Miranda State is one of the 23 states of Venezuela and the second most populous after Zulia State. As of the 2011 census, it had a population of 2,675,165 residents and it has the greatest Human Development Index in Venezuela, according to the Venezuelan National Institute of Statistics. The most recent population estimate was 3,194,390 in mid-2016, miranda is an important center for political, economic and commercial activities. The state is administered by a governor, and is sub-divided into 21 municipalities, miranda State covers a total surface area of 7,950 km². com Guatire. net Guarenas. com
The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul. 3M has operations in more than 65 countries including 29 international companies with manufacturing operations and 35 companies with laboratories, 3M products are available for purchase through distributors and retailers, and online directly from the company. Five businessmen founded 3M in Two Harbors, Minnesota, in 1902, originally a mining venture, the goal was to mine corundum, but this failed because the mines mineral holdings were anorthosite, which had no commercial value. Co-founder John Dwan solicited funds in exchange for stock and Edgar Ober, the company moved to Duluth and began research and producing sandpaper products. William L. McKnight, a key executive, joined the company in 1907, 3M finally became financially stable in 1916 and was able to pay dividends. The company moved to St. Paul in 1910, where it remained for 52 years before outgrowing the campus and moving to its current headquarters at 3M Center in Maplewood, Minnesota in 1962.
The new Maplewood campus is 475 acres and has over 50 buildings, the company began by mining stone from quarries for use in grinding wheels. Struggling with quality and marketing of its products, management supported its workers to innovate and develop new products, twelve years after its inception, 3M developed its first exclusive product, Three-M-ite cloth. Other innovations in this era included masking tape, waterproof sandpaper, by 1929, 3M had made its first moves toward international expansion by forming Durex to conduct business in Europe. The same year, the stock was first traded over the counter. The company is currently a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the founders original plan was to sell the mineral corundum to manufacturers in the East for making grinding wheels. In reality, however and his associates were not selling what they thought, failing to make sandpaper with the anorthosite, the founders decided to import minerals like Spanish garnet, after which sale of sandpapers grew.
In 1914, customers complained that the garnet was falling off the paper, the founders discovered that the stones had traveled across the Atlantic Ocean packed near olive oil, and the oil had penetrated the stones. Unable to take the loss of selling expensive inventory, they roasted the stones over fire to remove the olive oil, the companys late innovations include waterproof sandpaper and masking tape, as well as cellophane Scotch Tape and sound-deadening materials for cars. In 1947, 3M began producing PFOA by electrochemical fluorination, during the 1950s, the company expanded worldwide with operations in Canada, France, Germany and the United Kingdom in large part by Clarence Sampair. DuPont referred to PFOA as C8, in 1951, international sales were approximately $20 million. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, 3M published a line of board games and these games were marketed to adults and sold through department stores, with easily learned simple rules but complex game play and depth and with uniformly high-quality components.
As such, they are the ancestors of the German Eurogames, the games covered a variety of topics, from business and sports simulations to word and abstract strategy games
Stanford Bank Venezuela
Stanford Bank Venezuela was Stanford International Banks subsidiary in Venezuela. It was headquartered in Caracas and had branches throughout Venezuela. The Venezuelan banking regulator estimated that Venezuelans had placed around $2. 5bn in deposits with Stanford International, in May 2009 the Stanford Bank Venezuela was sold to Banco Nacional de Crédito for $111 m, with the bank being merged into BNC. Allen Stanford fraud, Venezuelans owed one-third of fraudulent certificates - The Daily Telegraph February 19,2009
Chacao is one of the five political and administrative subdivisions of the city of Caracas, Venezuela. The other four are Baruta, El Hatillo and Sucre and this legal entity is known as the Caracas Metropolitan District. Chacao is one of the 21 municipalities that make up the State of Miranda, Chacao is, along with Baruta and the Salias, one of the communities with least poverty in Venezuela with a poverty rate of only 4. 67% according to the 2011 census. Many of the shopping malls are located within Chacaos borders. The township controls the most transited pedestrian access to the Avila National Park, the municipality has become a financial center after many of the countrys banks moved their headquarters to the formerly residential neighborhood of El Rosal. Several other office buildings are occupied by government-controlled entities such as the Pequiven, the traditional Venezuelan private sector has given way to new short-term businesses and franchises that bloom around the city thanks in part to soaring oil prices.
Chacao is again an important player in this money wave craze, the residential neighborhood of Campo Alegre has on average the highest priced real estate in the country. The Cathedral and Bolivar Square area, known as Pueblo de Chacao was home to Spanish and Portuguese immigrant waves, and today represents a middle class stronghold in the municipality. Small pockets of poverty, known as barrios, are present, some of the best known are Pajaritos and El Pedregal which are surrounded by luxury condos. Former mayor Leopoldo López Mendoza, elected in 2000 and re-elected for the 2004-2008 term, has played a prominent role in politics over the past eight years. On November 23,2008, Emilio Graterón was elected mayor with 47, Chacao has represented a stronghold for the Venezuelan opposition. Anti-Chavez votes have steadily represented between 85 and 95% of the votes in the borough, throughout the length of Chavezs administration. The current Ministry of Aquatic and Air Transport has its headquarters in the Torre Pequiven, the Ministry of Transport and Communications previously had its headquarters in the Torre MTC in Chacao.
The Junta Investigadora de Accidentes de Aviación Civil, the Venezuelan aircraft accident investigation agency, had its headquqarters in Chacao, Spanish conquistador Diego de Losada, founder of the city of Caracas, included these lands in his jurisdiction. The township of Chacao was founded by an wave of the San Bernabé earthquake victims on June 11,1641. It was officially made a Catholic parish with the foundation of San José de Chacao church, Miranda State Caracas Municipality Venezuelan Capital District Official Chacao Municipality website
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital, the center of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the part of the country. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 910 m above sea level, the valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2, 200-metre-high mountain range, Cerro El Ávila, to the south there are more hills and mountains. Libertador holds many of the government buildings and is the Capital District, the Distrito Capital had a population of 2,013,366 as of 2011, while the Metropolitan District of Caracas was estimated at 3,273,863 as of 2013. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an population of 5,243,301. Businesses that are located in the city include service companies, banks and it has a largely service-based economy, apart from some industrial activity in its metropolitan area. The Caracas Stock Exchange and Petróleos de Venezuela are headquartered in Caracas, PDVSA is the largest company in Venezuela.
Caracas is Venezuelas cultural capital, with restaurants, museums. Some of the tallest skyscrapers in Latin America are located in Caracas, in 2015, Venezuela and its capital, had the highest per capita murder rates in the world, with 119 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. Most murders and other violent crimes go unsolved, at the time of the founding of the city in 1567, the valley of Caracas was populated by indigenous peoples. Francisco Fajardo, the son of a Spanish captain and a Guaiqueri cacica, fajardos settlement did not last long. It was destroyed by natives of the led by Terepaima. This was the last rebellion on the part of the natives, on 25 July 1567, Captain Diego de Losada laid the foundations of the city of Santiago de León de Caracas. The foundation −1567 – I take possession of land in the name of God. In 1577 Caracas became the capital of the Spanish Empires Venezuela Province under Governor Juan de Pimentel, during the 17th century, the coast of Venezuela was frequently raided by pirates.
With the coastal mountains as a barrier, Caracas was relatively immune to such attacks, encountering little resistance, the invaders sacked and set fire to the town after a failed ransom negotiation. As the cocoa cultivation and exports under the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, in 1777, Caracas became the capital of the Captaincy General of Venezuela. José María España and Manuel Gual led a revolution aimed at independence
Libertador Bolivarian Municipality
It is known as West Caracas, because its localization in the western portion of Caracas. It is landlocked by Vargas State and borders Miranda State on the east, the municipality is one of a number in Venezuela named Libertador Municipality, in honour of Venezuelan independence hero Simón Bolívar. Libertador is one of the smallest municipalities in Venezuela, with an area of 438 square kilometres. It is the largest in terms of population, with approximately 2.1 million inhabitants and it was first established in 1901 under the name of Libertador Department, with the Department of Vargas (now Vargas Municipality, it formed the Federal District of Venezuela. In 1986, its name was changed to Libertador District, following the creation of the Vargas State in 1998, it became the sole administrative division of the Federal District. Under the 1999 constitution, the Federal District ceased to exist, under the new terms of administrative divisions, Libertador became a municipality, consisting of 22 parishes.
In 2000, the Metropolitan District of Caracas was formed from Libertador and four municipalities, Chacao, El Hatillo. The Libertador Municipality is located in the mid-north of the country surrounded by the mountain El Ávila which is part of the Venezuelan central range. It borders by the north with the Vargas State, by the south and east with the Baruta Municipality of the Miranda State, the vast majority of the population works for the public sector. It is the most important commercial centre of the country since the Central Bank of Venezuela is located there, tourism is the next largest economic activity in the municipality as the historical centre of the city is there. Informal commerce is predominant in the area, on the other hand, the entire area is urbanized. As of 2006, Libertador was estimated to contain the worlds second-largest mega-slum, since August 2009 the municipality publishes a newspaper, Ciudad CCS