Sir Edward Richard George Heath known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975. Heath served 51 years as a Member of Parliament from 1950 to 2001, he was a strong supporter of the European Communities, after winning the decisive vote in the House of Commons by 336 to 244, he led the negotiations that culminated in Britain's entry into the EC on 1 January 1973. It was, says biographer John Campbell, "Heath's finest hour". Although he planned to be an innovator as Prime Minister, his government foundered on economic difficulties, including high inflation and major strikes, he became an embittered critic of Margaret Thatcher. Born the child of a carpenter and a maid, Heath was educated at a grammar school and became a leader in student politics at the University of Oxford, he served as an officer in the Royal Artillery during the Second World War. He worked in the Civil Service, but resigned in order to stand for Parliament, was elected for Bexley in the 1950 general election.
He was the Chief Whip from 1955 to 1959. Having entered the Cabinet as Minister of Labour in 1959, he was promoted to Lord Privy Seal and became President of the Board of Trade. Heath was elected leader of the Conservative Party in 1965. Heath became Prime Minister after winning the 1970 general election. In 1971 he oversaw the decimalisation of British coinage, in 1972 he reformed Britain's system of local government, reducing the number of local authorities and creating a number of new metropolitan counties, he took Britain into the European Economic Community in 1973. Heath's premiership coincided with the height of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, with the suspension of the Stormont Parliament and the imposition of direct British rule. Unofficial talks with Provisional Irish Republican Army delegates were unsuccessful, as was the Sunningdale Agreement of 1973, which led the MPs of the Ulster Unionist Party to withdraw from the Conservative whip. Heath tried to curb the trade unions with the Industrial Relations Act 1971, hoped to deregulate the economy and make a transfer from direct to indirect taxation.
Rising unemployment in 1972 led him to reflate the economy. Two miners' strikes, at the start of 1974, damaged the government. Heath called an election for February 1974 to obtain a mandate to face down the miners' wage demands, but this instead resulted in a hung parliament as the Conservative Party lost their working majority; the opposition Labour Party, despite gaining fewer votes, held four more seats. Heath resigned as Prime Minister after talks with the Liberal Party to form a coalition government were unsuccessful. Despite losing a second general election in October 1974, he vowed to continue as party leader. In February 1975, Margaret Thatcher defeated him to win the leadership. Returning to the backbenches, Heath was critical of Thatcherism, he remained a backbench MP until retiring at the 2001 election, serving as the Father of the House for his last nine years in Parliament. Outside politics, Heath was a talented musician, he died in 2005, aged 89. He is one of four British prime ministers never to have married.
Heath's origins were unusual for a Conservative leader when he was elected. In 2015, the BBC described Heath as "the first working-class meritocrat" to become Conservative leader in "the party's modern history" and "a'One Nation' Tory in the Disraeli tradition who rejected the laissez-faire capitalism that Baroness Thatcher would enthusiastically endorse." Edward Heath was born at 54 Albion Road, Kent on 9 July 1916, the son of William George Heath, a carpenter who built air frames for Vickers during the First World War, was subsequently employed as a builder and Edith Anne Heath, a maid. His father was a successful small businessman after taking over a building and decorating firm. Heath's paternal grandfather had run a small dairy business, when that failed worked as a porter at Broadstairs Station on the Southern Railway. Edward was four years old when his younger brother, was born. Heath was known as "Teddy" as a young man, he was educated at Chatham House Grammar School in Ramsgate, in 1935 with the aid of a county scholarship he went up to study at Balliol College, Oxford.
In years, Heath's peculiar accent, with its "strangulated" vowel sounds, combined with his non-Standard pronunciation of "l" as "w" and "out" as "eout", was satirised by Monty Python in the audio sketch "Teach Yourself Heath". Heath's biographer John Campbell speculates that his speech, unlike that of his father and younger brother, who both spoke with Kent accents, must have undergone "drastic alteration on encountering Oxford", although retaining elements of Kent speech. A talented musician, Heath won the college's organ scholarship in his first term which enabled him to stay at the university for a fourth year. While at university Heath became active in Conservative politics. On the key political issue of the
Khost Airport is located next to the city of Khost in eastern Afghanistan. It has been used for military purposes only but in recent years it was developed and expanded to be used for commercial flights; the airport will be known as Khost International Airport in the near future. It will serve people of Loya Paktia and the Waziristan region in neighboring Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan; as of October 2019, Kam Air scheduled its first domestic flight from KABUL>KHOST airport. Weekly flights take place, with a flight from Kabul > Khost every Thursday. Fares starting from $65, One way; the airport was expanded by the Soviet Union during the 1980s Soviet–Afghan War. It was further expanded during the U. S.-led war. The United States built a military base there known as Forward Operating Base Chapman. There had been three major reported accidents, all of them during the 1980s mujahideen fighting and involved Russian-made Antonov An-26 aircraft. In December 2009, seven CIA employees were killed in a suicide attack at the nearby Forward Operating Base Chapman.
The bomber, Humam Balawi of Jordan, wore a suicide vest and blew himself up in the base, killing the base commander, CIA agents and civilian contractors. Work to improve the Khost Airport began in late 2011. Civilian passengers between Khost and Kabul were allowed to use NATO's Sehra Bagh Airport until Khost Airport was completed; the airport will become international in the near future. List of airports in Afghanistan Evaluation Delegation ‘bypassed’ in Khost Airport contract. President Ghani inaugurated a number of projects in Khost on YouTube, April 9, 2018, Zhman TV. Khost Airport on YouTube, November 26, 2017, BBC Pashto. User information Airport record for Khost Airport at Landings.com
Karin Alvtegen is a Swedish author of crime fiction. Alvtegen's psychological thrillers are set in Sweden. Four of her books have been translated into English: Missing, Betrayal and Shame. Alvtegen's second novel, was awarded the premier Nordic crime writing award the Glass Key in 2001. Translated in 2003 and published in the United States in 2009, the novel was nominated for the 2009 Edgar Award for best novel by the Mystery Writers of America. In 2006, the novel was adapted into the television miniseries Missing, directed by Ian Madden and with Joanne Froggatt and Gregor Fisher. Alvtegen's 2005 novel Shame was shortlisted for the Crime Writers' Association Duncan Lawrie International Dagger award for crime novels in translation upon publication in English. Alvtegen has worked as a teleplay writer, having penned 24 episodes of the Swedish soap opera Rederiet. In 2013, Alvtegen fell ill in what was diagnosed as myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome preventing her from writing. In June 2019, Alvtegen announced that she would become an ambasssader for the Open Medicine Foundation, an organisation that funds research into ME/CFS.
Alvtegen is grandniece of the children's novelist Astrid Lindgren. Guilt – Skuld Missing – Saknad Betrayal – Svek Shame/Sacrifice – Skam Shadow – Skugga A Probable Story – En Sannolik Historia Butterfly Effect – Fjärilseffekten Note: in 2011 Shame was reissued in the UK with the title Sacrifice. 2004 – Hotet Karin Alvtegen website ^ Karin Alvtegen on IMDb Sweden ^ "My great aunt" by Karin Alvtegen