Alabama's 2nd congressional district
Alabama's 2nd congressional district is a United States congressional district in Alabama that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes most of the Montgomery metropolitan area, stretches into the Wiregrass Region in the southeastern portion of the state; the district encompasses portions of Montgomery County and the entirety of Autauga, Bullock, Coffee, Covington, Dale, Geneva, Henry and Pike counties. Other cities in the district include Andalusia, Dothan and Troy; the district is represented by Republican Martha Roby, a former Montgomery city councilwoman, who defeated Bobby Bright, the Democratic incumbent, in the November 2010 election. There are several small-to-medium-sized cities spread throughout the district. Fort Rucker and Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base are both within its bounds. White voters here were among the first in Alabama to shift from the Democratic Party. Today, the district is one of the most Republican districts in the nation, it has only supported a Democrat for president once since 1956, when Jimmy Carter carried it in 1976.
In 2008, the district elected a Democrat to Congress for the first time since 1964, but it reverted to its Republican ways in 2010. At the state and local level, conservative Democrats continued to hold most offices as late as 2002. White voters gave John McCain, the Republican candidate, 63.42% of the vote in 2008. The district gives its congressmen long tenures in Washington; as of April 2015, there are two former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 2nd congressional district that are living; the most recent representative to die was William Louis Dickinson on March 31, 2008. Alabama's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present A New Nation Votes CNN coverage of the 2008 election CNN coverage of the 2006 election CNN coverage of the 2004 election CNN coverage of the 2002 election CNN coverage of the 2000 election
Chilton County, Alabama
Chilton County is a county located in the central portion of the U. S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,643; the county seat is Clanton. Its name is in honor of William Parish Chilton, Sr. a lawyer who became Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court and represented Montgomery County in the Congress of the Confederate States of America. Chilton County is included in AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2010, the center of population of Alabama was located in Chilton County, near the city of Jemison, an area known as Jemison Division; the county is known for its unique landscape. It is home to swamps and mountains due to the foothills of the Appalachians which end in the county, the Coosa River basin, its proximity to the Black Belt Prairie, long a center of cotton production. Baker County was established on December 30, 1868, named for Alfred Baker, with its county seat at Grantville. Residents of the county petitioned the Alabama legislature for the renaming of their county.
On December 17, 1874, the petitioners accepted the suggestion of Chilton County though the Chief Justice had not lived within its boundaries. In 1870 the county seat was moved after the court house burned to. In 1942, the U. S. Navy commissioned the USS Chilton, in honor of Chilton County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 701 square miles, of which 693 square miles is land and 7.9 square miles is water. Interstate 65 U. S. Highway 31 U. S. Highway 82 State Route 22 State Route 139 State Route 145 State Route 155 State Route 191 Shelby County Coosa County Elmore County Autauga County Perry County Dallas County Bibb County Talladega National Forest According to the 2010 United States Census, the population identifies by the following ethnicities: 84.1% White 9.7% Black 0.4% Native American 0.3% Asian 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1.2% Two or more races 7.8% Hispanic or Latino Chilton County is the 23rd-richest county per capita income in Alabama. At the 2000 census, there were 39,593 people, 15,287 households and 11,342 families residing in the county.
The population density was 57 per square mile. There were 17,651 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 86.71% White, 10.61% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.51% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. Nearly 2.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,287 households of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.80% were non-families. Nearly 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57, the average family size was 3.00. 25.70% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males. The median household income was $32,588 and the median family income was $39,505. Males had a median income of $31,006 versus $21,275 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,303. About 12.60% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over. The County Commission is made up of seven members elected by cumulative vote. "Chilton County adopted cumulative voting in 1988 as part of the settlement of a vote dilution lawsuit brought against its previous election system. According to the 1990 Census, African Americans constituted 9.9% of the county's voting age population." Although passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 enabled African Americans to register and vote, in Chilton County no African American was elected to the County Commission until the first cumulative voting election, held in 1988. African Americans in Alabama had been disenfranchised by the 1901 state constitution, which required payment of a poll tax and qualification by a literacy test in order to register to vote.
Discriminatory in practice as administered by white officials, this system excluded most blacks from the state's political system for decades in the 20th century before Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Since African Americans were able to register and vote in the county and state for the first time since the late 19th century. In counties in which there is a minority population and members are elected at-large or by single-member districts, minorities may be unable to elect representatives in a system dominated by the majority; the adoption of cumulative voting in Chilton County has enabled the minority to elect candidates of their choice by pooling their votes. Bobby Agee was elected as a Chilton County Commissioner in 1988 and again in the second cumulative voting election in 1992. Cumulative voting depends by district. "The cumulative options provide a minority of voters an opportunity to concentrate their support for a candidate or candidates more than they can under the more traditional voting rules used in this country."
In 2014, the county commission had an African-American commissioner among its seven members. However, in 2018, the county commissioners were all white males; the commission h
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814)
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend, was fought during the War of 1812 in the Mississippi Territory, now central Alabama. On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under Major General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe who opposed American expansion ending the Creek War; the Creek Indians of Georgia and the eastern part of the Mississippi Territory had become divided into two factions: the Upper Creek, a majority who opposed American expansion and sided with the British and the colonial authorities of Spanish Florida during the War of 1812. S. Indian Agent Benjamin Hawkins, sought to remain on good terms with the Americans; the Shawnee war leader Tecumseh visited Creek and other Southeast Indian towns in 1811–1812 to recruit warriors to join his war against American territorial encroachment. The Red Sticks, young men who wanted to revive traditional religious and cultural practices, were forming, resisting assimilation, they began to raid American frontier settlements.
When the Lower Creek helped U. S. forces to capture and punish leading raiders, the Lower Creek were punished in turn by the Red Sticks. In 1813, militia troops intercepted a Red Stick party returning from obtaining arms in Pensacola. While they were looting the material, the Red Sticks returned and defeated them, at what became known as the Battle of Burnt Corn. Red Sticks' raiding of enemy settlements continued. After the Fort Mims massacre, frontier settlers appealed to the government for help. Since Federal military forces were committed to waging the War of 1812 against Great Britain, the governments of Tennessee and the Mississippi Territory organized militia forces, which together with Lower Creek and Cherokee allies, fought against the Red Sticks. After leaving Fort Williams in the spring of 1814, Jackson's army cut its way through the forest to within six miles of Chief Menawa's Red Stick camp Tehopeka, near a bend in the Tallapoosa River called "Horseshoe Bend"—located in what is now central Alabama, 12 miles east of present-day Alexander City.
Jackson sent General John Coffee with the mounted infantry and the Indian allies south across the river to surround the Red Sticks' camp, while Jackson stayed with the rest of the 2,000 infantry north of the camp. Added to the militia units were the 39th United States Infantry and about 600 Cherokee and Lower Creek, fighting against the Red Stick Creek warriors. West Tennessee Militia: Major General Andrew Jackson On March 27, 1814, General Andrew Jackson led troops consisting of 2,600 American soldiers, 500 Cherokee, 100 Lower Creek allies up a steep hill near Tehopeka. From this vantage point, Jackson would begin his attack on the Red Stick fortification. At 6:30am, he split his troops and sent 1300 men to cross the Tallapoosa River and surround the Creek village. At 10:30 a.m. Jackson's remaining troops began an artillery barrage which consisted of two cannons firing for about two hours. Little damage was caused to their 400-yard-long, log-and-dirt fortifications. In fact, Jackson was quite impressed with the measures the Red Sticks took to protect their position.
As he wrote: It is impossible to conceive a situation more eligible for defence than the one they had chosen and the skill which they manifested in their breastwork was astonishing. It extended across the point in such a direction as that a force approaching would be exposed to a double fire, while they lay safe behind it, it would have been impossible to have raked it with cannon to any advantage if we had had possession of one extremity. Soon, Jackson ordered a bayonet charge; the 39th U. S. Infantry, led by Colonel John Williams, charged the breastworks and engaged the Red Sticks in hand-to-hand combat. Sam Houston served as a third lieutenant in Jackson's army. Houston was one of the first to make it over the log barricade alive and received a wound from a Creek arrow that troubled him for the rest of his life. Meanwhile, the troops under the command of General John Coffee had crossed the river and surrounded the encampment, they gave Jackson a great advantage. The Creek warriors refused to surrender and the battle lasted for more than five hours.
At the end 800 of the 1000 Red Stick warriors present at the battle were killed. In contrast, Jackson reported 154 wounded. After the battle, Jackson's troops made bridle reins from skin taken from Indian corpses, conducted a body count by cutting off the tips of their noses, sent their clothing as souvenirs to the "ladies of Tennessee."Chief Menawa was wounded but survived. On August 9, 1814, Andrew Jackson forced the Creek to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson; the Creek Nation was forced to cede 23 million acres —half of central Alabama and part of southern Georgia—to the United States government. Jackson had determined the areas from his sense of security needs. Of the 23 million acres Jackson forced the Creek to cede 1.9 million acres, claimed by the Cherokee Nation, which had allied with the United States. Jackson was promoted to Major General after getting agreement to the treaty. After the battle
Fort Toulouse called Fort des Alibamons and Fort Toulouse des Alibamons, is a historic fort near the city of Wetumpka, United States, now maintained by the Alabama Historical Commission. The French founded the fort in 1717, naming it for comte de Toulouse. In order to counter the growing influence of the British colonies of Georgia and Carolina, the government of French Louisiana erected a fort on the eastern border of the Louisiana Colony in what is now the state of Alabama; the fort was referred to as the Post of the Alabama, named after the Alabama tribe of Upper Creek Indians, who resided just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the Alabama River. The number of troops in garrison varied between 50 French Colonial Marines. Living and working at the fort, the Marines traded extensively with the local Creek Native Americans and cultivated friendly relations with them; the French would trade European goods such as Flintlock guns and gunpowder, iron tools, glass beads, copper pots, wool blankets in exchange for local food stuffs and deerskins.
According to tradition, the French commander Captain Jean Baptiste Louis DeCourtel Marchand married the high-status Creek woman Sehoy in about 1720. Generations of Sehoy's descendants include the Creek chiefs Alexander McGillivray, William Weatherford, who inherited their status in the matrilineal tribe from their mothers' clans. Due to the poor living conditions at the fort, neglected by the French government, the troops mutinied in 1722, they captured the other officers, tying them up before leaving the fort. The imprisoned officers managed to escape, with the help of nearby Creek, they captured the mutineers and sent them to Fort Conde in Mobile for punishment. By the early 1740s, conditions had improved at the fort. Many soldiers had intermarried with the local Creek, they and other settlers developed numerous farms nearby. The humid climate caused deterioration of the fort by the late 1740s, the French planned for a third fort to be built. Under the direction of Captain Francois Saucier, soldiers finished the reconstruction of Fort Toulouse about 1751.
It cost nearly half of the military budget for the whole Louisiana colony. In 1763 the Treaty of Paris ended the Indian War; as the French had been defeated by the British and ceded their territory, the French garrison spiked their cannons and left for New Orleans and an eventual return to France for some. The British chose not to occupy the Fort, which collapsed into decay. In 1776 the naturalist William Bartram noted visiting the area while studying local fauna. During the War of 1812 and the simultaneous Creek War, General Andrew Jackson encamped his troops on the site of the old Fort Toulouse, he ordered construction of a larger fort, named Fort Jackson by General Joseph Graham in honor of Jackson's victories against the Creek and in the Battle of New Orleans. The site was declared a National Historic Landmark by the Department of Interior in 1960. During the American Bicentennial, local groups supported reconstruction of Fort Toulouse, but the replica was incorrectly built upon the outline of the much larger Fort Jackson rather than the historic French fort.
In the 1980s the park was acquired by the Alabama Historical Commission. It dismantled the incorrect replica and constructed a replica of Fort Toulouse near its original site; this will allow for a future reconstruction of Ft. Jackson on its site. Archeological excavations have been continuing at the site, supervised by Dr. Craig Sheldon of Auburn University at Montgomery; the Fort Toulouse-Fort Jackson State Historic Site has living history programs to portray and interpret the lives of the Creek inhabitants, the French colonists and the U. S. military troops associated with the War of 1812. The fort is located southwest of Wetumpka, off of U. S. Highway 231. List of National Historic Landmarks in Alabama Heldman, Donald P. "Fort Toulouse of the Alabamas and the Eighteenth-Century Indian Trade". World Archaeology 5.2: 163-169. Fort Toulouse - Fort Jackson Official Website Fort Toulouse/Fort Jackson - Alabama Historical Commission Fort Toulouse Unofficial Community website Google books.com
Montgomery County, Alabama
Montgomery County is a county located in the south central portion of the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, its population was 229,363, making it the fourth-most populous county in Alabama, its county seat is the state capital. Montgomery County is included in AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Montgomery County was established by dividing Monroe County on December 6, 1816, by the Mississippi Territorial Legislature, it is named for Lemuel P. Montgomery, a young U. S. Army officer killed at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, the final battle of the Creek Indian war, waged concurrently with the War of 1812; the city of Montgomery, the county seat, is named for Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada. Over much of the 19th century great wealth was derived from the cotton crop, with the Civil War producing a temporary setback. More lasting trouble came in 1914 with the arrival of the boll weevil, which became destructive to the cotton harvest from 1915 on.
By the 1940s county farms earned more from cattle than cotton. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles, of which 784 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Elmore County Macon County Bullock County Pike County Crenshaw County Lowndes County Autauga County Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail The 2010 United States Census reported the following county population: 39.5% White 54.7% Black 0.3% Native American 1.2% Asian 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1.3% Two or more races 3.6% Hispanic or Latino As of the census of 2000, there were 223,510 persons, 86,068 households, 56,804 families in the county. The population density was 283 persons per square mile. There were 95,437 housing units, at an average density of 121 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 48.85% White, 48.58% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races.
Hispanics and Latinos, of any race, made up 1.19% of the population. By 2005, 52.5% of the population was black, 44.0% was non-Hispanic white, 1.4% was Hispanic, 1.2% was Asian, 0.2% was Native American, 0.9% of the population reported two or more races. This excludes those who reported "some other race" and "white," because the Census Bureau reclassified all who reported "some other race" as white. There were 86,068 households, 32.20% of which included children under the age of 18, 43.80% were married couples living together, 18.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.00% were non-families. Single-persons households were 29.50% of the total. The average household size was 2.46. The average family size was 3.06. Persons younger than 18 were 25.80% of the population. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 86.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,962, the median income for a family was $44,669.
Males had a median income of $32,018. The per capita income for the county was $19,358. About 13.50% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those 65 and older. Montgomery County is governed by a five-member County Commission; the County Probate Judge regulates business such as drivers, marriage licences, voting. The Probate Judge operates four offices: downtown Montgomery, Mobile HWY, Woodley Road, Atlanta HWY; the City of Montgomery, located inside Montgomery County, serves as the capital for the State of Alabama and is home to most state government agencies. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama won 62,166 votes, or 59 percent, while 42,031 votes were for John McCain Infrastructure inside Montgomery County includes both Interstate 85 and 65 along with shipping hubs on the Alabama River and rail hubs located in the City of Montgomery; the Montgomery Regional Airport serves as a major airport for the State of Alabama and the Southeastern US for passenger service, military aviation, commercial aviation.
Montgomery Public Schools operates public schools. The Montgomery City-County Public Library operates public libraries. Universities/Colleges include: Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University Huntingdon College Faulkner University Alabama State University Auburn University Montgomery Virginia College Amridge University H. Council Trenholm Tech United States Air War College Troy University Montgomery Montgomery County is home to many cultural and historic sites including: Alabama Shakespeare Festival Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts Montgomery Zoo Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Museum of Alabama Alabama State Capitol W. A. Gayle Planetarium Civil Rights Memorial First White House of the Confederacy Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald Museum Old Montgomery Greyhound Bus Station Rosa Parks Library and Museum Montgomery Pike Road National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Alabama Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Montgomery County, Alabama Burton, Gary P.
"The Founding Four Churches: An Overview of Baptist Beginnings in Montgomery County, Alabama," Baptist History and Heritage, 47#1 pp 39–51. The River Region Online Fort Toulouse
Autauga County, Alabama
Autauga County is a county located in the central portion of the U. S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 54,571, its county seat is Prattville. Autauga County is part of the Montgomery metropolitan area. Autauga County was established on November 21, 1818, by an act of the Alabama Territorial Legislature; as established, the county included present-day Autauga County, as well as Elmore County and Chilton County. At the time, Autauga Indians lived here in a village named Atagi situated on the banks of a creek by the same name. Autaugas were members of the Alibamu tribe, they sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in the Creek War. This county was part of the territory ceded by the Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814; the first county seat was at Jackson's Mill, but the court only met there long enough to select a permanent seat at Washington, built on the former site of Atagi in the southeast corner of the county. In 1830, the county seat was moved to a more central location at Kingston and the town of Washington dwindled until it was deserted in the late 1830s.
Daniel Pratt arrived in Autauga County in 1833 and founded the new town of Prattville, north of Atagi on the fall line of Autauga Creek. His cotton gin factory became the largest manufacturer of gins in the world and the first major industry in Alabama, it was at his factory, with his financial backing, that the Prattville Dragoons, a fighting unit for the Confederacy was organized in anticipation of the Civil War. Other units formed in Autauga County included the Autauga Rifles, The John Steele Guards and the Varina Rifles. None of the fighting of the Civil War reached Autauga County, Pratt was able to secure payment of debts from Northern accounts soon after the war, lessening the disabling effects of the Reconstruction period in the county. Charles Atwood, a former slave belonging to Daniel Pratt, bought a house in the center of Prattville after emancipation and was one of the founding investors in Pratt's South and North Railroad; the presence of such a prominent African-American family owning land in an Alabama city as early as the 1860s is exceptional.
In 1866 and 1868, Elmore and Chilton counties were split off from Autauga County, the county seat was moved to the population center of Prattville, where a new courthouse was completed by local builder George L. Smith in 1870. In 1906, a new and larger courthouse was erected in a modified Richardsonian Romanesque style a block north of the older one; the building was designed by Bruce Architectural Co. of Birmingham and built by Dobson & Bynum of Montgomery. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles, of which 594 square miles is land and 10 square miles is water; the county has a prevailing humid subtropical climate dominated by its location in the Southern Plains ecological sub-region of the United States. Interstate 65 U. S. Highway 31 U. S. Highway 82 State Route 14 State Route 111 State Route 143 Chilton County - north Elmore County - east Montgomery County - southeast Lowndes County - south Dallas County - west As of the census of 2010, there were 54,571 people, 20,221 households, 15,064 families residing in the county.
The population density was 91 people per square mile. There were 22,135 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 78.5% White, 17.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from two or more races. 2.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 20,221 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68, the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $53,682, the median income for a family was $66,349. Males had a median income of $49,743 versus $32,592 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,571. About 8.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Mainline Protestants; the largest religious bodies were The United Methodist Church. The sheriff of Autauga County is Joe Sedinger; the legislature is the county commission which consists of five members all of whom are elected from single member districts. The Autauga County School System is the county's public school system. East Memorial Christian Academy is located in an unincorporated area near Prattville. Autauga County is home to several parks, such as Wilderness Park, Cooters Pond Park, Pratt Park, Swift Creek Park, Newton Park, Spinners Park, Heritage Park, Overlook Memorial Park.
Booth Evergreen Jones Kingston Washington Samuel Smith Harris, born in Autauga County, Presbyterian clergyman and editor