Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. It is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world, featuring Jain and Hindu, artwork, dating from the 600–1000 CE period. Cave 16, in particular, features the largest single monolithic rock excavation in the world, the Kailasha temple, a chariot shaped monument dedicated to Lord Shiva; the Kailasha temple excavation features sculptures depicting the gods and mythologies found in Vaishnavism, Shaktism as well as relief panels summarizing the two major Hindu Epics. There are over 100 caves at the site, all excavated from the basalt cliffs in the Charanandri Hills, 34 of which are open to public; these consist of 12 Buddhist, 17 Hindu and 5 Jain caves, each group representing deities and mythologies prevalent in the 1st millennium CE, as well as monasteries of each respective religion. They were built close to one another and illustrate the religious harmony that existed in ancient India.
All of the Ellora monuments were built during Hindu dynasties such as the Rashtrakuta dynasty, which constructed part of the Hindu and Buddhist caves, the Yadava dynasty, which constructed a number of the Jain caves. Funding for the construction of the monuments was provided by royals and the wealthy of the region. Although the caves served as monasteries, temples and a rest stop for pilgrims, the site's location on an ancient South Asian trade route made it an important commercial centre in the Deccan region, it is 29 kilometres north-west of Aurangabad, about 300 kilometres east-northeast of Mumbai. Today, the Ellora Caves, along with the nearby Ajanta Caves, are a major tourist attraction in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra and a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India. Ellora called Verul or Elura, is the short form of the ancient name Elapura; the older form of the name has been found in ancient references such as the Baroda inscription of 812 CE which mentions "the greatness of this edifice" and that "this great edifice was built on a hill by Krishnaraja at Elapura, the edifice in the inscription being the Kailasa temple.
In the Indian tradition, each cave has a suffix Guha, Lena or Leni, meaning cave. The Ellora caves are in the Indian state of Maharashtra about 29 kilometres northwest of the city of Aurangabad, 300 kilometres east-northeast of Mumbai, 235 kilometres from Pune and about 100 kilometres west of the Ajanta Caves, 2.3 kilometres from Grishneshwar Temple. Ellora occupies a flat rocky region of the Western Ghats, where ancient volcanic activity had created multilayered basalt formations, known as the Deccan Traps; the volcanic activity that formed the west-facing cliff that houses the Ellora caves occurred during the Cretaceous period. The resulting vertical face made access to many layers of rock formations easier, enabling architects to pick basalt with finer grains for more detailed sculpting; the construction at Ellora has been studied since British colonial rule. However, the overlapping styles between the Buddhist and Jaina caves has made it difficult to establish agreement concerning the chronology of their construction.
The disputes concern: one, whether the Buddhist or Hindu caves were carved first and, the relative dating of caves within a particular tradition. The broad consensus that has emerged is based on comparing the carving styles at Ellora to other cave temples in the Deccan region that have been dated, textual records of various dynasties, epigraphical evidence found at various archaeological sites near Ellora and elsewhere in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. Geri Hockfield Malandra and other scholars have stated that the Ellora caves had three important building periods: an early Hindu period, a Buddhist phase and a Hindu and Jain phase; the earliest caves may have been built during the Traikutakas and Vakataka dynasties, the latter being known for sponsoring the Ajanta caves. However, it is considered that some of the earliest caves, such as Cave 29, were built by the Shiva-inspired Kalachuri dynasty, while the Buddhist caves were built by the Chalukya dynasty; the Hindu caves and early Jaina caves were built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty, while the last Jaina caves were built by the Yadava dynasty, which had sponsored other Jaina cave temples.
These caves are located on the southern side and were built either between 630–700 CE, or 600–730 CE. It was thought that the Buddhist caves were the earliest structures that were created between the fifth and eighth centuries, with caves 1–5 in the first phase and 6–12 in the phase, but modern scholarship now considers the construction of Hindu caves to have been before the Buddhist caves; the earliest Buddhist cave is Cave 6 5, 2, 3, 5, 4, 7, 8, 10 and 9, with caves 11 and 12 known as Do Thal and Tin Thal being the last. Eleven out of the twelve Buddhist caves consist of viharas, or monasteries with prayer halls: large, multi-storeyed buildings carved into the mountain face, including living quarters, sleeping quarters and other rooms; the monastery caves have shrines including carvings of Gautama Buddha and saints. In some of these caves, sculptors have endeavoured to give the stone the look of wood. Caves 5, 10, 11 and 12 are architecturally important Buddhist caves. Cave 5 is unique among the Ellora caves as it was designed as a hall with a pair of parallel refectory benches in the centre
Adele Berlin is a biblical scholar. Before her retirement, she was Robert H. Smith Professor of Biblical Studies at the University of Maryland. Berlin is best known for 1994 work Poetics and interpretation of biblical narrative, she has written commentaries on Zephaniah and Lamentations. A Festschrift in her honor, "Built by Wisdom, Established by Understanding": Essays in Honor of Adele Berlin, was published in 2013. Berlin has been a Guggenheim Fellow, President of the Society of Biblical Literature. Along with Robert Alter and Meir Sternberg, Berlin is one of the most prominent practitioners of a literary approach to the Bible. In 2004 the Jewish Book Council awarded the subject along with co-editor Marc Zvi Brettler the scholarship category award for the Jewish Publication Society and Oxford University Press book, The Jewish Study Bible. A decade the two editors offered its second edition. Multiple works published:- Berlin, Adele. Enmerkar and Ensuhkešdanna, A Sumerian Narrative Poem. Occasional Publications of the Babylonian Fund.
2. Philadelphia, PA: The University Museum. ISBN 9780934718295. OCLC 6090804. ———. Poetics and Interpretation of Biblical Narrative. Bible and literature series. 9. Sheffield, UK: Almond Press. ISBN 9780907459231. OCLC 10214708. ———. The Dynamics of Biblical Parallelism. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253318503. OCLC 924981288. ———. Biblical Poetry Through Medieval Jewish Eyes. Indiana studies in biblical literature. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780585106120. OCLC 43475924. ———. Zephaniah: a new translation with introduction and commentary. Anchor Bible. 25A. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385266314. OCLC 28928604. ———. Esther: the traditional Hebrew text with the new JPS translation. JPS Bible Commentary. Philadelphia, PA: Jewish Publication Society. ISBN 9780827606999. OCLC 44669511. ———. Esther. Miḳra le-Yiśraʼel Commentary. Tel Aviv: Am Oved. ISBN 9789651313257. OCLC 48838494. ———. Lamentations: A Commentary. Old Testament library. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664218492.
OCLC 49892430. ———. The Jewish Study Bible. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199978465. OCLC 892869165. Articles by Adele Berlin
Henry III was the Duke of Limburg and Count of Arlon from 1165 to his death. He was the successor of Henry II and Matilda of Saffenberg. In 1172, he fought against the Count of Luxembourg, Henry IV the Blind, his ally, the Count of Hainaut, Baldwin V; the environs of Arlon were devastated and the duke, had to recompense the Count of Luxembourg for the wrongs he had done him. In 1183, he supported the election of Folmar of Karden as Archbishop of Trier; this was opposed by Frederick Barbarossa. In 1213, Henry faced his nephew Duke of Brabant at the battle of Steppes; the Duke of Brabant's army ran. Henry supported Otto of Brunswick over Philip of Swabia as German king and imperial claimant, he fought at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 for Otto of Brunswick, while his son Waleran sided with Philip II of France. He married Sophia of Saarbrücken, they had: Waleran III, Duke of Limburg Baldwin, John W.. Aristocratic Life in Medieval France: The Romances of Jean Renart and Gerbert de Montreuil, 1190-1230.
The Johns Hopkins University Press. Loud, Graham A.. The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. Routledge. Schnerb, Bertrand. "Battle of Steppes". In Rogers, Clifford J.. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. 3. Oxford University Press
April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian, the first of four months to have a length of 30 days, the second of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. April is associated with the season of autumn in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, spring in parts of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to October in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa; the Romans gave this month the Latin name Aprilis but the derivation of this name is uncertain. The traditional etymology is from the verb aperire, "to open", in allusion to its being the season when trees and flowers begin to "open", supported by comparison with the modern Greek use of άνοιξη for spring. Since some of the Roman months were named in honor of divinities, as April was sacred to the goddess Venus, her Veneralia being held on the first day, it has been suggested that Aprilis was her month Aphrilis, from her equivalent Greek goddess name Aphrodite, or from the Etruscan name Apru.
Jacob Grimm suggests the name of Aper or Aprus. April was the second month of the earliest Roman calendar, before Ianuarius and Februarius were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC, it became the fourth month of the calendar year during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it was given 29 days. The 30th day was added during the reform of the calendar undertaken by Julius Caesar in the mid-40s BC, which produced the Julian calendar; the Anglo-Saxons called April ēastre-monaþ. The Venerable Bede says in The Reckoning of Time that this month ēastre is the root of the word Easter, he further states. It is attested by Einhard in his work, Vita Karoli Magni. St George's day is the twenty-third of the month. In China the symbolic ploughing of the earth by the emperor and princes of the blood took place in their third month, which corresponds to April. In Finnish April is huhtikuu, meaning slash-and-burn moon, when gymnosperms for beat and burn clearing of farmland were felled. In Slovene, the most established traditional name is mali traven, meaning the month when plants start growing.
It was first written in 1466 in the Škofja Loka manuscript. The month Aprilis had 30 days. Additionally in the Spanish colony, Las Islas Filipinas, the month Aprilis had a significant meaning to the life of the natives as it was associated to the influence of the Chinese during the Spanish colonial period; the importance of this aspect to the lives of the natives was associated to an event called "Abril na Ikaw" as it is linked to the famous trader, April Yu. In Ancient Rome, the festival of Cerealia was held for seven days from mid-to-late April, but exact dates are uncertain. Feriae Latinae was held in April, with the date varying. Other ancient Roman observances include Veneralia, Fordicidia, Vinalia Urbana and Serapia were celebrated on. Floralia was held April 27 during the Republican era, or April 28 on the Julian calendar, lasted until May 3. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar; the Lyrids meteor shower appears on April 16 – April 26 each year, with the peak occurring on April 22.
Eta Aquariids meteor shower appears in April. It is visible from about April 21 to about May 20 each year with peak activity on or around May 6; the Pi Puppids appear on April 23, but only in years around the parent comet's perihelion date. The Virginids shower at various dates in April; the "Days of April" is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, to a famous trial known as the procès d'avril. April's birthstone is the diamond; the birth flower is listed as either the Daisy or the Sweet Pea. The zodiac signs for the month of April are Taurus; this list does not imply either official status nor general observance. In Catholic and Orthodox tradition, April is the Month of the Resurrection of the Lord. National Pet Month Arab American Heritage Month Autism Awareness Month Cancer Control Month Community College Awareness Month Confederate History Month Donate Life Month Financial Literacy Month Jazz Appreciation Month Mathematics and Statistics Awareness Month National Poetry Month National Poetry Writing Month National Prevent Child Abuse Month National Volunteer Month Parkinson's Disease Awareness Month Sexual Assault Awareness Month Fresh Florida Tomato Month National Food Month National Grilled Cheese Month National Pecan Month National Soft Pretzel Month National Soyfoods Month List of observances set by the Bahá'í calendar List of observances set by the Chinese calendar List of observances set by the Hebrew calendar List of observances set by the Islamic calendar List of observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar Youth Homel
Prince of Wolf is a 2016 Taiwanese romance television series created and produced by Sanlih E-Television. Starring Derek Chang, Amber An, Samuel Gu, Katie Chen and Simon Hsueh as the main cast. Filming began on June 9, 2016 and wrapped up in October 28, 2016. First original broadcast began on July 2016 on TTV airing every Sunday night at 10:00-11:30 pm; the story begins with Du Zhe Ming walking between the forest in the deep woods and his parents are searching for him. While wandering he saves a female wolf from harm. Du Zhe Ming is waiting for his parents but due to heavy rains his parents couldn't find him and the officer claim him to be dead. Seeing Du Zhe Ming alone the Wolf King decides to take Zhe Ming into the wolf tribe. After some years a grown Du Zhe Ming is living among the wolves knows how to hunt and survive in the wild without forgetting his human traits. Tian Mi Mi is an amateur photographer who decides to go to Wolf Mountain to take pictures of the breathtaking landscape; when Tian Mi Mi falls into a valley, Zhe Ming takes her back to his cave.
Fascinated by the first woman he has encountered, Zhe Ming is convinced that Mi Mi is his female wolf mate and is mesmerized by her. So, Zhe Ming decides to leave his wolf life behind to follow Mi Mi back into the human world with his wolf. In the human world Zhe Ming starts living with her family. Mi Mi teach him to live human life and makes him join in her office. Mi Mi works in a company under Jian Hao Wei, he is an adopted son of Jiang Ping and Wen Pei Yi, they are the parents of Du Zhe Ming. Zhe Ming encounters Hao Wei showing his love interest towards Mi Mi which makes a love triangle fight between them, but Mi Mi falls in love with Zhe Ming due to his innocence. Mandy buys a gift and celebrates Zhe Ming birthday as every year in memory of her son with the faith that he will return. Soon John finds out about Zhe Ming existence and tries to keep him away from his company and family as he is the real heir which he does not want Hao Wei to lose, he makes him lead back to the forest. When Chen Shu Pei finds out the real identity of Zhe Ming, she reveals about it to Mandy.
With Mi Mi they go to the wolf mountain to bring Zhe Ming back. After arriving back Zhe Ming started staying with his family and reveals to his father that he did not forget his sin back in the childhood where John knowingly leaves Zhe Ming in between the forest. Hao Wei becomes furious about Zhe Ming handling the company and receiving more love and faith from his grandfather. Zhe Ming arrange marriage is fixed with Chen Shu Pei, but with the help of their friends they conquer all the misunderstanding between them. John's every chaos against Zhe Ming starts failing and Hao Wei too left him and started supporting Zhe Ming after knowing the real intention of his father. John kills Zhe Ming's wolf in the cave and plots a plan to kill Zhe Ming too with an accident to end his problem but fails it by harming Hao Wei. In the hospital John confess to Mandy and her father about all his sins and reveals that Hao Wei is his own son with his love. Mandy is furious with him but Zhe Ming Forgives him. Mi Mi and Zhe Ming got married but stays separately for her career and after completing her work she returns back to Zhe Ming in the party.
Chen Shu Pei and Hao Wei starts developing feelings for each other. In the end Zhe Ming and his son walks between the trees of the wolf mountain but soon he disappear while Zhe Ming was talking to Mi Mi in phone; when Mi Mi and Zhe Ming starts searching all over the forest they ends up finding their son and Zhe Ming’s wolf alive. Derek Chang 杜軒睿 as Du Zhe Ming 杜澤明（Wolf） Zhang Yu Zheng 張育誠 as childhood Zhe Ming Amber An 安心亞 as Tian Mi Mi 田蜜蜜 Samuel Gu 古斌 as Jian Hao Wei/Du Hao Wei 簡浩維/杜浩維 Katie Chen 陳語安 as Tian Zi Zi 田滋滋 Simon Hsueh 薛仕凌 as Jiang Ping 江平（John） Lin Ming-chen 林明禎 as Chen Shu Pei 陳舒裴 Chen Bor-jeng 陳博正 as Tian Min Gui 田閩貴 Yang Chieh-mei 楊潔玫 as Liu Mei Lian 劉美蓮 Yang Lie 楊烈 as Du Bai Quan 杜百全 Lin Wei 林煒 as Du Qi Hong 杜奇宏 Hsieh Chiung-hsuan 謝瓊煖 as Wen Pei Yi 溫佩儀（Mandy） Wang Chuan 王琄 as Mrs. Wu Fish Lin 鲶魚哥 as Huang Shen Nong 黃神農 Huang Zi Wen 匡自文 as Li Shi Zhen 李時真 Hsiao Ching-hung 蕭景鴻 as huntsman?? as Jia Hong 家宏 Lee Kuo-chao 李國超 as Mr. Zhang Fiona Huang 黃錦雯 as Mrs. Zhang?? as Zhang Xiao Bao 張小寶 Zhong Lun Li 鍾倫理 as Old Wang 老王?? as Maggie Lin Jing Zhe 林靖哲 as David Wu Jia Wei 吳珈瑋 as Lucy Josie Leung 梁家榕 as Jian Mei Hui 簡美惠 Amanda Liu 劉紀範 as Penny Akio Chen 陳慕義 as Xu Guo Long 許國隆 Su Yi Jing 蘇意菁 as Su Li Fang 蘇麗芳?? as Xu Xiao Zhi 許小志 Kao Meng-chieh 高盟傑 as Scrivener Li Zhu Yong De 朱永德 as Doctor Zhu Chen Yu-mei 陳玉玫 as Lisa Love Magic 愛戀魔法 by Bii 畢書盡 Stars 滿天星 by Dino Lee 李玉璽 Funky Boy by Bii 畢書盡 I Will Miss You by Bii 畢書盡 Sweet Little Baby by Bii 畢書盡 Kiss Me by Amber An 安心亞 Magnifier 放大鏡 by Amber An 安心亞 Friends 朋友 by Wakin Chau 周華健 Lucy Bear 玩具熊 by Dino Lee 李玉璽 Competing dramas on rival channels airing at the same time slot were: CTV - Nie Xiaoqian, Uncontrollably Fond, Jealousy Incarnate FTV - The King of Drama ^Note 1: The average rating calculation does not include special episode.
War of the Spider Queen is a fantasy series of novels set in the Forgotten Realms universe published by Wizards of the Coast. The series contains six books focused on their principal deity Lolth; each of the six novels in the series is written by a different author with veteran Forgotten Realms author R. A. Salvatore overseeing the project. Cover art for each book in the series was designed by Gerald Brom who has done other Forgotten Realms work including reprints of The Avatar Series. According to Salvatore, the idea for the series was that of his editor Philip Athans, who wrote the fifth book of the series. Athans had to convince Salvatore to sign onto the project, it was the idea that "I could help some other writers get some much-needed exposure" which won the author over. Salvatore and fellow authors Richard Baker, Thomas Reid, Richard Lee Byers along with Athans and others met in Seattle to compile the main overview of the storyline. Afterwards, Salvatore became the content editor ensuring that content within the Drow city of Menzoberranzan "kept the place where I wanted it for future works."In September 2006, Wizards of the Coast released the War of the Spider Queen series in two separate gift sets featuring Brom's artwork on the exterior of the boxes.
Graphic Design for the gift sets was done by Lisa Hanson and Matt AdelspergerSince the completion of The War of the Spider Queen, two series continuing the stories of certain characters have gone under development by authors involved in the original series. Thomas M. Reid, author of Insurrection, continued the story of the half-demons Aliisza and Kaanyr Vhok in The Empyrean Odyssey, with its first installment entitled The Gossamer Plain being released in May 2007. Book two entitled The Fractured Sky was released in November 2008 while the finale, The Crystal Mountain, in July 2009. Lisa Smedman, who developed the character Halisstra Melarn in Extinction, is continuing the story of the Drow priestess in The Lady Penitent. Book one and two, Sacrifice of the Widow and Storm of the Dead were released in 2007 while book three, Ascendancy of the Last, was released in June 2008; the War of the Spider Queen series is written by six authors with two editors. A. Salvatore. Authors like Richard Lee Byers and Philip Athans had adventured into the world of Forgotten Realms with their writing while for others like Lisa Smedman and Thomas M. Reid, War of the Spider Queen was their first real foray into Forgotten Realms writing.
On the back cover of each book is a quote from R. A. Salvatore, a short excerpt of his opinion on the author of the novel. Richard Lee Byers: "Richard Lee Byers is one of the most thoughtful and insightful authors I've met. A perfect choice for plunging the world into sheer chaos." Byers previous work for Forgotten Realms was that of the Sembia Trilogy along with collaborators Athans and Smedman. He has since written The Year of Rogue Dragons Trilogy, is writing The Haunted Lands Trilogy. Thomas M. Reid: "No one I have met has better grasp of the tone and mindset of the Drow. Few people "get it" as well as Thomas Reid." Though Insurrection is Reid's first novel in the Forgotten Realms world, he has done much in the way of editing for both the Forgotten Realms and Dungeons and Dragons campaign settings Richard Baker: "Rich Baker's combination of talents in both fiction and game design makes him the perfect author for this book." Richard is a long-standing game designer for TSR, signing on with them in 1991.
Since War of the Spider Queen, Baker has written The Last Mythal trilogy. Lisa Smedman: "Lisa Smedman is a purposeful and subtle writer, that subtlety is critical for this middle book in the series, a quiet turn to the more personal stories that will guide the greater events of the climax." Smedman's first contribution to the Forgotten Realms universe was a short story in the Sembia Trilogy. Since War of the Spider Queen, Smedman has begun The Lady Penitent trilogy, telling the tale of Halisstra Melarn in her service to Lolth. Philip Athans: "Once again it is Philip Athans moving the Forgotten Realms to new ground and new vibrancy; this is the one. It's time Phil Athans to get his due." Phil Athans is the Managing Editor for Wizards of the Coast Book Publishing, his first novel in Forgotten Realms being Baldur's Gate in 1999. Since War of the Spider Queen, he has written The Watercourse Trilogy along with several other stories. Paul S. Kemp: "Finding someone to finish a series after five novels from five different authors is no easy task.
He's got to be willing to find all the open roads. He's got to do his homework, quickly, and given the quality of his predecessors' work, he's got to be good...enter Paul Kemp. Whew! Writers like this don't come along every day." Before his contribution to War of the Spider Queen, Kemp wrote The Erevis Cales trilogy. Since writing Resurrection, he has continued to examine his character Everis Cale in the subsequent trilogy, The Twilight War. A summarized examination of each book in the War of the Spider Queen saga: The background of the series takes place in the matriarchal Drow society of Menzoberranzan, the ancestral underground city of the Drow, in the year 1372 DR. Lolth, goddess of the Drow, is no longer affording spells to her priestesses; the females attempt to keep this a secret, but soon they are found out, males begin disappearing from the city for unknown reasons. Pharaun Mizzrym, a magic user, Ryld Argith, a warrior, are sent by the Archmage of Menzoberranzan, Gromph Baenre, to discover the cause of these missing drow.
The two are attacked several times by Pharaun's sister Greyanna