo. Natural resources: phosphates, marble, arable land Land use: arable land: 44.2% permanent crops: 3.7% other: 52.1% Irrigated land: 73 km2 Total renewable water resources: 14.7 km2 Natural hazards: hot, dry Harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter. The country consists of two savanna plains regions separated by a southwest–northeast range of hills.

In the north lies the Ouatchi Plateau. This plateau is about 30 kilometres wide and located at an altitude of 60 to 90 metres above sea level. Terre de Barre is another name for this region, in use because of the reddish leached soil, rich in iron; this southern area of Togo has been categorised by the World Wildlife Fund as part of the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic ecoregion. Northeast of the Ouatchi Plateau lies a tableland. At its highest this region is about 500 metres above sea level; the area is drained including the Ogou River. To the west and the southwest of the tableland lie the Togo Mountains; these mountains run across the central region of Togo. The mountain range reaches into Benin where it is known as the Atakora Mountains and Ghana where it is known as the Akwapim Hills; the highest mountain in Togo is Mount Agou with a height of 986 metres. North of the Togo Mountains lies a sandstone plateau; the vegetation is characterized by savanna. The River Oti which drains the plateau is one of the main tributaries of the River Volta.

In the far northwest of Togo lies a higher region, characterized by its rocks: granite and gneiss. The cliffs of Dapaong are located in this part of Togo; the climate is tropical with average temperatures ranging from 27.5 °C on the coast to about 30 °C in the northernmost regions, with a dry climate and characteristics of a tropical savanna. To the south there are two seasons of rain (the first between April and July and the second between though the average rainfall is high; the climate is tropical and humid for seven months while the dry desert winds of the harmatten blow south from November to March, bringing cooler weather. Current issues: deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel health hazards and impact on the fishing industry from water pollution air pollution increasing in urban areasInternational agreements: Togo is party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Whaling This is a list of the extreme points of Togo, the points that are farther north, east or west than any other location.

Northernmost point – the tripoint with Ghana and Burkina Faso, Savanes Region Easternmost point – unnamed location on the border with Benin in the Mono river west of the Beninese town of Grand-Popo, Maritime Region Southernmost point – the point at which the border with Ghana enters the Atlantic Ocean, Maritime Region Westernmost point - the tripoint with Ghana and Burkina Faso, Savanes Region This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website


Nathowal is a village in the Ludhiana district in Punjab, India known as ‘Faujian da Pind’. The village is situated 12 km from Raikot, 54 km from Ludhiana and 151 km from the capital city of Chandigarh. According to the 2001 census, the village has the total population of 3,608 with 638 households, 1,892 males and 1,716 females; the village was founded in around 1706 by a Buttar Jatt from Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. Nathowal known for sending the larger number of young recruits to the armed forces. An unflinching loyalty to the armed forces is common to the residents of Nathowal, a sentiment that has earned it the title of ‘Faujian da Pind’ and the village was called Land of Martyrs as many of the freedom fighters and soldiers belongs to this village. Tucked away in a corner of Ludhiana district, amidst acres and acres of emerald fields, this village grows a bumper crop of soldiers in this season of scarcity. Figures speak volumes: the village brags 250 soldiers, around 16 of them stationed at J&K, as many ex-servicemen.

Many families from the village can still trace back their ancestry to one of the seven individuals now known as Seven Leaves who started the village. Punjabi is the mother tongue as well as the official language of Nathowal; the village is predominated by the Jatts of Buttar community/clan. Other Jatt clans includes, Sandhu, Bhandal, Bhullar and Sidhu. Nathowal has a population of around 7000. Majority of the villagers follows Sikhism. There are about 70 Muslim families with the population of around 500. Around 50 members are those of Hindus. In 1947, Muslims of this village didn't migrated to Pakistan because Sikhs and Muslims of this village treats each other with great love and lives in peace and harmony; the village have a Mosque as religious sites for worship. Agriculture is the main source of income. All the villagers are attached to Agriculture in indirect way. Many of them are government employees in Indian Army or another paramilitary forces; the main crops of the village are: Cotton and Rice

Pioneer Valley

The Pioneer Valley is the colloquial and promotional name for the portion of the Connecticut River Valley, in Massachusetts in the United States. It is taken to comprise the three counties of Hampden and Franklin; the lower Pioneer Valley corresponds to the Springfield, Massachusetts metropolitan area, the region's urban center, the seat of Hampden County. The upper Pioneer Valley region includes the smaller cities of Northampton and Greenfield, the county seats of Hampshire and Franklin counties; the northern part of the Valley was an agricultural region, known for growing Connecticut shade tobacco and other specialty crops like Hadley asparagus. The Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke economies transformed from volume producers of goods such as paper and armaments, into a combination of specialized manufacturing, distribution services for Boston and New York. Many of the cities and towns include areas of forests, Springfield itself, which in the early 1900s was nicknamed "The City in a Forest," features nature within its city limits and over 12% parkland.

The Pioneer Valley is known as a vacation destination. The Holyoke Range, Mount Tom Range, numerous rolling hills and meadows feature extravagant homes from the Gilded Age, many of which surround New England's longest and largest river, the Connecticut River, which flows through the region; the Pioneer Valley is a popular, year-round tourist destination—a role that it has played prior to its deindustrialization. Travelers are drawn to the Pioneer Valley by its lively college towns, such as Northampton and Amherst; the region features alpine skiing at resorts such as Berkshire East and Blandford Ski Resort and seasonal festivals that draw millions of visitors, such as The Big E—all six New England states' collective, annual state fair in West Springfield—and Bright Nights at Springfield's Forest Park—an elaborate, high-tech lighting display during the holiday season. The Pioneer Valley includes half of the southern Connecticut River Valley—an ancient rift valley created by the breakup of the supercontinent Pangea along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge during the Triassic and Jurassic periods of the Mesozoic Era.

The Connecticut River has been flowing through the valley for millions of years and was dammed to form glacial lake Hitchcock during the last ice age. According to King's Handbook of Springfield, by Moses King, the Pioneer Valley "is not an ordinary river channel. To the west lie the worn-down remnants of the once lofty Berkshire Mountains; these rocks now form many sharp mountains in the Valley. During the Triassic time, Massachusetts's portion of the Connecticut River Valley formed a shallow arm of the sea," leaving deposits that enriched the Pioneer Valley's inordinately fertile soil. Geologically interesting parts of the Valley are the basalt flows and dinosaur tracks in South Hadley and Holyoke, Massachusetts, a chain of basaltic traprock ridges known as Metacomet Ridge along the ancient tectonic rift including the Mount Holyoke and Mount Tom ranges, layers of rock deposit laid down by the river, varves and deltas deposited by Lake Hitchcock during the Pleistocene; the region known as the Pioneer Valley constitutes Massachusetts's portion of the fertile Connecticut River Valley and the hill and mountain towns to its east and west.

The following three counties—from north to south, each with a different character—encompass the Pioneer Valley: Franklin County is the most rural county in Massachusetts and thus reminiscent of southern Vermont, which it borders. Greenfield is its largest municipality, a small city used as a gateway to the region's many outdoor pursuits; the county offers downhill skiing at resorts such as Berkshire East, white-water rafting, zip-lining, hiking and other outdoor pursuits. In addition, Franklin County contains many former mill towns. Many of these have become quaint and scenic since the decline of the mills, Massachusetts's Routes 2 and 2A, which run through Franklin County, feature many antique stores. Hampshire County is the home to five prominent colleges and universities that cooperate with each other and are known collectively as the Five Colleges, they are UMass Amherst, Mount Holyoke and Hampshire. Each of these regarded liberal arts colleges and universities contribute to Hampshire County's college town atmosphere in the significant college towns of Northampton and Amherst.

Much of Hampshire County's cultural activity, vibrant nightlife, musical venues are concentrated in these two small but lively cities that are separated by a mere 7 miles. While the college towns in Hampshire County are known for their liberal political values and their embrace of alternative cultures and lifestyles, many of the county's outlying towns preserve their traditional, bucolic characters. In terms of political demographics, Hampshire County is one of the most liberal areas in the United States in both voter registration and election returns. H