click links in text for more info

Elías Figueroa

Elías Ricardo Figueroa Brander is a Chilean former football player. Figueroa played for several clubs during his long career, notably his hometown club Santiago Wanderers, Brazilian club Internacional and Uruguayan club Peñarol, he represented Chile 47 times, appearing in three FIFA World Cups, in 1966, 1974, 1982. Figueroa was noted for his elegant style of play, his composure in the centre of defense and his ability to cut out opposition attacks and launch counterattacks from the back with his passing, he was praised throughout his career for being a gentleman on and off the pitch. He was twice awarded the Bola de Ouro, the Brazilian Player of the year award whilst playing for Internacional in 1972 and 1976, he was awarded the South American Footballer of the Year three times in a row by Venezuelan newspaper El Mundo in 1974, 1975 and 1976. He was named Best Player in Uruguay in 1967 and 1968, Best Player in Chile in 1977 and 1978. After retiring, he was named one of the world's 125 best living football players by Pelé in 2004, was voted 8th best South American and 37th best player in the world of the 20th Century by the IFFHS in 1999.

In March 2011 he revealed. Figueroa was born in Valparaíso, Chile on 25 October 1946, he began playing football in Chile with Florida High Quilpué, joined the youth system of his hometown club Santiago Wanderers in 1962. Figueroa began his professional career in 1963, when, at the age of 16, he appeared in the first division of the Chilean professional football league, playing for the Santiago Wanderers first team, he was sent on loan to Unión La Calera in 1964. That year, at age of just 17, he was called up to the Chilean national youth team, his performances attracted interest from several foreign teams, following the South American Championship in Montevideo in 1967, he was acquired by Uruguayan side Peñarol that year. At that time this Uruguayan Club was the best team in the world as champion of the Intercontinental Cup and the Uruguayan league was strong. Figueroa settled in a team full of stars and legends, but he with 18 years was elected the best player in the Uruguayan Championship 1967 and 1968 and 1971.

He spent several years with the Peñarol, where he experienced one of his most successful periods in domestic football. He won the Uruguayan Championship with the club in 1967, 1968 and 1969 and in his farewell at the end of 1971, people cried at the airport. By Figueroa had established himself as a well-developed and regarded athlete, he was acquired by Brazilian club Internacional de Porto Alegre in 1972, where he had an successful spell, winning the Brazilian championship in 1975 and 1976, winning five Campeonato Gaúcho Championships with the team. Elias Figueroa was the central figure of the team, is well remembered by the club's fans for his famous "Illuminated goal" in the club's victory over Cruzeiro in the 1975 "Brasileirao" final, he was elected the Brazilian league's best central defender during the 1973, 1974, 1975 and 1976 seasons, winning the Bola de Prata, was voted the Brazilian League's Player of the Year in 1975 and 1976, winning the Bola de Ouro Award. He won further acclaim when he succeeded Pelé in being named the South American Footballer of the Year in 1974, 1975 and 1976, fighting off competition from several other world class South American footballers, such as his teammate Falcão, as well as Rivelino, Carlos Alberto Torres, Nelinho, Marinho Chagas, Teófilo Cubillas, Héctor Chumpitaz, Mario Kempes, Roberto Perfumo, Daniel Passarella.

Shortly after his time in Brazil, Figueroa returned to his homeland in 1977, joining Palestino, with whom he won the Chilean National Championship in 1977 and 1978 being named the Best Player in Chile in both of those seasons. Like many prominent ageing figures in world football at the time, in 1981 he went to the United States, where he played in the North American Soccer League for the Fort Lauderdale Strikers, he returned to Chile once again that year, transferring to Colo-Colo in Santiago, where he ended his career. In 1982, after a 20-year career, he retired from professional football. In total he amassed an impressive 22 titles. Figueroa earned 47 caps and scored two goals for the Chilean senior national football team between 1966 and 1982, he was the captain of the Chile national side on many occasions, captained the Chilean squad through their most successive era to date, when they qualified for three World Cups. He played in the 1966 FIFA World Cup in England, featured prominently in the 1974 FIFA World Cup in Germany, where he was elected the best central defender of the tournament, despite Chile's poor performance in the competition.

He later took part in the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain. In 1974 Figueroa was elected the best central defender of the tournament and member of the all-star team of World Cup, he was captain when they finished third in the South American Championship 1967 and a remarkable second place in the Copa América 1979. Known as "Don Elías", Figueroa was noted for having a keen ability to anticipate attacks as a defender with his great reading of the game and tight marking ability. Figueroa had the ability to start counter-attacks from the back-line thanks to his composure on the ball and good range of passing, his playing style as a sweeper was compared to Franz Beckenbauer, but while the German looked for long, killer balls upfield, Figueroa ty

Corvallis High School (Oregon)

Corvallis High School is a four-year public secondary school in Corvallis, Oregon. Established in 1910, the high school sat between the downtown area of Corvallis and Oregon State University. In 1935, a new school was built on what was considered the far northern edge of the town on 25 acres. In 2005, a third structure was built on the site of the former one in what is now considered a central part of the city. Corvallis High School is one of two traditional secondary schools in the Corvallis School District, the other being Crescent Valley High School on the northern edge of the city; the original Corvallis High School was opened in February 1910 on 6th Street between Monroe Avenue and Madison Avenue, becoming the first dedicated high school in Corvallis. Prior to the construction, all grades were housed in Corvallis Central School, built in 1889 and was located one block west on 7th Street; the new high school was built in an Crafts style. The structure was featured two stories on top of a daylight basement.

After only one year open, administration had decided that the school was not large enough. A $40,000 bond measure was passed to expand the existing structure. In 1917, an expanded and remodeled building was opened; the Arts and Crafts styling from the original building did not remain with the remodel and was changed to a Beaux-Arts style facade. The remodeled school had 22 classrooms as well as a gymnasium; the schools population continued to grow. In 1920 a two-room portable classroom was added. In the 1930s, Corvallis High School had reached a population of 650 students in a structure, intended for 400, it was decided. When the 1935 high school opened, the 1910 building was converted to use as the junior high school until it was destroyed by fire in 1946. In 1933, the citizens of Corvallis passed a local bond to pay for the construction; this allowed the school district to apply for a Public Works Administration grant and loan, awarded in January 1934. The Portland firm of Whitehouse and Church was selected to design the new school.

The Corvallis School District selected the site for the new high school on 11th Street, on the far northwest edge of town. The new Art Deco structure was completed in 1935; the project cost $316,000. The building was expanded multiple times in the 50s and 60s, with the addition of the science and library wing as well as the cafeteria and a large gym addition. In the spring of 2000, after the district finished a seismic analysis of its 17 schools, it was decided that the building was unsafe for student use, it was decided that the replacement should be built on the existing site, favoring the central location over the opportunity to gain more land at an alternative location. This decision required the old building to be demolished, which upset some citizens who believed the building to be a historic treasure. In an effort to save the structure, the building was nominated and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. However, in the spring of 2004, construction began on the new building and the historic building was demolished, thus it was removed from the register.

Several small architectural items from the original school were salvaged and used in the new building, including two brass chandeliers from the school's original auditorium, two wrought iron "Juliet"-style decorative balconies from the school's east-facing facade, which were integrated into the new theater. After the seismic analysis in 2000, it was decided; the citizens of Corvallis passed an $86.4 million bond measure in 2002 to replace the high school as well as two middle schools, to update and renovate other schools in the district. Construction began in 2004 on the same lot as the second building in the old student parking lot, tennis courts, football field/track, while classes continued in the old school; the second Corvallis High School structure was torn down in the summer of 2005 and was replaced with a softball field and a parking lot. The original front parking lot still remains, as well as several auxiliary buildings along Dixon Creek that were built in the 1960s; this third Corvallis High School building, facing Buchanan Street, was opened in the fall of 2005.

Slated to be opened in January 2006, construction was far enough along to allow the 2005-06 school year to start in the new structure while construction continued on-site until the spring of 2006. The cost of construction for the 230,000-square-foot school was $46 million, it was designed by Dull Olsen Weekes Architects of Portland. Conscientious effort was made to build an energy-efficient, sustainable school, achieving a LEED silver rating for high performance buildings; the school is expected to use 30% less energy than one built to standard Oregon code. In 2018, 89% of the school's seniors received a high school diploma. Of 327 students, 304 graduated, with only 23 dropping out. CHS is a member of the Mid-Willamette Conference, Class 5A in the Oregon School Activities Association. Boys' cross country: 1965, 1966 Football: 1970, 1978, 1979, 1983, 2006 Boys' soccer: 1995, 2009, 2018 Girls' volleyball: 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983, 2018 Boys' basketball: 1936, 1948, 1970, 1980, 1984, 2011, 2012 Boys' swimming: 2011 Wrestling: 1965, 1967 Girls' alpine skiing: 2007 Boys' baseball: 1971, 1986 Boys' golf: 1942, 1943, 1944, 1950, 1962, 1965, 2010, 2011 Girls' tennis: 1966, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Girls' track & field: 1990 Choir: 2015, 2016, 2017 Chess: 1972, 1979 The school's newspaper is called the High-O-Scope and was established in 1920.

Its website is The school's

Art silk

Artificial silk or art silk is any synthetic fiber which resembles silk, but costs less to produce. "artificial silk" is just a synonym for rayon. When made out of bamboo viscose it is sometimes called bamboo silk; the first successful artificial silks were developed in the 1890s of cellulose fiber and marketed as art silk or viscose, a trade name for a specific manufacturer. In 1924, the name of the fiber was changed in the U. S. to rayon, although the term viscose continued to be used in Europe. The material is referred to in the industry as viscose rayon. In 1931, Henry Ford hired chemists Robert Boyer and Frank Calvert to produce artificial silk made with soybean fibers, they succeeded in making a textile fiber of spun soy protein fibers, hardened or tanned in a formaldehyde bath, given the name Azlon. It was usable in the making of suits, felt hats, overcoats. Though pilot production of Azlon reached 5,000 pounds per day in 1940, it never reached the commercial market. Although not sold under the name art silk nylon, the first synthetic fiber, was developed in the United States in the late 1930s and used as a replacement for Japanese silk during World War II.

Its properties are far superior to rayon and silk when wet, so it was used for many military applications, such as parachutes. Although nylon is not a good substitute for silk fabric in appearance, it is a successful functional alternative. DuPont's original plans for nylon to become a cheaper and superior replacement for silk stockings were soon realized redirected for military use just two years during World War II. Nylon became a prominent industrial fiber in a short time frame, permanently replacing silk in many applications. In the present day, imitation silk may be made with rayon, mercerized cotton, polyester, a blend of these materials, or a blend of rayon and silk. Despite a similar appearance, genuine silk has unique features that are distinguishable from artificial silk. However, in some cases art silk can be passed off as real silk to unwary buyers. A number of tests are available to determine a fabric's basic fiber makeup, some of which can be performed prior to purchasing a fabric whose composition is questionable.

Tests include rubbing the pile in the hand, burning a small piece of the fringe to smell the ash and smell the smoke, dissolving the pile by performing a chemical test. "Banglori silk" is polyester woven to appear like silk. The burn test and other methods for fiber identification: Fiber Content Tests Is Your Silk Oriental Rug Made of Real Silk? See The Stocking Story: You Be the Historian at the Smithsonian website

Arabat Spit

The Arabat Spit or Arabat Arrow is a spit which separates a large and salty system of lagoons named Syvash from the Sea of Azov. The spit is located between the Henichesk Strait to the north and the north-eastern shores of Crimea to the south; the spit is called the Arabat Arrow in Russia and Ukraine. The origin of this name dates back to the middle of the 19th century; the Arabat part of the name comes from the Arabat Fortress, a 17th-century Turkish fort at the southern end of the spit. "Arabat" derives from either Arabic "rabat" meaning a "military post" or Arabic "rabad" meaning a "suburb". The Arabat Arrow is 112 km long, from 0.270 to 8 km wide. The spit is straight on the Azov Sea side, whereas its Sivash side is more convoluted, it contains two areas which have brown-clay hills. The top layers of other parts of the spit are formed by sand and shells washed by the flows of the Azov Sea, its vegetation consists of various weed grasses, festuce grasses, spear grass, salsola, Carex colchica, rose hip, etc.

Offshore water is shallow with the depth reaching 2 m only some 100–200 m from the shore. Its temperature is around 0 °C in winter, 10–15 °C in spring and autumn, 25–30 °C in summer; the spit is young and was created by sedimentation processes around 1100–1200 AD. The Arabat Arrow was wild until 1835 when a road and five stations at 25–30 km intervals were built along it for postal delivery. In the 19th century, 25 rural and 3 military settlements and one village named Arabat appeared on the spit; the rural population amounted to some 235 people whose occupation was fishing and salt production. The latter activity is traditional for the region due to the vast areas of shallow and saline water in the Sivash lagoons. Salt production in the 19th century was about 24,000 tonnes per year on the Arabat Arrow alone. Nowadays, the spit is a health resort and its Azov Sea side is used as a beach. While the spit is geophysically a part of the Crimean Peninsula, politically its northern half belongs to Kherson Oblast, while its southern portion is, de facto since 2014, a part of the Russian Republic of Crimea.

The entirety of the spit was occupied during the annexation, although Russia withdrew its forces from the northern Kherson side in December 2014. The rural communities of Henicheska Hirka and Strilkove are located in the northern section of the spit, within the Kherson Oblast; the community of Solyane is located in the southern part of the spit, administered as part of the Republic of Crimea. Bay of Arabat Arabat Fortress Barrier island Semenov, Petr Petrovich. Geografichesko-statisticheskìĭ slovar' Rossìĭskoĭ imperìi. Oxford University. Shutov, Yu. "Арабатская стрелка" Tavria, 1983 Detailed map of the Arabat Spit

Deron Johnson

Deron Roger Johnson was an American professional baseball infielder, designated hitter, coach, who played in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees, Kansas City/Oakland Athletics, Cincinnati Reds, Atlanta Braves, Philadelphia Phillies, Milwaukee Brewers, Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox, over the course of his 16-year big league playing career. While an active player, Johnson stood 6 feet 2 inches tall, he threw right-handed. Johnson served as an MLB hitting coach for 12 seasons with the California Angels, New York Mets, Seattle Mariners, White Sox, he was still an active member of the California coaching staff when diagnosed with lung cancer, which claimed his life on April 23, 1992, at the age of 53. Deron Johnson first appeared in a major league game on September 20, 1960; the 22-year-old was called upon to pinch hit in the ninth inning of a 1-1 tie between New York and Washington, facing Senators southpaw Hal Woodeshick. Mickey Mantle flied out to right and Bill Skowron doubled. Johnson advanced Skowron to third with a flyout to center.

The Yankees won 2-1 in the 11th. He got his first two career hits on October 2, 1960 in the Yankees' last game of the regular season, an 8-7 win over the Red Sox at Yankee Stadium. Johnson batted twice in the game—the first resulted in a fifth-inning double off Red Sox pitcher Jerry Casale, in the seventh he singled off Arnold Earley. Johnson's contract was purchased from Kansas City by the Cincinnati Reds on April 5, 1963. Playing for Triple-A San Diego, he topped the Pacific Coast League with 33 home runs, tied for fifth with 91 RBI, was picked as first baseman on the PCL All-Star team. 1964 was his first full season in the major leagues with the Reds where he posted a.273 average with 21 home runs and 79 runs batted in. The 1965 season with the Cincinnati Reds was one of the best of Johnson's career, as he hit.287, hit 32 home runs, drove in an MLB-leading 130 runs. Rose was quoted in 1983, "I had never seen anyone hit the ball harder than Deron Johnson."While playing for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1971 Johnson clubbed 34 homers and drove in over 90 runs.

Further proof of Johnson’s long-ball skill was evident on July 10 and 11, 1971, as he belted four consecutive home runs against the Montreal Expos, three of them coming on the 11th. Johnson hit.300 in the 1973 World Series. He opened 1974 with the A's, but on June 24, 1974, he was released on waivers to the Milwaukee Brewers. On September 7, Johnson was sold to the Boston Red Sox, who were in the middle of a pennant fight they lost; the following April he signed with the White Sox. In 148 games for the White Sox, Johnson hit 18 home runs, drove in 72 RBI. On September 21, after Jim Rice had been injured earlier in the day, the Red Sox once again needed supplemental power and reacquired Johnson. Johnson's last home run of his career came on September 27, 1975 off of Indians pitcher Rick Waits at Fenway Park. Johnson was a football star at San Diego High School, he opted to sign with the Yankees. In 1979, Johnson was inducted by the San Diego Hall of Champions into the honoring San Diego's finest athletes.

From 1958 to 1959, he served for six months in the U. S. Army under the Reserve Training Program, the first of several military stints during his baseball career. After retiring as a Major League player, along with coaching in the majors, Johnson owned a construction company in San Diego and operated a 40-acre cattle ranch; when he died of cancer in 1992, he was survived by his wife Lucy Ann, sons Deron Jr. and Dominick, daughter Dena. List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders List of Major League Baseball annual runs batted in leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Deron Johnson at SABR Deron Johnson at Pura Pelota Deron Johnson at The Deadball Era Deron Johnson at Find a Grave

San Adrian (tunnel)

The San Adrian tunnel or Lizarrate represents the most outstanding milestone in the historic inland Basque route of the Way of St. James, it consists of a natural cave carved by water erosion in the rock with an opening on either side north and south. The tunnel provides a natural passage dividing the provinces of Álava/Araba; the Spanish-Basque linguistic boundary of the twentieth century was established in this area, the next village south, having been predominantly Spanish speaking during that period. Nowadays many hikers cross the tunnel in order to gain access to the nearby peaks and grazing fields, namely Aratz and Urbia; as so many times in Basque place- and person-names, this name of worship has gone through a mutation arguably brought about by scribes and people ignorant of Basque. The pass itself is attested as Leizarrate at the beginning of the 17th century, while nowadays this naming is limited to the rock in Spanish, with Basque still retaining the name Lizarrate with its original meaning – i.e. to refer to the tunnel.

The hermitage may have been dedicated to the "Sancta Trinitate" or Holy Trinity. Yet the word, like many Romance and Latin words turns out messy to pronounce in Basque, it underwent a reduction that resulted in Sandrati or Sandratei, as locals call it. Other phonetic outputs as attested in place-names around the area include Sandrati, Santa Tria and variations in the lands of Álava/Araba extending south of the mountain range that San Adrian provides the pass for: Santa Tria, San Tetria. Curiously enough, Saint Adrian does not hold a representative position among Basque religious icons, as opposed to the ubiquitous San Martin, San Miguel or San Juan/Donibane, but Saint Adrian was much revered in the ways of St James. To sum up, the name San Adrian results from a phonetic interpretation by Romance-speaking people of the Basque name for "Sancta Trinitate". In fact, the existing "San Adrian" place-names are not far from the San Adrian tunnel, where locals still gather in a celebration on the Trinity Day or following Sunday on a yearly basis.

The occurrence and relevance of the tunnel is attested since the 16th century, more so since the 13th, when historic circumstances rendered it a preferred route for pilgrimage and trade. The status gained at that time by the San Adrian pass and the way coming south from Gascony down into Gipuzkoa was to have an important impact on the social and constructing development of the population nuclei located on it and around, yet the heyday of this branch of the Way of St. James was to go on the wane thereafter by an ebb in popularity, the main trade and pilgrimage stream shifting to the more convenient French Way; the mountain pass was used for ages by shepherds, as evidenced by prehistoric traces of seasonal cattle migration and burial mounds in the area. Cattle sheep, keep on grazing up to these days on the steep pastures all around the area of the cave. Place-names associated to alien cultures, such as neighbouring town Zegama or Arakama, claimed by some scholars to stem from Indo-European, suggest that European peoples may have used this pass.

In step with the popular name, the "Roman way", some point to the construction of the original roadway by the Romans, with continuous upkeep and renovation in the Middle Ages. At any rate, this stretch is not located on the important axis Bordeaux-Astorga cutting its way east to west through the Alava plains. A Roman inscription has been found in Zegama. A reference of the hermitage and pass of San Adrian in the blurred early ages is provided in Noticias Históricas, where the spot is identified as the "Sanctam Trianam" landmark cited as establishing the southern boundaries of the bishopric of Bayonne. Early Medieval Navarrese and Castilian coins and copper buckles have been gathered in the tunnel, confirming that it was frequented in advance of the 13th century; the coastal route was dangerous on account of Viking attacks and raids, while the southern roads, namely the French Way crossing Pamplona/Iruñea, Logroño and on to Burgos was subject to Muslim forays and attacks, which rendered the Alavan lands safer and more secure, as "they have always stayed in possession of its inhabitants".

After snatching the territories of Alava and Gipuzkoa from Navarre, Alfonso X encouraged the use of this stretch that connected by land Castile to Gascony through the strip extending from San Sebastian to Irun. With a view to strengthening both trade and military grip in the region, the king founded in 1256 the towns of Salvatierra and Villafranca in various spots of the way, so becoming popular with pilgrims, that could find there shelter and safety. Despite pilgrimage shift to the flatter and more convenient French Way, the San Adrian tunnel road kept its profile and was much in use as a European route in the 15th, 16th and 17th century.