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Elihu Yale

Elihu Yale was a British merchant, President of the East India Company settlement in Fort St. George, at Madras, a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honour. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, to David Yale and Ursula Knight, he was the grandson of Ann Lloyd, who after the death of her first husband, Thomas Yale in Chester, England, married Governor Theophilus Eaton of New Haven Colony; the Yale family left Boston and returned to England when Elihu was three years old and he grew up going to school in London. For 20 years Yale served the Honourable East India Company. In 1684 he became the first president of Fort St. George, the company's post at India, he succeeded a number of agents from Andrew Cogan to William Gyfford. Yale was instrumental in the development of the Government General Hospital, housed at Fort St. George. Yale amassed a fortune while working for the company through secret contracts with Madras merchants, against the East India Company's directive.

By 1692, his repeated flouting of East India Company regulations and growing embarrassment at his illegal profiteering resulted in his being relieved of the post of governor. Yale returned to Britain in 1699, he spent the rest of his life at'Plas Grono', a mansion bought by his father, or at his house in London, spending liberally the considerable wealth he had accumulated. Yale's ancestry can be traced back to the family estate at Plas yn Iâl near the village of Llandegla. Yale married Catherine Hynmers, a widow, in 1680; the wedding took place at St. Mary's Church, at Fort St. George, where Yale was a vestryman and treasurer; the marriage was the first registered at the church. Elihu Yale was re-appointed as president of the administration of Fort St George on 26 July 1687, he implemented an order dated 14 January 1685 which required the English at Fort St George to make all attempts at procurement of the town of St Thome on lease. To this effect, Chinna Venkatadri was sent to negotiate with the local governor on 4 August 1687.

The mission was successful and Chinna Venkatadri assumed sovereignty over St Thome for a period of three years. Notwithstanding the vehement protests of the Portuguese inhabitants of St Thome, the English gained absolute control over all lands up to St Thomas Mount for a period of three years. In September 1688, the Mughal Emperor Aurangazeb took Golconda after a prolonged battle; the Mughals annexed the state. The newly designated Mughal Subedar of the province sent a letter to the British authorities at Fort St George demanding that the English at Madras acknowledge the overlordship of the Mughal Emperor; the English complied willingly. Aurangazeb guaranteed the independence of Madras, but in return demanded that the English supply troops in the event of a war against the Marathas, it was around this time that Yale's three-year-old son David Yale died and was interred in the Madras cemetery. The records of this period mention a flourishing slave trade in Madras, a trade in which Yale participated and from which he profited.

He enforced a law. In his capacity as judge he on several occasions sentenced so-called "black criminals" to whipping and enslavement; when the demand began to increase the English merchants began to kidnap young children and deport them to distant parts of the world much against their will. At a time when profits from the slave trade were dwindling and pressure from the Mughal government to stop the enslavement was mounting, the administration of Fort St George stepped in and introduced laws to curb enslavement. During Yale's presidency, a plan for setting up a corporation in Madras was conceived by Josiah Child, the Governor of the East India Company, in a letter addressed to the factors at Madras on 28 September 1687. Three months Josiah Child and his deputy had an audience with James II, as per the ensuing discussions, a Charter was issued by the king on 30 December 1687 which established the Corporation of Madras; the charter came into effect on 29 September 1688, a Corporation was established comprising a Mayor, 12 Aldermen, 60-100 Burgesses and sergeants.

Nathaniel Higginson, the second member of the Council of Fort St George took office as the Mayor of Madras. In August 1689, a French fleet appeared near the coast of Ceylon compelling the Governor of Pulicat Lawrence Pitt, on high seas to seek protection within the bastions of Fort St George. Throughout the year 1690, French naval ships from Pondicherry ravaged the coast in order to drive the English and the Dutch out of the East Indies but were unsuccessful, they withdrew from their enterprise when faced with heavy losses. It was during this time that the English purchased the town of Tegnapatnam from the Marathas; as president of Fort St. George, Yale purchased territory for private purposes with East India Company funds, including a fort at Devanampattinam. Yale imposed high taxes for the maintenance of the colonial garrison and town, resulting in an unpopular regime and several revolts by Indians, brutally quelled by garrison soldiers. Yale was notorious for arresting and trying Indians on his own private authority, including the hanging of a stable boy who had absconded with a Company horse.

Charges of corruption were brought against Elihu Yale in the last years of his Presidency. He was removed in 1692 and replaced with Nathaniel Higginson as the President of Madras. Yale died on 8 July 1721 in London, but was buried in the churchyard of the parish church of St. Giles, his t

Live from London (The Pussycat Dolls video)

Live From London is a DVD release by American girl group The Pussycat Dolls. It was directed by Jeff Gripe and Ginger Ramsey-Grippe, was executively produced by Ron Fair and Jimmy Iovine, it was first released on December 2006 by A&M Records. The DVD features their concert at Windsor Racecourse in London, United Kingdom, as part of the Vodafone TBA secret gigs, it features six music videos, backstage footage and candid interviews with each member. Live From London debuted within the top twenty on three national music video charts; the DVD was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Music Canada. It was certified gold by the Brazilian Association of Record Producers and the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Live from London was filmed at London, as part of the Vodafone secret gigs. Most of the songs on Live from London originate from their debut album PCD, but it contains an interlude titled "Show Me What You Got", written by Nicole Scherzinger and Jamal Jones where they engage in a sing-song dance game whilst individually introducing themselves and their talents at hand.

Kevin Courtney of the Irish Times gave Live from London two out of five stars criticizing the stage for being "tatty, amateur and, overtly sexually provocative."Commercially Live from London debuted at number 12 on the US Billboard Music Video Sales chart, its peak. In Australia, Live from London debuted and peaked at number 13 on the Australian Music DVD Chart and was accredited gold certification by the Australian Recording Industry Association for shipments of 7,500 copies; the following year the DVD was certified platinum for shipments of 15,000 copies. Additionally, in 2009, it peaked at number 12 on the Czech Music DVD Chart. Edited at Cut + Run, Santa Monica, California Bonus content mixed at Lime Studios, Santa Monica, California Credits adapted from album's liner notes, A&M Records

Cynegetica (Nemesianus)

The Cynegetica is a didactic Latin poem about hunting by Marcus Aurelius Olympius Nemesianus. The poem is dated to 283/284 A. D. - as it refers to the reign of the Roman Emperors Carinus and Numerian. The following structural division of the poem is proposed by Toohey I Proem Nemesianus announces that his poem's theme is hunting and the "battles of the countryside", he is inspired by the Muses and Bacchus to set off on untested ground. Nemesianus refers to various cliched mythological themes, but states that poets have sung all about them. Instead, Nemesianus states that his preferred theme is hunting hares, wolves, ichneumon and hedgehogs and states that his task is to venture out from safe waters into the stormy Adriatic. Nemesianus claims that he will sing the praises of Carinus and Numerian at a date, he invokes Diana and the nymphs, asks Diana to inspire his poem about hunting. II. Dogs Nemesianus explains, step by step, season by season, the process for breeding and training young dogs, he explains the benefits of rearing different breeds of dogs - Spartan, from Britannia, Spanish and Tuscan dogs.

III. Horses Nemesianus described various noble and powerful breeds of horses from Greece and Cappadocia and Spain. Nemesianus describes certain North African breeds, which are less beautiful but obedient and fast - just like Boreas, who blasts over the sea, amazing the Nereids. Nemasianus finishes this section with the caring for horses. IV. Hunting equipment Nemesianus explains that the huntsmen must learn to make various types of nets and cordons - adorned with coloured feathers. Nemesianus describes some of the different types of bird feathers - from vultures, swans, water fowl. V. Hunting hunting season Nemesianus recommends that hunting should begin at the start of winter - the teams should set out with their nets and cordons and horses in the early morning; the poem breaks off at this point. The Cynegetica is written in hexameter verse. Duff and Duff note the following metrical features: shortening of the vowel o at the end of words such as devotio and exerceto. Only one hiatus. Less use of elision.

325 lines of the Cynegetica survive. It is agreed that the poem is incomplete, it is uncertain whether Nemesianus never finished the poem, or whether it was finished but that sections have subsequently been lost. Martin takes the view that the poem was finished, but lost in transmission, referring to the fact that Vospiscus mentions it as a literary achievement and by reference to Haupt's textual analysis, it is unknown how long the Cynegetica was. Williams cites the length of Oppian's four volume Cynegetica as a precedent for a reasonably long work - although notes that there is no evidence that Nemesianus' Cynegetica was as long. Toohey estimates that Nemesianus' poem was at least 400 lines long, on the basis of the length of its proem. Toohey notes that the Cynegetica displays the typical features of the tradition of ancient Greek and Latin didactic poetry: an addressee, detailed technical instructions, narrative or mythological panels, the use of hexameter verse and a original length of over 400 lines.

Toohey considers that the Cynegetica offers "a literature of escape": i.e. escape from/alternative to the concerns of city and public life and that it is fixated on leisure. In this regard, Toohey sees the Cynegetica's preoccupation with escapism and leisure as an exception to the general themes of didactic poetry of the same period and as representing the extreme end of the didactic tradition. There are several extant works of Ancient Greek and Latin literature on the subject of hunting that predate Nemesianus' Cynegetica - some in written in prose, others in verse: Xenophon's Cynegetica, Arrian of Nicodemus' supplement to Xenophon's work focusing on Greyhound coursing, Oppian's Cynegetica in four books and Grattius' Latin poem, of which 541 verses surviveScholars have considered the extent to which Cynegetica was aware of and influenced by such literature given Nemesianus' claim to originality of theme "insistere prato/complacitum, rudibus qua luceat orbita sulcis". Martin considers that Nemesianus' work bears little resemblance to Xenophon's and Arrian's, but a much larger debt to Oppian's.

Although Grattius' work was sufficiently well known to be referred to by Ovid, Martin considers that Nemesianus does not seem to imitate Grattius - referring to the lack of similarity of d

List of East Carolina Pirates football seasons

This is a list of football seasons completed by the East Carolina Pirates since the team's creation in 1932 under Coach Kenneth Beatty. Since that first season, the Pirates have played over 20 bowl games. East Carolina has seen moderate success. While East Carolina's first ten years of football included only three winning seasons, the team has recorded one undefeated season and several one-loss seasons since their early struggles. Football was called off for the 1942, 1943, 1944 seasons due to World War II. After the three-season hiatus, the Pirates joined the North State Conference. East Carolina won its first championship—the North State Conference championship—in 1953. In its 15 years as a member of the North State Conference, the Pirates won two championships and went to two bowl games. In 1962, the team returned to its previous status as a football independent. During two of those years, the Pirates went 9–1. In 1965, the Pirates accepted membership in the Southern Conference; the team won the Southern Conference championship under coach Clarence Stasavich in the following year, but did not win another conference championship until 1972.

The 1972 team was coached by Sonny Randle, who won the Southern Conference championship in his second year as head coach. In 1973, he again coached a conference-championship team—the only time in school history the team won two conference championships in a row. Randle left to take a position as head football coach of Virginia in 1974 and was replaced by Pat Dye. Dye, in his third year, won the Pirates' fourth Southern Conference championship. In 1977, ECU left the Southern Conference and had three more winning seasons as a football independent. In 1980, under new head coach Ed Emory, the Pirates had their first losing season since 1971; the team struggled over the next two years. In 1983, Emory's Pirates ended the season ranked as one of the top 25 teams in the country by the Associated Press; the next seven seasons included just one winning season—1989. The Pirates rebuilt the program, the 1991 team, coached by Bill Lewis, went 11–1, losing only to Illinois in the season opener; the team capped off the season with an in-state win over North Carolina State in the Peach Bowl.

Following the win, the Pirates entered the offseason ranked ninth in both the Coaches Poll. Thanks to his performance during the year, Lewis was awarded the American Football Coaches Association Coach of the Year award; the season marked the only time the Pirates finished the season ranked in the top 10. In 1995, ECU finished 23rd in the Coaches' Poll; the Pirates joined Conference USA in 1997, ending their status as football independents for the first time since 1976. Since joining the C-USA, the Pirates have had nine winning seasons, seven losing seasons, one 6–6 year. In 2014, the Pirates joined the American Athletic Conference as full members. ECUPirates.com – Official East Carolina Pirates football website

2017 Thai League 3 Upper Region

2017 Thai League 3 Upper Region is the 1st season of the Thai football league. It is a part of the Thai League 3 and the feeder league for the Thai League 2. A total of 14 teams will compete in the league this season, after Prachinburi United failed in getting a licence for the league and Phichit withdrew before the season started. Four club was promoted from the 2016 Thai Division 2 League Northern Region Kamphaeng Phet Phrae United Phayao Lamphun WarriorFive club was promoted from the 2016 Thai Division 2 League North Eastern Region Udon Thani Ubon Ratchathani Kalasin Khon Kaen Amnat Poly UnitedFour club was promoted from the 2016 Thai Division 2 League Central Region Ayutthaya Warrior Ayutthaya Singburi Bang Rachan Ayutthaya UnitedThree club was promoted from the 2016 Thai Division 2 League Central Region Cha Choeng Sao Prachinburi United Sa Kaeo Phichit authorize from Ayutthaya Warrior because Phichit is an absolute football club quota. Phichit is taking a 1-year break; this team is automatically banned 2 years, don't get subsidy and relegated to 2019 Thai League 4 Northern Region.

Prachinburi United Club-licensing football club didn't pass to play 2017 Thai League 3 Upper Region. This team is relegated to 2017 Thai League 4 Eastern Region again; the number of foreign players is restricted to five per T3 team. A team can use five foreign players on the field in each game, including at least one player from the AFC member countries and one player from nine countries member of ASEAN. Note:: players who released during summer transfer window; the table lists the positions of teams after each week of matches. In order to preserve chronological evolvements, any postponed matches are not included in the round at which they were scheduled, but added to the full round they were played afterwards. For example, if a match is scheduled for matchday 13, but postponed and played between days 16 and 17, it will be added to the standings for day 16. Source: Thai League 3Note:Unk.1 Some error of T3 official match report 19 February 2017. Unk.2 Some error of T3 official match report 30 April 2017.

Unk.3 Some error of T3 official match report 2 July 2017. Unk.4 Some error of T3 official match report 12 August 2017. 2017 Thai League 2017 Thai League 2 2017 Thai League 3 2017 Thai League 4 2017 Thai FA Cup 2017 Thai League Cup 2017 Thai League 3 Lower Region Thai League 3 Official Website Club licensing document passed Clubs data from Thai League 3 official website

Southeast European Cooperative Initiative

The Southeast European Cooperative Initiative was launched in December 1996 to help provide regional peace and stability among the countries of southeastern Europe through cooperative activities, to help the countries integrate into the rest of Europe. The organization, founded by Erhard Busek and Richard Schifter, has provided regional stability, has found support in international organizations and countries. In 2009, the SECI created a Regional Cooperation Council and run by countries in southeast Europe, aimed at strengthening peace and the economy; the SECI headquarters are located within the Hofburg Palace in Vienna. Member states: Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Greece Hungary Macedonia Moldova Montenegro Romania Serbia Slovenia Turkey Observer European states: Austria Azerbaijan Belgium France Georgia Germany Italy Netherlands Portugal Spain Kosovo* Ukraine United Kingdom Observer states outside Europe: Canada Japan United States Observer International Organizations: International Organization for Migration European Institute for Law Enforcement Cooperation International Centre for Migration Policy Development United Nations Mission to Kosovo The SECI was formed in 1996 under the guidance of Richard Schifter, at the time the Senior Director for Eastern Europe in the United States National Security Council.

The group's mission was modeled after the Marshall Plan of 1947, which helped rebuild Europe after World War II. Since the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was coming to a close, Schifter saw a need for greater stability in the region, his initial plan, called the Southeast European Cooperative Development Initiative, was intended to focus on regional cooperation of the countries in Southeast Europe, not be considered a financial assistance plan. The idea was to allow SEE countries access to resources that would help them rebuild and stabilize, but not to provide money. Instead, outside organizations and countries like the United States would offer technical assistance and provide experts on relevant subjects. Schifter’s hunch was realized on 14 December 1995, when a cease-fire was announced and peace negotiations were signed in Dayton, Ohio under the Dayton Agreement; the next step was to get all the countries in the region together and agree to join a cooperation initiative, an difficult task considering the ethnic tension that dominated the region.

The SECI was composed of Albania and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and Slovenia. However those last three participants caused some growing pains for the initiative in its nascent stages. Yugoslavia’s invitation was revoked after the country cancelled local election results when a minority party won the popular vote being allowed in as Serbia and Montenegro and Slovenia and Croatia agreed to join but only as observer nations; the Slovenian concern was that they were a Central European country, not part of SEE, but once Hungary joined, they followed suit. Croatia was more of a challenge in that not only did they not see themselves as a SEE country, but President Tudjman in an interview with Richard Schifter said that Croatia was a “Catholic, Mediterranean country” that wants nothing to do with the “Orthodox and the Muslims.” In 1999, President Tudjman was hospitalized dying, shortly after, Croatia joined the SECI as a full-fledged member. Kosovo is another area of contention for the SEE countries.

During the time of the formation of the SECI, in 1996, they were only recognized as a region and by 1999, they were governed by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, under the UNSC Resolution 1244. Despite this, they are still only recognized as an independent state by 112 UN member states, with Russia and Serbia leading the opposition of the declaration and the European Union having no official position on the situation as well as the United Nations saying that Resolution 1244 will remain the legal framework in Kosovo. Kosovo has never been and is not considered a member state by the SECI either, only a permanent observer. Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe South-East European Cooperation Process Central European Free Trade Agreement Central European Initiative Black Sea Economic Co-operation Regional Cooperation Council Partnership for Peace Information Management System and South-Eastern Europe Defense Ministerial process Official website SECI Network