Ushuaia is the capital of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province, Argentina. It is regarded as the southernmost city in the world. Ushuaia is located in a wide bay on the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, bounded on the north by the Martial mountain range, on the south by the Beagle Channel, it is the only municipality in the Department of Ushuaia, which has an area of 9,390 km2. It was founded October 12 of 1884 by Augusto Lasserre and is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel surrounded by the mountain range of the Martial Glacier, in the Bay of Ushuaia. Besides being an administrative center, it is a light industrial tourist hub; the word Ushuaia comes from the Yaghan language: ush and waia and means "deep bay" or "bay to background". The act creating the subprefecture in 1884 cites the name "Oshovia", one of the many orthographic variations of the word, its demonym is "Ushuaiense". The name is pronounced "u-sua-ia", an exception to the orthographic rules of Spanish, since the's' forms a syllable with the following'u' despite the intervening'h'.
The pronunciation "Usuaía" is erroneous: the prosodic accent is on the first'a', why the word is written without an accent mark. Shield The municipality carried out a contest for the election of the image of the City Shield, approving by decree nº28, in 1971, the design of Vicente Gómez. Motto Ushuaia, end of the world, beginning of everything The Selk’nam Indians called the Ona, first arrived in Tierra del Fuego about 10,000 years ago; the southern group of people indigenous to the area, The Yaghan, occupied what is now Ushuaia, lived in continual conflict with the northern inhabitants of the island. For much of the latter half of the 19th century, the eastern portion of Tierra del Fuego was populated by a substantial majority of nationals who were not Argentine citizens, including a number of British subjects. Ushuaia was founded informally by British missionaries, following previous British surveys, long before Argentine nationals or government representatives arrived there on a permanent basis.
The British ship HMS Beagle, under the command of Captain Robert FitzRoy, first reached the channel on January 29, 1833, during its maiden voyage surveying Tierra del Fuego. The city was named by early British missionaries using the native Yámana name for the area. Much of the early history of the city and its hinterland is described in Lucas Bridges’s book Uttermost Part of the Earth; the name Ushuaia first appears in letters and reports of the South American Mission Society in England. The British missionary Waite Hockin Stirling became the first European to live in Ushuaia when he stayed with the Yámana people between 18 January and mid-September 1869. In 1870 more British missionaries arrived to establish a small settlement; the following year the first marriage was performed. During 1872, 36 baptisms and 7 marriages and the first European birth in Tierra del Fuego were registered; the first house constructed in Ushuaia was a pre-assembled 3 room home prepared in the Falkland Islands in 1870 for Reverend Thomas Bridges.
One room was for the Bridges family, a second was for a Yámana married couple, while the third served as the chapel. Thomas Bridges was a fluent speaker. To a lesser extent he was able to communicate in the Ona language, his missionary work was directed at the Yaghans. The word Yamana means "people" in the Yaghan language, he wrote a dictionary of the Yaghan language, the original manuscript of, in the British Museum. As the Yaghans had no ability nor means to write, Thomas Bridges had to construct an alphabet, suited to the phonetics of the language; the original manuscript was lost three times but recovered and published under an incorrect name. More than one alphabet has been used over the years in the rendering of this dictionary; the odyssey of the manuscript covered nearly half a century before it was published. Natalie Goodall was instrumental in reprinting the dictionary in 1987 and providing valuable insights into the history of Thomas Bridges' work. Copies of the dictionary provide material on the letters and pronunciations used which in many respects differ from the alphabet used in the English language..
During 1873, Juan and Clara Lawrence, the first Argentine citizens to visit Ushuaia, arrived to teach school. That same year Julio Argentino Roca, who served as Argentine President twice, promoted the establishment of a penal colony for re-offenders, modeled after one in Tasmania, Australia, in an effort to secure permanent residents from Argentina and to help establish Argentine sovereignty over all of Tierra del Fuego, but only after the Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina did formal efforts get under way to establish the township and its prison. During the 1880s, many gold prospectors came to Ushuaia following rumors of large gold fields, which proved to be false. On 12 October 1884, as part of the South Atlantic Expedition, Commodore Augusto Lasserre established the sub-division of Ushuaia, with the missionaries and naval officers signing the Act of Ceremony. Don Feliz M Paz was named Governor in 1885 named Ushuaia as its capital. In 1885 the territory police was organized under Antonio A. Romero with headquarters in Ushuaia.
But it was not until 1904 that the Federal Government of Argentina recognized Ushuaia as the capital of Tierra del Fuego. Ushuaia suffered several epidemics, including typhus and measles, that much reduced the native pop
Los Glaciares National Park
Los Glaciares National Park is a federal protected area in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. The park covers an area of 726,927 ha. Established on 11 May 1937, it hosts a representative sample of Magellanic subpolar forest and west Patagonian steppe biodiversity in good state of conservation. In 1981, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO; the park's name refers to the giant ice cap in the Andes, the largest outside of Antarctica and Iceland, feeding 47 large glaciers, of which 13 flow towards the Atlantic Ocean. In other parts of the world, glaciers start at a height of at least 2,500 m above mean sea level, but due to the size of the ice cap, these glaciers begin at only 1,500 m, sliding down to 200 m. Los Glaciares borders Torres del Paine National Park to the south in Chilean territory. Los Glaciares, of which 30% is covered by ice, can be divided in two parts, each corresponding with one of the two elongated big lakes contained by the park. Lake Argentino, 1,466 km2 and the largest in Argentina, is in the south, while Lake Viedma, 1,100 km2, is in the north.
Both lakes feed the Santa Cruz River that flows down to lower part Puerto Santa Cruz on the Atlantic. Between the two halves is a non-touristic zone without lakes called Zona Centro; the northern half consists of part of Viedma Lake, the Viedma Glacier and a few minor glaciers, a number of mountains popular among fans of climbing and trekking, including Mount Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre. The southern part has, as well as a number of smaller ones, the major glaciers which flow into Lake Argentino: Perito Moreno Glacier, Upsala Glacier, Spegazzini Glacier. Typical excursion boats travel between icebergs to visit Bahía Onelli, the otherwise inaccessible Spegazzini and Upsala. Perito Moreno is reachable by land; the park has a moist temperate climate. Mean temperatures range from 0.6 °C in winter to 13.4 °C in summer although at higher altitudes, the mean annual temperature can be around −3 °C. The park receives an average annual rainfall of 500 mm in the west and 900 mm in the east, evenly distributed throughout the year.
Snowfall is common during the colder months. The mountains hold most of the humidity from the Pacific Ocean, letting through only the ice coldness and creating the arid Patagonian steppe on the Argentine side of the range; this area is habitat for ñandúes, guanaco and South American gray fox, the latter of which has suffered from the invasion of the cattle industry and are endangered. The guanaco, while not endangered, has had a dramatic decline in historic population due to large scale grazing of livestock throughout much of Patagonia. There are over 100 species of birds in the area. Between the ice and the Patagonian steppe there is a fertile area of Magellanic subpolar forests composed of lengas and guindos, but ñires. Within these more hospitable areas live huemul deer and torrent duck. Los Glaciares National Park faces many issues around tourism, forest fires and more. There are areas of the park where overgrazing is quite a problem and contains many alien/invasive and feral species such as cattle, European hares and certain types of trout.
Forest fires have destroyed parts of it as well. Los Glaciares is a major attraction for international tourists. Starting points of tours are the village of El Calafate at the shore of Lake Argentino but outside the park, where the park's administration has its headquarters, El Chaltén village in the northern part of the park, at the foot of the Fitz Roy. Other touristic points in the park include Lago Roca. Laguna San Rafael National Park National Parks of Argentina Tourism in Argentina Kearney, Alan. Mountaineering in Patagonia. Seattle, WA: Cloudcap. Official websiteMap of the ParkWCMC World Heritage Encyclopædia Britannica, Los Glaciares National Park Fauna Paisaje Natural Panoramic Virtual Tour of Onelli Glacier & Lake
National Institute of Statistics and Census of Argentina
National Statistics and Censuses Institute is the Argentine government agency responsible for the collection and processing of statistical data. The institute analyses economic and social indicators such as inflation rate, consumer price index and unemployment, among others; the INDEC is supervised by different federal agencies, is under the direct oversight of the Secretaría de Programación Económica y Regional of the Ministerio de Economía y Producción. The INDEC coordinates the Sistema Estadístico Nacional through which the national and local statistical services work together; each provincial government has a statistics bureau called Dirección de Estadística, that collects and processes information. The Argentine Constitution does not provide for a national census; these were conducted only generationally until 1947, every decade since then. National censuses were taken in 1869, 1895, 1914, 1947, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010. Demographic and economic information is permanently updated with off-year censuses, such as the Economic and Agricultural Censuses, the sampled surveys published in Encuesta Permanente de Hogares.
Monthly releases include figures on inflation, trade balances, industrial production, retail sales, GDP. The first national statistics' centre was the Dirección General de Estadística, established in 1894 as a division of the Ministry of Public Finances. Fifty years in 1944, the Consejo Nacional de Estadística y Censos was created, with dependencies on both the Ministry of the Interior and the National Presidential Office. Other agencies were formed in 1950, 1952, 1956 before the final creation of the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos in 1968 by Law 17622 and Decrees 3110/70 and 1831/93; the bureau's headquarters are located in a downtown, rationalist building designed by Arturo Dubourg, commissioned by President Juan Perón for use as the Ministry of Labour, completed in 1956. Although nominally independent, INDEC is subject to strong political pressure from the government, its statistics are no longer considered trustworthy; because INDEC's statistics have been reported as being manipulated by the Kirchner government, it is considered "discredited".
Controversy arose when the government of President Néstor Kirchner replaced Graciela Bevacqua, the Consumer Prices Indicator director. Bevacqua is reported to have arrived at a consumer price increase figure of 2.0% for January 2007 from internal data but the rate reported to the public was 1.1%. The head of INDEC resigned in March, a new board of directors led by Ana María Edwin was installed by the Ministry of Economy. A group of employees protested publicly at what they saw as a violation of INDEC's autonomy, an attempt by the Economy Ministry under Felisa Miceli to illegally keep inflation indicators under one percent a month. Prosecutors gathered evidence that high government officials had inquired of statistical staff how to get lower inflation numbers, that in early 2007 managers of the price indexes had excluded products whose prices had risen more than 15% in the survey and changed price data after it came in from the field workers. Prices and the official record have continued to part ways since former Commerce Secretary Guillermo Moreno's decision to intervene in the statistics institute in 2007.
Private-sector economists and statistical offices of provincial governments show inflation two to three times higher than INDEC's number. Unions, including those from the public sector, use these independent estimates when negotiating pay rises. Surveys by Torcuato di Tella University show inflation expectations running at 25-30%. Since INDEC's headline inflation statistics have been lower than estimates from analysts in the private sector and lower than INDEC's implicit private consumption price index, incorporated in the measurement of real GDP. Taken from the first quarter of 2007, each index has read as follows: The discrepancy has led to exchanged accusations of politically motivated statistical legerdemain between the ruling party and most of the political opposition, on both left and right. Officials facing election have an incentive to understate the headline CPI figure. Opposition figures relied on estimates made by figures such as Orlando Ferreres; the practice yielded the ruling party no political benefit, helped contribute to their loss in the October 2009 mid-term elections.
An alternative explanation for the policy could rest on government finances: the national government has issued around US$100 billion in government bonds. Payments on US$50 billion of this are indexed to inflation. Other government bonds are tied in value to GDP growth. A 7-point underestimate in inflation could save the Central Bank of Argentina US$3 billion in inflation-indexed interest payments, while higher economic growth would cost added interest on bonds tied to GDP. Since 2007, when Guillermo Moreno, the secretary of internal trade
Puerto Natales is a city in Chilean Patagonia. It is the capital of both the commune of Natales and the province of Última Esperanza, one of the four provinces that make up the Magallanes and Antartica Chilena Region in the southernmost part of Chile. Puerto Natales is the only city in the province, it is located 247 km northwest of Punta Arenas. It is the final passenger port of call for the Navimag ferry sailing from Puerto Montt into the Señoret Channel as well as the primary transit point for travellers to Torres del Paine National Park, Chile, it is located at the opening of Última Esperanza Sound and was inhabited by the Kawésqar or Alacaluf people and the Aoniken or Tehuelche people. The first European to discover the area where the city is located was Juan Ladrillero, a Spanish explorer, looking for the Strait of Magellan's western passage in 1557; the city was settled by European immigrants Germans, including English and Scots, Greeks and Spaniards. It was settled by Chilean people, with a substantial number coming from the island of Chiloé, all attracted by the sheep breeding industry.
The city was formally founded under the government of Ramón Barros Luco on May 31, 1911. Nowadays, one of its most important industries is tourism although the cattle and aquaculture industries are significant; the province where Puerto Natales is located was named Última Esperanza by the sailor Juan Ladrilleros, seeking the Strait of Magellan in the year 1557. It was his "last hope" to find the Strait after exploring the maze of channels between the waters of the Pacific and the mainland, it was not until three centuries in 1830, that another major expedition sailed through the fjords and channels of Última Esperanza: the British expedition of the sloop HMS Beagle. Some of the expedition members such as Robert FitzRoy, William Skyring and James Kirke as well as their senior officers are remembered by several place-names in the area. Commander Fitzroy was the captain during the Second voyage of HMS Beagle. In 1870, interest in the region of Ultima Esperanza was rekindled. Among the daring travelers who ventured to these desolate lands was Santiago Zamora known as'Baqueano' Zamora.
He discovered the lakes of the Torres del Paine area and many wild horses are locally known as baguales. Another was the English traveler and writer Lady Florence Dixie, commemorated in the city's present-day Hotel Lady Florence Dixie. Dixie wrote the book Across Patagonia, where she relates the first tourist expedition to Torres del Paine which she named as Cleopatra's needles. Puerto Natales was founded in May 1911 as a port for the sheep industry. During the last half of the 20th century the sheep industry declined and many people from Puerto Natales started to work in the coal mines of Río Turbio in Argentina. During the zenith of the sheep industry in Patagonia, two large "frigorificos" or cold-storage plants were constructed in the Natales area, of which one has survived; the plant at Puerto Bories, about 4 km NW from Puerto Natales, was a project of the Sociedad Explotadora de Tierra del Fuego. The Puerto Bories site was inaugurated in 1913 and was in production until 1993; the Cold-Storage Plant was constructed in "Post Victorian Industrial" architectural style and features of number of British machinery examples which reflect the technology of the beginning of the 20th century.
The Cold-Storage Plant complex is part of the industrial history of the Puerto Natales area. A restoration project made by The Singular Hotels, was started on the complex in 2010 in order to transform the cold storage plant into a luxury hotel, called The Singular Patagonia. Torres del Paine National Park Puerto Natales has many tourist facilities and it has become a common base for excursions to the world-renowned Torres del Paine National Park, one of the most popular national parks in Chile, its main feature, the mountainous “towers”, are an impressive and unique rock formation known as "Torres del Paine". They comprise the Torre Central, 2,800 meters high. Named a Unesco World Biosphere Reserve, the park is home to hundreds of different birds and many species of mammal, as well as the third largest ice field on the planet; the national park is open all year round but best season to visit the park is from October to April, the southern hemisphere spring and summer. This season has more sunny days with more than 16 hours of daylight.
Cueva del Milodón Natural Monument Twenty four kilometres northwest of Puerto Natales, along the flanks of the Cerro Benitez Mountains, lies the Cueva del Milodón Natural Monument. It comprises a rock formation called the Silla del Diablo; the main cave, used by prehistoric tribes, is notable for the discovery in 1895 of skin and other parts of a giant ground sloth known as the Mylodon, today extinct. The area includes the Bernardo O'Higgins National Park; the latter is the site of the Fjord of Cordillera Riesco and Cordillera Sarmiento. Nao Victoria MuseumA museum in nearby Punta Arenas; the Nao Victoria was one of the five ships that sailed in the Spanish Armada de Molucca expedition which discovered the meeting point the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A realistic and accurate replica of the ship commemorates the expedition and allows visitors to experience the historic voyage. Navigate the fjordsCompanies offering boat trips through the Patagonian fjords depart from Puerto Natales Pier and take tourists to view the region’s many icebergs.
Bike, horseback and ka
Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the South American continent's southeastern coast. "Buenos Aires" can be translated as "fair winds" or "good airs", but the former was the meaning intended by the founders in the 16th century, by the use of the original name "Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre". The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas, with a population of around 15.6 million. The city of Buenos Aires is the Province's capital. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province; the city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Flores. The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name: Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, its citizens first elected a chief of government in 1996.
Buenos Aires is considered an'alpha city' by the study GaWC5. Buenos Aires' quality of life was ranked 91st in the world, being one of the best in Latin America in 2018, it is the most visited city in South America, the second-most visited city of Latin America. Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination, is known for its preserved Eclectic European architecture and rich cultural life. Buenos Aires held the 1st Pan American Games in 1951 as well as hosting two venues in the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Buenos Aires hosted the 2018 the 2018 G20 summit. Buenos Aires is a multicultural city, being home to multiple religious groups. Several languages are spoken in the city in addition to Spanish, contributing to its culture and the dialect spoken in the city and in some other parts of the country; this is because in the last 150 years the city, the country in general, has been a major recipient of millions of immigrants from all over the world, making it a melting pot where several ethnic groups live together and being considered one of the most diverse cities of the Americas.
It is recorded under the archives of Aragonese that Catalan missionaries and Jesuits arriving in Cagliari under the Crown of Aragon, after its capture from the Pisans in 1324 established their headquarters on top of a hill that overlooked the city. The hill was known to them as Bonaira, as it was free of the foul smell prevalent in the old city, adjacent to swampland. During the siege of Cagliari, the Catalans built a sanctuary to the Virgin Mary on top of the hill. In 1335, King Alfonso the Gentle donated the church to the Mercedarians, who built an abbey that stands to this day. In the years after that, a story circulated, claiming that a statue of the Virgin Mary was retrieved from the sea after it miraculously helped to calm a storm in the Mediterranean Sea; the statue was placed in the abbey. Spanish sailors Andalusians, venerated this image and invoked the "Fair Winds" to aid them in their navigation and prevent shipwrecks. A sanctuary to the Virgin of Buen Ayre would be erected in Seville.
In the first foundation of Buenos Aires, Spanish sailors arrived thankfully in the Río de la Plata by the blessings of the "Santa Maria de los Buenos Aires", the "Holy Virgin Mary of the Good Winds", said to have given them the good winds to reach the coast of what is today the modern city of Buenos Aires. Pedro de Mendoza called the city "Holy Mary of the Fair Winds", a name suggested by the chaplain of Mendoza's expedition – a devotee of the Virgin of Buen Ayre – after the Sardinian Madonna de Bonaria. Mendoza's settlement soon came under attack by indigenous people, was abandoned in 1541. For many years, the name was attributed to a Sancho del Campo, said to have exclaimed: How fair are the winds of this land!, as he arrived. But Eduardo Madero, in 1882 after conducting extensive research in Spanish archives concluded that the name was indeed linked with the devotion of the sailors to Our Lady of Buen Ayre. A second settlement was established in 1580 by Juan de Garay, who sailed down the Paraná River from Asunción.
Garay preserved the name chosen by Mendoza, calling the city Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María del Buen Aire. The short form "Buenos Aires" became the common usage during the 17th century; the usual abbreviation for Buenos Aires in Spanish is Bs. As, it is common as well to refer to it as "B. A." or "BA". While "BA" is used more by expats residing in the city, the locals more use the abbreviation "Baires", in one word. Seaman Juan Díaz de Solís, navigating in the name of Spain, was the first European to reach the Río de la Plata in 1516, his expedition was cut short when he was killed during an attack by the native Charrúa tribe in what is now Uruguay. The city of Buenos Aires was first established as Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre after Our Lady of Bonaria on 2 February 1536 by a Spanish expedition led by Pedro de Mendoza; the settlement founded by Mendoza was located in what is today the San Telmo district of Buenos Aires, south of the city centre. More attacks by the indigenous
Comandante Armando Tola International Airport
Comandante Armando Tola International Airport is an airport in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. It is located 21 km east of the city of El Calafate; the airport is jointly operated by London Supply. The airport is served by Aerolíneas Argentinas, LAN Argentina, LADE, it is the westernmost Argentinian airport served by scheduled flights. The airport was inaugurated in November 2000, it is now the main entrance to Los Glaciares National Park. The airport's design was created by a famous architect from Uruguay. In 2010, the airport was used by over 500,000 passengers, it was the departure and landing station for the second stage of Perlan Project The airport is a common stopover for flights to Ushuaia See source Wikidata query. Organismo Regulador del Sistema Nacional de Aeropuertos
Esquel is a town in the northwest of Chubut Province in Argentine Patagonia. It is located in Futaleufú Department; the town's name derives from one of two Tehuelche words. One meaning "marsh" and the other meaning "land of burrs", which refers to the many thorny plants including the pimpinella and other herbaceous plants whose fruits, when ripe turn into prickly burrs that stick to the animals' skins and wool or people's clothes as a way of propagation; the founding of the town dates back to the arrival of Welsh immigrants in Chubut in 1865. The settlement was created on 25 February 1906, as an extension of the Colonia 16 de Octubre, that contains the town of Trevelin; the city, the main town of the area, is located by the Esquel Stream and surrounded by the mountains La Zeta, La Cruz, Cerro 21 and La Hoya. La Hoya is known as a ski resort with good quality snow right through the spring; the Los Alerces National Park is 50 km northwest of the city. Another important tourist attraction is the narrow-gauge train, known as La Trochita locally and in English as The Old Patagonian Express after The Old Patagonian Express by Paul Theroux.
It is said to be the only narrow-gauge long-distance train in operation and the southernmost railway in the world. The first fifty locomotives were made by Henschel & Son of Germany in 1922 and were modified to use fuel oil and steam. Twenty-five locomotives were bought from the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia; the train remains authentic and in operation thanks to the effort of the team of workers at Talleres Ferroviarios El Maiten, that make a lot of pieces and parts by hand. The trains now run as a tourist excursion between Esquel and the small settlement of Nahuel Pan, located at the foot of the volcano of the same name, with other services all the way to El Maitén; until 1993, the train ran all the way to the city of Ingeniero Jacobacci in Río Negro Province, from where trains ran to Viedma, Río Negro and from there to Buenos Aires, forming the General Roca railway. According to the 2001 census, the Esquel district had about 28,000 inhabitants, with one of the highest rates of growth in the province as result of the immigration of people from Buenos Aires, but from other provinces.
It has wide cement streets with sidewalks, is clean and well maintained. Their hospital is the primary one for the zone and is a destination for "Medical Tourism" from both foreigners and Porteños alike; the townspeople have been in a long battle to prevent a gold mine being set up nearby, with concerns that the metal extraction will pollute the watercourse permanently and irreversibly. Although the mining companies were prohibited from producing mines in the area, there are still monthly street marches against the mines, the issue never seems to feel settled. In May 2009, Esquel twinned with Aberystwyth in Wales. In 1951 a farmer found a 755 kilograms meteorite called Esquel, while digging a hole for a water tank; when cut and polished, the meteorite showed beautiful yellowish olivine crystals. The Esquel meteorite is known world wide among the scientific community. Owing to its location on the immediate leeward side of the Andes, Esquel has a cool summer Mediterranean climate bordering on a Humid continental climate, with a rainfall pattern similar to central Chile.
Other climate systems, such as the Trewartha climate classification, place it within the oceanic zone, like much of Western Europe and the Pacific Northwest. Temperatures are cold for its climate due to its higher altitude. Summers are mild with warm temperatures during the afternoon followed by cool nights; the mean temperature during the summer is around 14 °C. It's the sunniest season, averaging as much as 10 hours of sunshine per day in January with an average of 7–8 clear days and only 5-7 overcast days. Spring and fall are transition seasons featuring mild temperatures during the day and cool to cold nights. Spring starts out with cool temperatures during the day and cold nights which progressively becomes warmer. Both spring and fall have variable weather. Winters vary from cool to cold with mean temperatures close to freezing. Temperatures fall below freezing during the winter nights. Winters are characterized by cloudy weather. Snow falls on average on twenty days each winter but accumulation is less than 10 cm.
The average date of the first frost occurs on March 7 while the average date of the last frost occurs on November 10 although frosts have been recorded in all months. The average relative humidity is 62%, ranging from a high of 77% in June and July to a low of 49% in January. Summers have lower humidity due to higher temperatures. Most of the wind comes from the southwest with calm days being uncommon; the relief modifies the wind speeds with southern areas receiving more wind than the north. Mean wind speeds range from 17.4 km/h in July to 30.4 km/h in December with summers being more windy than winters. Esquel receives an average annual precipitation of 504.2 millimetres a year. Esquel, which lies in the zone of transition between the wetter Andes to the west and the steppes to the east, records higher precipitation in the town than in the airport located 13 kilometers to the east, it is estimated that Esquel receives an average of 7 hours of sunshine per day, ranging from a high of 10 hours in Januar