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El Dorado

El Dorado El Hombre Dorado or El Rey Dorado, was the term used by the Spanish Empire to describe a mythical tribal chief of the Muisca people, an indigenous people of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense of Colombia, who, as an initiation rite, covered himself with gold dust and submerged in Lake Guatavita. The legends surrounding El Dorado changed over time, as it went from being a man, to a city, to a kingdom, finally to an empire. A second location for El Dorado was inferred from rumors, which inspired several unsuccessful expeditions in the late 1500s in search of a city called Manõa on the shores of Lake Parime. Two of the most famous of these expeditions were led by Sir Walter Raleigh. In pursuit of the legend, Spanish conquistadors and numerous others searched what is today Colombia and parts of Guyana and northern Brazil, for the city and its fabulous king. In the course of these explorations, much of northern South America, including the Amazon River, was mapped. By the beginning of the 19th century, most people dismissed the existence of the city as a myth.

Several literary works have used the name in their titles, sometimes as "El Dorado", other times as "Eldorado". The Muisca occupied the highlands of Cundinamarca and Boyacá departments of Colombia in two migrations from outlying lowland areas, one starting c. 1270 BCE, a second between 800 BCE and 500 BCE. At those times, other more ancient civilizations flourished in the highlands; the Muisca Confederation was as advanced as the Aztec and Inca civilizations. In the mythology of the Muisca, Mnya the Gold or golden color, represents the energy contained in the trinity of Chiminigagua, which constitutes the creative power of everything that exists. Chiminigagua is related to Bachué, Chibchacum and Nencatacoa; the original narrative can be found in the rambling chronicle El Carnero of Juan Rodriguez Freyle. According to Freyle, the zipa of the Muisca, in a ritual at Lake Guatavita near present-day Bogotá, was said to be covered with gold dust, which he washed off in the lake while his attendants threw objects made of gold and precious stones into the lake - such as tunjos.

In 1638, Freyle wrote this account of the ceremony, addressed to the cacique or governor of Guatavita: The ceremony took place on the appointment of a new ruler. Before taking office, he spent some time secluded in a cave, without women, forbidden to eat salt, or to go out during daylight; the first journey he had to make was to go to the great lagoon of Guatavita, to make offerings and sacrifices to the demon which they worshipped as their god and lord. During the ceremony which took place at the lagoon, they made a raft of rushes and decorating it with the most attractive things they had, they put on it four lighted braziers in which they burned much moque, the incense of these natives, resin and many other perfumes. The lagoon was large and deep, so that a ship with high sides could sail on it, all loaded with an infinity of men and women dressed in fine plumes, golden plaques and crowns.... As soon as those on the raft began to burn incense, they lit braziers on the shore, so that the smoke hid the light of day.

At this time, they stripped the heir to his skin, anointed him with a sticky earth on which they placed gold dust so that he was covered with this metal. They placed him on the raft... and at his feet they placed a great heap of gold and emeralds for him to offer to his god. In the raft with him went four principal subject chiefs, decked in plumes, bracelets and ear rings all of gold. They, were naked, each one carried his offering... when the raft reached the centre of the lagoon, they raised a banner as a signal for silence. The gilded Indian then... out all the pile of gold into the middle of the lake, the chiefs who had accompanied him did the same on their own accounts.... After this they lowered the flag, which had remained up during the whole time of offering, and, as the raft moved towards the shore, the shouting began again, with pipes and large teams of singers and dancers. With this ceremony the new ruler was received, was recognised as lord and king; this is the ceremony that became the famous El Dorado, which has taken so many fortunes.

There is an account, titled The Quest of El Dorado, by poet-priest and historian of the Conquest Juan de Castellanos, who had served under Jiménez de Quesada in his campaign against the Muisca, written in the mid-16th century but not published until 1850: According to Spanish historian Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo: He went about all covered with powdered gold, as casually as if it were powdered salt. For it seemed to him that to wear any other finery was less beautiful, that to put on ornaments or arms made of gold worked by hammering, stamping, or by other means, was a vulgar and common thing. In the Muisca territories, there were a number of natural locations considered sacred, including lakes, rivers and large rocks. People gathered here to perform rituals and sacrifices with gold and emeralds. Important lakes were Lake Guatavita, Lake Iguaque, Lake Fúquene, Lake Tota, the Siecha Lakes, Lake Teusacá and Lake Ubaque. El Dorado is applied to a legendary story in which precious stones were found in fabulous abundance along with gold coins.

The concept of El Dorado underwent several transformations, accounts of the previous myth were combined with those of a legendary lost city. The resulting El Dorado myth enticed European explorers for two centuries. Among the earliest stories was the one told on his deathbed by Juan Martinez, a captain of munitio

Bla┼ż Rola

Blaž Rola is a Slovenian tennis player. His highest career ranking is no. 78 in no. 209 in doubles. He represents Slovenia on the Slovenia Davis Cup team, he competed for The Ohio State University from 2010 to 2013, winning the NCAA doubles championship in 2012 and the NCAA singles championship in 2013. In his career, he has won nine singles and six doubles ITF Futures tournaments and one ATP Challenger in singles and doubles. In the 2013 Mediterranean Games in Mersin, Turkey, he doubles. Rola was born in the oldest Slovenian town, to father Marijan Rola and mother Majda Rola, he was four years old when he started playing tenis and when he was six he joined the Tennis Club Terme Ptuj where he spent the most of his youth. He went to High school in Ptuj. In 2010 he moved to the United States where he studied at and competed in tennis for Ohio State University until 2013. In January 2019 he and his fiancée Vanesa welcomed daughter Izabela; the same year he married Slovenian blogger Vanesa Rola. In 2008 he began his professional career when he performed his first tournaments in ITF Futures and ATP Challenger Tour series.

In 2010 he represented Slovenia for the first time in Davis Cup and moved to study and play tennis in United States. At 2013 Mediterranean Games he won 2 gold medals and made big progress when he reached Top 200 on ATP rankings for the first time in his career. In this period he won 9 Futures singles and 6 doubles titles and 1 title in doubles in Challenger series. Through qualifications he reached the main draw of Grand Slam tournament for the first time. At 2014 Australian Open he lost in second round against Martin Kližan. With this result he became 5th Slovene male player in main draw of any Grand Slam. In May he reached Top 100 on ATP rankings and played in qualifications for 2014 French Open where her lost in the 3rd round. In June he played his first 250 series tournament on grass. In 2014 Aegon Championships, London and 2014 Aegon International, Eastbourne he lost in the first round on both occasions, he played in the main draw of 2014 Wimbledon Championships for the first time in his career and lost 1–6, 1–6, 0–6 in 2nd round against Andy Murray.

* As of 25 August 2014 Career singles record on ATP World Tour, Grand Slam, Davis Cup. indicates the outcome of the Davis Cup match followed by the score, place of event, the zonal classification and its phase, the court surface. Blaž Rola at the Association of Tennis Professionals Blaž Rola at the International Tennis Federation Blaž Rola at the Davis Cup

Higher Ground (Tammy Wynette album)

Higher Ground is the twenty-seventh studio album by American country music singer-songwriter Tammy Wynette. It was released on July 1987, by Epic Records. "A Slow Burning Fire" is a cover of a song recorded by country music artist George Jones on his 1984 album, Ladies' Choice. The album peaked at No. 43 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart. The album's lead single, “Your Love” reached No. 12 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart. The second single from the album, “Talkin’ to Myself Again” peaked at No. 16, the third and final single, “Beneath a Painted Sky” peaked at No. 25