Edwin Francis Jemison

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Edwin Francis Jemison
Private Edwin Francis Jemison.jpg
Jemison in uniform, ca. 1861
Born(1844-12-01)December 1, 1844
Milledgeville, Georgia, U.S.
DiedJuly 1, 1862(1862-07-01) (aged 17)
Henrico County, Virginia, C.S.
Allegiance Confederate States
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service1861–1862
RankPrivate
UnitCompany C, 2d Louisiana Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Edwin Francis Jemison (December 1, 1844 – July 1, 1862) was a Confederate soldier who served in Company C, 2d Louisiana Infantry, from May 1861 until he was killed at the Battle of Malvern Hill.[1]

American Civil War[edit]

Jemison enlisted on May 11, 1861, and was among the war's early volunteers,[2] he participated in the Peninsula Campaign under Maj. Gen. Magruder.[3]

Killed in action[edit]

Jemison was killed on July 1, 1862, at the Battle of Malvern Hill, reportedly by a direct hit from a cannonball which decapitated him,[4][5] his death by cannon fire is corroborated by the 1887 obituary of his younger brother, Sam, but incorrectly identifies the battle as First Manassas.[6] Following the Battle of Malvern Hill, both sides buried their dead on the battlefield. After the American Civil War, organizations like the United Daughters of the Confederacy returned to the old battlefields and disinterred the bodies of fallen Confederate soldiers and gave them proper burials in places like the Confederate Section of Hollywood Cemetery in nearby Richmond, Virginia, it is thought that Jemison's parents erected the monument to him at Memory Hill Cemetery in Milledgeville, Georgia, where he may be buried.[7][2] Most believe that he was buried on or near the Malvern Hill battlefield in Henrico County, Virginia, in an unmarked grave.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Jemison's photograph has become one of the most famous and iconic portraits of the young soldiers of both the Confederate and Union armies.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Obituary: Edwin Francis Jemison". Southern Recorder. August 5, 1862. p. 3.
  2. ^ a b Cox, Dale. "Best Known Confederate Soldier". ExploreSouthernHistory. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  3. ^ Field, Ron; Hook, Richard (2006). The Confederate Army 1861-65 (3): Louisiana & Texas. Osprey Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 1846030315.
  4. ^ Jones, Terry L. (2006). The Louisiana Journey. Gibbs Smith. p. 193. ISBN 1423601300.
  5. ^ Miller, William J. (May 2004). "The Two Pictures of Private Jemison". America's Civil War: 32.
  6. ^ "End of a Brilliant Lawyer". The Ouachita Telegraph. January 1, 1887. Retrieved July 24, 2015. the second was killed, with his messmate, by a cannon shot at the first battle of Manassas
  7. ^ Filipowski, Alexandra; Harrington (May 2007). "Hugh T.". America's Civil War: 28.
  8. ^ Filipowski, Alexandra; Harrington, Hugh T. (May 2004). "America's Civil War: Where Does Private Jemison Rest". America's Civil War. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  9. ^ Associated Press. "Identity of Civil War soldier corrected". SouthCoastToday. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  10. ^ "Edwin Francis Jemison". Find A Grave. Retrieved May 21, 2012.

External links[edit]