Ein Qiniya

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Ein Qiniya
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عين قينيا
 • Also spelled Ayn Kiniya (official)
Ein Qinya (unofficial)
Ein Qiniya is located in the Palestinian territories
Ein Qiniya
Ein Qiniya
Location of Ein Qiniya within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°55′37″N 35°08′56″E / 31.92694°N 35.14889°E / 31.92694; 35.14889Coordinates: 31°55′37″N 35°08′56″E / 31.92694°N 35.14889°E / 31.92694; 35.14889
Palestine grid 164/148
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
 • Type Local Development Committee
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 817
Name meaning The crimson spring[1]

Ein Qiniya or 'Ayn Kiniya (Arabic: عين قينيا‎) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) northwest of Ramallah and is a part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate. Ein Qiniya has existed since the Roman-era of rule in Palestine,[2] the village is very small with no public structures or institutions and is governed by a local development committee. Ein Qiniya is regionally notable for being a spring and autumn time picnic resort.[2]

There is an annual walk on March 4 from Ramallah to Ein Qiniyya in celebration of the spring.[3]


'Ein Qiniya is located (horizontally) 5.5 km west of Ramallah. It is bordered by Ramallah to the east, Al-Zaitounah to the north, Al-Janiya and Deir Ibzi to the west, and Ein 'Arik and Beitunia to the south.[4]


A Middle Bronze Age tomb was discovered here in 1934.[5] Potsherds from the Hellenistic and Umayyad/Abbasid period have been found here.[5]

Ein Qiniya has traditionally been identified with Ainqune of the Crusader era, one of the fiefs given by King Godfrey to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.[6][7] However, Finkelstein writes that this identification should be reconsidered.[8] Potsherds from the Mamluk era have also been found here.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Ayn Qinya, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 32 households, all Muslim, they paid a tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives; a total of 4760 Akçe.[9][10]

In 1838 it was noted as 'Ain Kinia, a Muslim village, located in the Beni Harith district, north of Jerusalem.[11]

An official Ottoman village list from about 1870 showed that Ain Kina had 54 houses and a population of 205, though the population count included men, only.[12][13]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Ain Kanieh as "a village of moderate size on a ridge".[14]

In 1896 the population of 'Ain kinja was estimated to be about 135 persons.[15]

British Mandate era[edit]

Spring, at Ein Qiniya

In 1917, most of the village's inhabitants were evacuated by British Mandate troops for suspicion that residents killed a British officer and relocated to Beitunia and Yalo;[2] in the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, 'Ain Qinia had a population of 56, all Muslims.[16] This had increased in the 1931 census to 83, still all Muslims, in a total of 26 houses.[17]

In 1945 the population was 100, all Muslims,[18] while the total land area was 2,494 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[19] Of this, 1,276 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 569 for cereals,[20] while 19 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[21]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Ein Qiniya came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 235 inhabitants.[22]

1967 and after[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967 Ein Qiniya has been under Israeli occupation. 12.1% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 87.9% is defined as Area C.[23]

Israel have confiscated 157 dunams of village land in order to construct the Israeli settlement of Dolev, though the majority of land confiscated for Dolev was taken from Al Janiya.[24]

In 1982 residents numbered 101, then after a mass migration of other Palestinians to the Ein Qiniya, the population rose to 464 in 1984.[25] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, in 2006 it had a population of 807.[26] In the 2007 PCBS census, there were 817 people living in the village.[27]


  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 222
  2. ^ a b c Ein Qinya (The Spring of Qinya) - Ramallah Jerusalem Media and Communications Centre.
  3. ^ Events Calendar Jerusalem Post.
  4. ^ 'Ein Qiniya Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  5. ^ a b c Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 337
  6. ^ de Roziére, 1849, p. 100
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 11
  8. ^ Röhricht, 1887, p. 204; Röhricht, 1893, RRH, p. 50, No 200; both cited by Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 337
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
  10. ^ Toledano, 1984, p. 289, has 'Ain Qinya located at 35°08′35″E 31°55′35″N
  11. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 124
  12. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 143. It was also noted to be in the Beni Harit district
  13. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 125 noted 52 houses
  14. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 295
  15. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 123
  16. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  17. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  21. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
  22. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
  23. ^ 'Ein Qiniya Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 16
  24. ^ 'Ein Qiniya Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 17
  25. ^ Welcome to 'Ayn Kiniya
  26. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Ramallah & Al Bireh Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived March 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  27. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.


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