Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan. It is one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of, 512 metres high. Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia.
Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and many international sport tournaments. Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, trade fair and cultural centres, its influence in commerce, entertainment, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities, it is a major cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world and a financial centre. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion. In 2009 the city was ranked one of the world's most successful as a city brand.
In the same year the city was ranked Europe's fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year, the city has been experiencing strong and renewed growth for the past three years. Since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 50 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network, a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe; the name Barcelona comes from the ancient Iberian Barkeno, attested in an ancient coin inscription found on the right side of the coin in Iberian script as, in ancient Greek sources as Βαρκινών, Barkinṓn. Some older sources suggest that the city may have been named after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca, supposed to have founded the city in the 3rd century BC, but there is no evidence that Barcelona was a Carthaginian settlement, or that its name in antiquity, had any connection with the Barcid family of Hamilcar.
During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona and Barchenona. Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to'Barça'. However, this name refers only to the football club; the common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna. Another common abbreviation is'BCN', the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport; the city is referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan, Ciudad Condal in Spanish, owing to its past as the seat of the Count of Barcelona. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear; the ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends; the first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, who named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC, but there is no historical or linguistic evidence that this is true.
In about 15 BC, the Romans redrew the town as a castrum centred on the "Mons Taber", a little hill near the contemporary city hall. Under the Romans, it was a colony with the surname of Faventia, or, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. Pomponius Mela mentions it among the small towns of the district as it was eclipsed by its neighbour Tarraco, but it may be gathered from writers that it grew in wealth and consequence, favoured as it was with a beautiful situation and an excellent harbour, it enjoyed immunity from imperial burdens. The city minted its own coins. Important Roman vestiges are displayed in Plaça del Rei underground, as a part of the Barcelona City History Museum; some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral. The cathedral known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have been founded in 343; the city
In the City (film)
In the City is a 2003 Spanish ensemble drama film directed by Cesc Gay. The film portrays the daily lives, lies and frustrations of a group of eight thirty-something friends living in Barcelona. Mónica López - Irene Eduard Fernández – Mario María Pujalte - Sofía Alex Brendemühl - Tomás Vicenta N'Dongo - Sara Chisco Amado - Manu Miranda Makaroff - Ana Carme Plà - Eva Leonor Watling - Cristina Àurea Márquez - Silvia Jordi Sànchez - Andrés Eric Bonicatto - Eric In the City is available in Region 1 DVD in Spanish with English subtitles. Goya Awards: Best Supporting Actor In the City on IMDb
Fernando Rodríguez Trueba, known as Fernando Trueba, is a book editor, film director and producer. Between 1974 and 1979 he worked as a film critic for Spain's leading daily newspaper El País. In 1980, he founded the monthly film magazine Casablanca, which he edited and directed during its first two years, he is the editor of Diccionario del Jazz Latino. Among other awards, he has won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film with Belle Époque in 1994, the Goya Award as Best Director three times and a Silver Bear for Year of Enlightment at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival. Miracle of Candeal won the Goya for Best Documentary, Chico and Rita won the Goya for Best Feature Animation. In 1999, The Girl of Your Dreams was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival. In 2011 he won the Award of the Hungarian National Student Jury for Chico and Rita at the 7th Festival of European Animated Feature Films and TV Specials; as a music producer he has won two Grammy Awards and four Latin Grammy Awards.
He is the father of Jonás Trueba. 1980: Ópera prima 1982: Mientras el cuerpo aguante 1983: Sal gorda 1985: Sé infiel y no mires con quién 1986: El año de las luces 1989: La mujer de tu vida: La mujer inesperada 1989: The Mad Monkey / aka Twisted Obsession 1992: Belle Epoque 1995: Two Much 1998: The Girl of Your Dreams 2000: Calle 54 2002: The Shanghai Spell 2004: El milagro de Candeal 2009: El baile de la victoria 2010: Chico and Rita 2012: The Artist and the Model 2016: La reina de España 2000: Calle 54 2002: Lágrimas Negras 2003: We Could Make Such Beautiful Music Together 2004: Bebo de Cuba 2005: Bebo 2006: Paz 2007: Live at the Village Vanguard 2008: Juntos para siempre 2009: Caribe - Michel Camilo Big Band 2010: Española Fernando Trueba on IMDb Official web by Trueba Fernando Trueba Productions web
Carmelo Gómez Celada is a Spanish actor. He was worked in the village of Sahagún until he moved for his acting studies to Salamanca, he is the recipient of two Goya Awards, for best supporting actor in El método and best leading actor in Días contados. In 2013, at the Gijón International Film Festival, he received the Nacho Martinez award. La Regenta. La cena. Elling. Carmelo Gómez on IMDb
Antonio Fernández Resines is a Spanish film and television actor. He was born on 7 August 1954 in Torrelavega, son of José Ramón Fernández Quevedo and Amalia Resines Ruiz de Rebolledo, who died on 10 July 2011, he studied on the Marianist Colegio Santa María del Pilar. Celda 211. La Dama Boba. Otros días vendrán. El mundo alrededor. Tánger. Dos tipos duros. El oro de Moscú. Trileros. Besos de gato. El embrujo de Shanghai. Marujas asesinas. Al sur de Granada. La caja 507. El portero. Pídele cuentas al Rey. La niña de tus ojos. El tiempo de la felicidad. Carreteras secundarias. La buena estrella. Tranvía a la Malvarrosa. La Ley de la frontera. Todos los hombres sois iguales. Acción mutante. La marrana. Cómo ser mujer y no morir en el intento. Todo por la pasta. El baile del pato. El vuelo de la paloma. Amanece, que no es poco. Luna de lobos, 1987. Moros y cristianos. La vida alegre. Lulú de noche. Sé infiel y no mires con quién. Sal gorda. La colmena. Vecinos. Ópera prima. Cheers Los Serrano Robles Investigador A las once en casa La banda de Pérez Los ladrones van a la oficina Eva y Adán: agencia matrimonial Antonio Resines on IMDb
Marcelo Piñeyro is an Argentine award-winning film director and film producer. Born in Buenos Aires, Piñeyro studied cinematography at the University of La Plata's School of Fine Arts. In 1980, he and his associate Luis Puenzo founded a Latin American production company. In 1984, Piñeyro came to international attention as executive producer of The Official Story. In 1985, the film became the first Latin American movie to win an Academy Award for the Best Foreign Language Film. In 1992, Piñeyro premiered as a director with Tango Feroz. In Argentina, the film initiated a debate about the country's past. Screened at such film festivals as the Toronto International Film Festival in 1993, the film won several awards including the Premio del Jurado Joven en el Festival de San Sebastián. Caballos Salvajes, Piñeyro's second film as director, became the second-highest attended film in Argentina, it received a number of awards, including the Jury's Special Mention at the 1996 Sundance Film Festival. The film played such festivals as the Mostra Internazionale del Film Venecia and the New Directors/New Films Festival at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, New York.
Piñeyro's next film, Cenizas del paraíso, was produced by Buena Vista International and became Argentina's highest-grossing film in 1997. It won a number of international awards, among them the Spanish Goya Award for Best Foreign Film in Spanish and was selected to present Argentina for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. In addition, the film was screened at a number of international film festivals, ranging from the Donostia-San Sebastián International Film Festival to the Toronto International Film Festival. In 2000, Plata quemada gained international recognition and reached a considerable audience worldwide. In Uruguay, where a large part of the plot takes place, Plata quemada became the most viewed film of the year. Screened at international film festivals like Venice, Biarritz and Rio de Janeiro, it won a number of awards and award nominations. In 2001, Piñeyro contributed the short film "El Dorado" to Argentina Vivo 2001, an anthology of shorts by Argentine directors; the following year, his feature Kamchatka played at film festivals in Berlin, Bahia, Brazil.
S. and Sydney and was selected to represent Argentina for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. His next film, El método, premiered in 2005 and was shown at several international film festivals, including the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival, it won two Goya Awards, including one for Piñeyro for best adapted script. In 2009, Las viudas; as of 2013, his most recent film is starring Mario Casas, Belén Rueda and Sergi López. Piñeyro has so far worked with Héctor Alterio, Leonardo Sbaraglia, Cecilia Roth, Leticia Brédice, Ernesto Alterio, Eduardo Noriega, Pablo Echarri and Fernán Mirás, as well as Federico Luppi, Imanol Arias, Dolores Fonzi and Natalia Verbeke. Piñeyro, as of April 2007, has been scripting a new project in collaboration with Marcelo Figueras, with whom Piñeyro had worked for Plata Quemada and Kamchatka. Director and writer Tango feroz: la leyenda de Tanguito Tanguito Caballos Salvajes a.k.a. Wild Horses Cenizas del paraíso a.k.a. Paradise Ashes Historias de Argentina en vivo Kamchatka Plata quemada a.k.a.
Burnt Money El método aks The Method Las viudas de los jueves aks The Widows of Thursdays Ismael Producer La historia oficial a.k.a. The Official Story Marcelo Piñeyro at Cinenacional.com Marcelo Piñeyro at Filmbug
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia