Edwin van der Sar OON is a Dutch former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. During his career he played for Ajax, Fulham, Manchester United and VV Noordwijk, he is the second most capped player in the Netherlands national team's history. He is considered, as one of the best goalkeepers of all time, he works as the chief executive officer at Ajax. In 2016, he came out of retirement to play a match for Dutch amateur team VV Noordwijk, he started his senior career at Ajax and is considered to be a member of a golden generation of players at the club. He remained there for nine years before moving to Italian club Juventus and to England, first to Fulham and to Manchester United, he is one of the few footballers to have won the UEFA Champions League with two different teams – with Ajax in 1995 and Manchester United in 2008. Van der Sar won the UEFA Cup with Ajax in 1992. Van der Sar is one of the most decorated and successful footballers having won 27 major trophies in his career at Ajax and Manchester United.
Van der Sar set numerous records in his career. In the 2008–09 season he set the world league clean sheet record by not conceding a single goal for 1,311 minutes; until 2017 he was the most capped player for the Netherlands national team, with 130 caps, until Wesley Sneijder surpassed him. He is the oldest player to win the Premier League, at 40 years and 205 days old. Van der Sar has won several individual awards, including Best European Goalkeeper in 1995 and 2009, UEFA Club Goalkeeper of the Year in 2009. Born in Voorhout, Van der Sar began his career at his hometown club, VV Noordwijk. At a late age, he was brought to the attention of Louis van Gaal, subsequently signed for Ajax. Though he joined late he went into the reserve team and bided his time before getting his first-team call-up by Louis van Gaal, he enjoyed a long and successful stint in their senior side, winning the 1991–92 UEFA Cup and the 1994–95 UEFA Champions League, as well as the 1995 Best European Goalkeeper award, besides domestic honours.
He was in goal for Ajax in the 1996 UEFA Champions League Final, but had to make do with a runner-up medal as they lost the penalty shoot-out against Juventus. He made a total of 226 appearances for Ajax, scored a penalty for Ajax to complete an 8–1 victory over De Graafschap in the 1997–98 season. In his first full season as Ajax No. 1 he won the Dutch Football Goalkeeper of the Year, he would go on to retain the award for the next 3 consecutive years. In 1999, Van der Sar's stature as one of Europe's top goalkeepers drew attention from Manchester United, who sought a replacement for Peter Schmeichel, he made his debut for The Old Lady in the 1–1 draw with Reggina at the Stadio delle Alpi. He became the first non-Italian to keep goal for the Turin club, he was the first-choice goalkeeper during his first two seasons in Italy, making 66 Serie A appearances as Juventus finished runners-up in the league twice under Carlo Ancelotti, with the best defensive record in the league on each occasion.
He performed well in his first season, winning the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup, helping the club compete for the Serie A title. On the final day of the 1999–2000 season, Juventus lost to Perugia Calcio, after Van der Sar was beaten by Alessandro Calori's volley; the following season was less successful, however, as Juventus suffered a first-round exit in both the Coppa Italia and the Champions League, while Van der Sar committed several errors, including a high-profile one in a league fixture at home against eventual Serie A champions Roma, on 6 May 2001, when he spilled Hidetoshi Nakata's shot, allowing Vincenzo Montella to tie the game 2–2. Van der Sar lost his place in the summer of 2001, after the Bianconeri purchased Italian international goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon from Parma for 100 billion lire, a world-record fee for a goalkeeper. Unwilling to remain as second-choice behind Buffon, Van der Sar made it clear he wished to move on after two years in Serie A. On 1 August 2001, Van der Sar opted to play in England and joined newly promoted Fulham in a shock move worth £7.0 million, signing a four-year contract.
The following day, Van der Sar was unveiled by Fulham, upon his arrival, he described the move as a "nice friendly atmosphere" and that he felt "appreciated". He made his league debut on 18 August 2001 in a 2–3 away defeat against Manchester United. In total, he notched up 127 league appearances while at Fulham. In a game against Aston Villa in his final season at the club he memorably saved two penalties from Juan Pablo Angel in a 1–1 draw, his performances for the Cottagers caught the eye of Manchester United and the attention of Sir Alex Ferguson. Van der Sar signed for Manchester United on 10 June 2005 for a reported fee of £2 million, although the exact transfer fee was undisclosed. Former Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson considers him the best goalkeeper to have played for the club since Peter Schmeichel. On 5 May 2007, his penalty save from Darius Vassell helped assure a 1–0 triumph over Manchester City in the Manchester derby; the following day, Chelsea's failure to beat Arsenal at the Emirates ensured Manchester United's ninth Premier League trophy and Van der S
The Washington D. C. Temple is the 18th constructed and 16th operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, it is located in Kensington, United States, just north of Washington, D. C. near the Capital Beltway. The temple was dedicated in 1974 after an open house that attracted over 750,000 people, including several international dignitaries; the temple was the first temple built by the church east of the Mississippi River since 1846, when the original Nauvoo Temple was dedicated. Built at a cost of about $15 million in 1968, the temple is the church's tallest, its floor area of 160,000 square feet is the third-largest among church temples. Its design emulates the Salt Lake Temple with six spires, three on each end, the building is encased in white Alabama marble, it has a visitors' center. The architecture and visible location of the temple along the Capital Beltway has made the temple a local landmark in the Washington, D. C. Metropolitan Area. Plans to build the temple were announced on November 15, 1968.
Clearing of the land started May 28, 1971. The site chosen for the temple was a 57-acre wooded hill purchased in 1962 just north of the Capital Beltway. Only 11 acres of the site was cleared to give the area a more remote feeling, it was the first LDS temple since 1846 in the United States east of the Mississippi River and remained the only LDS temple in eastern North America until the dedication of the Atlanta Georgia Temple in 1983. At the time of the temple's completion, its district included all Latter-day Saint members in 31 U. S. states and the District of Columbia, seven Canadian provinces, Haiti, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic. Original cost estimates for the temple were about $15 million. Members of the church within the temple's attendance district were asked to contribute at least $4.5 million. Local members donated around $6 million for the temple's construction. At a completion ceremony the church's First Presidency buried a metal box with historical items near a corner of the temple.
During the first week of the temple open house, government officials and diplomats from around the world were taken on special tours through the temple. The open house over 750,000 people went through the temple; the high number of people that attended the open house was attributed to the large amount of coverage that the temple and church received as the temple neared completion. Articles about the temple were printed in Time, U. S. News & World Report. There was a large press conference held that introduced the temple and church president Spencer W. Kimball. Demand for tickets to the open house was high and the tickets were gone before the first day of tours. Ten dedicatory sessions were held for the Washington D. C. Temple between November 19 and 22, 1974. Over 40,000 members attended the dedicatory services. During the 5.8 magnitude 2011 Virginia earthquake on August 23, 2011, the temple sustained minor damage to some parts of the exterior. The tops of four spires were knocked off and fell to the ground, as were several pieces of marble from the building's facade.
No significant damage was reported to the neighboring visitor center. Repairs were made beginning in September of that year and no disruptions occurred in the temple's normal operating schedule. On February 23, 2017 the LDS Church announced that beginning March 2018, the temple would close for renovations that are anticipated to be completed in 2020; when the renovations are completed, a public open house will be held, followed by the temple being rededicated. On February 27, 2020, the LDS Church announced that, following anticipated completion of the renovations, a public open house is scheduled from 24 September through 31 October 2020, excluding the weekend of general conference and other Sundays during that time period; the temple is scheduled to be rededicated on Sunday, December 13, 2020. Notable presidents of the temple include Franklin D. Richards. Tingey; the Washington D. C. Temple, designed by architect Keith W. Wilcox, was built with a modern six-spire design based on the design of the Salt Lake Temple, with the three towers to the east representing the Melchizedek priesthood, the three towers to the west representing the Aaronic priesthood.
The temple was designed to be similar in style and form to the Salt Lake Temple so that it would be recognized as a temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The central eastern tower reaches a height of 288 feet, the tallest of any temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; the temple has a total floor area of 160,000 square feet, making it the third-largest church temple. The temple includes fourteen sealing rooms; the Washington D. C. Temple's angel Moroni statue, which sits atop the tallest tower, weighs 2 tons; the outer walls are covered in white Alabama marble and the spires are coated in 24-carat gold. There are two large stained glass windows on the western-most spires. Although there appear to be no other windows, the marble was shaved to 0.625 inches thick over window openings, thin enough to be translucent. The temple is located in suburban Kensington, north of Washington, D. C, it is accessible from the Capital Beltway exit 33, but via the Red Line of the Washington Metro through a limited free shuttle service to an
LaToyia Figueroa was an American woman of African-American and Hispanic descent, murdered in 2005. Figueroa, five months pregnant at the time, was reported missing on July 18, 2005 after she failed to show up to work, she was found strangled to death after being featured on America's Most Wanted. Police discovered Figueroa's remains in a grassy wooded lot in Chester, located 13 miles south of Philadelphia, they arrested Stephen Poaches, the father of her unborn child, on August 20, more than a month after she was reported missing. On October 17, 2006, Poaches was convicted of two counts of first-degree murder for the deaths of Figueroa and her unborn child; the disappearance of Figueroa sparked controversy about media coverage because cable news channels, such as CNN, MSNBC, Fox News Channel, neglected to cover her story in favor of Natalee Holloway, a Caucasian teen missing on the island of Aruba. Some observers protested that Figueroa's case was similar to the Laci Peterson case and thus deserved greater attention, implying that race was a factor in the lack of coverage.
The Figueroa case bears a similarity to the case of Laci Peterson, found dead and whose husband, was found guilty of her murder. The Peterson case was covered throughout 2004 and led to public consensus that Scott Peterson was guilty of the murder. Figueroa's family stated that the lack of media coverage of her disappearance only brought more tragedy to an troubled search. Figueroa's mother, Ann Taylor, was murdered. Figueroa had a seven-year-old daughter. Joseph Taylor, Figueroa's uncle and family spokesman, has criticized the media. America's Most Wanted and the Philadelphia Citizen Crime Commission teamed up with police to aid in the search. A $100,000 reward was funded by rap stars Beanie Sigel and Damon Dash, Beneficial Bank, T. G. I. Fridays, local philanthropists Joe Mammanaand, Kal Rudman, Internet bloggers to help the family in the search for LaToyia; as of 2010 Stephen Poaches, Pennsylvania Department of Corrections #GV2311, is located in the State Correctional Institution – Houtzdale. The disappearance of Figueroa has spawned controversy about media coverage of missing people and how cases get national attention, with the terms "Missing White Women Syndrome."
PBS journalist Gwen Ifill referred to the phenomenon as "The Missing White Woman Syndrome" at the Unity Convention of Journalists in 2004 This phrase was invoked by Professor of American Studies Sheri L. Parks) on March 13, 2006 during an interview with American news reporter, Anderson Cooper to describe a phenomenon characterized by critics as a short and cynical equation: Pretty, white damsels in distress draw viewers. Critics accused major news outlets of ignoring Figueroa's disappearance to focus on cases involving young attractive, white women like Laci Peterson, pregnant when she was reported missing. Several internet bloggers began writing about the inadequate coverage cable news networks gave to missing people of color and pressured them to give equal coverage of non-white young American women like Natalee Holloway and Jennifer Wilbanks. Conservative blogger Michelle Malkin, referred to this phenomenon as "Pretty Girl Syndrome" and said, "I'm embarrassed that there's so much air time absorbed by the latest missing-girl story."
USS S-14 was a second-group S-class submarine of the United States Navy. Her keel was laid down on 7 December 1917 by the Lake Torpedo Boat Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut, she was launched on 22 October 1919 sponsored by Mrs. George T. Parker, commissioned on 11 February 1921 with Lieutenant Commander Charles A. Lockwood, Jr. in command. Attached to SubDiv 18, S-14 sailed from New London, Connecticut, on 31 May 1921 en route, via the Panama Canal, California and Guam, to Cavite, Luzon, in the Philippine Islands, she commenced operations with the Asiatic Fleet. In 1922, she sailed from Cavite on 11 October, visited Hong Kong from 14–28 October, returned to Cavite on 1 November. Sailing from Manila on 15 May 1923, S-14 visited Shanghai and Chinwangtao, before returning via Woosung and Amoy to Cavite on 11 September. In the summer of 1924, she returned on 23 September, she departed Cavite on 29 October, shifting operations to the U. S. West Coast, she reached California, on 30 December. Remaining at Mare Island in 1925 and 1926, she operated along the West Coast through 1927.
From February 1928 into 1935, S-14 served in the Panama Canal area, although she visited Baltimore, from 15 May to 5 June 1933, was in reserve at Coco Solo from 1 July to 27 November the same year. Departing Coco Solo on 25 January 1935, S-14 reported to the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for inactivation and was decommissioned on 22 May. S-14 was recommissioned on 10 December 1940. Following duty along the northeast coast and a visit to the Panama Canal Zone, she operated at Saint Thomas, United States Virgin Islands, from 31 October to 1 December 1941, in the Panama Canal area that month. Next, S-14 operated at St. Thomas from January into March 1942. S-14 departed New London on 27 April 1945 for Philadelphia, where she decommissioned on 18 May and was struck from the Naval Vessel Register, she was sold on 16 November 1945 to North American Smelting Corporation in Philadelphia, scrapped. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here
The following is a list of U. S. states and the District of Columbia ranked by the proportion of African Americans in the population. In 1865, all enslaved Blacks in the United States were emancipated as a result of the Thirteenth Amendment. However, some U. S. states had emancipated some or all of their Black population. The table below shows the percentage of free Blacks as a percentage of the total Black population in various U. S. regions and U. S. states between 1790 and 1860. A^ There were no Blacks at all—either free or enslaved—in South Dakota in 1860. African American neighborhoods List of African American neighborhoods List of U. S. cities with large African-American populations
Ronald Cedric Read was a British mathematician, latterly a professor emeritus of mathematics at the University of Waterloo, Canada. He published many books and papers on enumeration of graphs, graph isomorphism, chromatic polynomials, the use of computers in graph-theoretical research. A majority of his work was done in Waterloo. Read received his Ph. D. in graph theory from the University of London. Ronald Read served in the Royal Navy during World War II completed a degree in mathematics at the University of Cambridge before joining the University College of the West Indies in Jamaica as the second founding member of the Mathematics Department there. In 1970 he moved his family to Canada to take up a post as Professor of Mathematics at the University of Waterloo, Canada. While in Jamaica he became interested in cave exploration, in 1957 he founded the Jamaica Caving Club, he had a lifelong interest in the making of string figures and is the inventor of the Olympic Flag String Figure on YouTube.
He was an accomplished musician and played many instruments including violin, cello, double bass, guitar and many early music instruments, some of which he built. He had diplomas in Theory and in Composition from the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto and composed four works for orchestra and several pieces for smaller groups. Read died in January 2019 at the age of 94. An Introduction to Chromatic Polynomials. Journal of Combinatorial Theory 4 52 - 71; every One A Winner. Annals of Discrete Mathematics 2, North-Holland Publishing Company 107-120. On the Principal Edge Tripartition of a Graph. Annals of Discrete Mathematics 3, North-Holland Publishing Company, 195-226. Chromatic Polynomials. Selected Topics in Graph Theory, Vol. 3 15-42. Chromatic Roots of Families of Graphs. Graph Theory and Applications. John Wiley 1009 - 1029 Prospects for Graph-theoretical Algorithms. Annals of Discrete Mathematics 55 201 - 210. "Tangrams: 330 Puzzles". New York: Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-21483-4. "A Mathematical Background for Economists and Social Scientists", Prentice Hall series in mathematical economics ISBN 0-13-560987-9.
"An Atlas of Graphs". Oxford Science Publications ISBN 0-19-853289-X