Edwin Abbott Abbott

Edwin Abbott Abbott was an English schoolmaster and theologian, best known as the author of the novella Flatland. Edwin Abbott Abbott was the eldest son of Edwin Abbott, headmaster of the Philological School and his wife, Jane Abbott, his parents were first cousins. He was educated at the City of London School and at St John's College, where he took the highest honours in classics and theology, became a fellow of his college. In particular, he was 1st Smith's prizeman in 1861. In 1862 he took orders. After holding masterships at King Edward's School, Birmingham, he succeeded G. F. Mortimer as headmaster of the City of London School in 1865, at the early age of 26. There, he oversaw the education of future Prime Minister H. H. Asquith. Abbott was Hulsean lecturer in 1876, he retired in 1889, devoted himself to literary and theological pursuits. Abbott's liberal inclinations in theology were prominent both in his educational views and in his books, his Shakespearian Grammar is a permanent contribution to English philology.

In 1885, he published a life of Francis Bacon. His theological writings include three anonymously published religious romances – Philochristus, where he tried to raise interest in Gospels reading and Silanus the Christian. More weighty contributions are the anonymous theological discussion The Kernel and the Husk, his book The Anglican Career of Cardinal Newman, his article "The Gospels" in the ninth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, embodying a critical view which caused considerable stir in the English theological world, he wrote St Thomas of Canterbury, his Death and Miracles, Johannine Vocabulary, Johannine Grammar. Abbott wrote educational text books, one being "Via Latina: First Latin Book", published in 1898 and distributed around the world within the education system. Abbott's best-known work is his 1884 novella Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions which describes a two-dimensional world and explores the nature of dimensions, it has been categorized as science fiction although it could more be called "mathematical fiction".

With the advent of modern science fiction from the 1950s to the present day, Flatland has seen a revival in popularity among science fiction and cyberpunk fans. Many works have been inspired by the novella, including short films. Shakespearian Grammar Flatland Francis Bacon: An Account of His Life and Works Philochristus Onesimus The Kernel and the Husk Philomythus The Anglican Career of Cardinal Newman St Thomas of Canterbury, his Death and Miracles Johannine Vocabulary Johannine Grammar Silanus the Christian List of Old Citizens Dictionary of National Biography Portraits of Edwin Abbott at the National Portrait Gallery, London O'Connor, John J.. Works by Edwin Abbott Abbott at Project Gutenberg Works by Edwin Abbott Abbott at Faded Page Works by or about Edwin Abbott Abbott at Internet Archive A Shakespearian Grammar at the Internet Archive Works by Edwin Abbott Abbott at LibriVox Edwin Abbott Abbott on IMDb Edwin Abbott Abbott at the Internet Book List Edwin Abbott Abbott at the Internet Book Database of Fiction Edwin Abbott Abbott at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Free audiobook narration of Flatland Online text of Flatland Full text of A Shakespearian Grammar on the Tufts University Perseus Digital Library Thomas Banchoff collection of materials relating to Edwin Abbott Abbott at the Brown University John Hay Library

Kevin B. Kuklok

Kevin B. Kuklok retired from the United States Marine Corps as a Major General after over thirty years of service, he attended the University of North Dakota, graduating in June 1968 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemical Engineering. Major General Kuklok received his master's degree in Business Administration from the United States International University in San Diego, California. General Kuklok enrolled in the Platoon Leaders Class program in March 1965 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Reserve of the United States Marine Corps in August 1968, he graduated from Naval Aviation Flight Training in NAS Pensacola, FL earning his Naval Aviator wings in October 1969. He was assigned to UH-1E helicopter transition with Camp Pendleton, California. Lieutenant Kuklok served in South Vietnam from March 1970 to March 1971 with HML-367, flying the AH-1G Cobra, he served as a Forward Air Controller with 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines at Camp Pendleton. He completed his initial active duty with HMA-169 in 1972.

Captain Kuklok joined the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing in 1973 at MAG-46 with HMA-773 at MCAS Santa Ana, CA. In 1976, he transitioned to CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter with HMM-766 at Selfridge Air National Guard Base, Mount Clemens, where he served as training officer, his Selected Marine Corps Reserve participation continued with HMM-774, NAS Norfolk, working in the S-1 and maintenance department. Returning to MAG-46 in 1978, Major Kuklok served in various billets with HMM-764, H&MS-41, H&MS-46, he was the Commanding Officer of H&MS-41, Det B from September 1986 to September 1988 and Commanding Officer HMM-764 from September 1988 to January 1992. During the latter period, the unit was activated for five months in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. General Kuklok's last assignment in MAG-46 was Mobilization Coordinator. From there he moved to serve as the Director of Readiness and Safety, 4th Marine Aircraft Wing, MARRESFOR, New Orleans, LA. Upon promotion to Brigadier General, he assumed command as the Commanding General, Reserve Marine Air Ground Task Force East, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

He was promoted to Major General and served as Commanding General, 4th Marine Aircraft Wing from September 1997 until August 2000. He was reassigned as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Reserve Support Command, he served in this capacity until November 2001. He subsequently served as the Assistant Deputy Commandant for Plans and Operations, Washington, D. C. Major General Kuklok's decorations include: Kevin is the Corporate Ethics and Compliance Officer at EOD Technology, Inc. and a Principal at This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps. Official Marine Corps biography EODT press release

Ben Fine

Ben Fine is Professor of Economics at the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies. Fine was born in Coventry in 1948. One of six brothers, he and all but one other followed their father and studied mathematics at the University of Oxford. A gifted student, Fine graduated at the age of 20, was recruited by SirJames Mirrlees, completing an economics degree, he took his doctorate in economics at the London School of Economics, under the supervision of Amartya Sen, in 1974. He moved to the newly established economics department at Birkbeck, University of London working part-time as an industrial economist at the Greater London Council prior to its abolition, he was a member of the Social Science Research Committee of the UK’s Food Standards Agency, that met until 2016. Ben Fine is professor of economics at the Department of Economics at SOAS, University of London, he is on the Economists' Oversight Group of the Citizens' Economic Council of the Royal Society of Arts and Manufacturing.

Fine worked on social choice theory, which informed several studies of consumer choice and consumption patterns. He developed the'systems of production' framework to understand the ways in which goods are produced and consumed, working with E. Leopold. Latterly he turned to understanding labor economics and inequalities in South Africa's extractives sector, based on some earlier work on the British coal industry, in decline, he is the author of a number of works in the broad tradition of Marxist economics, has made contributions on economic imperialism and critiques of the concept of social capital. His most significant book to date is Marx's'Capital', his work is cited over 39,000 times. He has advised UNCTAD, UNDESA, UNDP, UNRISD, Oxfam and served as an expert advisor on President Mandela's 1995-6 South African Labour Market Commission. Gunnar Myrdal Prize, European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy. In September 2019 a plaque was unveiled in Ben Fine's honour at the Wits School of Governance, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg in recognition of Fine's contribution as an academic economist and policy activist to the South African anti-apartheid struggle.

Fine and Ourania Dimakou Macroeconomics: A Critical Companion. London: Pluto. Fine and Saad Filho, Alfredo. 2016. Marx's Capital sixth edition Fine, Ben Microeconomics: A Critical Companion. London: Pluto Press; the Coal Question: Political Economy and Industrial Change from the nineteenth century to the present day Routledge Revivial. Fine and Saad Filho, Alfredo CA-PI-TAL!:Introduction à l’économie politique de Marx. Paris: Raisons d’agir Éditions. Fine, Ben Women's Employment and the Capitalist Family. London: Routledge Revival. Labour Market Theory: A Constructive Reassessment, Routledge, 2010 From Political Economy to Economics, Routledge, 2009 From Economic Imperialism to Freakonomics, Routledge, 2009 Theories of Social Capital: Researchers Behaving Badly, Pluto, 2009 The World of Consumption Routledge, 2002 Social Capital versus Social Theory: Political Economy and Social Science at the Turn of the Millennium Routledge The Political Economy of Diet and Food Policy, Routledge, 1998 South Africa's Political Economy: From Minerals-Energy Complex to Industrialisation, Wits University Press, 1997.

Fine and Heasman, Michael and Wright, Judith Consumption in the Age of Affluence: The World of Food. London: Routledge; the Peculiarities of the British Economy and Wishart, 1985 Class Politics: An Answer to its Critics and Monopoly Capitalism, Wheatsheaf, 1984 Economic Theory and Ideology Edward Arnold, 1980 Theories of the Capitalist Economy Edward Arnold, 1982 Rereading Capital, Macmillan, 1979Edited Books Making Democracy Work: a Framework for Macroeconomic Policy in South Africa Joint contributing editor, Cape Town, CDS, 1994 Development Policy in the 21st Century: Beyond the post-Washington Consensus, Routledge With C Lapavitsas and J Pincus 2001 The New Development Economics: after the Washington Consensus, ed with K. S. Jomo, Zed Press 2006 Beyond the Developmental State: Industrial Policy into the 21st Century co-ed with J Saraswati and D Tavasci, Pluto, 2013 Ben Fine page at SOAS