click links in text for more info

El Shaddai

El Shaddai or just Shaddai is one of the names of the God of Israel. El Shaddai is conventionally translated into English as God Almighty, but its original meaning is unclear. While the translation of El as "God" or "Lord" in the Ugaritic / Canaanite language is straightforward, the literal meaning of Shaddai is the subject of debate; the form of the phrase El Shaddai fits the pattern of the divine names in the Ancient Near East as is the case with names like "'El Olam", "'El Elyon" or "'El Betel". As such, El Shaddai can convey several different semantic relations between the two words, among them: El of a place called Shaddai El possessing the quality of shaddai El, known by the name Shaddai The name Shaddai appears 48 times in the Bible, seven times as "El Shaddai"; the first occurrence of the name is in Genesis 17:1, "And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, said unto him, I am El Shaddai. In Genesis 35:11 God says to Jacob, "I am El Shaddai: be fruitful and multiply.

According to Exodus 6:2–3, Shaddai was the name by which God was known to Abraham and Jacob. Shaddai thus being associated in tradition with Abraham, the inclusion of the Abraham stories into the Hebrew Bible may have brought the northern name with them, according to the Documentary hypothesis of the origins of the Hebrew Bible. In the vision of Balaam recorded in the Book of Numbers 24:4 and 16, the vision comes from Shaddai along with El. In the fragmentary inscriptions at Deir Alla, though "Shaddai" is not, or not present, shaddayin appear lesser figurations of Shaddai; these have been tentatively identified with the ŝedim of Deuteronomy 32:17 and Psalm 106:37-38, who are Canaanite deities. The name Shaddai is used in parallel to El in the Book of Job. In the Septuagint Shaddai or El Shaddai was translated just as "God" or "my God", in at least one passage it is transliterated. In other places it is translated "Almighty", this word is used in other translations as well; the origin and meaning of "Shaddai" are obscure, a variety of hypotheses have been put forward.

According to Ernst Knauf, "El Shaddai" means "God of the Wilderness" and would not have had a doubled "d". He argues that it is a loan-word from "Israelian Hebrew, where the word had a "sh", into "Judaen Hebrew", where it would have been "śaday" with the sound śin. In this theory, the word is related to the word "śadé" meaning "the field", the area of hunting, he points out that the name is found in Thamudic inscriptions, in a personal name Śaday`ammī used in Egypt from the Late Bronze Age till Achaemenid times, in the Punic name `bdšd'. Another theory is that Shaddai is a derivation of a Semitic stem that appears in the Akkadian shadû and shaddā`û or shaddû`a, one of the names of Amurru; this theory was popularized by W. F. Albright but was somewhat weakened when it was noticed that the doubling of the medial ‘d ’ is first documented only in the Neo-Assyrian period. However, the doubling in Hebrew might be secondary. According to this theory, God is seen as inhabiting a holy mountain, a concept not unknown in ancient West Asian mythology, evident in the Syriac Christian writings of Ephrem the Syrian, who places Eden on an inaccessible mountain-top.

The term "El Shaddai" may mean "god of the mountains", referring to the Mesopotamian divine mountain. This could refer to the Israelite camp's stay at biblical Mount Sinai where God gave Moses the Ten Commandments. According to Stephen L. Harris, the term was "one of the patriarchal names for the Mesopotamian tribal god" meaning of the tribe of Abram, although there seems to be no evidence for this outside the Bible. In Exodus 6:3, El Shaddai is identified explicitly with the God of Abraham and with YHWH; the term "El Shaddai" appears chiefly in Genesis. The root word "shadad" means to plunder, overpower, or make desolate; this would give Shaddai the meaning of "destroyer", representing one of the aspects of God, in this context it is an epithet. The meaning may go back to an original sense, "to be strong" as in the Arabic "shadid" "strong", although the Arabic letter pronounced "sh" corresponds to the Hebrew letter sin, not to shin; the termination "ai" signifying the first person possessive plural, functions as a pluralis excellentiae like other titles for the Hebrew deity and Adonai.

The possessive quality of the termination had lost its sense and become the lexical form of both Shaddai and Adonai, similar to how the connotation of the French word Monsieur changed from "my lord" to being an honorific title. There are a couple verses in the Bible where there seems to be word play with "Shadday" and this root meaning to destroy, but Knauf maintains that this is re-etymologization, it has been speculated that the tell in Syria called Tell eth-Thadeyn was called Shaddai in the Amorite language. There was a Bronze-Age city in the region called Tuttul, which means "two breasts" in the Sumerian languag


The small bird genus Geronticus belongs to the ibis subfamily. Its name is derived from the Greek gérontos in reference to the bald head of these dark-plumaged birds; the genus was erected by the German naturalist Johann Georg Wagler in 1832. The type species was subsequently designated as the southern bald ibis. Like most ibises, they are gregarious long-legged wading birds with long down-curved bills; the two Geronticus species differ from other ibises in that they have unfeathered faces and heads, breed on cliffs rather than in trees, prefer arid habitats to the wetlands used by their relatives. Their food contains more terrestrial ones; this has contributed to their decline however, as they were much affected by indiscriminate pesticide spraying in the mid-to-late 20th century, leading to their disappearance from many regions. Geronticus perplexus is by far the oldest fossil assigned to the present genus, it is known only from a piece of distal right humerus, found at Sansan, France, in Middle Miocene rocks of the Serravallian faunal stage MN 6.

It was considered to be a heron and placed in the genera Ardea and Proardea. More plesiomorphic than the living species, it seems to represent an ancient member of the Geronticus lineage, in line with the theory that most living ibis genera seem to have evolved before 15 million years ago. Geronticus apelex is the direct ancestor of the southern bald ibis, its remains were found in Early Pliocene deposits near Langebaanweg, South Africa, which date back about five million years. What may be an ancestral European form, Geronticus balcanicus, was found in a Late Pliocene deposit near Slivnitsa, Bulgaria, it is hitherto only known from one left and one right carpometacarpus piece which are identical to those of living bald ibises. Contemporaneous with these during the early MN18 faunal stage – about two mya – birds indistinguishable from the modern northern bald ibis inhabited at least Spain, if not the whole western Mediterranean region already. Thus, the extinct species may be the immediate ancestor of G. eremita, which would have originated at the western extent of its range.

Some authors include the Bulgarian population in G. eremita, but most are more cautious. G. balcanicus may represent a lineage related but not ancestral to the northern bald ibis, which inhabited the inland regions northeastwards of the European Alpides and – like the immediate ancestor of G. eremita in this scenario – was isolated from the ancestors of G. calvus when gene flow across tropical Africa ceased. Boev, Zlatozar: Presence of Bald Ibises in the Late Pliocene of Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 28: 45–52. Boev, Zlatozar:Additional Material of Geronticus balcanicus Boev, 1998, Precision of the Age of the Type Locality. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 52: 53–58. Full text Brookes, Ian: The Chambers Dictionary. Chambers, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-550-10185-3 |del Hoyo, Josep. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-10-5 Mlíkovský, Jirí: Cenozoic Birds of the World. Ninox Press, Prague. ISBN 80-901105-3-8 PDF fulltext Sinclair, Ian. Struik, Cape Town ISBN 1-86872-721-1 Snow, David W. & Perrins, Christopher M.: The Birds of the Western Palearctic.

Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-854099-X Geronticus, Systema Naturae 2000 Navigate: Taxon Index, Genus Level, G Bald Ibis by Adam Riley, Focusing on Wildlife

Master Fatman

Morten Mabunda Lindberg known as "Master Fatman", was a Danish media personality and creative persona with a most diverse engagement, including comedian, disc jockey, musician, film maker and benefactor. In 2010, Lindberg adopted her surname, he had five children. Lindberg died unexpectedly on 26 March 2019, aged 53. Lindberg was involved with entertainment for many years, his stage name "Master Fatman" was first chosen during a performance of his in March 1987, attempting to channel and incarnate Liberace's soul into his body. Lindberg used other stage names and alter egos, but Master Fatman emerged as the most popular one. Lindberg had a broad range of interests and engaged with magazine writing and editing, film, tv, radio and music with a good deal of humour and subtle irony, but out of genuine artistic interest and curiosity, an urge for creative expression. In the early 1990s, he took up an interest in acting and film making, among his first engagements was the lowbudget short film Gayniggers from Outer Space, which obtained a cult status.

This was the first and only time Lindberg tried his hands with film directing, but he continued his film interest with acting roles and writing. In 1993, after travelling in India, Lindberg started the political party "Det Kosmiske Parti" and participated in the Copenhagen municipal elections as the love preaching self-styled guru Tykmesteren the following year, another stage name of his. Although close to being elected, he didn't make it, but kept evolving the cosmic guru role and was associated with it after. Through the half of the 1990s and early 2000s, he edited and wrote for the underground magazine "Magasin Schäfer" along with Danish writers Martin Kongstad and Henrik List. Master Fatman participated in the Danish Eurovison contest of 1995 with his song "Jordisk Kærlighed", but didn't win. In 2006 as Master Fatman, he competed in the third season of the dance contest Vild med dans on TV2, wearing several eye-catching costumes, including an Elvis outfit. Lindberg travelled to experience the cultures of the world and he developed strong ties to India, Brazil and France.

In Brazil, where he lived for extended periods, his social indignation and concern was aroused after experiencing the Brazilian favelas and seeing how rough life was there. As a response, Lindberg set up and sponsored orphanages and humanitarian child care projects in Brazil, among other engagements. With his African wife, Lindberg owned a second home in Mozambique; as a musician, Lindberg participated in numerous projects and bands, both as an instrumentalist and a singer. Projects and bands that he has been in include: Master Fatman and his Freedom Fighters, Master Fatman Guru Orchestra, Lindberg Hemmer Foundation, Nature TM and Per Kristensen Band. Most of the bands that Lindberg was involved with were out of the mainstream and only modestly popular; the musical styles was broadranging, from punk and heavy metal to instrumental jazz and easy listening. Lindberg had a broad range of musical interests, was an avid jazz lover, in particular the Brazilian Bossa-style jazz, he ran his own jazz program for several years on the Danish Radio.

He was a frequent host at various Danish jazz events and shows. Food vegetarian food, had Lindbergs interest throughout most of his life, he was himself a vegetarian since his early twenties, he hosted several tv-programs about food and cooking for the Danish National TV DR. In his radio show Croque Monsieur at Radio24syv he explored and mediated his love for the French cuisine, in particular his love for cheese and cakes, followed it up with a cookbook in 2017. Lindbergs image as a fat man, was a deliberate act of his, started out as a counterreaction to all the weight loss diets and popular ideals of being slim in the 1980s, he ate raw bacon as part of stage acts. Soon, a significant weight gain was achieved and it became part of his public image. Lindberg sought happiness and cosmic love, not material virtues, to him, being slim didn't look good for men; some of Lindberg's music has only been released on cassettes or in limited numbers in underground circles. The list of substantial albums and circulated releases includes: Master Fatman and his Freedom Fighters: "Hail Hail" Per Kristensen Band: "Så Er Festen Forbi" Lindberg Hemmer Foundation: "Scandinavian supermarket-music at its best" Lindberg Hemmer Foundation: "Brazilian Architecture"As Master Fatman, Lindberg released a number of singles, covering disco hits from the 1970s.

Torben Eschen: "Ja, jeg tror jeg er en reinkarnation af Bobby Ewing fra Dallas: Master Fatmans livshistorie", Borgen David Pepe Birch: "Master Fatman", Lindhardt og Ringhof Marie Holm & Morten Lindberg: "Croque Monsieur", People´sPress French cooking from Lindberg's radio program Croque Monsieur. Master Fatman on IMDb

Da Vinci Arts Middle School

Da Vinci Arts Middle School known as da Vinci Middle School, is a public middle school in the Kerns neighborhood of Portland, Oregon, in the United States. It is an arts focus school in the Portland Public School District; the building was as used a high school, Girls Polytechnic High School, renamed James Monroe High School in 1967 and closed in fall 1978, when its student body was merged with, moved to, Washington High School. The building that now houses da Vinci Arts Middle School was designed in the classical revival style of architecture by the architect George Howell Jones, who designed all of the schools in the Portland public school district between 1908 and 1932, along with Floyd Naramore; this school opened in 1928 as Girls Polytechnic High School. Before the construction of this building, the Girls Polytechnic program had been held at the Portland High School, deemed unfit in 1928, it remained the Girls Polytechnic until 1967, when it was renamed James Monroe High School, for president James Monroe, was opened to boys.

In 1993, parents of students at Buckman Arts Magnet Elementary School formed a proposal for an arts focused middle school. The district accepted the proposal, the school opened in 1996 with 140 students and a small staff, it wasn't until 1998 that the school had a full-time principal, there was no counselor until 2000. So far, da Vinci had been a program and had shared the building with other programs, but in July 2003 the school board changed da Vinci's status into a school, it has remained a school since then. Due to concerns about math and science test scores being too low, da Vinci's schedule was changed in fall of 2016 to allow for increased class time in the math and science classes. Students at da Vinci protested these changes, because it would mean students would no longer have the same teacher for language arts and social studies for all three years at middle school. Sixth graders would be in separate classes from the rest of the school in all subjects except art. By doing that, the new schedule might disrupt the sense of community.

The schedule change went into effect in September 2015. Da Vinci Arts Middle School is an arts magnet school, their mission statement states that they "will seek innovative ways to integrate the arts throughout the curriculum, provide focused arts instruction, create a rich, inquiry-based learning environment with high standards of academic excellence". To fulfill their mission, they offer students two electives of 2D Art, 3D Art, creative writing, music, or drama; the school has many after school programs, such the Destino dance team, a rock band known as Trogdor, a Black Student Union, a Queer-Straight Alliance, a ukulele choir, a jazz ensemble, a chess club. The school has put on numerous plays, as well as three student-written rock operas. There is a coding club

Royal Glint

Royal Glint was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. Royal Glint was a bay gelding bred by Claiborne Farm of Kentucky, he was sired by U. S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Round Table and was out of the mare Regal Gleam, the 1966 American Champion Two-Year-Old Filly. Damsire Hail To Reason was the 1960 American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt and the Leading sire in North America in 1970. Royal Glint was purchased by Arkansas businessman Dan Lasater, who entrusted his race conditioning to Jere Smith, Sr.. A winner at age three and four, at age five in 1975 he was transferred to Lasater's East Coast trainer Gordon Potter, he won five important graded stakes races on both dirt and grass including the 1975 San Bernardino Handicap, in which he equaled the track record for a mile and an eight on grass. In 1976, Royal Glint added another five stakes races to his credit, including California's richest race and most prestigious event for older horses, the Santa Anita Handicap. While leading in the August 21, 1976, Michigan Mile Handicap at Detroit Race Course, Royal Glint suffered a career-ending leg injury that, despite efforts by veterinarians led to him being euthanized.

He was buried at Longfield Farm near Kentucky. Royal Glint was the 19th Thoroughbred in racing history to earn more than $1 million. Royal Glint's pedigree and partial racing stats

5th Virginia Infantry

The 5th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought in the Stonewall Brigade with the Army of Northern Virginia; the regiment was known as the "Fighting Fifth". The 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment was organized in 1861, under Colonel Kenton Harper. Eight companies were from two from Frederick County; the unit became part of the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T. J. Jackson, Richard B. Garnett, Charles Sidney Winder, Elisha F. Paxton, James A. Walker and William Terry, it saw action at First Manassas, First Kernstown, in Jackson's Valley Campaign. The 5th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor was active in Early's Shenandoah Valley operations and around Appomattox, it reported 9 killed, 48 wounded, 4 missing at First Kernstown, had 4 killed, 89 wounded, 20 missing at Cross Keys and Port Republic, suffered 14 killed and 91 wounded at Second Manassas.

The unit sustained 120 casualties at Chancellorsville and of the 345 engaged at Gettysburg, sixteen percent were disabled. It surrendered 48 men; the field officers were Colonels William S. H. Baylor, John H. S. Funk, William H. Harman, Kenton Harper. List of Virginia Civil War units This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park Service"