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Edward Robert Hughes

Edward Robert Hughes was an English painter who worked prominently in watercolours, but produced a number of significant oil paintings. He was influenced by his uncle and eminent artist, Arthur Hughes, associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, worked with one of the Brotherhood's founders, William Holman Hunt. Having settled on his career choice, Edward Robert Hughes attended Heatherley's in London to prepare himself for the chance of auditioning for the Royal Academy School. Hughes became a student at the Royal Academy School in 1868. While Pre-Raphaelitism played an influential part in shaping Hughes work, Aestheticism is seen in his paintings. E. R. Hughes is known for his works Midsummer Eve and Night With Her Train of Stars yet he built a career as a portrait painter to the upper classes. In addition to being an accomplished artist himself, E. R. Hughes was a studio assistant to the elder artist and Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood founding member William Holman Hunt. In life Hunt suffered from glaucoma and Hughes made a substantial contribution to a number of Hunt's paintings.

Two of the paintings that Hughes worked on with Hunt were The Light of the World, displayed in St Paul's Cathedral, The Lady of Shalott, exhibited at the Wadsworth Atheneum. On his own he was a perfectionist. Hughes held several important offices within the artistic community over his lifetime such as becoming a member of the Art Workers Guild in 1888, was on their committee from 1895 to 1897, he was elected to Associate Membership of The Royal Water Colour Society on 18 February 1891, he chose as his diploma work for election to full membership a mystical piece inspired by a verse by Christina Rossetti entitled Amor Mundi. His painting A Witch was given by the Royal Watercolour Society to King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra to mark the coronation in 1902; this work is based on his illustration entitled The Demon transporting Isabella to Ortodosia in W. G. Waters The Italian Novelists published in 1901. In years Hughes served as the Vice-President of the RWS before leaving in 1903. Throughout his career, E.

R. Hughes exhibited his works in several galleries around London: Dudley Gallery, Grosvenor Gallery, New Gallery, The Royal Academy, toward the end of his career he exhibited with The Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours, his works can be seen in public collections including Cartwright Hall, Cambridge & County Folk Museum, Maidstone Museum & Art Gallery, Bruce Castle Museum, Kensington Central Library, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, the Ashmolean Museum, the Harris Museum & Art Gallery and the National Trust for Scotland. Birmingham Museums Trust staged a retrospective exhibition, Enchanted Dreams: The Pre-Raphaelite Art of E. R. Hughes, from 17 October 2015 to 21 February 2016 at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, his auction record is $866,500 for Dream Idyll, set at Sotheby's on 22 October 2009. E. R. Hughes was born in Clerkenwell, London, in 1851 to Edward Hughes Snr. and Harriet Foord. He had one brother, William Arthur Hughes, two years younger than him, became a frame maker and by 1891 a photographer.

During the 1860's he lived for a time with his uncle Arthur Hughes and his family which included his son Arthur Foord Hughes,also an artist. In 1874 Hughes became engaged to the daughter of the writer George MacDonald. Mary died four years later. In 1883 Hughes married Emily Eliza Davies. In 1913 they moved to St Albans, where he was stricken with appendicitis, he died after surgery on 23 April 1914 in his home. The marriage did not produce any offspring; the Spinet, Watercolour Evensong, Private Collection, Watercolour Hushed Music, Oil A rainy Sunday, Private Collection, Watercolour Sabbath Morn, Private Collection, Oil Caroline Hill Bruce Castle Museum, Oil Mrs Cecelia Bowen-Summers Gray Hill Bruce Castle Museum, Oil The Picture Book aka A Brother and Sister seated before a Hearth, Private Collection, Oil A Young Beauty, Private Collection, Oil A Basket of Oranges aka George Mackay Macdonald, Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA, Watercolour Landscape with Trees, Kensington Central Library, Oil Miss Frances Georgina Mitford, Watercolour Portrait of a Lady, Chalk Mildred, Chalk Robert, Chalk Henriette Imrie Beausire, Chalk drawing Nora Janet Beausire, Chalk drawing Bell and Dorothy Freeman, Geffrye Museum, Watercolour Pack Clouds Away and Welcome Day, Watercolour In the Corner Chair, Private Collection, Chalk The careless Shepherd Dealing with the Fairies, Private Collection Mrs Douglas Arden The Poet Gringoire Fra Lippo Lippi, Watercolour Study for a Picture aka Fra Lippo Lippi, Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, Drawing Biancabella e Samaritana aka Biancabella and Samaritana, her Snake Sister Portrait of a Child with a Chair, Chalk William Holman Hunt, Private Collection Betruccio's Bride, Private Collection Elaine Blunt, Chalk Portrait of a Man, Chalk Oh, What's That in the Hollow?, Royal Watercolour Society, Watercolour The Shrew Katherina, Private Collection Hilda Virtue Tebbs Margaret Webster, Chalk Men in the Park Diana's Maidens aka A Coward, Private Collection, Watercolour Lewis F.

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2014 Tour de Pologne

The 2014 Tour de Pologne was the 71st running of the Tour de Pologne cycling stage race. It ended on 9 August in Kraków, after seven stages, it was the twentieth race of the 2014 UCI World Tour season. As the Tour de Pologne was a UCI World Tour event, all eighteen UCI ProTeams were invited automatically and obligated to send a squad. Along with Team Poland – the Polish national team – two other squads were given wildcard places into the race, as such, formed the event's 21-team peloton; the twenty-one teams that competed in the race were: 3 August 2014 — Gdańsk to Bydgoszcz, 226 km In line with the 25th anniversary of Poland moving from a communist to a democratic country and being freed from Soviet grasp, the 71st Tour de Pologne started in Gdańsk, a city famous for being the home of the Solidarność union responsible for the political changes. The first stage was predominantly flat, featuring just one categorised climb, a third category ascent in Bydgoszcz, on the second of three 7.2-kilometre loops ending the stage.

During the stage, there were special sprints in Pruszcz Gdański and Malbork, as well as two intermediate sprints offering points for the intermediate sprints classification in Kwidzyn and Unisław. It was expected that this stage would be won by a sprinter, who would take the first yellow jersey. After the start, a breakaway was initiated by Matthias Krizek of Cannondale, he was shortly joined by Jimmy Engoulvent of Team Europcar and Anton Vorobyev of Team Katusha, as well as two home riders – Maciej Paterski of CCC–Polsat–Polkowice and Kamil Gradek riding for a selective Polish national team; the five riders built up an advantage. The riders faced extreme temperatures at the start, the mercury reaching 35 °C. Gradek took maximum points at the intermediate sprint in Kwidzyn, whilst Engoulvent won at the Unisław sprint. With both riders having four points on their tally, the battle for the first navy blue jersey in the intermediate sprints classification would continue until the line; the peloton started to minimise the gap to the breakaway, but it was that a torrential downpour hit the race, causing at least one tree to fall over and block part of the road and at least 4 crashes, including 1 in the breakaway.

Paterski attacked on the streets of Bydgoszcz. He succeeded, with only him and Krizek remaining on the last lap. Paterski was caught under the flamme rouge. A sprint finish was ensured, with Ag2r–La Mondiale's Yauheni Hutarovich taking the stage victory, the yellow and white jerseys with it; as he came higher in the stage, Engoulvent beat Gradek to the navy blue jersey. 4 August 2014 — Toruń to Warsaw, 226 km Like the previous stage, this stage was suited towards the sprinters. Heading eastwards, there were no categorised climbs, ensuring that CCC–Polsat–Polkowice's Maciej Paterski would keep the fuchsia jersey. Like the previous stage, there were two intermediate sprints, coming in Kampinos and in Stare Babice, ahead of a 4.8-kilometre loop in Warsaw, to be completed three times. Further like in the first stage, the breakaway was formed just after the start. Petr Vakoč of Omega Pharma–Quick-Step attacked first and was shortly joined by Bartłomiej Matysiak and Przemysław Kasperkiewicz. With Ag2r–La Mondiale pacing the leader, Yauheni Hutarovich, the lead of the breakaway topped four minutes in the early running.

However, at the time of the intermediate sprints, the lead of the trio reached seven minutes and the peloton was in no rush to chase them. Vakoč attacked at the second sprint and rode solo into Warsaw, whilst the peloton tried to catch him, failing to do so. Vakoč took the victory with a 21" advantage over the peloton, brought home by Michael Matthews. Thanks to the victory, Vakoč became the leader of the race. Hutarovich finished fifth, thus keeping the white jersey and second place, with a 27" deficit to Vakoč because of time bonuses. 5 August 2014 — Kielce to Rzeszów, 174 km Just like the previous two stages, this stage was aimed at the sprinters, although noticeably shorter. The parcours of 174 kilometres featured one intermediate sprint in Głogów Małopolski and one third category climb on the streets of Rzeszów. A 6-kilometre loop was to be completed twice ahead of an expected sprint finish. Again, the breakaway was formed right after the start, included Team Sky's Salvatore Puccio, Team Europcar's Björn Thurau, CCC–Polsat–Polkowice's Mateusz Taciak and Team Poland's Paweł Franczak.

The four riders built up an advantage that reached 4 minutes over the peloton controlled by Omega Pharma–Quick-Step protecting the overall race leader, Petr Vakoč. Thurau took full points at the sprint in Głogów whilst Taciak took the mountain points available in Rzeszów; the breakaway was caught with 10 kilometres to go and the leadouts began. Giant–Shimano had the best leadout for Luka Mezgec, who started his sprint with about 300 metres to go. Just when it looked like he would take the stage victory, Belkin Pro Cycling's Theo Bos let go of Mezgec's wheel, passed him and beat Mezgec by half a bike length. In the general classification, no changes were visible, as 152 of the 164 riders were given the same time as Bos, including 4 caught up in a crash with 1 kilometre to go. 6 August 2014 — Tarnów Gemini Park to Katowice, 236 km This stage was the longest stage of the 71st Tour de Pologne, was identical to stage 4 the previous year

List of beaches in Delaware

The Delaware Beaches are located along the Atlantic Ocean in the eastern part of Sussex County, in the southern part of the state. In addition to beaches along the ocean, the area offers many amenities, including restaurants, fishing, golf courses, boardwalk areas, tax-free shopping; the beaches are popular tourist destinations for residents from the nearby areas of Washington, D. C. Baltimore, Philadelphia, South Jersey, Hampton Roads. Out of the 30 states with coastline, the Delaware Beaches ranked number 1 in water quality in 2011 and again in 2014. Major beaches in Delaware from north to south: Broadkill Beach Lewes Cape Henlopen State Park North Shores Henlopen Acres Rehoboth Beach Dewey Beach Delaware Seashore State Park Sussex Shores Bethany Beach Middlesex Beach South Bethany York Beach Fenwick Island State Park Fenwick Island In 2003, the Delaware Senate passed a bill for the coastal area of Delaware to be referred to as the "Delaware Beaches", as Delaware residents refer to their coastline as the "beach" and not the "shore" like the Jersey Shore in New Jersey.

The bill called for DelDOT to change signage directing motorists to the beaches from "Shore Points" to "Beaches". The Delaware Beaches area the Cape Region, tend to be more affluent and populous than western portions of Sussex County; the combined population of all of the ZIP codes in the Delaware Beaches area is about 43,851. The median household income in 2009 was $77,030. According to SeaGrant Delaware, the Delaware Beaches generate $6.9 billion annually and over $711 million in tax revenue. List of beaches List of beaches in New England List of beaches in the United States Delaware Online - Delaware Beaches - Information on Delaware Beaches - For all Vacation Information Town of Bethany Beach


Emo is a rock music genre characterized by an emphasis on emotional expression, sometimes through confessional lyrics. It emerged as a style of post-hardcore from the mid-1980s hardcore punk movement in Washington, D. C. where it was known as emotional hardcore or emocore and pioneered by bands such as Rites of Spring and Embrace. In the early–mid 1990s, emo was adopted and reinvented by alternative rock, indie rock and pop punk bands such as Sunny Day Real Estate, Jawbreaker and Jimmy Eat World, with Weezer breaking into the mainstream during this time. By the mid-1990s, bands such as Braid, the Promise Ring and the Get Up Kids emerged from the burgeoning Midwest emo scene, several independent record labels began to specialize in the genre. Meanwhile, screamo, a more aggressive style of emo using screamed vocals emerged, pioneered by the San Diego bands Heroin and Antioch Arrow. Screamo achieved mainstream success in the 2000s with bands like Hawthorne Heights, Story of the Year, The Used, Underoath.

Seen as a subculture, emo signifies a specific relationship between fans and artists and certain aspects of fashion and behavior. Emo fashion has been associated with skinny jeans. Fans of emo music who dress like this are referred to as "emo kids" or "emos". Emos are known for listening to emo bands like My Chemical Romance, Fall Out Boy, Hawthorne Heights, The Used, AFI; the emo subculture is stereotypically associated with emotion, misanthropy, shyness and angst, as well as depression, self-harm and suicide. Its quick rise in popularity in the early 2000s inspired a backlash, with bands such as My Chemical Romance and Panic! at the Disco rejecting the emo label because of the social stigma and controversy surrounding it. Emo entered mainstream culture in the early 2000s with the success of Jimmy Eat World and Dashboard Confessional and many artists signed to major record labels. Bands such as My Chemical Romance, AFI, Fall Out Boy and the Red Jumpsuit Apparatus continued the genre's popularity during the rest of the decade.

In the early 2010s, emo's popularity had declined, with some groups changing their sound and others disbanding. Meanwhile, however, a underground emo revival emerged, with bands such as The World Is a Beautiful Place & I Am No Longer Afraid to Die and Modern Baseball drawing on the sound and aesthetic of 1990s emo. During the late 2010s, a fusion genre called emo rap became mainstream, with some of emo rap's most famous artists including XXXTentacion and Lil Peep. Emo is considered a form of post-hardcore. Nonetheless, emo has been considered a form of indie rock and pop punk. Emo uses loudness of punk rock music; some emo leans uses characteristics of progressive music with the genre's use of complex guitar work, unorthodox song structures, extreme dynamic shifts. Lyrics, a focus in emo music, are emotional and personal or confessional, dealing with topics such as failed romance, self-loathing, insecurity, suicidal thoughts and relationships. AllMusic described emo lyrics as "usually either free-associative poetry or intimate confessionals".

Early emo bands were hardcore punk bands that used melody and emotional or introspective lyrics and that were less structured than regular hardcore punk, making early emo bands different from the aggression and verse-chorus-verse structures of regular hardcore punk. According to AllMusic, most 1990s emo bands "borrowed from some combination of Fugazi, Sunny Day Real Estate, Weezer"; the New York Times described emo as "emotional punk or pop-punk. That is, punk that wears its heart on its sleeve and tries a little tenderness to leaven its sonic attack. If it helps, imagine Ricky Nelson singing in the Sex Pistols." Author Matt Diehl called emo a "more sensitive interpolation of punk's mission". According to Merriam-Webster, emo is "a style of rock music influenced by punk rock and featuring introspective and fraught lyrics". Pet Sounds, the Beach Boys' 1966 album, is sometimes considered the first emo album. According to music writer Luke Britton, such assertions are stated "wryly", wrote that "it’s accepted that the genre's pioneers" came in the 1980s.

During the decade, many hardcore punk and post-hardcore bands formed in Washington, D. C.. Post-hardcore, an experimental offshoot of hardcore punk, was inspired by post-punk. Hardcore punk bands and post-hardcore bands who influenced early emo bands include Minor Threat, Black Flag and Hüsker Dü. Emo, which began as a post-hardcore subgenre, was part of the 1980s hardcore punk scene in Washington, D. C. as something different from the violent part of the Washington, D. C. hardcore scene. Minor Threat fan Guy Picciotto formed Rites of Spring in 1984, using the musical style of hardcore punk and combining the musical style with melodic guitars, varied rhythms, personal, emotional lyrics. Many of the band's themes, including nostalgia, romantic bitterness and poetic desperation, became familiar tropes of emo music, its performances were public, emotional purges. Ian MacKaye of Minor Threat became a Rites of Spring fan and formed the emo band Embrace, which explored similar themes of self-searching and emotional release.

Similar bands followed in connection with the "Revolution Summer" of 1985, an attempt by members of the Washington scene to break from the usual characteristics of hardcore punk to a hardcore punk style with different characteristics. Bands such as Gray Matter, Fire Party, Dag Na

Thai royal funeral

Thai royal funerals are elaborate events, organised as royal ceremonies akin to state funerals. They are held for deceased members of the Royal Family, consist of numerous rituals which span several months to over a year. Featuring a mixture of Buddhist and animist beliefs, as well as Hindu symbolism, these rituals include the initial rites that take place after death, a lengthy period of lying-in-state, during which Buddhist ceremonies take place, a final cremation ceremony. For the highest-ranking royalty, the cremation ceremonies are grand public spectacles, featuring the pageantry of large funeral processions and ornate purpose-built funeral pyres or temporary crematoria known as merumat or men; the practices date during the time of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Today, the cremation ceremonies are held in the royal field of Sanam Luang in the historic centre of Bangkok; the main components of a royal funeral do not differ much from regular Thai funerals, which are based on Buddhist beliefs mixed with local animist traditions.

Hindu symbolism, a long-standing feature of the monarchy, is featured prominently. A bathing ceremony is held shortly after death, followed by the rituals of dressing the body and placing it within the kot, a funerary urn used in place of a coffin; the kot is placed on display and daily Buddhist rites—which include chants by Buddhist monks and the playing of ceremonial music every three hours—are held for an extended period, which today has come to signify lying-in-state in the Western sense. While these rituals were traditionally private affairs, the royal cremation ceremony has long been a public spectacle; the body is brought to the cremation field in an elaborate procession featuring great funeral carriages, days of theatrical performances are held. There are many levels of royal funerals, depending on the rank and status of the deceased royal family member; such distinctions are reflected in details such as the type of kot used, the type and location of the crematorium—merumat are only built for the monarch and highest-ranking royals.

The supreme patriarch and high-ranking Buddhist monks may receive royal cremations similar to those of lesser royals. While documentation of historic private rites are scarce, as they were passed on by oral tradition, royal cremation ceremonies have been documented since the Ayutthaya period, have continued into the current Rattanakosin Kingdom, they were very elaborate and grand, but have been much simplified since the funeral of King Chulalongkorn in 1911. Following the abolishment of absolute monarchy in 1932, King Prajadhipok abdicated and died in England, royal funerals became a rare occurrence, apart from that of King Ananda Mahidol in 1950 and Queen Sri Savarindira in 1956; the ceremony received somewhat of a revival in the funeral of Queen Rambai Barni in 1985. Royal cremations held since include those of Princess Mother Srinagarindra in 1996, Princess Galyani Vadhana in 2008, Princess Bejaratana in 2012, King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 2017; the bathing ceremony takes place shortly after death.

Today, it is held in the Phiman Rattaya Throne Hall in the Grand Palace, is attended by members of the Royal Family and senior government officials. As with common funerals today, this takes place as a ceremonial pouring of water by the attendees, but the water is poured over the deceased's feet instead of the hand, as is done for commoners. After the bathing ceremony, the hair is ritually combed, once upwards and once downwards, the comb is broken. For high-ranking royals, a gold death mask is placed on the body. Next is the sukam sop ritual, i.e. the tying and placing of the body in the kot. This is performed by officials of the phusa mala, an ancient court office responsible for, among other things, maintaining the king's wardrobe and attending to the bodies of royals after death; the body is first dressed with the appropriate accessories. It is ritually tied with undyed string, wrapped in a white shroud; the body is placed in a foetal position in the kot. A chada is ritually placed on the head of the body, before the lid of the kot is closed.

The kot is a large funerary urn, used to contain the body of the deceased in place of a coffin. It is used for royalty, as well as high-ranking members of the nobility. Today it may be granted to high-ranking government officials, it consists of two layers: an outer shell ornately decorated, with two opening halves and a pointed lid. There are fourteen types of kot, which are granted to the deceased according to their rank and status; the highest-ranking kot, Phra Kot Thong Yai, is reserved for the king and the highest-ranking royal family members. For high-ranking royalty today, the kot is enshrined on a decorated pedestal known as bencha in the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall of the Grand Palace. A long strip of cloth known as phusa yong, tied to the shroud within the kot and passing under the lid, is laid down to symbolically connect to the deceased during the sadappakon ritual. A tube runs down from an opening at the base of the kot, connecting it to a jar hidden

Orbit Express Airlines

Orbit Express Airlines, shortly Orex Airlines, was a cargo airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. It was established in 2003, operated scheduled and charter freight services; the airline ceased all operations in 2007. Orex was the Turkish cargo agent of the Dutch airfreight company Schreiner Airways, it was established in the beginning of 2003 with headquarters in Florya and started operations in April the same year. The cargo service on charter basis, was carried out with a 45-ton payload capacity Airbus A300F-200 freighter aircraft between Istanbul and Gatwick, United Kingdom via Brussels, Belgium. At the end of 2003, a second A300F was put into operation; the company started cargo service between Brussels and Shanghai Pudong, China via Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Orex became so Turkey's first cargo carrier operating a national link to the Far East; the frequency of scheduled cargo operations increased from weekly three to five days a week between Istanbul and Gatwick via Brussels. In March 2004, a 105-ton payload capacity Boeing 747F-200 freighter jumbo jet joined the fleet servicing between Shanghai and Brussels via Istanbul.

It became the biggest aircraft in operation in the history of Turkish civil aviation. The aircraft was flown by foreign pilots with special permit of the Turkish government since no Turkish pilot certified to operate a B747 was available. Cargo operations were extended to destinations including Almaty in Kazakhstan, Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan, Dhaka in Bangladesh, Hong Kong and Jiangsu in China. In addition to its core business of carrying freight, Orex went into the business of passenger flights on charter basis including touristic trips and in the Middle East for Hajj, Umrah; the airline ceased all operations in 2007. In February 2004, Orex carried in-sheets-printed €-banknotes from Zürich, Switzerland to Athens, where they were cut by Laser and flown back to Zürich. In March 2004, Orex became the first cargo airline carrying humanitarian aid during the intervention of an international peacekeeping force in Haiti after the 2004 coup d'état, which followed political unrest and rebellions. On behalf of the United Nations, 25-ton of food and two ambulances were flown from Geneva, Switzerland to Haiti via Shannon and Gander, Canada.

As the rebels did not permit the freighter aircraft A300F to land at the destination airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, it was diverted to an airport near Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. The fleet of Orex consisted of the following aircraft: 4x Airbus A300F4 2x Airbus A310F 1x Fokker F-27 1x Fokker F-50 Official website