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Education in Switzerland

The education system in Switzerland is diverse, because the constitution of Switzerland delegates the authority for the school system to the cantons. The Swiss constitution sets the foundations, namely that primary school is obligatory for every child and is free in public schools and that the confederation can run or support universities; the minimum age for primary school is about six years in all cantons but Obwalden, where it is five years and three months. After primary schools, the pupils split up according to their abilities and intentions of career paths. 25% of all students attend lower and upper secondary schools leading after 12 school years in total to the federal recognized matura or an academic Baccalaureate which grants access to all universities. The other students split in two or more school-types, depending on the canton, differing in the balance between theoretical and practical education, it is obligatory for all children to attend school for at least 9 years. The first university in Switzerland was founded in 1460 with a faculty of medicine.

This place has a long tradition of chemical and medical research in Switzerland. In total, there are 12 Universities in Switzerland. In addition, there are seven regional associations of Universities for Applied Sciences which require vocational education and a special Berufsmatura, or a Fachmatura to study. Switzerland has a high rate of foreign students in tertiary education including one of the highest in the world of doctoral level students. Many Nobel prizes have been awarded to Swiss scientists. More Vladimir Prelog, Heinrich Rohrer, Richard Ernst, Edmond Fischer, Rolf Zinkernagel, Didier Queloz, Michel Mayor, Kurt Wüthrich, Jacques Dubochet have received nobel prizes in the sciences. In total, 113 Nobel Prize winners stand in relation to Switzerland and the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded nine times to organizations residing in Switzerland. Geneva hosts the world's largest particle physics laboratory, the CERN. Other important research centers are the Empa and Paul Scherrer Institute which belong to the ETH domain.

The obligatory school system includes primary education and secondary education I. Before that, children go to Kindergarten, with one or two years is required in most cantons. In the Canton of Ticino, an optional, third year is available for three-year-old children. In some German speaking cantons kindergarten and the first one or two years may be combined into a Grundstufe or Basisstufe where they are all taught together in a single class. In French speaking cantons kindergarten is combined into a four-year cycle primaire 1 or cycle 1, followed by a four-year cycle primaire 2 or cycle 2 which completes their primary school; the minimum age for primary school is about six years in all cantons but Obwalden, where it is five years and three months. The cantons Nidwalden allow five-year-olds to start primary school in exceptional cases. Primary school continues until grade five or six, depending on the school/canton. Any child can take part in school if they choose to, but pupils are separated depending on whether they speak French, German or Italian.

At around age 11–12, depending on which canton in Switzerland the child goes to school in, there could be a screening exam to decide how to separate the students for secondary school. Some cantons have a system of examination in the second semester of the final year of primary school, some cantons have an exam in second semester and continuous evaluation in both first and second semesters. In some cases, parents or legal guardians of the child are asked for their recommendations along with a self-evaluation done by the child. Parents' recommendation in combination with child's self-evaluation is called the third indicator for evaluating the student, the first being teacher's evaluation, the second the results of tests held in first semester; the fourth criteria is the final exam that takes place in the middle of the second semester of the final year primary school. At the end of primary school, pupils are separated according to their capacities and career-intentions in several sections for a period of 2–3 years in either Pre-higher secondary school section, General section or Basic section.

Students who aspire for an academic career enter Mittelschule to be prepared for further studies and the Matura. Students intending to pursue a trade or vocation complete three to four additional years before entering Vocational Educations which are regulated by federal law and are based on a cooperation of private business offering educational job-positions and public schools offering obligatory school-lessons complementary to the on-the-job education; this so-called "dual system" splitting academic and vocational training has its continuation in the higher education system. While the academic training l

John Leo

John Leo is a writer and editor in chief of "Minding the Campus", an independent, non-profit web site on America's colleges and universities. He joined the Manhattan Institute as a senior fellow in 2007 to launch the project and developed the site at the Institute for the past 8 years, he is a Visitor of Ralston College, a start-up liberal arts college in Savannah. From 1988 to 2006 his weekly column for U. S. News & World Report was syndicated to 140 newspapers by Universal Press Syndicate; the column focused on social and cultural issues, most political correctness, but advertising, language, the news media, higher education, pop psychology and the self-esteem movement. His 1995 column on Time-Warner, terming it America's "leading cultural polluter", sparked the campaign that led to Time-Warner's decision to sell off its 50 percent share in Interscope Records, a heavy producer of gangsta rap. Leo is a graduate of the University of Toronto, he covered the criminal courts for the Bergen Record of Hackensack, New Jersey, for three years before becoming editor in 1960 of the Catholic Messenger, published by the diocese of Davenport, Iowa.

In 1963, he became an associate editor of Commonweal in an independent Catholic magazine. In his weekly column for the National Catholic Reporter he pushed hard for free speech and greater openness in the church. In this campaign he attracted many critics and was disinvited as a speaker several times and banned in the diocese of Allentown; when the Reverend Daniel Berrigan, a flamboyant anti-Vietnam-war Jesuit, was exiled to Latin America and put under a vow of silence, Leo broke the story in his column and Berrigan was brought back home. The New York Times hired Leo in 1967 as its first reporter to cover the intellectual world. After leaving the Times, he was named an assistant administrator in New York City's Environmental Protection Administration, he returned to journalism and inaugurated the Press Clips column in The Village Voice and served as book editor of the sociological magazine, Society. From 1974 to 1987 he worked at Time as writer of the behavior section, which covered psychology, psychiatry and intellectual trends.

He wrote essays and humor, including the Ralph-and-Wanda dialogues between a liberal feminist and her curmudgeonly husband. Leo served on the board of advisers of the Columbia Journalism Review for ten years and on the church-state committee of the American Civil Liberties Union for two years, he has taught journalism at St. Ambrose University in Davenport and non-fiction writing at Southampton College on Long Island, he wrote that researchers should not worry about the effects of their findings, noting, "You're just supposed to tell your peers what you found. I don't expect academics to fret about these matters," regarding a study showing that diversity decreases the social capital of a community, his book of humor, How the Russians Invented Baseball and Other Essays of Enlightenment, appeared in 1989. His other books are Two Steps Ahead of the Thought Incorrect Thoughts, he has three daughters and lives in Manhattan with his wife, Jacqueline Leo, editor in chief of The Fiscal Times. Columns by Leo in U.

S. News All of Leo's columns Leo's Blog in U. S. News Minding the Campus, of which Leo is the editor in chief A Father's Day post about Leo Appearances on C-SPAN

Rob Riggle's Ski Master Academy

Rob Riggle's Ski Master Academy is an American comedy web television series starring Rob Riggle that premiered on August 23, 2018 on Sony Crackle. Rob Riggle's Ski Master Academy follows Rob Riggle, "who is known for his legendary ski master movies, has invested all of his money and reputation into an Academy celebrating America’s truest art form – personal watercraft riding. Rob, his legendary stunt man commandant Dirk Hamsteak and their entire staff of instructors spend a semester defending their beloved Academy at all costs. No matter how many people criticize it...go missing...or die!" Dave Allen as Gil Britt Baron as Brit Brit Hamsteak Eliza Coupe as Preggers Samm Levine as Jeb Rizwan Manji as Todd Billy Merritt as Dirk Hamsteak Alison Rich as Chandler Carl Tart as Chauncy Rob Riggle as himself Paul Scheer as Gary Brian Urlacher as himself Tim Meadows as Lake Commissioner Dermot Mulroney as himself Christopher McDonald as Jim Bassman Jamie Chung as Ghost Skier Beth Dover as C. A. R. O. L.

/ Goody Noël Wells as Karen the Mermaid David Arquette as himself Haley Joel Osment as Gaston Lebone Richard "Cheech" Marin as Condor de Bogota Jackée Harry as Hog Queen Jamie-Lynn Sigler as herself On January 14, 2018, it was announced that Sony Crackle was developing a new half-hour comedy series written and executive produced by Rob Riggle entitled Rob Riggle's Jet Ski Academy. On March 29, 2018, it was announced that Sony Crackle had given the show, now titled Rob Riggle's Ski Master Academy, a series order consisting of a first season of eight episodes; the show was created and written by Riggle, set to serve as an executive producer alongside Jonathan Stern, Keith Quinn, Bennett Webber, Chris Pizzi. Production companies involved in the series include Abominable Pictures. On July 10, 2018, it was announced that the series would premiere on August 23, 2018. Alongside the series order announcement, it was confirmed that the main cast would include Riggle, Billy Merritt, Britt Baron, Eliza Coupe, Dave Allen, Alison Rich, Carl Tart, Samm Levine, Rizwan Manji.

On July 10, 2018, it was announced that Dermot Mulroney, Christopher McDonald, Noël Wells, David Arquette, Jamie-Lynn Sigler, Jamie Chung, Haley Joel Osment would guest star in the series. Principal photography for the first season took place in California. On July 27, 2018, the first trailer for the series was released. In a positive review, Decider's Joel Keller praised the series saying, "Rob Riggle’s Ski Master Academy is a loopy combination of self-awareness, improv craziness, meta metaness. Does it work all the time? No, but there’s a reason why shows of this ilk, starring Riggle, Scheer, or any combination of their early-’00s UCB alumni buddies is good for a guffaw or two: these folks have been doing improv together for 20 years, the chemistry and ease is always apparent when they perform together." Official website Rob Riggle's Ski Master Academy on IMDb