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El Camino Real (California)

El Camino Real, sometimes associated with Calle Real refers to the 600-mile road connecting the 21 Spanish missions in California, along with a number of sub-missions, four presidios, three pueblos, stretching at its southern end from the San Diego area Mission San Diego de Alcalá, all of the way up to the trail's northern terminus at Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma, just north of San Francisco Bay. The meaning of the term "Camino Real" has in fact changed over time. In earlier Spanish colonial times, any road under the direct jurisdiction of the Spanish crown and its viceroys was considered to be a camino real. Examples of such roads ran between principal settlements throughout Spain and its colonies such as New Spain. Most caminos reales had names apart from the appended camino real. Once Mexico won its independence from Spain, no road in Mexico, including California, was a camino real; the name was used after that and was only revived in the American period in connection with the boosterism associated with the Mission Revival movement of the early 20th century.

The original route begins in Baja California Sur, Mexico, at the site of Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó, present day Loreto. Today, many streets throughout California that either follow or run parallel to this historic route still bear the "El Camino Real" name; some of the original route has been continually upgraded until it is now part of the modern California freeway system. The route is traced by a series of commemorative bell markers. Between 1683 and 1834, Jesuit and Franciscan missionaries established a series of religious outposts from today's Baja California and Baja California Sur into present-day California. In Alta California, El Camino Real followed two alternate routes, established by the first two Spanish exploratory expeditions of the region; the first was the Portolá Expedition of 1769. The expedition party included Franciscan missionaries, led by Junípero Serra. Starting from Loreto, Serra established the first of the 21 missions at San Diego. Serra stayed at San Diego and Juan Crespí continued the rest of the way with Gaspar de Portolá.

Proceeding north, Portolá followed the coastline, except. The expedition was prevented from going farther north by the entrance to San Francisco Bay, the Golden Gate. Crespí identified several future mission sites. On the return trip to San Diego, Gaspar de Portolá found a shorter detour around one stretch of coastal cliffs via Conejo Valley. Portolá journeyed again from San Diego to Monterey in 1770, where Junipero Serra founded the second mission. Carmel became Serra's Alta California mission headquarters; the second Juan Bautista de Anza expedition, entering Alta California from the southeast picked up Portolá's trail at Mission San Gabriel. De Anza's scouts found easier traveling in several inland valleys, rather than staying on the rugged coast. On his journey north, de Anza traveled Salinas Valley. After detouring to the coast to visit the Presidio of Monterey, de Anza went inland again, following the Santa Clara Valley to the southern end of San Francisco Bay and on up the east side of the San Francisco Peninsula.

This became the preferred route, more corresponds to the recognized El Camino Real. To facilitate overland travel, mission settlements were 30 miles apart, so that they were separated by one long day's ride on horseback along the 600-mile long El Camino Real, known as the California Mission Trail. Heavy freight movement was practical only via water. Tradition has it that the padres sprinkled mustard seeds along the trail to mark the windings of the trail's northward progress with bright yellow flowers, creating a golden trail stretching from San Diego to Sonoma; the Camino Real provided a vital interconnecting land route between the 21 Spanish missions of Alta-California. Valuable seeds were brought to California marking the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro with trees for different uses. For example, ash trees were the marker for where a spring was to be found—as seen to this day at the Church of our Lady’s Transit, in Fresnillo, Zacatecas. In 1912, California began paving a section of the historic route in San Mateo County.

Construction of a two-lane concrete highway began in front of the historic Uncle Tom's Cabin, an inn in San Bruno, built in 1849 and demolished 100 years later. There was little traffic and children used the pavement for roller skating until traffic increased. By the late 1920s, California began the first of numerous widening projects of what became part of U. S. Route 101. Today, several modern highways cover parts of the historic route, though large sections are on city streets, its full modern route, as defined by the California State Legislature, is as follows: East Bay routeSome older local roads that parallel these routes have the name. Many streets throughout California now bear the name of this famous road with little factual relation to the original.

Watanabe Entertainment

Watanabe Entertainment Co. Ltd. is a major Japanese entertainment conglomerate and a member of the Watanabe Production Group. Its head office is in Shibuya and the company's principle functions include organizing television and radio programming, managing Japanese entertainers as well as hosting foreign entertainers on visits to Japan, planning and production of various commercial and goods advertising ventures; the company is known informally as either Wanatanabe Entertainment, Watanabe Enta or WE. The current president of the company is Miki Watanabe, leading the company since it was created from the parent company, Watanabe Productions in 2000. Affiliated idols are categorized here. Mickey Curtis Yu Shirota Masaya Nakamura Yuya Endo Masaki Kaji Osamu Hayashi Hifumi Katō K Dub Shine Kenta Nishimura Shiraku Tatekawa Alexander Sou Mizukami D-Boys Masato Wada Hiroki Suzuki Hirofumi Araki Kōji Seto Tomo Yanagishita Tetsuya Makita Masahiro Usui Masashi Mikami Yamada Yusuke Arata Horie Shuto Miyazaki Masaki Nakao Yūki Yamada Takahisa Maeyama Atsushi Shiramata Jun Shison Jun Amaki Shizuka Ōya Nozomi Kawasaki Gal Sone Yuki Kashiwagi Yoshiko Kuga Asuka Kuramochi Marika Tani Nachu Akiko Matsumoto Sei Matobu Sakura Miyajima Konomi Watanabe Hideyuki Nakayama Honjamaca Neptune TIM Ryo Fukawa Bibiru Ōki Xabungle Sayaka Aoki Ungirls Choushinjuku Wagaya Lotti Haraichi Sunshine Ikezaki Abareru-kun Atsugiri Jason Hanako Yonsentōshin Nora Hirano Nyanko Star Rag Fair Yorico Shoko Nakagawa Little Glee Monster Nokko Watanabe Entertainment information Watanabe Entertainment official homepage

Eupselia satrapella

Eupselia satrapella is a species of moth of the family Depressariidae. It is found in Australia, where it has been recorded from Queensland, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory; the wingspan is 16.5–19 mm. The forewings are deep yellow, with the apical portion beyond an inwardly curved line from three-fifths of the costa to three-fourths of the inner-margin purple. There is a suffused dark fuscous streak along the costa from the base to the middle and a dark fuscous streak along the lower half of the division-line of the yellow and purple portions beyond which are two small deep blue spots, one in the middle, the other above the inner-margin. There is a broader dark fuscous streak from the costa at the junction of yellow and purple portions to the anal angle curved inwards, bordered posteriorly on its lower half with purple-blue. A oblique, dark fuscous streak runs from the costal extremity of this streak towards the hind-margin a little below the apex, above, a deep purple-blue spot, the extreme the costa is yellow.

There are four round black spots on the lower part of the hind-margin, surrounded by ochreous scales, alternating with three smaller longitudinally elongate black spots. There is a metallic purple line along the base of the cilia, the rest of the cilia dark fuscous; the hindwings are dark fuscous. The larvae feed on the foliage of Eucalyptus species, living in a sinuous tubular gallery between the leaves, they are off-white with vague dark lines along the body. Taxonomy