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Elie Wiesel

Elie Wiesel was a Romanian-born American writer, political activist, Nobel laureate, Holocaust survivor. He authored 57 books, written in French and English, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a Jewish prisoner in the Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps, he was a professor of the humanities at Boston University, which created the Elie Wiesel Center for Jewish Studies in his honor. He was involved with Jewish causes and human rights causes and helped establish the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D. C. In his political activities, he campaigned for victims of oppression in places like South Africa, Nicaragua and Sudan, he publicly condemned the 1915 Armenian Genocide and remained a strong defender of human rights during his lifetime. He was described as "the most important Jew in America" by the Los Angeles Times. Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986; the Norwegian Nobel Committee called him a "messenger to mankind", stating that through his struggle to come to terms with "his own personal experience of total humiliation and of the utter contempt for humanity shown in Hitler's death camps", as well as his "practical work in the cause of peace", Wiesel has delivered a message "of peace and human dignity" to humanity.

The Nobel Committee stressed that Wiesel’s commitment originated in the sufferings of the Jewish people but that he expanded it to embrace all repressed peoples and races. He was a founding board member of the New York Human Rights Foundation and remained active throughout his life. Elie Wiesel was born in Maramureș, in the Carpathian Mountains in Romania, his parents were Shlomo Wiesel. At home, Wiesel's family spoke Yiddish most of the time, but German and Romanian. Wiesel's mother, was the daughter of Dodye Feig, a celebrated Vizhnitz Hasid and farmer from a nearby village. Dodye trusted within the community. Wiesel's father, instilled a strong sense of humanism in his son, encouraging him to learn Hebrew and to read literature, whereas his mother encouraged him to study the Torah. Wiesel has said. Wiesel was instructed that his genealogy traced back to Rabbi Schlomo, son of Yitzhak, was a descendant of Rabbi Yeshayahu ben Abraham Horovitz ha-Levi, an author. Wiesel had three siblings—older sisters Beatrice and Hilda, younger sister Tzipora.

Beatrice and Hilda survived the war, were re-united with Wiesel at a French orphanage. They emigrated to North America, with Beatrice moving to Montreal, Canada. Tzipora and Sarah did not survive the Holocaust. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary. Wiesel was 15, he, with his family, along with the rest of the town's Jewish population, was placed in one of the two confinement ghettos set up in Máramarossziget, the town where he had been born and raised. In May 1944, the Hungarian authorities, under German pressure, began to deport the Jewish community to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where up to 90 percent of the people were killed on arrival. After they were sent to Auschwitz, his mother and his younger sister were murdered. Wiesel and his father were selected to perform labor so long as they remained able-bodied, after which they were to be killed in the gas chambers. Wiesel and his father were deported to the concentration camp at Buchenwald; until that transfer, he admitted to Oprah Winfrey, his primary motivation for trying to survive Auschwitz was knowing that his father was still alive: "I knew that if I died, he would die."

After they were taken to Buchenwald, his father died. In Night, Wiesel recalled the shame he felt when he heard his father being beaten and was unable to help. Wiesel was tattooed with inmate number "A-7713" on his left arm; the camp was liberated by the U. S. Third Army on April 11, 1945, when they were just prepared to be evacuated from Buchenwald. After World War II ended and Wiesel was freed, he joined a transport of 1,000 child survivors of Buchenwald to Ecouis, where the Œuvre de secours aux enfants had set up a rehabilitation center. Wiesel subsequently joined a smaller group of 90 to 100 boys from Orthodox homes who wanted kosher facilities and a higher level of religious observance; this home was subsequently moved to Taverny and operated until 1947. Afterwards, Wiesel traveled to Paris where he learned French and studied literature and psychology at the Sorbonne, he heard lectures by philosopher Martin Buber and existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre and he spent his evenings reading works by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Franz Kafka, Thomas Mann.

By the time he was 19, he had begun working as a journalist, writing in French, while teaching Hebrew and working as a choirmaster. He wrote including Tsien in Kamf. In 1946, after learning of the Irgun's bombing of the King David Hotel, Wiesel made an unsuccessful attempt to join the underground Zionist movement. In 1948, he translated articles from Hebrew into Yiddish for Irgun periodicals, but never became a member of the organization. In 1949 he traveled to Israel as a correspondent for the French newspaper L'arche, he was hired as Paris correspondent for the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth, subsequently becoming its roaming international correspondent. For ten years after the war, Wiesel refused to write about or discuss his experiences during the Holocaust, he began to reconsi


According to the theory of the art historian Marcia B. Hall, which has gained considerable acceptance, cangiante is one of four modes of painting colours available to Italian High Renaissance painters, along with sfumato and unione; the word itself derives from the Italian cangiare. Cangiante is characterized by a change in color necessitated by an original color's darkness or lightness limitation. For example, when painting shadows on a yellow object, the artist may use a red color because the yellow paint cannot be made dark enough. There are other methods of rendering shadows or highlights, but these can render the shadow color dull and impure. During the Renaissance, the variety and availability of paint colors were limited; the greatest practitioner of the cangiante technique was Michelangelo in many parts of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. For example, in the image of the prophet Daniel, a transition from green to yellow is evident in the subject's robes. After Michelangelo's time, the technique found widespread acceptance and is now a standard painting technique.

Chiaroscuro Michelangelo Sfumato Tenebrism Unione

Folker (album)

Folker is Paul Westerberg's sixth solo album. It peaked at number 178 on number 18 on the Top Independent Album charts. Folker marks the final chapter in a trilogy of albums for the previous leader of The Replacements, which started back in 2002 with the release of the double album Stereo/Mono. Much like that set, Folker was written and recorded by Westerberg in his basement studio, with the recording kept as simple and lo-fi as possible. Westerberg has stated in interviews that he wanted to create a folk album in the vein of Rod Stewart's earliest solo work, consisting of an acoustic bass with minimal instrumentation layered on top of the tracks. Westerberg shopped "Jingle" around to major retailers like Target and Best Buy for use in advertising, but they passed. All songs by Paul Westerberg. "Jingle" – 1:28 "Now I Wonder" – 4:35 "My Dad" – 3:28 "Lookin' Up in Heaven" – 3:12 "Anyway's All Right" – 4:41 "$100 Groom" – 5:15 "23 Years Ago" – 5:35 "As Far as I Know" – 3:03 "What About Mine?" – 3:43 "How Can You Like Him?"

– 4:04 "Breathe Some New Life" – 5:30 "Gun Shy" – 3:14 "Folk Star" – 4:17

Middle East operations commemorative medal (1956)

The Middle East operations commemorative medal was a French commemorative medal established on 22 May 1957 to recognize the participation of French nationals in the military operations conducted during the Suez Crisis of 1956. In 1956, Egyptian President Nasser decided to nationalize the Suez Canal Company, this action was against French and British interests in the region leading to a military intervention by both countries. For its part, France decided to send a 10,000 man strong expeditionary force under the command of Admiral Pierre Barjot and General André Beaufre. Under heavy diplomatic pressure from both the United States and the USSR, the Franco-British forces withdrew from the retaken territories and the entire expedition was abandoned after four months; the French forces had suffered fifteen dead. The Middle East operations commemorative medal was awarded to French soldiers from all three services and civilians for participation in the operations that took place in the geographical area lying between the 20th and 36th Northern parallels and the 24th and 40th Eastern meridians between 1 September and 22 December 1956.

The medal is not issued with a certificate and the right to wear it is justified by the possession of a military document confirming participation in the operations. No one can claim the right to wear this medal if condemned to a prison term or severe punishment for reprehensible actions carried out during the operation. Applications for the award are made at the office of the French Ministry of Defence; the Middle East operations commemorative medal is a 30mm in diameter circular medal struck from bronze, it may be gilt. The obverse bears the relief image of the "warrior republic" in the form of the left profile of a helmeted woman's bust, the helmet being adorned by a crown of oak leaves. On either side, the relief inscription along the circumference "RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE". On the reverse, the relief inscription on five lines "MÉDAILLE COMMÉMORATIVE DES OPÉRATIONS DU MOYEN-ORIENT 1956"; the medal hangs from a ribbon through a ring passing through the medal's suspension loop. The ring is adorned by a 24 mm in half crescent.

The silk moiré ribbon is 37mm wide and is light blue with a yellow central 7mm wide and 2mm wide stripes 2mm from the edges. A gilt clasp bearing the relief inscription "MOYEN-ORIENT" is worn on the ribbon. Admiral Pierre Barjot Admiral Jacques Lanxade General André Beaufre General Jean Simon Colonel Philippe Erulin Major Hélie de Saint Marc Museum of the Legion of Honour

Christmas Past

Christmas Past was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse. She was the American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly of 1982 when her wins included the Coaching Club American Oaks and the Monmouth Oaks. Christmas Past was owned by Cynthia Phipps of the famous Phipps racing family, she was out of the mare Yule Log, a daughter of eight-time leading sire in North America and U. S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Bold Ruler, her sire was the 1964 Grey Dawn. She was conditioned for racing by Angel Penna, Jr.. As a three-year-old in 1982, Christmas Past won five stakes races for fillies including the Coaching Club American Oaks by six lengths, her performances earned her 1982 American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly honors. At age four, Christmas Past defeated her male counterparts in winning the February 26 Grade 1 Gulfstream Park Handicap in Florida, it marked only the second time in the thirty-seven year history of the race. A week her owner decided to retire her from racing saying it was because of a variety of minor physical ailments that could hamper her running when she would be required to compete under heavy handicap weights that could increase the risk of a serious injury.

Retired to broodmare duty at Claiborne Farm in Paris, Christmas Past produced ten foals between 1985 and 2002, none of which won or placed in a stakes race. At age twenty-nine, Christmas Past was humanely euthanized on December 13, 2008 due to complications from the infirmities of old age, she was buried in the Marchmont Cemetery at Claiborne Farm. Christmas Past's pedigree and partial racing stats

An an

An an is a weekly Japanese women's lifestyle magazine. It is one of popular women's magazines in Japan. In 2009 it was described by Japan Today as mega-popular women's magazine, it is one of the best-selling women's magazines in the country. The magazine was started as a sister publication of French magazine Elle and was named as Elle Japon; the first issue of the magazine was published on 20 March 1970. The magazine was renamed as an an in 1982, the name of a panda bear, its content was changed to reflect the trends of Japanese women and their self-identity. At the end of the 1990s an an was published biweekly; the magazine is published on a weekly basis on Tuesdays. The publisher is Magazine House Ltd.. The company, the founder of the magazine, was named Heibun Shuppan, its target audience is women aged between 24 year-old. The magazine has a regular one and a cheaper one. Like other young women's magazines in Japan an an features articles on fashion and relationships. On the other hand, it emphasizes on advertisements rather than text.

Celebrities, including Jang Geun Suk, have appeared on its covers. However, instead of focusing on gossip, an an and another women's magazine Non-no provide their readers with materials with the aim of developing their self-identity. In addition, since its inception an an was instrumental in changing attitudes of young Japanese women as well as in reinforcing new and subversive identities. In 1984 it began to publish annual sex special issue, its April 1989 cover read "Become Beautiful through Sex". In 1976 the male version of an an, Popeye magazine, was an celebrated its 2,000 issues publication with an exhibition at Tokyo Metro Omotesando station between 11 April and 17 April 2016. The circulation of an an was between 540,000 copies and 720,000 copies in the period of 1970 and 2009. In the mid 1990s the magazine sold 650,000 copies. In 2006 the magazine sold 280,683 copies. Official website