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Eli Siegel

Eli Siegel was the poet and educator who founded Aesthetic Realism, the philosophy that states: “The world and self explain each other: each is the aesthetic oneness of opposites.” An idea central to Aesthetic Realism—that every person, place or thing in reality has something in common with all other things—was expressed in his award-winning poem "Hot Afternoons Have Been in Montana". Two acclaimed volumes of poetry were published during his lifetime, in 1958 he was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. Siegel's philosophic works include Self and World: An Explanation of Aesthetic Realism and Definitions, Comment: Being a Description of the World, his teaching of Aesthetic Realism spanned four decades and included thousands of extemporaneous lectures on poetry, the arts and sciences, religion and national ethics, as well as lessons to individuals and general classes which showed that questions of everyday life are aesthetic and ethical. His lecture on the poetry of William Carlos Williams, which Williams attended, is published in The Williams-Siegel Documentary and his lectures on Henry James's The Turn of the Screw were edited into a critical consideration titled James and the Children.

Siegel's philosophy, his statement, "The world and self explain each other: each is the aesthetic oneness of opposites", has influenced artists and educators. Born in Dvinsk, Siegel emigrated to the United States in 1905 with his parents and Sarah Siegel; the family settled in Baltimore, where Siegel attended Baltimore City College and joined the speech and debate team now referred to as the Bancroft/Carrollton-Wight Literary Societies. He contributed to the senior publication The Green Bag and graduated in 1919. In 1922, together with V. F. Calverton, he co-founded The Modern Quarterly, a magazine in which his earliest essays appeared, including "The Scientific Criticism" and "The Equality of Man". In 1925, his "Hot Afternoons Have Been in Montana" was selected from four thousand anonymously submitted poems as the winner of The Nation's esteemed poetry prize; the magazine's editors described it as "the most passionate and interesting poem which came in—a poem recording through magnificent rhythms a profound and important and beautiful vision of the earth on which afternoons and men have always existed."

The poem begins: Quiet and green was the grass of the field, The sky was whole in brightness, And O, a bird was flying, there in the sky, So so carelessly and fairly."Hot Afternoons" was controversial and caused an "editorial uproar across the country". The author's innovative technique in this long, free-verse poem tended to polarize commentators, with much of the polemic taking the form of parody. "In Hot Afternoons", Siegel explained, "I tried to take many things that are thought of as being far apart and foreign and to show, in a beautiful way, that they aren't so separate and that they do have a great deal to do with one another."Siegel continued writing poetry throughout his life but devoted the majority of his time over the next decades to developing the philosophy he called Aesthetic Realism. After moving to New York City, he became a member of the Greenwich Village poets, famous for his dramatic readings of "Hot Afternoons" and other poems, his two-word poem, One Question, won recognition in 1925 as the shortest poem in the English language.

It appeared in the Literary Review of the New York Evening Post: For several years in the 1930s Siegel served as master of ceremonies for regular poetry readings that were well known for combining poetry and jazz. He was a regular reviewer for Scribner's magazine and the New York Evening Post Literary Review. In 1938, Siegel began teaching poetry classes with the view that "what makes a good poem is like what can make a good life". In 1941, students in these classes asked him to give individual lessons in which they might learn about their own lives; these were the first Aesthetic Realism lessons. In 1944, Siegel married Martha Baird before. Baird would become Secretary of the Society for Aesthetic Realism, a musicologist and poet in her own right. In 1946, at Steinway Hall in New York City, Siegel began giving weekly lectures in which he presented the philosophy he first called Aesthetic Analysis "a philosophic way of seeing conflict in self and making this conflict clear to a person so that a person becomes more integrated and happier".

From 1941 to 1978, he gave many thousand lectures on poetry, economics—a wide variety of the arts and sciences. And he gave thousands of individual Aesthetic Realism lessons to men and children. In these lessons the way of seeing the world based on aesthetics—which is Aesthetic Realism—was taught. In 1951, William Carlos Williams read Siegel's "Hot Afternoons Have Been in Montana" again, wrote to Martha Baird: "Everything we most are compelled to do is in that one poem." Siegel, he wrote, "belongs in the first rank of our living artists". The prize poem became the title poem of Siegel's first volume, Hot Afternoons Have Been in Montana: Poems, nominated for a National Book Award in 1958. A decade his second volume, American Development met with critical acclaim. "I think it's about time Eli Siegel was moved up into the ranks of our acknowledged Leading Poets", wrote Kenneth Rexroth in the New York Times. Walter Leuba described Siegel's poems as "alive in a burning honesty and directness" and yet, having "exquisite emotional tact".

He pointed to these lines from "Dear Birds, Tell This to Mothers": At the a

Darjeeling (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Darjeeling is an assembly constituency in Darjeeling district in the Indian state of West Bengal. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 23 Darjeeling covers Darjeeling municipality, Darjeeling Pulbazar community development block and Dhootria Kalej Valley, Ghum Khasmahal, Sukhia-Simana, Rangbhang Gopaldhara, Pokhriabong I, Pokhriabong II, Pokhriabong III, Lingia Maraybong, Permaguri Tamsang and Rangbull gram panchayats of Jorebunglow Sukhiapokhri community development block. Darjeeling is part of No. 4 Darjeeling. In the West Bengal Legislative Assembly by-election 2019, Neeraj Zimba of BJP defeated his nearest rival Binay Tamang. In the 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, Amar Singh Rai of GJM defeated his nearest rival Sarda Rai Subba of TMC. In the 2011 West Bengal state assembly election, Trilok Dewan of GJM defeated his nearest rival Bim Subba of GNLF


Alaungpaya was the founder of the Konbaung Dynasty of Burma. By the time of his death from illness during his campaign in Siam, this former chief of a small village in Upper Burma had unified Burma, subdued Manipur, conquered Lan Na and driven out the French and the British who had given help to the Mon Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom, he founded Yangon in 1755. He is considered as one of the three greatest monarchs of Burma alongside Anawrahta and Bayinnaung for unifying Burma for the third time in Burmese history; the future king was born Aung Zeya at Moksobo, a village of a few hundred households in the Mu River Valley about 60 miles northwest of Ava on 24 August 1714 to Min Nyo San and his wife Saw Nyein Oo. He was the second son of a lineage of gentry families that had administered the Mu Valley for generations, his father was a hereditary chief of Moksobo and his uncle, Kyawswa Htin, better known as Sitha Mingyi, was the lord of the Mu Valley District. Alaungpaya claimed descent from kings Narapati I and Thihathura and the Pagan royal line.

He came from a large family, was related by blood and by marriage to many other gentry families throughout the valley. In 1730, Alaungpaya married his first cousin Yun San, daughter of chief of a neighboring village, Siboktara, they went on to have three surviving daughters. Aung Zeya grew up during a period; the "palace kings" at Ava had been unable to defend against the Manipuri raids, ransacking deeper parts of Upper Burma since 1724. Ava had failed to recover southern Lanna, which had revolted in 1727, did nothing to prevent the annexation of northern Shan States by the Manchu Qing dynasty in the 1730s; the Mu Valley was directly on the path of Manipuri raids year after year. Although Burma was far larger than Manipur, Ava had been unable to defeat the raids or organize a punitive expedition to Manipur itself; the people watched helplessly as the raiders torched villages, ransacked pagodas, took away captives. It was during these troubled times in the absence of royal authority that men like Aung Zeya came forward.

He assumed his father's responsibilities as chief of his village in his early twenties. A tall man for the times, the solidly built, sunburnt Aung Zeya displayed his natural ability to lead men and was viewed as a leader by his gentry peers throughout the valley, they began to take matters into their own hands to defend against the raids. The sickly regime at Ava was wary of any potential rivals. In 1736, Taungoo Yaza, commander-in-chief of the army of Ava, summoned Aung Zeya to Ava to check if the village headman was a potential threat to the regime. Satisfied that the 22-year-old had no designs on the throne, Taungoo Yaza on behalf of the king bestowed the title Bala Nanda Kyaw to Aung Zeya. Aung Zeya became deputy to his uncle the lord of Mu Valley, the administrative officer kyegaing, responsible for tax collection and for the preservation of order; the authority of Ava continued to decline in the following years. In 1740, the Mon of Lower Burma broke away and founded the Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom with the capital at Bago.

Ava's feeble attempts to recover the south failed to make a dent. Low-grade warfare between Ava and Bago went on until late in 1751, when Bago launched its final assault, invading Upper Burma in full force. By early 1752, Hanthawaddy forces, aided by the French East India Company-supplied firearms and Dutch and Portuguese mercenaries, had reached the gates of Ava; the heir-apparent of Hanthawaddy, summoned all administrative officers in Upper Burma to submit. Some chose to cooperate. Aung Zeya persuaded 46 villages in the Mu Valley to join him in resistance, he found a ready audience in "an exceptionally proud group of men and women" of Upper Burma who longed to redress the numerous humiliations that their once proud kingdom had suffered. On 29 February 1752, as the Hanthawaddy forces were about to breach the outer walls of Ava, Aung Zeya proclaimed himself king with the royal style of Alaungpaya, founded the Konbaung Dynasty, his full royal style was Thiri Pawara Wizaya Nanda Zahta Maha Dhamma Yazadiyaza Alaung Mintayagyi.

Not everyone was convinced, however. After Ava fell on 23 March 1752, Alaungpaya's own father, Nyo San, urged him to submit, he pointed out that although Alaungpaya had scores of enthusiastic men, they only had a few muskets, that their little stockade did not stand a chance against a well-equipped Hanthawaddy army that had just sacked a fortified Ava. Alaungpaya was undeterred, saying: "When fighting for your country, it matters little whether there are few or many. What does matter is that your comrades have true hearts and strong arms." He prepared the defenses by stockading his village, now renamed Shwebo, building a moat around it. He had the jungle outside the stockade cleared, the ponds destroyed and the wells filled. Konbaung was only one among many other resistance forces that had independently sprung up across a panicked Upper Burma. For the resistance forces, the Hanthawaddy command mistakenly equated their capture of Ava with the victory over Upper Burma, withdrew two-thirds of the invasion force back to Bago, leaving

John Motson

John Walker Motson, OBE known as Motty, is an English football commentator. Beginning as a television commentator with the BBC in 1971, he has commentated on over 2000 games on television and radio. From the late 1970s to 2008, Motson was the dominant football commentary figure at the BBC, apart from a brief spell in the 1990s, when his friend and rival Barry Davies was selected for two FA Cup final commentaries, the 1994 World Cup final and the UEFA Euro 1996 semi-final between England and Germany. In 2008, Motson announced his retirement from live television commentary, he continued to cover games for Match of the Day highlights and appeared on BBC Radio 5 Live as well as commentating on CBeebies' Footy Pups. In September 2017, he announced his full retirement from BBC commentary, having commentated on 10 FIFA World Cups, 10 UEFA European Championships and 29 FA Cup finals. In July 2018, he announced; the son of a Methodist minister, Motson was born in Salford and educated at Culford School, near Bury St Edmunds.

Culford is a public school where football was frowned upon at the time and rugby union and cricket are the major sports. In 1963, Motson's career began in the newspaper business as a reporter in Barnet. In 1967 and 1968 he worked for the Sheffield Morning Telegraphwhere. Motson's broadcasting career took off when the BBC hired him in 1968 as a sports presenter on Radio 2, his first radio commentary was for a match between Everton and Derby in December 1969. Three years he gained a role with Match of the Day and became a regular commentator in the 1971–72 season, his first match was 0-0 draw between Liverpool vs Chelsea. On 5 February 1972, Motson covered the FA Cup Replay between Hereford United and Newcastle United for Match of the Day, which the BBC anticipated as a five-minute segment following their two main games. Non-league Hereford won the match 2–1 and it became the main featured game on the programme. Motson said: Motson regards the Hereford United v Newcastle United match as his big break through.

Through a bad winter, the game itself was a 3rd round FA Cup replay, postponed many times and was rescheduled to be played on a 4th round FA cup day. Because of the potential for an upset, the BBC bosses decided the game should be bumped to the top of the billing on the BBC's Match of the Day program. Described as the FA Cup's greatest giant killing, Motson claims it was this FA Cup upset, the story of the season that made his bosses at the BBC decide he could be trusted with more TV matches. Motson believed if Ronnie Radford had never scored his famous goal he would never have had a TV commentary career. Motson's commentary on the Radford goal: Motson's first FA Cup Final as a commentator was for the 1977 match between Manchester United and Liverpool. Motson was drafted in as a late replacement for David Coleman, in a contractual dispute with the BBC. Motson's famous line from that game was "How fitting that a man called Buchan should be the first to climb the 39 steps", in a reference to the novel The 39 Steps by Scottish author John Buchan.

Between 1979 and 2008, Motson commentated on all the FA Cup finals. In April 1989, Motson commentated on the FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest when the Hillsborough disaster occurred. Motson found himself commentating on a tragedy rather than a football match, he appeared as part of the Hillsborough inquiry, since he had been a witness. Motson was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1996 when he was surprised by Michael Aspel during a charity cheque presentation at the Bayswater Families Centre in London. Motson featured alongside Mark Lawrenson as the primary commentator in EA's Euro 2000 video game. In 2001, speech therapist Jane Comins conducted a voice profile analysis to study the patterns of eight top television and radio commentators; the criteria included pitch, volume and tone, Comins found that Motson scored the best results. This was backed by 32 % of football fans in a survey; this is despite Motson having a characteristic speech impediment – sibilant speech, in which he pronounces the "s" sound as "sh".

When Premier League television highlights moved to ITV in 2001, Match of the Day was no longer a weekly fixture in the schedules, Motson returned to radio on BBC Radio Five Live's coverage of the Premiership, but continued to make frequent appearances on live TV coverage and contributions to BBC Sport's website – which he has been doing since the site was launched in July 2000. In 2004, when the Premier League television rights returned to the BBC, Motson resumed his weekly place on Match of the Day, although he has continued to perform occasional radio commentaries. In 2007, Motson appeared on the BBC Radio 4 biographical programme Great Lives and he nominated Brian Clough as his'great life'. In 2008, following the BBC's loss of rights to cover live FA Cup football and the BBC's refusal to release Motson from his contract to join Setanta Sports he announced his retirement from live television commentary; the Euro 2008 final was his last live television broadcast. He has continued to cover games for Match of the Day highlights.

Although Motson did not commentate on any live matches at the 2010 FIFA World Cup, he travelled to South Africa as part of the BBC team for the tournament appearing as a studi

Hindsiclava calligonoides

Hindsiclava calligonoides is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Pseudomelatomidae, the turrids and allies. The length of the shell attains its diameter 8.5 mm. The shell is slender; the spire is acute. The aperture is only a little more than one-third; the shell contains 11 or 12 in the spire of the adult. The protoconch is smooth, papillate, thrice coiled; the initial whorls is coiled in a single plane submerged. The succeeding whorls become less depressed and broadly elevated; the body whorl is evenly convex. The line of demarcation between spire and the protoconch is indicated by the protractive thickening of the shell and by the introduction of the axial sculpture; each of the earlier whorls contains 12 axials, feebly protractive elevated, undulatory in character, persistent from the area near the appressed posterior margin of the whorl to the anterior suture line. The fasciole is indicated on the first volution of the spire. Faintly impressed spirals appear either at the close of the first or the beginning of the second whorl.

The sculpture when well established is similar in general characters to that of Crassispira calligona. There are 20 axials upon the body of the holotype, rather low pinched, restricted to the area in front of the fasciole, on the body persistent to the base of the pillar and uniform in strength throughout their extent and separated from one another by wide, concave intercostals; the spiral sculpture is rather subdued. The primaries in front of the fasciole number five on the penultimate whorl, 12 to 15 on the body whorl and columella low, overriding the axials, separated by interspirals of the same width in which are intercalated 2, 3, or 4 microscopically fine secondaries; the spirals are narrower and more threadlike upon the base of the body and the columella becoming feeble anteriorly and on the anterior fasciole replaced by a fine, close threading. The posterior fasciole is broad defined, smoothly concave, free from axial sculpture except for conspicuous incrementals, they are finely located spirally, the three or four threadlets upon the anterior and medial portions the least fine, those behind them mere microscopic striae obscure.

A similar striation developed behind the sutural carina, elevated but not crowned by a well-defined cord. The suture line is impressed and inconspicuous; the aperture is narrowly clavate. The outer lip is broadly but not arcuate expanded incrementally; the posterior siphonal notch is rather shallow, symmetrically disposed upon the fasciole. The inner margin of the aperture is constricted at the base of the body and rather glazed; the anterior canal is a little long for the genus, rather broad and feebly recurved. The anterior siphonal fasciole is lirate and incrementally corrugated and broadly emarginate anteriorly. Fossils of this marine species were found in Miocene strata in the Shoal River Formation, Florida, US.. 1970. Geology and paleontology of canal zone and adjoining parts of Panama: Description of Tertiary mollusks. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 306:299–452 Fossilworks: † Crassispira calligonoides

David de Miguel

David de Miguel-Lapiedra is a former professional tennis player from Spain. De Miguel had a good year as a junior in 1983, when he was an Orange Bowl semifinalist and won the Spanish Championships; the Spaniard made his first Grand Prix quarterfinal at Florence. He reached the quarterfinals in Madrid the following year. In 1986 he took part in both the French Open and Wimbledon Championships but lost in the first round at each, to Henri Leconte and John Sadri, he made his only Grand Slam mixed doubles appearance in that French Open tournament, with Manuela Maleeva. They reached the round of 16; that year, he made quarter-finals in Stuttgart, where he had a win over world no. 24 Slobodan Živojinović, in Barcelona. His best results however came in the doubles, he and Jordi Arrese were doubles champions in the 1986 Bordeaux Open, having months earlier finished runner-up with Jesus Colas in Madrid. At the 1987 French Open, de Miguel progressed past the opening round of the men's doubles for the only time, partnering Arrese.

He lost in the first round of the 1987 Wimbledon Championships to Scott Davis