El Apóstol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
El Apóstol
Quirino Cristiani con una figura.jpg
The cut and articulated figure of El Peludo (President Yrigoyen) used in the movie
Directed byQuirino Cristiani
Produced byFederico Valle
Written byQuirino Cristiani
Release date
November 9, 1917
Running time
70 minutes (14 frame/s)
LanguageSilent film

El Apóstol (Spanish: "The Apostle") is a 1917 lost Argentine animated film utilizing cutout animation, and the world's first animated feature film.[1] It was directed and produced respectively by Italian immigrants Quirino Cristiani and Federico Valle.

Production background[edit]

The film was written by Alfonso de Laferrere [2][3] and directed by Quirino Cristiani; the film consisted of a total of 58,000 frames played over the course of 70 minutes (at 14 frames per second).[4]

The film was a satire, with President Hipólito Yrigoyen ascending to the heavens to use Jupiter's thunderbolts to cleanse Buenos Aires of immorality and corruption; the result is a burnt city. The film was well received by critics at the time and a commercial success. A fire that destroyed producer Federico Valle's film studio incinerated the only known copy of El Apóstol, and so it is now considered a lost film.

A 2007 documentary Quirino Cristiani: The mystery of the first animated movies, directed by Italian animator Gabriele Zuchelli researches the history of the studio and recreates the look and technique used in El Apóstol.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "El Apóstol". www.bcdb.com, May 4, 2011
  2. ^ Bendazzi, Giannalberto. Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation. N.p.: Indiana UP, 1995. Print.
  3. ^ Finkielman, Jorge. The Film Industry in Argentina: An Illustrated Cultural History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2004. Print.
  4. ^ Quirino Cristiani, The Untold Story of Argentina's Pioneer Animator

External links[edit]