click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Elizabeth Gaskell

Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell referred to as Mrs Gaskell, was an English novelist and short story writer. Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of Victorian society, including the poor, are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature, her first novel, Mary Barton, was published in 1848. Gaskell's The Life of Charlotte Brontë, published in 1857, was the first biography of Brontë. In this biography, she wrote only of the sophisticated things in Brontë's life. Among Gaskell's best known novels are Cranford and South, Wives and Daughters, each having been adapted for television by the BBC. Gaskell was born Elizabeth Cleghorn Stevenson on 29 September 1810 in Lindsey Row, London, at the house, now 93 Cheyne Walk, she was the youngest of eight children. Her father, William Stevenson, a Unitarian from Berwick-upon-Tweed, was minister at Failsworth, but resigned his orders on conscientious grounds; that position did not materialise and instead Stevenson was nominated Keeper of the Treasury Records.

His wife, Elizabeth Holland, came from a family established in Lancashire and Cheshire, connected with other prominent Unitarian families, including the Wedgwoods, the Martineaus, the Turners and the Darwins. When she died 13 months after giving birth to her youngest daughter, she left a bewildered husband who saw no alternative but to send Elizabeth to live with her mother's sister, Hannah Lumb, in Knutsford, Cheshire. Elizabeth's future while she was growing up was uncertain, as she had no personal wealth and no firm home, though she was a permanent guest at her aunt and grandparents' house, her father remarried to Catherine Thomson in 1814. They had a son, William, in 1815, a daughter, Catherine, in 1816. Although Elizabeth spent several years without seeing her father, to whom she was devoted, her older brother John visited her in Knutsford. John was destined for the Royal Navy from an early age, like his grandfathers and uncles, but he did not obtain preferment into the Service and had to join the Merchant Navy with the East India Company's fleet.

John went missing in 1827 during an expedition to India. A beautiful young woman, Elizabeth was well-groomed, tidily dressed, kind and considerate of others, her temperament was calm and collected and innocent, she revelled in the simplicity of rural life. Much of Elizabeth's childhood was spent in Cheshire, where she lived with her aunt Hannah Lumb in Knutsford, the town she immortalised as Cranford, they lived in a large red-brick house called The Heath. From 1821 to 1826 she attended a school run by the Miss Byerleys at Barford House, after that Avonbank in Stratford-on-Avon, where she received the traditional education in arts, the classics and propriety given to young ladies from wealthy families at the time, her aunts gave her the classics to read, she was encouraged by her father in her studies and writing. Her brother John sent her modern books, descriptions of his life at sea and his experiences abroad. After leaving school at the age of 16, Elizabeth travelled to London to spend time with her Holland cousins.

She spent some time in Newcastle upon Tyne and from there made the journey to Edinburgh. Her stepmother's brother was the miniature artist William John Thomson, who in 1832 painted a portrait of Elizabeth Gaskell in Manchester. A bust was sculpted by David Dunbar at the same time. On 30 August 1832 Elizabeth married William Gaskell, in Knutsford, they spent their honeymoon in North Wales, staying with Samuel Holland, near Porthmadog. The Gaskells settled in Manchester, where William was the minister at Cross Street Unitarian Chapel. Manchester's industrial surroundings influenced Elizabeth's writing in the industrial genre, their first child, a daughter, was stillborn in 1833. A son, died in infancy, this tragedy was the catalyst for Gaskell's first novel, Mary Barton, their other children were Marianne, Margaret Emily, known as Meta, Florence Elizabeth, Julia Bradford. Marianne and Meta boarded at the private school conducted by Rachel Martineau, sister of Harriet, a close friend of Elizabeth. Florence married Charles Crompton, a barrister and Liberal politician, in 1863.

In March 1835 Gaskell began a diary documenting the development of her daughter Marianne: she explored parenthood, the values she placed on her role as a mother. In 1836 she co-authored with her husband a cycle of poems, Sketches among the Poor, published in Blackwood's Magazine in January 1837. In 1840 William Howitt published Visits to Remarkable Places containing a contribution entitled Clopton Hall by "A Lady", the first work written and published by her. In April 1840 Howitt published The Rural Life of England, which included a second work titled Notes on Cheshire Customs. In July 1841 the Gaskells travelled to Germany. German literature came to have a strong influence on her short stories, the first of which she published in 1847 as Libbie Marsh's Three Eras, in Howitt's Journal, under the pseudonym "Cotton Mather Mills", but other influences including Adam Smith's Social Politics enabled a much wider understanding of the c

Effie Neal Jones

Effie Neal Jones, was an American civil rights activist, food services provider, counselor for the Four County Head Start Program in Laurinburg, North Carolina. In 1940 Mrs. Jones married Mr. Forest Jones, she was the daughter of Colonel and Bertha Bouldin, of Maxton, North Carolina. Mrs. Jones, born in Fairmont, North Carolina, received her education from the Public Schools of Robeson County, North Carolina. A self-made woman, she had little formal school training. At age 14, she assumed all the motherly duties after their mother's death. Effie and her siblings worked alongside their father as sharecroppers. In 1946 Mrs. Jones, like many other blacks of the time period, was a member of the Great Migration. During the Great Migration of 1916-1930, over one million blacks moved from the south to the north in search of better lives, it is conservatively estimated that 400,000 left the South during the two-year period of 1916-1918 to take advantage of a labor shortage created in the wake of the First World War.

Mrs. Jones migrated north to escape racial discrimination, poverty, she sought employment opportunities and became a source of income for her sharecropper parents and her children. Reluctantly, she commuted between North Carolina and New Jersey to ensure a better life for her family. Mrs. Jones migrated north to Newark, New Jersey in 1952 and took a job as a live-in housekeeper for a prominent, liberal doctor. While living in Newark, Mrs. Jones was active in the Civil Rights Movement, she joined the National Council of Negro Women, the Order of the Eastern Star and the United Order of Tents. She helped register black voters and build community organizations that could win a share of political power in the state. In 1964, due to the terminal illness of her father, she took her northern learned wisdom back to the south, to her home state of North Carolina, where she joined a well-known statewide civil rights and political activist, Dr H. E. Edwards, a member of Southern Christian Leadership Conference, in organizing black community events such as political fund raisers and voter registration drives.

Their efforts were met with racist repression from state and local lawmen, White Citizens' Councils, Ku Klux Klan resulting in family harassment, threats and other criminal acts. It was during this time that she, along with Dr Edwards and others, begin what would be her lifelong endeavor of helping young children. Mrs. Jones was one of the founding members of the Maxton Four County Community Services, Head Start Program in 1968. Head Start is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides comprehensive education, health and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families. Created in 1965 by the Head Start Act, Head Start is the longest-running program to address systemic poverty in the United States; as of late 2005, more than 22 million pre-school aged children have participated in Head Start. She held several positions for the organization such as Food Services Director and Counselor for the Head Start Program, she devoted herself to the betterment of the community through the development of each and every child.

She championed the rights of women and families regardless of ethnicity, age, or religion. Through that organization she has spearheaded mentoring programs, she believed that the culture of poverty and the cycle of poverty could be overcome through education. After her retirement in 1988, she said that her greatest joy came from seeing her students become successful adults and positive contributors to society. In 1940 Mrs. Jones married Mr. Forest Jones, a decorated US Army World War II veteran and Master Mechanic, she was the mother to nine children, daughter: Rosemary and sons: Roger, Perry, Colonel, George and Michael, her offspring produced 29 grandchildren, 37 great grandchildren at the time of her death. Effie Neal Jones died on April 30, 2002, at Moore Regional Hospital, North Carolina of Heart Failure. Great Migration Effie Jones | Local Activist Dies. "Order of Tents true to Christian Code". The Post and Courier. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2019. Http://www.easternstar.org/The Order of the Eastern Star

Paul VI Catholic High School

St. Paul VI Catholic High School is a Roman Catholic college preparatory school in Fairfax, Virginia, US; the school is located in southwest Fairfax, is named after Pope Paul VI. It competes in the Washington Catholic Athletic Conference and has a high-profile athletic rivalry with Bishop O'Connell High School in Arlington. Paul VI opened for the 1983 -- 84 school year; the next year, the school was open to freshmen through juniors, 1985–86 saw the first senior class. The Diocese of Arlington purchased the school building, in a dilapidated condition, from George Mason University, which had owned it for about a decade; the structure had been Fairfax High School, which opened in 1936 and relocated to a new facility in January 1972. One wing of the building housed Alzheimer patients until the school's third year. During its first years, the school was ministered by five Oblates of St. Francis de Sales, who taught classes and one of whom served as the principal; the remainder of the faculty were lay teachers.

In 2000, the school selected its first principal, not from the De Sales order. Philip Robey was selected for this position, stepped down seven years later, he was replaced by Virginia Colwell, a former English teacher at Paul VI. In 2020 the high school will be relocating to South Riding in Loudoun County, VA; the team name "Panthers" was voted by student body during the school's first year. The original school colors were gold until the 1999 -- 2000 school year; the school moved away from brown in favor of black, considered more stylish by the student body. After the canonization of Pope St. Paul VI in October 2018, the school was renamed St. Paul VI Catholic High School to further honor its patron and namesake. On May 9, 2001, Bishop Paul S. Loverde of the Arlington Diocese led a group of civic and school officials at the groundbreaking for a new $6.5 million student activity center. The new center included a gathering space for the entire student body, three classrooms, locker rooms, weight room, movable stage used for athletic and stage equipment, laundry facilities and concession stand.

The expansion was the result of five years of planning and fund-raising by the school to refurbish its grounds. After a generous grant from the Diocese of Arlington, school officials were able to make some needed repairs to the old building. Before actual construction began on the activity center in winter 2001, air conditioning was installed in the current building and the original locker rooms were torn down; the two-story addition was completed for the 2003–04 school year. This included locker rooms, computer lab, coaches' offices and a wrestling room. Advanced Placement Courses include: Biology, Calculus AB, Calculus BC, Comparative Government, Computer Science A, Computer Science Principles, English Literature and Composition, European History, German, Latin literature, Music Theory, Statistics, Studio Art: 2-D Design, Studio Art: Drawing, United States Government and Politics, United States History. Dual Enrollment Courses: Biology 101, Biology 102, Chemistry 111,German 101, German 102, Microbiology & Genetics, English Writing and Composition Faculty with Advanced Degrees: 55 Master's degrees, 4 PhD, 1 MD, 1 CPA Academic facts: From the Paul VI Class of 2015, 98% are attending post-secondary educational institutions.

Over the last 7 years, 68% of the final grades awarded were “B” or higher 45% of Paul VI's current students have earned a 3.5 or better GPA The Class of 2015 was offered over 13 million dollars in college scholarships Paul VI was named one of the Top 50 Catholic schools in the nation by the Cardinal Newman Society in 2013 In 2014, Paul VI was named to the Catholic Education Honor Roll by the Cardinal Newman Society. Fewer than 5% of Catholic high schools in the U. S. made the honor roll in 2014. In 2013 it was chosen by the editors of Virginia Living Magazine as a 2013 Top Virginia School. In 2014, Paul VI was named Best Private High School in the Best of Suburbia poll by Posh Seven Magazine Paul VI's athletic teams compete in the Washington Catholic Athletic Conference and in the Virginia Independent State Athletic Association; the Paul VI basketball team won the Washington Catholic Athletic Conference boys' basketball championship in 2012. They did not lose a game in conference play. No other team in the history of the WCAC has had an undefeated season while winning 21 games.

The WCAC is regarded as the best high school basketball conference in the country. Both the boys' and girls' basketball teams won the WCAC title in 2014; the boys' team won the Virginia Independent Schools Athletic Association championship and the Alhambra championship for 2014. The boys' team won again in 2018; the girls' team has won the Virginia Independent Schools Athletic Association championship every year since 2002. The baseball program at Paul VI had a record of 121–32 and seven Championship titles between 2004 and 2008. Paul VI baseball competes for the Virginia Independent Schools Athletic Association State Championship at the end of each season; the VISAA State Tournament includes the top eight private school baseball teams in the State of Virginia. The Panthers were ranked as No. 6 in the nation by USA Today in 2008 and ranked as No. 3 by Rise Magazine. They finished the 2008 season with a record of 27–3, won the Southeastern Baseball Classic Championship, the VISAA State Championship and ended the year ranked 12th in America by several publication

David PadrĂ³s

David Padrós was a Catalan composer. He was born in Igualada, Spain in 1942, he studied with Jordi Torra. Afterwards he travelled to Germany and Switzerland where he studied with Paul Baumgartner, Sava Savoff, Hans Ulrich Lehman, Klaus Huber and Jürg Wyttenbach. In 1969 he won the Hanz Lenz prize for the artistic merit and the composition prize of the Landis & Gyr Foundation, he lived in Basel until 1982, where he developed an intens task as a composer and pedagogue. He moved to Barcelona. In 1971 his work "Styx" was performed for the first time in the Barcelona Music Festival. From that date on, his works have been performed in many European International festivals: In Luzern, the "Gaudeamus Muziekweek", "Europalia-85" and Barcelona where his work "Confluències" was performed for the first time with a great success. Important to be mentioned are the performances of his works: "Metamorfosis mozartiana" by the Grupo Enigma" in the Auditorio de Zaragoza, "Daha", by Harry Sparnaay in the Ateneu Barcelonès and "Línies i Plans" by the OBC in the Auditori de Barcelona.

The personal papers of David Padrós are preserved in the Biblioteca de Catalunya. "Interludi". Chamber ensemble "Sincronías". Chamber orchestra "Abstracció 3". Guitarra "Abstracció 2". Clarinet "Eclíptica". Clarinet and violoncello. Edition Tritó "Abstracció 1". Shakuhachi flute "Línies i plans". Orchestra. Edition Tritó "Derivacions". Vibraphone "Daha". Bass clarinet "Metamorfosis mozartiana". Chamber orchestra. Edition Tritó "Instants". Piano. Edition:Tritó "Amalgames". Clarinet, piano "Diario de noche". Piano "Lignes dans l'espace". Flute in G "Acciones y reacciones". Flute, piano. Edition: Universidad de Alcalá "Concierto para piano y orquesta", "2 Cançons populars catalanes". Mixed Chorus. Edition: Clivis "3 Poemas Sonoros". Mixed Chorus "El temps segons Rama". Orchestra "Projeccions". Chamber orchestra "Degung". Recorder, vibraphone "Verwandlung". Flute quartet. Edition: Tritó "El Mascarón y su vihuela". Violin, guitar "Cheops". Chamber orchestra "Sunyata". Flute, guitar "5 Tankas". Mezzo-soprano, clarinete,guitar "Dialog".

2 guitars "Fragment". String quartet "Manas". Piano, wind quintet, percussion "Ressonàncies". Piano. Edition: Boileau "17 cançons populars catalanes". Piano. Edition: Clivis "Klagelied". Piano "Qawwali". Recorder quartet "Xucla el silenci nocturn". Violin, flute, clarinet "Ghiza-I-Ruh". Flute, piano "Gjatams". Piano quartet "Sis Diferències. Organ. Edition: Tritó "Jdeb". Recorder quartet "Nocturne". Flute, viola "La Sala de la Suprema Harmonia". Instrumental ensemble "Recordant a W. A. Mozart". Clarinet, organ "El sermó de Muntaner". Vocal quartet, 4 wind instruments, organ "Ketjak". 4 pianists at 2 pianos "Chaconne". String quartet, cembalo "Reflexe". Violin, piano. Edition: Clivis "Skizze". Violin, piano. Edition: Clivis "Trajectòries". Guitar. Edition: Clivis "Confluències".8 brass instruments, electronic "Maqam". Piano. Edition: Clivis "Arachne". Chamber ensemble "Cal.ligrama II". Flute, cembalo "6 Cançons populars catalanes". Mixed chorus. Edition: Clivis "Jo-Ha-Kyu". Orchestra "Musik im Raum". 2 pianos, oboe, percussion "Batalla".

Piano, cembalo y 12 strings "Deux legendes". Organ. Edition: Clivis "Cal.ligrama I". Flute in G, piano. Edition: Clivis "Materials". Wind quintet "Khorva". Orchestra "Crna Gora". Bariton, viola, percussion "Heptagonal". Piano "Segments". Flute "Styx". Chamber ensemble. Edition: Breitkopf & Hartel Wiesbaden "Binari". String quartet "3 Impromptus". Piano "2 Canciones". Sopran, piano Media:http://www.accompositors.com Personal papers of David Padrós in Biblioteca de Catalunya Media:http://www.trito.es Media:https://web.archive.org/web/20071114180844/http://www.clivis-music.com/ Media:http://www.conservatori-liceu.es Media:http://www.casaluthier.com/escola Media:http://www.lamadeguido.com

Skirts and kidneys

Skirts and Kidneys is an Irish stew made from pork and pork kidneys. Cork, on the southern coast of Ireland, has a long-standing association with animal produce and, from the 17th century to the end of the 19th century, was a major supplier of butter and salted beef and pork to the British Empire and the armed forces; the beef and pork industry meant a plentiful supply of offal. Offcuts were available at affordable prices for local consumption by the underprivileged. An entire Cork cuisine developed based on offal – pig offal. Examples include crubeens/cruibín. In Cork, the word offal came to mean one specific dish – pig's backbone. Now illegal to use because of BSE, it was cooked either salted or as a white stew; the meat ingredients for Skirts and Kidneys can be bought in any pork butcher's shop. Skirts are the trimmings from the around the diaphragm. While the meat is thin, it is quite tender, it is encased in a tough white membrane. Kidneys need to be washed in copious amounts of fresh water to ensure that all traces of urine are washed away.

The dish is a basic white stew made with a few simple ingredients: skirts, onions, salt, white pepper and potatoes. All the ingredients are placed in a large saucepan of boiling water and simmered for about two hours. At the end of cooking, if necessary, a little cornflour mixed as a slurry with a little water can be stirred in as thickening. A Waterford variant involves dicing the onion quite small and excluding the thyme and salt, instead opting for generous amounts of white pepper; the meal is served with crusty white bread to soak up the juices. List of Irish dishes List of stews

Homenaje a Dos Leyendas (2008)

Homenaje a Dos Leyendas 2008 was a professional wrestling major show event produced by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre, which took place on March 21, 2008 in Arena Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico. The two legends honored at that year's event was CMLL founder Salvador Lutteroth, always honored at Dos Leyendas and Black Shadow; the main event was a singles match between Perro Aguayo Jr. and Héctor Garza under Lucha de Apuestas rules, with both men putting their hair on the line. The card featured five further matches, all Six-man "Lucha Libre rules" tag team match, one being an all-female match and one featuring CMLL's Mini-Estrella division. Since 1996 the Mexican wrestling company Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre has held a show in March each year to commemorate the passing of CMLL founder Salvador Lutteroth who died in March 1987. For the first three years the show paid homage to Lutteroth himself, from 1999 through 2004 the show paid homage to Lutteroth and El Santo, Mexico's most famous wrestler and from 2005 forward the show has paid homage to Lutteroth and a different leyenda each year, celebrating the career and accomplishments of past CMLL stars.

Billed as Homenaje a Salvador Lutteroth, it has been held under the Homenaje a Dos Leyendas since 1999 and is the only show outside of CMLL's Anniversary shows that CMLL has presented every year since its inception. All Homenaje a Dos Leyendas shows have been held in Arena México in Mexico City, Mexico, CMLL's main venue, its "home". Traditionally CMLL holds their major events on Friday Nights, which means the Homenaje a Dos Leyendas shows replace their scheduled Super Viernes show; the 2008 show was the 13th overall Homenaje. The event featured six professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches