Edward Franklin Albee III was an American playwright known for works such as The Zoo Story, The Sandbox, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, A Delicate Balance, Three Tall Women. He was a leading American representative of the Theater of the Absurd. Three of his plays won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, two of his other works won the Tony Award for Best Play, his works are considered as frank examinations of the modern condition. His early works reflect a mastery and Americanization of the Theatre of the Absurd that found its peak in works by European playwrights such as Samuel Beckett, Eugène Ionesco, Jean Genet, his middle period comprised plays that explored the psychology of maturing and sexual relationships. Younger American playwrights, such as Paula Vogel, credit Albee's daring mix of theatricality and biting dialogue with helping to reinvent the post-war American theatre in the early 1960s. In his life, Albee continued to experiment in works such as The Goat, or Who Is Sylvia?. Edward Albee was born in 1928.
He was placed for adoption two weeks and taken to Larchmont, New York, where he grew up. Albee's adoptive father, Reed A. Albee, the wealthy son of vaudeville magnate Edward Franklin Albee II, owned several theaters, his adoptive mother, Reed's second wife, was a socialite. He based the main character of his 1991 play Three Tall Women on his mother, with whom he had a conflicted relationship. Albee attended the Rye Country Day School the Lawrenceville School in New Jersey, from which he was expelled, he was sent to Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne, where he was dismissed in less than a year. He enrolled at The Choate School in Wallingford, graduating in 1946, he had attracted theatre attention by having scripted and published nine poems, eleven short stories, essays, a long act play named Schism and a 500 page novel, The Flesh of Unbelievers in 1946. His formal education continued at Trinity College in Hartford, where he was expelled in 1947 for skipping classes and refusing to attend compulsory chapel.
Albee left home for good. In a interview, he said: "I never felt comfortable with the adoptive parents. I don't think. I didn't know how to be a son, either." In a 1994 interview, he stated that he left home at the age of 18 because " had to get out of that stultifying, suffocating environment." In a 2008 interview, he told interviewer Charlie Rose that he was "thrown out" because his parents wanted him to become a "corporate thug" and did not approve of his aspirations to become a writer. Albee moved into New York's Greenwich Village, where he supported himself with odd jobs while learning to write plays. In his early plays, Albee's work had various representations of the LGBTQIA community challenging the image of a heterosexual marriage. Despite challenging society's views about the gay community, he did not view himself as an LGBT advocate. Albee's work criticized the American dream, his first play, The Zoo Story, written in three weeks, was first staged in Berlin in 1959 before premiering Off-Broadway in 1960.
His next play, The Death of Bessie Smith premiered in Berlin before arriving in New York. Albee's most iconic play, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, opened on Broadway at the Billy Rose Theatre on October 13, 1962, closed on May 16, 1964, after five previews and 664 performances. The controversial play won the Tony Award for Best Play in 1963 and was selected for the 1963 Pulitzer Prize by the award's drama jury, but was overruled by the advisory committee, which elected not to give a drama award at all; the two members of the jury, John Mason Brown and John Gassner, subsequently resigned in protest. An Academy Award-winning film adaptation of the controversial play was released in 1966 starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, George Segal, Sandy Dennis. In 2013, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". According to The New York Times, Albee was "widely considered to be the foremost American playwright of his generation."The less-than-diligent student dedicated much of his time to promoting American university theatre.
Most he served as a distinguished professor at the University of Houston, where he taught playwriting. His plays are published by Inc.. A member of the Dramatists Guild Council, Albee received three Pulitzer Prizes for drama—for A Delicate Balance and Three Tall Women. Albee was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1972. In 1985, Albee was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame. In 1999, Albee received the PEN/Laura Pels Theater Award as a Master American Dramatist, he received a Special Tony Award for Lifetime Achievement. In 2009, Albee received honorary degree from the Bulgarian National Academy of Theater and Film Arts, a member of the Global Alliance of Theater Schools. In 2008, in celebration of Albee's 80th birthday, a number of his plays were mounted in distinguished Off-Broadway venues, including the historic Cherry Lane Theatre where the playwright directed two of his early one-acts, The American Dream and The Sandbox. Albee established the Edward F. Albee Foundation, Inc. in 1967, from royalties from his play Who's A
William Thomson Sloper was an American stockbroker and survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. Sloper, 28 when the Titanic sank, traveled as a first-class passenger and was saved after boarding lifeboat #7, the first to be launched from the vessel. Sloper was born in New Britain, son of Andrew Jackson Sloper and Ella Thomson Sloper. In April 1912, he was returning to the United States after a three-month vacation in Europe; the stockbroker and estate manager planned to travel on board the RMS Mauretania. However, while still in Europe, he met the Canadian family of Mark Fortune and became fond of his daughter Alice, prompting him to cancel his tickets aboard the Mauretania and purchase tickets for the maiden voyage of the Titanic. On the night of the sinking, Sloper was playing bridge with other men when the Titanic struck an iceberg and began to sink. At first, he didn't pay much attention to the turmoil on deck but as time passed he decided to leave the room and go up to deck. Since he thought that the Titanic was "unsinkable", he first refused to leave, but gave in after insistence by actress Dorothy Gibson who urged him to go with her aboard lifeboat #7.
He would credit her with saving his life after the disaster. On April 19, 1912, one day after arriving in New York City aboard the RMS Carpathia, a tabloid newspaper identified him as one of the passengers who had dressed in women's clothing to get their spot in the lifeboats. Sloper would spend the rest of his life denying the accusations. After the disaster, Sloper became a managing partner of a private investment firm, he married Helen Tallmadge Lindenberg on February 26, 1915 in Columbus and brought up her three daughters from a previous marriage. William Sloper died on 1 May 1955
The Helpmann Awards are accolades for live entertainment and performing arts in Australia, presented by industry group Live Performance Australia. Established in 2001, the annual awards recognise achievements in the disciplines of musical theatre, contemporary music, opera, classical music, theatre and physical theatre, they are named in honour of Sir Robert Helpmann. Over forty competitive awards are given to productions and concerts, for individuals for their work in performance, choreography, sound, music and scenic design. Non-competitive awards are presented including the JC Williamson Award and Best Special Event; the Helpmann Awards were established in 2001 by the Australian Entertainment Industry Association. They are named in honour of Australian actor, choreographer and theatre director, Sir Robert Helpmann; the accolade was created to be the Australian equivalent of the Tony Awards for Broadway theatre in the United States, the Laurence Olivier Awards for West End theatre in the United Kingdom.
The aim of the awards is to promote Australia's live entertainment industry, both locally and internationally, by: recognising artistic achievements. At the inaugural Helpmann Awards, twenty six accolades were handed out for achievements in performance, choreography, sound, music and scenic design and production, in the disciplines of musical theatre, contemporary music, opera, classical music, theatre and physical theatre. Over the years the categories now include over forty honours. Special non-competitive prizes are bestowed upon individuals: the JC Williamson Award, for one's life's work in Australia's live entertainment industry and the highest honour presented by Live Performance Australia. To be eligible for the Helpmann Awards, a production must: be produced or presented by an LPA Member, or professionally produced by a non-Member that has paid an Industry Service Fee for the production. Exemptions from the entry criteria can be granted in exceptional circumstances by a committee consisting of the LPA president, chief executive and chair of the Helpmann Awards Administration Committee.
Nine nominating panels determine the nominees for their respective fields. These are: cabaret, children's presentation, contemporary music and physical theatre, industry awards, musicals and classical music, theatre; the nominating panels comprises artists, arts administrators, journalists, promoters, venue managers and educators. The HAAC selects the chair of each panel, who in turn chooses the members of their respective fields; the nominations are determined by each of them, who choose four per category. The winners are determined in a secret online ballot by the voters who are employees of LPA members and previous Helpmann winners and nominees; the award categories are currently: The Helpmann Awards ceremony is held between May and September, to celebrate productions staged in Australia during the eligibility period. They are always presented in Sydney, New South Wales and have been variously held at the Star City Show Room, Sydney Lyric, Sydney Opera House and the Capitol Theatre. Australian actor Simon Burke has presided over the event seven times, the most of any other person, from 2001-2006, again in 2012.
Through its association with cable television provider Foxtel, the awards have been broadcast on various networks, the current one being Foxtel Arts. ^ Each year is linked to the full list of winners and nominees from that year following the ceremony. Official website Helpmann Awards trophy picture